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QUARTER IV

Time Allotment: 40 Hours

LESSON: INSTALLING ELECTRICAL


OUTLETS AND LIGHTING FIXTURES

LIGHTING

SYSTEMS,

AUXILIARY

I.INTRODUCTION:
This module contains the know and do practices in Installation of
Electrical Lighting System on Auxiliary Outlets and Lighting Fixtures.
It covers the knowledge, skills and attitudes required in installing the lighting
fixtures. Specifically, this module covers installation of knob and tube, PVC
raceway/molding, rigid non-metallic conduit, and flexible non-metallic conduit.
This module consists of Learning Outcomes (LOs) that contain learning
activities for both knowledge and skills supported with information sheets, activity
sheets, and self-check. Before attempting to perform the manual exercises, see to it
that you have already read and understood the information/activity sheet and
answered correctly the self-check provided in the Learning Activities.
II. LO2- INSTALLING ELECTRICAL LIGHTING SYSTEMS, AUXILIARY OUTLETS
AND LIGHTING FIXTURES
1.

Select appropriate electrical tools, equipment, and materials for specific


tasks

2.

Apply suitable wiring method for the job

3.

Install electrical wiring systems using different types of wiring methods:

Circuit with one bulb controlled by surface or flush type single pole
switch

Circuit using 3-way switches in two locations

Combination of lighting and convenience

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III. PRE/DIAGNOSTIC ASSESMENT:


TEST I: Directions: Choose the correct answer. Write the letter of your answer
on a separate sheet of paper.
____1. What types of wiring method is commonly found in old homes?
a. open wiring
b. open knob and tube wiring
c. concealed wiring
d. none of these
____2. In installing an electrical wiring system with the exposed knob and tube
wiring method, what is the minimum distance between conductors that
should be maintained ?
a. 4 centimeters
b. 6 centimeters
c. 12 centimeters
d. 30 centimeters
____3. The exposed knob and tube wiring method, requires that the knobs must be
_____ centimeters apart?
a. 4 centimeters b. 6 centimeters
c. 12 centimeters
d. 30 centimeters
____4. Whenever wires cross each other, what electrical materials are necessary to
provide protection from injury?
a. mica tube
b. porcelain tube
c. circular loom
d. all of these
____5. What type of switching controls a bulb in two different locations?
a. Three-way switch b. Switchgear c. Four-way switch d. single pole switch
____6. This type of conduit is manufactured to be resistant to impact and
crushing moisture, chemical atmosphere, flame retardant or not easily
burned and get out shape by the heat.
a. PVC
b. Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit c. Surface Raceway d. Wire ways
____7. What is the minimum burial depth of PVC buried underground in a 50 mm

thick concrete trench?


a. 15 millimeters
b. 30 millimeters

c. 50 millimeters d. 300 millimeters

____8. What is the minimum burial depth of PVC directly buried under driveways

and parking lots of single and two family dwelling units ?


a. 460 mm
b. 400 mm
c. 350 mm

d. 300 mm

____9. What is the minimum burial depth of PVC directly buried under airport

runways, including adjacent areas where trespassing is prohibited ?


a. 460 mm
b. 400 mm
c. 350 mm
d. 300 mm

____10. What is the process wherein rough edges or burrs at the cut ends of non-

metallic conduit shall be trimmed inside and outside?


a. Expansion fitting
b. Joints c. Securing and supports

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d. Trimming

INFORMATION SHEET 2.1


PRINCIPLES OF KNOB AND TUBE

The open or exposed wiring method is sometimes referred to as the


Open Wiring on Insulators (PEC section 212). It uses cleats, knobs (split or
solid), porcelain tubes and mica tubing for the support and protection of
insulated conductors run in or on buildings. It may be used for exposed
work, either outside or inside building in dry or wet locations. It shall not be
used however, in the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Commercial Garages
Theaters
Motion Picture Studious
Hoist ways
Hazardous Location

In the open or exposed wiring method, the wires are visible and are
supported by the knobs. These knobs may be the split or solid type. This is
shown in figure 1.

Figure 1: The Split and Solid knobs

Split knobs are used to support wires smaller than No. 8. Solid knobs
are used to support or anchor wires as big as No. 8 or bigger. Screws or
nails may be used to fasten the knobs. When a nail is used, a leather
washer should be placed between the nail head and the insulator to form
cushion and protect the insulator from breaking (See figure 2).
149

Height of Knob

Figure 2: The Solid Knob with Leather washer for Protection

Figure 3: Shows the correct and wrong way of tying wires to the groove of a
solid knob with the wires

150

In installing an electrical wiring system with the exposed knob and tube
wiring method, the distance between conductors should be maintained at a
minimum distance of 6 cm. (2 inches) apart. The knobs should also
spaced 30 cm (1 feet) apart. Figure 4 illustrates this provision of PEC.

30 cm. 1
Ft.

Figure 4: Spacing of Split Knobs and Conductors


Whenever wires pass through studs, rafters, floor joists or any wooden
part of a building, the wires are inserted in porcelain tubes or flexible mica
tubing. Porcelain tubes and mica tubing are also provided whenever wires
cross each other. It gives the wire extra protection from injury.

151

Figure 5: Application of Porcelain Tubes and Mica Tubing


Some advantages of the Knob and Tube wiring:
1. It is used in temporary installation, such as construction jobs.
2. It has economical when properly installed.
3. It has a lower operating temperature because of ventilating hence, the
higher current carrying capacity of the wire.
Safety reminders when installing knob and tube wiring

1. Apply enough pressure on the gimlet when driving it to the word


board. Never hammer it.
2. Have the auger brace oiled regularly especially the ratchet type.
3. Have your electricians knife sharpened enough in order not to nick
the wire.
4. Use the right-sized screw driver for the right size of screw.
152

5. Be sure that the conductors in contact with the wiring surface are
enclosed in mica tubing.
6. Be sure your teacher has checked your work before testing.
7. Be sure the safety switch is off before making any connection. Apply
tape on all joints/splices.
8. Do not drive the split-knobs completely before the conductors or wires
are run/inserted along the grooves of the knobs.
9. Be sure to test the insulation for short and ground circuit before
putting on the power.

Wiring installation using plastic/porcelain knobs and tubes


Install two bulb controlled individually by two single pole single throw
(SPST) switch in two locations

I Materials Required
Qty

Unit

Description

pcs

single pole, tumbler switch, surface type

pcs

porcelain/plastic receptacle, surface type

pcs

incandescent bulb, 220v, 25w

10

mts

solid wire # 14 t.w.

17

pcs

porcelain/plastic split knobs with screws

ft

roll

electric tape

pc

safety switch/cut out

pcs

fuse, 10-a, cartridge type

pc

4 x 4 x3/4 wiring board

mica tubing or loom

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II. Pictorial Wiring Diagram

III. Procedure:
1. Install porcelain/plastic receptacle and porcelain cut out/safety
switch to desired location.
2. Fasten split knobs to proper location and distances. Do not tighten
screws. Provide clearance for insertion of wires.
3. Provide mica tubing in every connection of the wires. Follow the
figure/drawing as shown.
4. Connect wires from receptacles to safety switch and switch them
from switch to safety switch. Tighten screw of knobs. Apply tape on
the joints.
5. Fasten switches with base under it.
6. Mount the bulbs and fuses on their respective locations.
7. Connect power and test the installation.
8. Install porcelain/plastic receptacle and porcelain cut out/safety
switch to desired location.

