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PETE 310

Lecture # 17

Chapter 10 – Properties of Black Oils
Reservoir Fluid Studies Lab Procedure

Fluid Properties for Reservoir
Engineering Processes
The fluid properties of interest to the Reservoir
Engineer are those that affect the mobility of
fluids within the reservoirs these are used in
material balance calculations
Properties at surface conditions for
transportation and sales (API, viscosity, oil
quality)

Fluid Properties for Reservoir Engineering Processes PVT properties are determined from 5 specific lab procedures Flash Liberation Tests (CCE) Differential Liberation Tests (DL) Viscosity Measurements Separator Tests Compositional measurements .

Fluid Properties Determined Oil Properties Bubble Point Pressure Bo Rs Bt Co and mo Gas properties z Bg and mg Compositions oil & gas .

Oil Sampling Procedures Bottom hole or subsurface samples Pro’s Con’s Separator Sampling Pro’s Con’s .

Surface Sampling .

Bottom Hole Sampling Preserved Samples Reservoirs Conditions Selective Sampling Zones Sampling early in the life of the reservoir with minimum disturbance Lower overall cost .

Oil Sampling Procedures Separator Samples Cheaper SAMPLE BEFORE RESERVOIR PRESSURE DROPS BELOW Pb .

Flash Vaporization Test or Constant Composition Expansion Test (CCE) V 2 V t1 oil 3 V t3 = V b 1 t2 oil 4 5 gas V oil gas V t4 t5 oil oil Hg Hg Hg Hg Hg P 1 >> P b P2 > P b P3 = P b P4 < P b P5 <P Temperature of Test = Reservoir Temperature 4 .

Flash Vaporization Test (CCE) Properties determined Pb Co .

Determination of Pb .

Determination of Co .

Differential Separation Test (DL) Gas off 1 2 3 4 gas 5 gas gas oil oil Hg oil oil Hg oil Hg P1 = Pb P2 < Pb oil Hg Hg P2 < Pb P2 < P b P3 < P Temperature of Test = Reservoir Temperature 2 < Pb .

Differential Separation Test (DL) Piston.swf Temperature of Test = Reservoir Temperature .

Differential Separation Test Properties Determined Oil formation volume factor at the Bubble Point pressure Bodb and below the bubble point pressure Bod Solution gas-oil ratio at the Bubble Point pressure Rsdb and below the bubble point pressure Rsd Isothermal compressibility (derived property) .

Separator Tests Tests performed at a combination of different Temperature and Pressure pairs .

Separator Tests Goals: Maximize API. minimize BoSb & RsSb .

84 3260 2.82 3240 2.86 Solution Gas Oil Ratio at Pb (Rsb) 3280 2.Optimization of Separator 2 Conditions 3300 2.76 Sep2 100 150 200 Separator 2 Pressure (psia) 250 300 Formation Volume Factor at Pb (Bob) High Pressure Separator @ 900 psia and 100 ºF .78 3180 3160 50 o T = 75 F 2.80 3220 3200 2.

Nomenclature .

rpi.Compositional Tests http://www.html .edu/dept/chem-eng/Biotech-Environ/CHROMO/chroanim.