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SAFE WORK PROCEDURES

EXCAVATOR ATTACHMENTS
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
1.
Always check suitability and compatibility of attachment, and examine for wear, damage or loose or missing parts before fitting to excavator.
2.
Only use excavator attachments for their designed purpose, and keep within manufacturers operating limits for both machine and attachment.
3.
Always ensure that underground services (e.g., water, electricity, telecommunications, gas, etc) are located before commencing digging or drilling.
Task sequence
Identified hazards in task
Key processes to be followed
Precautions / PPE required
1. General precautions
Falling objects
Ensure that hitch is clean and undamaged, and is correct for attachment.
Do not use faulty equipment.
Exercise care when removing attachments from vehicle or trailer ensure
Check that hitches operate
that attachment is secure on arm or in bucket before lifting to ground.
correctly before use.
Check that hydraulic hose and fittings are connected correctly before use.
Hand protection must be worn.
Keep all persons clear of machine when fitting or lifting attachments.
Do not stand in area where an
Over-exertion/strain injury
Store attachments not in actual use such that they can be readily re-attached
attachment may fall always
to machine without need for manual movement or repositioning.
stand to side of attachment.
Entrapment
Exercise care when fitting and changing attachments keep hands clear of
Keep hands clear of areas where
nip and pinch points.
hitch mates with attachment.
Ensure that locating pins are clean and free of burrs, etc, when fitting.
Keep hand clear when fitting pins.
Falling objects
Place attachments on dunnage or pallets to allow easier hitching and to
Store attachments in safe location
avoid grit, etc, on working parts and hitches, connectors, etc.
and pack to prevent falling.
2. Ripper
Sharp edges
Exercise care when handling ripper attachment to avoid sharp edges and
Wear gloves when handling rough
nicks on cutting tooth and edges of tine.
or sharp objects.
Flying objects
Stand to side or rear when using tools to remove teeth from attachments.
Wear eye protection.
Noise
Hearing protection may be required when operating ripper from nonHearing protection must be
insulated operator position.
worn.
3. Rock breaker/hammer
Sharp edges
Exercise care when handling tool bit of attachment to avoid sharp edges and Wear gloves when handling rough
nicks on cutting faces of tool.
or sharp objects.
Noise, flying objects
Refer to manufacturers manual to determine 85dB radius, and ensure that
Operator also must wear eye
all persons within this zone are issued with and wear appropriate PPE.
and hearing protection.
4. Grapple / grab
Falling objects
Keep all persons clear of grapple when grasping objects such as rocks which Always perform test lift to check
may easily dislodge from grapple when lifted.
security of object in jaws.
Ensure that all persons are clear when lifting long objects (such as tree parts, Do not lift higher than necessary
poles, etc.
to load objects into truck, etc.
5. Compactor wheel/drum
Falling objects
Ensure that unit is secured from falling when detached from boom.
Lay compactor attachment down
Chock or pack compactor wheel to prevent movement when transporting.
before detaching from hitch.
Moving parts, pinch points
Keep hands and clothing, etc, well clear of compactor wheel when in
Keep all persons well clear of
operation to prevent clothing, etc, catching on feet.
moving compactor wheel.
Ensure that wheel is prevented from movement before detaching hitch.
Pack or chock to prevent moving.

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ASSA 2009

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SAFE WORK PROCEDURES


EXCAVATOR ATTACHMENTS
Task sequence
6. Auger

Identified hazards in task


Falling objects
Harmful contact or exposure
Moving parts

7. Tamper

Flying objects
Sharp edges
Falling objects
Moving parts, pinch points
Noise
Flying objects

Key processes to be followed


Ensure that unit is secured from falling when detached from boom.
Chock or pack auger spiral to prevent movement when transporting.
Ensure that auger spiral is securely attached to motor unit before lifting.
Ensure that underground services are located before commencing to drill,
and that areas where holes are to be drilled are free from hazards.
Ensure that all persons are kept well clear of auger when in operation.
Operator must stop auger if anyone approaches the hole for any reason.
Ensure auger is completely stopped before attempting to clean spiral.
Always use bar or tool with handle to clean dirt, etc, from auger.
Stand to side or rear when using tools to remove teeth from attachments.
Avoid contact with edges which may become sharp during drilling.
Ensure that unit is secured from falling when detached from boom.
Chock or pack tamper attachment to prevent movement when transporting.
Keep hands and clothing, etc, well clear of tamper when in operation to
prevent clothing, etc, catching on moving parts.
Ensure that wheel is prevented from movement before detaching hitch.
Tamper may generate harmful noise levels when compacting hard material
or if solid object is contacted while operating.
Objects or liquids may be ejected from tamping zone during compaction.

PRECAUTIONS:
The following precautions are to be observed, and
suitable safety and warning signs as indicated
displayed in areas where these procedures are carried
out.

SWP478 www.assaohs.com.au

ThisSafeWorkProcedurewasgeneratedon29/11/2013byASSAPtyLtdforuseonlybyCityofDarwin.

Precautions / PPE required


Lay auger attachment down before
detaching from hitch.
Check that pins are secured.
Do not start to drill unless area has
been declared safe for drilling.
Barricade area where drilling is
carried out to exclude all persons
except those involved in job.
Keep hands clear of auger.
Wear eye protection.
Wear cut-resistant gloves.
Lay tamper attachment down
before detaching from hitch.
Keep all persons well clear of
moving tamper.
Pack or chock to prevent moving.
Wear hearing protection.
Wear eye protection.

Additional
protection required
when working on
sites or where risk of
foot injury exists.

ASSA 2009

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