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9. Fasten split knobs to proper location and distances. Do not tighten


screws. Provide clearance for insertion of wires.
10. Provide mica tubing in every connection of the wires. Follow the
figure/drawing as shown.
11. Connect wires from receptacles to safety switch and switch
them from switch to safety switch. Tighten screw of knobs. Apply
tape on the joints.
12.

Fasten switches with base under it.

13.

Mount the bulbs and fuses on their respective locations.

14.

Connect power and test the installation.

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.1


INSTALLING ELECTRICAL WIRING USING KNOB AND TUBE METHOD
Directions: Install one bulb, controlled from two locations by two 3-way
switch using plastic/porcelain knob and tube.
I Materials Required
Qty

Unit

Description

pcs

three-way switch, surface type

pc

porcelain/plastic receptacle, surface type

pc

incandescent bulb, 220v, 25w

12

mts

solid wire # 14 t.w.

20

pcs

porcelain/plastic split knobs with screws

ft

roll

electric tape

pc

safety switch/cut out

pc

4 x 4 x wiring board

mica tubing or loom

155

II. Pictorial Wiring Diagram

One bulb, controlled from two locations by two 3-way switch using
plastic/porcelain knob and tube

156

III Procedure:
1. Install porcelain/plastic receptacle and porcelain cut out/safety
switch to desired locations.
2. Fasten split knobs to proper location and distances. Do not tighten
screw. Provide clearance for insertion of wires.
3. Provide mica tubing in every connection of the wires. Follow the
figure/drawing as shown.
4. Connect wires from receptacle to safety switch and switch them
from switch to safety switch. Tighten screw of knobs. Apply tape on
the joints.
5. Fasten switches with base under it.
6. Mount the bulb and fuses on their respective locations.
7. Connect power and test the installation.

Assessment Criteria
Dimensions
1. Functionality: Bulb
2.
3.
4.
5.

Quality: Workmanship, Appearance


Accuracy: Dimension, Accurate bending
Method: Observance of the safety measures.
Speed: Submission on time +1, before the expected
time +2, after the expected time 2.

Rating Scale:
VS Very Satisfactory
= 25 18
S Satisfactory
= 17 10
NI Needs Improvement = 9 and below

157

VS
5

S
3

NI
1

INFORMATION SHEET 2.2


FLEXIBLE NONMETALLIC CONDUIT
Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit is used as mechanical protection for electric
conductors. It has a smooth interior and a wall of non-conducting fibrous material.
This is the commonly used electrical wiring conduit now a days due to its economic
value.

Flexible nonmetallic conduit


(This portion of information sheet is lifted from Philippine Electrical Code,
2000, Part I.)
Definition:
Liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit is a listed raceway of circular cross
section of various types as follows:
1. A smooth seamless inner core and cover bonded together and having one
or more reinforcement layers between the core and cover designated as
Type LFNC-A.
2. A smooth inner surface with integral reinforcement within the conduit wall,
designated as Type LFNC-B.
3. A corrugated internal and external surface without integral reinforcement
within the conduit wall, designated as Type LFNC-C.
This conduit is flame resistant and, with fittings, is approved for the
installation of electrical conductors.

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Uses.
(a) Permitted. Listed liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit shall be
permitted to be used in exposed or concealed locations for the following
purposes. FPN: Extreme cold may cause some types of nonmetallic
conduits to become brittle and therefore more susceptible to damage
from physical contact.
(1)

Where flexibility
maintenance.

is

required

for

installation,

operation,

or

(2) Where protection of the contained conductors is required from vapors,


liquids, or solids.
(3) For outdoor locations where listed and marked as suitable for the
purpose. FFN: For marking requirements, see Section 110.1.21
(4) For direct burial where listed and marked for the purpose.
(5) Liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit as defined in Section
3.51.2.1(2) shall be permitted to be installed in lengths longer than 1
800 mm where secured in accordance with Section 3.51.2.6.
(6) As a listed manufactured prewired assembly, 15, mm (20mm) through
25 mm (32 mm) conduit, as defined in Section 3.51 .2.1(2).
(b) Not Permitted. Liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit shall not be used
in the following:
(1) `Where subject to physical damage
(2) Where any combination of ambient and conductor temperature is in
excess of that for which the liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit is
approved
(3) In lengths longer than 1 800 mm, except as permitted by Section 3.51
.2.2(a)(5) or where a longer length is approved as essential for a
required degree of flexibility.
(4) Where voltage of the contained conductors is in excess of 600 volts,
nominal
Exception. As permitted in Section 6.0.2.3(a) for electric signs over
600 volts.
Sizes:
The electrical trade sizes of liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit shall be in
accordance with (a) or (b):
(a) 15mm (20 mm) to 100mm (110mm) inclusive
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(b) 10 mm (15 mm) as permitted below


(1) For enclosing the leads of motors as permitted in Section 4.30.13.5(b)
(2) In lengths not exceeding 1 800 mm as part of a listed assembly for tap
connections to lighting fixtures as required in Section 4.10.13.4(c), or
for utilization equipment
(3) for electric sign conductors in accordance with Section 6.0 .2 .3 (a)
Number of Conductors: The number of conductors permitted in a single
conduit shall be in accordance with the percentage fill specified.
Fittings: Liquid tight flexible non - metallic conduit shall be used only with
listed terminal fittings. Angle connectors shall not be used for
concealed raceway installations.
Securing and Supporting: Liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit, as
defined in Section 3.51.2.1(2), shall be securely fastened and supported
in accordance with one of the following;
(a) The conduit shall be securely fastened at intervals not exceeding 900 mm
and within 300 mm on each side of every outlet box, junction box,
cabinet, or fitting.
(b) Securing and supporting of the conduit shall not be required where it is
fished, installed in lengths not exceeding 900 mm at terminals where
flexibility is required, or where installed in lengths not exceeding 1
800 mm from a fixture terminal connection for tap conductors to
lighting fixtures as permitted in Section 4.10.13.4(c).
(c) Horizontal runs of liquid tight flexible nonmetallic conduit supported by
openings through framing members at intervals not exceeding 900
mm and securely fastened within 300 mm of termination points shall
be permitted.

Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit Fittings

Coupling

Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit


160

Adapter

Liquid tight angle connector

Liquid tight straight connector

FLEXIBLE NONMETALLIC CONDUIT


Install conduit and electrical wiring from indoor unit to outdoor unit using
flexible nonmetallic tubing.
Tools, Materials and Equipment Needed
Equipment/Instruments:
o Electric drill
o Multi-tester
Materials:
o Pencil or Chalk
o Installation plan or working drawing
o Flat head screw, in X 10
o *Fisher, # 6 (tox)
o Flexible nonmetallic tubing
o Mica tube, in. dia.
o Stranded wire, 2.0 mm2 TW
o Safety switch, 30 A
o Guide wire
Tools:
o Pull and push rule or any measuring
device suited for the activity
o Steel meter stick/Straight edge
Personal Protective Equipment:
o Safety glass
o Gloves
o Goggles
o Safety shoes
161

1 unit
1 unit

1 pc
1 pc
15 pcs
15 pcs
5 mts
1 mts
10mts
2 pcs
3m

1 pc

1 pc

1
1
1
1

pc
pair
pc
pair

Note: In installing electrical circuit, you may use any type of approved wiring method
for the purpose. It has been a practice in this field to use flexible nonmetallic tubing
because flexibility is required for installation, operation, and maintenance. You may
use rigid nonmetallic conduit (PVC) as discussed in the previous instruction sheets.
Procedure
1. Wear appropriate PPE
2. Measure the required length of flexible nonmetallic conduit from the
outdoor unit to the indoor unit. You may use any measuring device
suited for the job or you may use the actual material by practically
tracing its path as shown in the picture.

3. Cut the flexible nonmetallic tubing.


4. Insert the wires first before laying out the tubing permanently.
5. Use guide wires to facilitate easy pulling of conductors. Use galvanized
iron wire, gauge 14 AWG. Insert it at one end of the tubing until it
reaches the other end of the tubing.

6. Prepare the required length of the conductor. It may be as long as the


length of the tubing plus an ample allowance at both ends for splicing.
Then mark off the conductors at both ends to distinguish them from
each other.
Note: Allowance must be at least 150 mm(6 in) long at both ends measured
from the ends of the tubing.
You may use electrical tape or masking tape in marking off the
conductor.

162

7. Tie the conductors securely to the guide wires.

8. Pull the guide wires at the other end of the tubing. The tubing should be
laid straight forward for easy pulling of conductors.

9. Seek assistance from other person. The conductors should be pushed


from the other end while being pulled from the other end.

10. Lay out the tubing with conductors permanently.

163

11. Lay the electrical tubing on the path where the refrigeration system
tubing is installed.

12. Secure the flexible nonmetallic tubing wrapping it with cable tie.

13. Insert the connector.

14. Secure the tubing to the raceway on the indoor unit.

164

15. Put the lock nut and tighten it.

16. Prepare the conductor for termination. Strip off at least 5 mm of


insulation.

17. Terminate the conductors. It is indicated in the manufacturers manual


how to terminate the conductors.

18. Be sure that the connections are tightened correctly.

165

19. You have just finished the electrical circuit from indoor to outdoor unit.
Now, you are ready for the installation of the main power supply. The
main supply line is usually pre-wired by the manufacturer, all you have
to do is to terminate it from the circuit protection.

20. Terminate to the circuit protection.

21. Test the circuit for ground short or open wiring. If fault is found, rectify
it.

166

22. Turn on the circuit and test run the unit.

23. Observe good housekeeping.

SELF-CHECK 2.1
Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit

Fittings

Directions: Label the different types of Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit Fittings.


Write your answer on a separate answer sheet.

1.

2.

3.

4.
5.

167

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.2


INSTALLING SIMPLE ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT
Directions: Your task is to install simple electrical circuit; a lamp
controlled by a single pole switch.
Tools, Materials and Equipment Needed:
Materials and Supplies Needed
Quantity
Description
1 pc
Pencil or chalk
1 pc
Installation plan/working drawing
1pc
Incandescent lamp 25watts
1 pc
Lamp Holder 4 diameter
1 pc
SPST switches (flush type)
1 pc
1 gang switch plate
2 pcs
Junction boxes metal/plastic
1 pc
Utility boxes metal/plastic
1 meter
Flexible nonmetallic tubing diameter
2 pcs
Flexible clamps
3 meters
Solid/stranded wire 1.6mm
6 pcs
Flat head screws 3.4
1 roll
Electrical tape
1 set
Line cord
1 pc
Wiring board 1 x 2 x
Tools, equipment and Instrument Needed
Combination, long nose, and side cutting pliers
Flat and Philips screw drivers
Hammer
Wire Stripper
Pull push rule/meter stick
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Safety glasses
Gloves
Safety Shoes

168

Working Schematic Diagram:

Procedure:
1. Analyze the schematic diagram of a lamp controlled by a single pole
switch.
2. Outline dimensions. (Refer to the measurements specified in the
schematic diagram).
3. Using two screws per box, mount the utility and junction boxes to its
proper position.
4. Attach flexible connectors and insert the flexible tubing from the
center junction box to the lamp holder box then the switch utility box.
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5. Insert solid wires (TW 1.6mm./#14awg) through the flexible tubing


from the center junction box to the:
o utility box for the switch
o junction box for lamp holder
and then, cut the wires with an allowance of approximately 160mm/6
inches long.
6. Remove the insulator of wires inside the:
o utility box for about 10mm. then insert each to switch
terminals
o junction box for about 5mm. then insert each to lamp holder
terminals
o center junction box for about 40mm. (one coming from the
switch and the other from the lamp holder) then, splice using
rat tail joint
o center junction box for about 10mm. (one coming from the
switch and the other from the lamp holder) then, splice each
with the flat cord going to the source.
7. Attach the switch and lamp holder to its boxes using screws.
8. Insulate all splices with electrical tape.
9. Cover the junction box and insert the lamp in the holder.
10. Using a multi-tester test the circuit for possible trouble.
11. To test the functionality of the circuit, insert the male plug to a
convenience outlet.

CRITERIA
FUNCTIONALITY
WORKMANSHIP
a. Wire
Terminations
b. Dimension,
Mounting and
Presentation

Sample Performance Assessment Rubrics


5 POINTS
3 POINTS
I POINT
Lamp lights
Lamp lights but
Lamp does not
flickers
light
All wire
One of the wire
Two or more wire
terminations are
terminations is
terminations are
perfectly done.
imperfectly done. imperfectly done.
Dimensions
- There is an
There are
are perfect
error in either
errors in both
All boxes are
dimensions or
dimensions &
properly
mounting of
mounting of
mounted and
boxes
boxes
secured
- Finished
Finished
- Finished
output is
output is messy
output is clean
quite messy
170

PROCESS

TIME
MANAGEMENT

Criteria

and neat
The
procedure was
followed from
start to finish
/ correct usage
of tools/safety
work habits.
Work was done
ahead of time.

The
procedure was
partly
followed/
correct usage
of tools/safety
work habits
Work was done
just in time.
-

Score Sheet:
Group 1
Group 2

Did not
follow
the procedure/
correct usage of
tools/safety
work habits

Unable to finish
the work.

Group 3

Group 4

Functionality
Workmanship
a. Wire
Termination
b. Dimension,
Mounting and
Presentation
Process
Time Management
TO T A L POINTS

RATING SCALE:
Points earned
21-25
16-20
11-15
6-10
1-5

Descriptive
Excellent
Very Good
Good
Fair
Needs improvement

Numerical
99
95
90
85
75

171

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.3


BOARD WIRING INSTALLATION USING 3-WAY AND 4-WAY SWITCHES
Directions: Your task is to install wiring of 4 bulbs assigned as bulb A, B, C
and D. Bulb A is controlled in 3 locations by one 4-way switch (S4w) and two
3-way (S3w) switches. Bulbs B, C and D connected in parallel will be
controlled each by a single pole switch and a duplex convenience outlet. The
size of wiring board is 4 x 4 x 3/4ply wood.
Tools, Materials and Equipment Needed:
Materials and Supplies Needed
Quantity
Description
1 pc
Pencil or chalk
1 pc
Installation plan/working drawing
1 set
Circuit breaker (for 4 branch ckt.)
4 pcs
Incandescent lamp 25watts
4 pcs
Lamp Holder 4 diameter
2 pcs
Convenience Outlet (lush type)
3 pcs
SPST switches (flush type)
1 pc
4-way switch
2 pcs
3-way switches
1 pc
1 gang switch plate
1 pc
3 gang switch plate
2 pcs
2 gang Switch plate
2 pcs
Square boxes metal/plastic
4 pcs
Junction boxes metal/plastic
4 pcs
Utility boxes metal/plastic
8 meters
Flexible nonmetallic tubing diameter
20 pcs
Flexible clamps
20 meters
Solid/stranded wire 1.6mm
4 meters
Solid/stranded wire 2.0mm
20 pcs
Flat head screws 3.4
1 roll
Electrical tape
Tools, equipment and Instrument Needed
Electric drill
Combination, long nose, and side cutting pliers
Flat and Philips screw drivers
Hammer
Wire Stripper
Pull push rule/meter stick
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Safety glasses
Gloves
Safety Shoes

172

Bulb A

Bulb B

Bulb C

Bulb D

Pictorial Diagram
Note: The teacher will provide the schematic diagram.
Procedure:
1. Analyze the pictorial diagram.
2. Outline dimensions. (Refer to the measurements given by your teacher.)
3. Mount the circuit breaker, utility and junction boxes to its proper position,
using two screws per box.
4. Measure and cut the required length of flexible nonmetallic conduit.
5. Prepare the required length of the conductor. It may be as long as the length
of the tubing plus an ample allowance at both ends for splicing.
Note: Allowance must be at least 150 mm(6 in) long at both ends measured
from the ends of the tubing.
6. Insert the wires first before laying out the tubing permanently.

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7. Attach the flexible tubing with conductors permanently using flexible


clamps.
8. Insert the connectors. Then, put the lock nuts and tighten.
9. Prepare the conductor for termination. Strip off at least 5 mm of insulation.
10. Make all necessary connections as required in the wiring diagram.
11. Be sure that the connections are tightened correctly.
12. Test the circuit for ground short or open wiring. If fault is found, rectify it
13. Turn on the circuit and test run the unit.
14. Observe good housekeeping.

CRITERIA
FUNCTIONALITY
WORKMANSHIP
Wire
Terminations
Dimension,
Mounting and
Presentation

PROCESS

TIME
MANAGEMENT

Sample Performance Assessment Rubrics


5 POINTS
3 POINTS
Lamp lights
Lamp lights but
flickers
All wire
One of the wire
terminations are
terminations is
perfectly done.
imperfectly done.
Dimensions
- There is an
are perfect
error in either
All boxes are
dimensions or
properly
mounting of
mounted and
boxes
secured
- Finished output
- Finished output is
is clean and
quite messy
neat
The
The
procedure was
procedure was
followed from
partly followed/
start to finish
correct usage of
/ correct usage
tools/safety
of tools/safety
work habits
work habits.
Work was done
Work was done
ahead of time.
just in time.

I POINT
Lamp does not
light
Two or more wire
terminations are
imperfectly done.
There are
errors in both
dimensions &
mounting of
boxes
Finished
output is messy

Did not
follow
the procedure/
correct usage of
tools/safety
work habits

Unable to finish
the work.

174

Score Sheet:
Criteria

Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Group 4

Functionality
Workmanship
Wire
Termination
Dimension,
Mounting and
Presentation
Process
Time Management
TO T A L POINTS

RATING SCALE:
Points earned
21-25
16-20
11-15
6-10
1-5

Descriptive
Excellent
Very Good
Good
Fair
Needs improvement

Numerical
99
95
90
85
75

175

INFORMATION SHEET 2.3


RIGID NONMETALLIC CONDUIT (RNC)
Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit (RNC) is non-metallic unthreaded smoothwalled tubing. They are manufactured to be resistant to moisture and
chemical atmosphere, flame retardant. They are resistant to impact and
crushing and, they do not easily get out shape because of heat. These
conduits are classified according to the materials they are made of. The most
common ones are asbestos cement conduit, polyvinyl chloride, conduit, and
high density polyethylene conduit.

Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) pipes


The Philippine Electrical Code provides that rigid nonmetallic conduit
may be used under the following conditions:
1. Concealed in floors, walls and ceilings
2. Direct earth burial or underground
300 mm in trench below 50mm thick concrete or equivalent
600 mm under streets, highways, roads, alleys, driveway and
parking lots
460 mm under driveways and parking lots of single and two family
dwelling units
460 mm under airport runways, including adjacent areas where
trespassing is prohibited
3. In locations subject to severe corrosive influences and where subject
chemicals for which the materials are specifically approved
4. Cinder fill
5. In wet locations, provided water is prevented from entering the
conduit
6. In dry and damp locations

176

The Philippine Electrical Code prohibits the use of rigid non-metallic


conduit under the following conditions:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Hazardous (Classified) locations


Support of fixtures
Where subject to physical damage unless identified for such use.
Where subject to ambient temperatures in excess of 50oC unless
listed otherwise
5. Insulation Temperature Limitations. For conductors whose insulation
temperature limitations would exceed those for which the conduit is
listed.
6. Theaters and Similar Locations.

INSTALLATION OF NON-METALLIC CONDUIT PEC REQUIREMENTS

1. TRIMMING - edges or burrs at the cut ends of nonmetallic conduit


shall be trimmed at the insides and outside.
2. JOINTS - between lengths of conduit and between conduit couplings,
fittings and boxes shall be made with approved coupling and adapter.
For water proofing, PVC cement should be spread around the
surfaces to be .joined together.
3. SECURING and SUPPORTS - non-metallic conduit shall be rigidly
supported as indicated below
Table 3.47.1.8 Support of Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit
(Based on Philippine Electrical Code, 2000, Part I)
Conduit Size

Maximum Spacing

[mm (mm)]*

Between Supports (mm)

15 (20) 25 (32)

900

32 (40) 50 (63)

1500

65 (75) 80 (90)

1800

90 (100) 125 (135)

2100

150 (160)

2400

*size indicted inside the parenthesis is the outside diameter. PVC conduits are
specified to outside diameter

177

4. EXPANSION FITTINGS Expansion fitting for rigid nonmetallic


conduit shall be provided to compensate for thermal expansion and
contraction.
5. MINIMUM SIZE Rigid nonmetallic conduit smaller than 15 mm (20
mm) electrical trade size shall not be used.
6. MAXIMUM - Rigid nonmetallic conduit larger than 150 mm (160 mm)
electrical trade size shall not be used.
7. BUSHING Where conduit enters a box, fitting or other enclosure, a
bushing or adapter shall be provided to protect wires from abrasion
unless the box, fitting, or enclosure design provides equivalent
protection.
8. BENDS-HOW MADE Bends of rigid nonmetallic conduit shall be
made in a way that the conduit will not be damaged and that the internal
diameter of the conduit will not be effectively reduced.
Table 3.46.2.6 Radius of Conduit Bends
(Based on Philippine Electrical Code, 2000, Part I)
Size of Conduit
(mm)

Conductors Without Lead


Sheath

15

100

20

125

25

150

32

200

40

250

50

300

65

375

80

450

90

525

100

600

125

750

150

900

178

TYPES OF PVC CODUIT FITTINGS

PVC Coupling

PVC elbow

Adapter

PVC Conduit Pipe

PVC 2G box

LL Access Fitting

1 Inch Type T Condulet

1/2 Inch Type T PVC Condulet

179

Different types of Surface Raceway

Identifying Different Types of Bend


The PVC or (polyvinyl chloride) rigid conduit is one of the most
commonly used conduits in electrical wiring installation today. Its
preparation for installation is much easier than the metallic rigid conduit. In
preparing a non-metallic rigid conduit for installation, an electrician needs
to do cutting, heating and bending. Like in metallic rigid conduit offset
bends, 90o angle bends and other bends are also made on PVC rigid conduit.
In making bends on PVC rigid conduit, the electrician should see to it that
the internal diameter of the conduit is not reduced and damaged so that the
capacity of the conduit to accommodate maximum number of conductors
will not be lessen and to facilitate easy pulling of conductors.

Since PVC conduits are somewhat easier to bend than a rigid


conduit, it likewise requires patience as in any other type of conduit.
It is first pre-heated over a fire or a heat gun to a desired softness.
Little by little, it is bent to its desired shape. When such is attained, it
is then hardened by soaking it to cold or lukewarm water or
dampened with a wet rag.
180

Types of Bend

1. Elbow

2. Offset bend is less than 90o


bend, it is used when the
conduit crosses an obstacle
or when the conduit is
entering an electrical box.

3. Round saddle bend is used


when the conduit run across
circular objects like pipes.

4. Square saddle bend is used


when the conduit run across
rectangular
obstacles.
Square saddle is just a
combination of two offset
bends.

181

Obstacle
e

Bend Defects

1. Burned

2. Kinks or groove

Kinks

3. The diameter of the conduit


is greatly reduced due to
improper bending procedure.

182

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.4


Bending 90o PVC Elbow
Directions: Your task is to perform 90 elbow bending of PVC pipe properly
using the given supplies/materials, tools, and equipment. You should follow the
procedure correctly.

Tools, Materials and Equipment Needed


Equipment:
Heat gun
Materials:

1 unit

Pencil or Chalk

PVC pipe
Tools:

1 pc
1m

Steel meter stick/Straight edge 1 pc


1 pc
Try square

Pull and push rule

Wet rug
Personal Protective Equipment:

1 pc
1 pc

Gloves

1 pair

Respirator

1 pc

Procedures:
1. Prepare the necessary tools, materials, and equipment.
2. Wear appropriate PPE.

183

Note: The greatest danger comes from vinyl chloride, a primary


component of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and an odorless
gas, which could be released using this process. Vinyl
Chloride is a toxic carcinogen which has been proven to
cause angiosarcoma, a deadly primary liver cancer.

Use a good respirator and adequate ventilation to protect


yourself from this toxin.

Respirator

Gloves

3. Draw a right angle on the floor using your try square and chalk.
This will serve as your guide when forming your conduit into
90o angle.

184

4. If you are in a room with a tiled floor, you can use it as your
guide for 90o angle.

5. Draw an arc near the corner with a radius of 100 mm; this will
aid you in forming your elbow correctly.
Note: 20 mm diameter of PVC should have a radius of 100 mm as
mentioned in the previous information sheet.

100 mm

185

6. Mark off 200 mm from the end of PVC pipe. This will be the
center of your elbow bend.

7. Plug-in the heat gun and apply heat to the conduit. Apply heat
100mm on both sides of your marking. Apply heat evenly by
turning over the conduit while swaying your heat gun back and
forth to avoid kinks during bending.

186

8. Notice that when the conduit is softening, it will sag as shown.

If the conduit is soften, turn off the heat gun and bend the PVC to the
desired shape using your arc and 90o angle guide drawn on the floor.

9. If the desired shape is formed, damp the conduit with wet rug to
harden it immediately. (You can use your foot to hold one end
of the conduit while wiping.)

10. Observe good housekeeping.


187

Assessment Criteria
Dimensions

VS
5

S
3

NI
1

1. Quality: Workmanship, Appearance, Bending 90,


2. Accuracy: Dimension, Accurate bending
3. Method: Observance of the safety measures.
4. Speed: Submission on time +1, before the expected
time +2, after the expected time 2.
Rating Scale:
VS Very Satisfactory
= 20-16
S Satisfactory
= 15-10
NI Needs Improvement = 9 and below

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.5


PVC OFFSET BENDING
Directions: Your task is to perform offset bending of PVC pipe properly
using the given supplies/materials, tools, and equipment. You should follow
the procedure correctly.
Tools, Materials and Equipment Needed
Equipment:
Heat gun
Materials:
Pencil or Chalk
15 mm dia. PVC pipe
Tools:
Steel meter stick/Straight edge
Try square
Pull and push rule
Wet rug
Personal Protective Equipment:
Gloves
Respirator
Procedure:
1. Prepare the necessary tools, materials and equipment.
2. Wear appropriate PPE.
188

1 unit
1 pc
1m
1
1
1
1

pc
pc
pc
pc

1 pair
1 pc

Respirator

Gloves

3. Measure the elevation of the obstruction. In this case, use this


wooden box.
Note: Remember, offset bent is used if the conduit crosses an
obstruction. In this case, the elevation is about 70 mm.

4. Draw the depth of elevation on the floor as shown in the figure


using your try square and chalk. This will guide you how high
your offset bend would be.

5. You should have two lines as shown in the figure.


189

6. Mark off 100 mm from the end of PVC pipe. This will be the center
of the first bend of the offset.

7. Put another mark of about 200 mm from your first marker.

8. Plug-in the heat gun and apply heat to the conduit. Apply heat
between your markers. Apply heat evenly by turning over the
190

conduit while swaying your heat gun back and forth to avoid
kinks during bending.

If the conduit is softened, turn off the heat gun


and bend the PVC to the desired shape using
your guide drawn on the floor. Pull the left
portion of the conduit while pushing the other
end.
9. If the desired shape is formed, damp
the conduit with wet rug to harden it
immediately. (You can use your foot
to hold one end of the conduit while
wiping.)

10. Your bend should look like this.

191

Assessment Criteria
VS
5

Dimensions

S
3

NI
1

1. Quality: Workmanship, Appearance, Offset Bending


2. Accuracy: Dimension, Accurate bending
3. Method: Observance of the safety measures.
4. Speed: Submission on time +1, before the expected
time +2, after the expected time 2.
Rating Scale:
VS Very Satisfactory
= 20-16
S Satisfactory
= 15-10
NI Needs Improvement = 9 and below

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.6


Installing Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit
Directions: Your task is to install two bulbs controlled by two 3-way
switches and one SPST switch with two convenience outlet.
TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS
Equipment:
Heat gun
Materials:
Pencil or Chalk
15 mm dia. PVC pipe
PVC adapter with lock nuts
Utility box
Junction box
Lamp socket
Safety switch
15Ampere cartridge fuse
3 way switch
SPST switch
1 gang plate cover
Convenience Outlets
192

1
1
3
18
5
4
2
1
2
2
1
3
2

unit
pc
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
pcs
Pc
pcs
pcs
pc
pcs
sets

2 gang plate cover


Conduit clamps/straps
Wood screws (1/4 x )
wiring board

2
15
50
1

Tools:
Steel meter stick/Straight edge
Try square
Pull and push rule
Wet rug
Personal Protective Equipment:
Gloves
Respirator

pcs
pcs
Pcs
pc
1
1
1
1

pc
pc
pc
pc

1 pair
1 pc

Working Drawing:
Note: Your teacher will determine the distance of each circuit.

S3
w

S3
w

Line diagram of the two bulbs controlled by two three-way


switches and one SPST switch with two convenience outlets in
different location

193

Procedure:
1. Prepare the necessary tools, materials, and equipment.
2. Wear appropriate PPE.
3. Mark on the wiring board the location of the safety switch, utility
boxes, and junction boxes.
4. Fasten the safety switch and PVC boxes with wood screws at the
desired locations.
5. Prepare the PVC conduit for installation.
a. Measure and cut each PVC pipe to desired length
b. Make an offset bend at each end of PVC conduit which will be
connected to a box.
c. Bend 90 based on the diagram.
6. Install and connect ends of PVC pipe to the electrical boxes, safety
switch.
7. Support the conduit with conduit clamps or straps.

194

8. Place the cover of junction box, utility box, and convenience outlet.
9. Obsreve good housekeeping.
10. Have your teacher check your work.
Assessment Criteria
VS
5

Dimensions

S
3

NI
1

1. Functionality: Bulbs, Convenience Outlet


2. Quality: Workmanship, Appearance, Offset Bending,
Bending 90
3. Accuracy: Dimension, Accurate bending
4. Method: Observance of the safety measures.
5. Speed: Submission on time +1, before the expected
time +2, after the expected time 2.
Rating Scale:
VS Very Satisfactory
= 25 18
S Satisfactory
= 17 10
NI Needs Improvement = 9 and below

INFORMATION SHEET 2.4


PEC PROVISION ON ELECTRICAL METALLIC TUBING
Electrical Metallic Tubing is a type of wiring installation which is designed
to lessen or eliminate fire hazard and electrical accident. The following rules
and regulations on the use of electrical metallic tubing should be observed:
A.

Application

Electrical metallic tubing may be used for exposed and concealed work at
the same condition with rigid metal conduit. EMT is protected with enamel
should not be used on the following conditions:

195

Sample Electrical Metallic Tubing


a.
b.
c.
d.
B.

subjected to mechanical during or after the construction


Cinder fill
hazardous location
exposure to corrosive fumes and vapor
Sizes

Its standard length follows the gas pipe which is 10 ft.(3m) and a
diameter from inch up to 6 inches(150mm).
C.

Under wet location

Electrical metallic tubing can be used provided the water is prevented


from entering the conduit. The support, straps and other fitting must be
approved for the purpose.
D.

Maximum number of conductors in tubing


Trade size of conduit
Wire size

1
mm2
2.0
4
6
10
3.5
3
5
8
5.5
1
4
7
8.0
1
3
4
14.0
1
1
3
Trade size of conduit in inches

Size in mm2

1/2"
3/4"
1
1

2.0
3.5
6
2

196

25
21
17
10
6

41
34
29
17
10

No. of
conductors
4
10
12
12

E.

Assembly

Thread less coupling and connectors is used when tubing should be tight
and should be provided with waterproof type fitting if it will be used in wet
locations.
F.

G.

Types of EMT fitting (Reference: Interior and Exterior Wiring, pp. 137-138
by Feliciano Agpaoa)

Connector

Coupling

Adapter

Locknut

Elbow

Condulets

Type of EMT utility boxes and fitting

Utility Box
H.

Octagonal Box

Clamps/Straps

Number of bends of EMT

The code requires a maximum of four adapter bends (360) for every one
run of tubing.

197

I.

Types of bends

The following illustrations show the different kinds of bends used in the
installation of electrical metallic tubing.

Obstacle

Elbow bend 90
J.

Offset bend

Saddle bend

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Goggles

Hard hat

198

Gloves

SELF-CHECK 2.2
ELECTRICAL METALLIC TUBING
A. Directions: On your answer sheet, write the letter of your answer.
1. It is the type of metal conduit which is designed to lessen or
eliminate fire hazard.
a. EMT
b. RSC
c. PVC
d. BX
2. It is the allowable number of quarter bends which can be done in
a one run of electrical metallic conduit.
c. 4
a. 2
b.3
d. 6
3. It is a type of fitting which is used to secure EMT to metallic
boxes.
a. connector
b. condulets
c. adaptor
d. coupling
4. It is the size of conduit which can accommodate a maximum of 8
wires of 3.5mm2 wire.
a. 1
b.
c.
d. 1
5. It is the type of bend which makes one quarter turn.
a. offset
b. elbow
c. saddle
d. goose neck
B. Directions: Name the following conduit fittings.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

199

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.7


CUTTING ELECTRICAL METALLIC TUBING
Directions: Your task is to cut electrical metallic tubing properly using the
given supplies/materials, tools, and equipment. You should follow the
procedure correctly.
Supplies and Materials
Pencil
Chalk
EMT pipe
Tools and Equipment
Metric rule
Try square
Bench vise
Hack saw / pipe cutter
Personal protective equipment
Gloves and goggles

Procedure:
1. Prepare the necessary tools, materials and personal protective equipment
(PPE).
2. Wear the appropriate PPE.
3. Mark the length of EMT to be cut using the metric rules.
4. Cut the EMT using the hacksaw or pipe cutter.
Note: The action of the hacksaw is performed in
forward stroke. The teeth of the hack saw must be
towards the handle.

5. Observe good housekeeping.

200

Assessment Criteria
CRITERIA
Workmanship
Measurement
Use of tool
Use of PPE
Speed
Housekeeping
TOTAL

POINTS
5
4
3
3
3
2
20

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.8


BENDING ELECTRICAL METALLIC TUBING (ELBOW BEND)
Directions: Your task is to do the elbow bending of electrical metallic tubing
properly using the given supplies/materials, tools and equipment. You
should follow the procedure correctly.
Supplies and Materials
Pencil
Chalk
EMT pipe
Tools and Equipment
Metric rule
Try square
Hickey with handle
Hack saw
Personal protective equipment
Gloves and goggles
Safety shoes
Procedures
1.

Prepare the necessary tools, materials and equipment.

2.

Wear the appropriate PPE.

3.

Draw right angle bend on the floor using the try square.

201

4.

Draw an arc near the corner.

5.

Mark off the center of the location of the bend.

6.

Insert the EMT into the conduit bender / hickey where the center of
the bend is to be made.

7.

Bend the EMT gradually to form a 90 bend. Check the desired shape
by placing the conduit on the layout which can be seen on step 3.

8.

Remove the bender on the right angle bent EMT.

9.

Observe good housekeeping.


Assessment Criteria

CRITERIA
Accuracy of bend
Measurement
Use of tool
Use of PPE
Speed
Housekeeping
TOTAL

POINTS
5
4
3
3
3
2
20
202

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.9


BENDING ELECRICAL METALLIC TUBING (OFFSET BEND)
Directions: Your task is to do the offset bending of electrical metallic tubing
properly using the given supplies/materials, tools and equipment. You
should follow the procedure correctly.
Supplies and Materials
Pencil
Chalk
EMT pipe
Tools and Equipment
Metric rule
Try square
Hickey with handle
Hack saw
Personal protective equipment
Gloves and goggles
Safety shoes
Procedure:
1.
2.

Prepare the necessary tools, materials, and equipment.


Wear the appropriate PPE.

3. Measure the elevation of the box where the bend is to be fitted.

4. Draw the depth of the elevation on the floor. This will make two lines.

5. Mark off 100mm from the end of the pipe.

203

6. Put another 200mm from your first marker.

7. Insert the hickey on the second marker and bend gradually backward
stroke to follow its depth.
8. Move the hickey on the first marker and bend
gradual forward stroke to follow its height.

9. Remove the hickey.


10. Observe good housekeeping.
Assessment Criteria
CRITERIA
Accuracy of bend
Measurement
Use of tool
Use of PPE
Speed
Housekeeping
TOTAL

POINTS
5
4
3
3
3
2
20

INFORMATION SHEET 2.5


204

RIGID METALLIC CONDUIT (RMC)


A rigid metal conduit serves the same
purpose as with the Electrical Metallic Tubing.
It is designed to protect the electrical wiring of
building from electrical hazard due to faulty
wiring. It is usually installed by burying it in
concrete wall floor and ceiling, in masonry or
similar materials. It is also used for exposed
and concealed work; it provides maximum
protection when there is mechanical damage.
For this wiring method to be effective, safe and
reliable, it is a must that the PEC standard and specifications is followed.
Standard size of RMC
Rigid metal conduit has smooth inside diameter. Its standard length
follows the gas pipe which is 10 feet and a diameter from , , up to 6
inches.
Installation under atmospheric condition.
Protected by Enamel- conduit protected only with enamel is permitted
only in indoor occupancies not subjected to severe corrosive
influences.
Dissimilar metal contacts of metal to another metal must be avoided
in installing RMC to prevent the possibility of galvanic reaction.
Corrosion protection conduits fitting with corrosion protection are
permitted to be installed in concrete, direct earth burial, or in areas
subjected to corrosive influences.
Number of conductors inside the conduit
The table on the next page shows the number of conductors permitted in
a single conduit.

205

Maximum number of conductors allowed in trade size conduit from - 3 inches.


Conduit
1
1

1
2
2
3
trade size

Conductor
Type letter
size AWG
TW, XHHW
14
9
15
25
44
60
99 142
12
7
12
19
35
47
78 111 171
10
5
9
15
26
36
60
85 131
8
2
4
7
12
17
28
40
62
RHW,
14
6
10
16
29
40
65
93 143
RHH,THW
12
4
8
13
24
32
53
76 117
10
4
6
11
19
26
42
61
95
8
1
3
5
10
13
22
32
49
TW,THW,RHW
RHH(without
covering

6
4
3
2
1

1
1
1
1

2
1
1
1
1

4
3
2
2
1

7
5
4
4
3

10
7
5
5
4

16
12
10
9
6

23
17
15
13
9

36
27
23
20
14

Fittings
The following are types of conduit fittings which are usually used
when wiring installation make sharp turns. The letter shows that an elbow
or fitting makes right angle turn. They are:

LR L Right Condulet

LB L Box Condulet

LL L Left Condulet

C Condulet
206

Bends
Rigid metal conduit can also be bent using hickey or conduit bender. It
follows the same procedure bending electrical metallic tubing.

Bending RMC using hickey

Hickey

Cut
Conduit is cut with hacksaw or pipe cutter. For easy and safe way of cutting,
a bench vise is recommended so that pipe can be held firmly while it is being cut.

Cutting pipe using hacksaw

Pipe cutter

Ream
After cutting the pipe with hacksaw or pipe cutter, it leaves burrs. This
must be removed to avoid damage of wire insulation when it is inserted in it.
A reamer or round file can be used to remove burrs.

207

Threads
Since rigid metal conduit is commonly used in wet places, sealing of
termination can be best done if pipe is treaded. These will prevent water
from entering the conduit. The use of dies and dies stock keep the end of the
pipe threaded. The sizes of dies stock range from to 6 inches.

Dies and dies stock

Tripod with pipe cutter

208

Die and dies stock set

SELF-CHECK 2.3
RIGID METALLIC CONDUIT
Direction: On your answer sheet, write the letter of your answer.
1.

It is a process of removing sharp edges or burrs left after


cutting the pipe.
a. reaming
b. cutting
c. bending
d. installing

2.

It is a type of condulet which makes conduit run turns to the


right.
a. C
b. LL
c. LB
d. LR

3.

It is the tool used to thread rigid metal conduit.


a. hickey
b. dies and dies stock
c. reamer

d. cutter

4.

It is a type of condulet which has an opening at the back.


a. C
b. LL
c. LB
d. LR

5.

It is the standard length of RMC.


a. 10 ft.
b. 12 ft.

c. 14 ft.

ACTIVITY SHEET 2.10


REAM CONDUIT
Supplies and Materials
Pencil
Chalk
Rag
FMT
Tools and Equipment
Bench vise
Hack saw
Personal protective equipment
- Gloves
- Goggles
- Hardhat

209

d. 20 ft.

Procedure
1.

Prepare the necessary tools, materials, equipment, and PPE in


performing the activity.

2.

Wear the appropriate PPE.

3.

Measure and mark the location of cut.

4.

Cut the conduit using hacksaw.

5.

Ream the newly cut conduit using the flute reamer or file.

6.

Put another 200mm from your first marker.

7.

Check if the end of the pipe is smooth.

8.

Have your teacher check your work.


Note : ( Your teacher will demonstrate the proper way of reaming)

210

SUMMATIVE ASSESMENT:
TEST I: Knowledge and Process
Directions: Choose the letter of the correct answer and write your answer
on a separate sheet of paper.
____1. In the exposed knob and tube wiring method, what is the minimum
distance to be observed between conductors?
a. 4 centimeters
b. 6 centimeters
c. 12 centimeters
d. 30 centimeters
____2. Whenever wires cross each other, what electrical materials is
necessary to provide protection from injury.?
a. mica tube
b. porcelain tube c. circular loom d. all of these
____3. What type of conduits is manufactured to be resistant to impact and
crushing moisture, chemical atmosphere, flame retardant and
doesnt get out of shape by heat.
a. PVC
b. Rigid Nonmetallic Conduit
c. Surface Raceway
d. Wire ways
____4. How many millimeters thick of PVC should be installed under

driveways and parking lots of single and two family dwelling units?
a. 460 mm
b. 400 mm
c. 350 mm
d. 300 mm
____5. What is the process wherein rough edges or burrs at the cut ends of

non-metallic conduit shall be trimmed inside and outside?


a. Expansion fitting b. Joints c. Securing and supports d. Trimming
____6. What is the maximum size of rigid nonmetallic conduit that the PEC

required to be installed in wiring installation?


a. 90 mm
b. 160 mm
c. 150 mm

d. 125 mm

____7. What type of rigid nonmetallic conduit is one of the most commonly
used conduits in electrical wiring installation today?
a. Polyvinyl chloride
c. Rigid nonmetallic conduit
b. Plastic molding
d. Wire ways
____8. What type of bend is used when the conduit runs across circular
object like pipes?
a. Elbow bend b. Offset bend c. Round saddle bend
d. Square saddle bend
____9. What is used as mechanical protection for electric conductors, has a
smooth interior and a wall of non-conducting fibrous material?
a. Electrical metallic conduit
b. Porcelain knob & tube
c. Rigid nonmetallic conduit
d. Flexible nonmetallic conduit
211

----10. What is the process by which jointing between lengths of conduit and
between conduit couplings, fittings and, boxes shall be made with
approved coupling and adapter?
a. Expansion fitting b. Joints c. Securing and supports d. Trimming

Test: II - Understanding Test


Directions: Below are unarranged procedures in Bending 90PVC Elbow.
Arrange them in proper order. Write your answer on a separate sheet of
paper.

o Mark off 200 mm from the end of PVC pipe. This will be
the center of your elbow bend.
o Observe good housekeeping.
o Prepare the necessary tools, materials and equipment.
o Draw a right angle on the floor using your try square and
chalk. This will serve as your guide when forming your
conduit into 90o angle.
o Wear appropriate PPE.
o If you are in a room with a tiled floor, you can use it as
your guide for 90o angle.
o Plug-in the heat gun and apply heat to the conduit. Apply
heat 100mm on both sides of your marking. Apply heat
evenly by turning over the conduit while swaying your
heat gun back and forth to avoid kinks during bending.
o Draw an arc near the corner with a radius of 100 mm;
this will aid you in forming your elbow correctly.
o Notice that when the conduit is softening, it will sag.
o If the desired shape is formed, use a wet rag to cool down
the conduit to immediately. (You can use your foot to hold
one end of the conduit while wiping.)
Test.III Performance Test:
Installing Simple Electrical Circuit (10 points)
Directions: Your task is to install simple electrical circuit, a lamp
controlled by a single pole switch. Use rigid nonmetallic conduit (RNC).
Tools, Materials and Equipment Needed:
Materials and Supplies Needed
Quantity
Description
1 pc
Pencil or chalk
1 pc
Installation plan/working drawing
1pc
Incandescent lamp 25watts
1 pc
Lamp Holder 4 diameter
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1 pc
SPST switches (flush type)
1 pc
1 gang switch plate
2 pcs
Junction boxes metal/plastic
1 pc
Utility boxes metal/plastic
1 pc
Rigid nonmetallic conduit diameter
2 pcs
RNC clamps
3 meters
Solid/stranded wire 1.6mm
6 pcs
Flat head screws 3.4
1 roll
Electrical tape
1 set
Line cord
1 pc
Wiring board 1 x 2 x
Tools, equipment and Instrument Needed
Combination, long nose, and side cutting pliers
Flat and Philips screw drivers
Hammer
Wire Stripper
Pull push rule/meter stick
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Safety glasses
Gloves
Safety Shoes

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Working Schematic Diagram:

Procedure:
1. Analyze the schematic diagram of a lamp controlled by a single pole
switch.
2. Outline dimensions. (Refer to the measurements specified in the
schematic diagram)
3. Mount the utility and junction boxes to its proper position, using
two screws per box.
4. Attach flexible connectors and insert the flexible tubing from the
center junction box to lamp holder box and switch utility box.
5. Insert solid wires (TW 1.6mm./#14awg) through flexible tubing
from the center junction box to the:
6. Remove the insulator of wires inside the utility and junction boxes.
7. Attach the switch and lamp holder to its boxes, using screws.
8. Insulate all splices with electrical tape.
9. Cover the junction box and insert the lamp in the holder.
10 Using a multi-tester, test the circuit for possible trouble.
11. To test the functionality of the circuit, insert the male plug to a
convenience outlet.
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TECHNICAL TERMS:
Electrical Metallic Tubing is a type of wiring installation which is designed
to lessen or eliminate fire hazard and electrical accident.
Electrical Wiring Plan is a technical representation of electrical system
proposed to be installed in building or house. It includes material, devices
and equipment.
Floor Plan is a plan of a room or floor of a building drawn to scale as if
viewed from above.
Legend shows the meaning of each symbol used in the electrical plan.

Offset bend is less than 90o bend, and it is used when the conduit
crosses an obstacle or when the conduit is entering an electrical box.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) rigid conduit is one of the most commonly used
conduits in electrical wiring installation today. Its preparation for
installation is much easier than the metallic rigid conduit
Riser Diagram is a single line diagram presentation of the entire electrical
circuit from the service entrance up to the smallest circuit branch.

Round saddle bend is used when the conduit runs across circular
objects like pipes.
Solid knobs are used to support or anchor wires as big as No. 8 or
bigger.
Split knobs are used to support or anchor wires smaller than No. 8.
Screws or nails may be used to fasten the knobs.
Square saddle bend is similar to round saddle. It is used when the
conduit run across rectangular obstacles. Square saddle is just a
combination of two offset bends.
Surface Raceway is a one piece, nonmetallic, adhesive backed latching
raceway designed to aesthetically organize and route low voltage
communications cables.
Troubleshooting is problem detecting and solving, often applied to repair
defective gadgets or products like fluorescent lamp fixtures. It is a
systematic search for the source of a problem so that it can be repaired so
that the gadgets or products will be functional.
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REFERENCES:
1. Azares, Efren F. and Recana, Cirilo B. Practical Electricity III; Adriana
Publishing: 1999.
2. Agpaoa, Feleciano. Interior and Exterior Wiring Troubleshooting;
National Bookstore: 1991.
3. Fajardo, Max B. Electrical Layout and Estimate. 5138 Merchandising.
Copyright 2000.
4. Johnston, Larry et.al., Better Homes and Gardens Wiring 1 st Edition,
Meredith Books;
5. Max B. Fajardo Jr. & Leo R. Fajardo. Electrical Layout and Estimate, 2nd
Edition. Philippine Copywrite 2000 by 5138 Merchandising
6. Mulin, R.C., Smith R.L. Electrical Wiring-Commercial, Six Ed., New York:
Delmars Publishing Inc.; 1984, pp.
7. www.diydata.com/tool/drills/drills.php:
8. www.powertoolinstitute.com:
9. www.technologystudent.com
10. www.epa.gov/rtp/new-bldg/environmental/0910updf :

11. www.omnicontrols.com/:
12. www.wikihow.com/:
13. www.acmehowto.com/howto/maintenance/electrical/:

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