You are on page 1of 9

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14

ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF FOUR STORIED RC


BUILDINGS USING SAP2000 v14
Vijay Namdev Khose
Research Scholar, Department of Earthquake Engineering, IIT Roorkee
Q Analyse and design four storied building as shown in Fig.1 & 2 using SAP2000 v14
3 Nos @ 5m C/C
Y4
3m
Y3

2m

Y2
3m
Y1
X1

X2

X3

X4

Fig.1 Plan of the building

Z6
3.1
Z5
3.1
Z4
3.1
Z3
3.1
Z2
1.2
Z1
Fig. 2 Elevation of building
For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 1 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14


Building details are as follows
1. Grade of concrete used is M 20 and grade of steel used is Fe 415.
2. Floor to floor height is 3.1 m
3. Plinth height above GL is 0.55 m.
4. Depth of Foundation is 0.65 m below GL
5. Parapet height is 1.5 m.
6. Slab Thickness is 150 mm.
7. External wall thickness is 230 mm and internal wall thickness is 150 mm.
8. Size of columns is 300mm X 450 mm and size of beams 300mm X 450 mm.
9. Live load on floor is 3kN/m2 and Live load on roof is 1.5kN/m2.
10. Floor finishes is 1 kN/m2 and roof treatment is 1.5 kN/m2
11. Site located in Seismic Zone IV.
12. Building is resting on medium soil.
13. Take Importance Factor as 1.
14. Building frame type is Special Moment Resting Frame (SMRF).
15. Density of concrete is 25 kN/m3and Density of masonry wall is 20 kN/m3

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 2 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14

Step 1 Begin a New Model


In this Step, the basic grid that will serve as a template for developing the model will be
defined.
A. Click the File menu > New Model command or the New Model button

. The

form shown in Fig. 3 will display. Verify that the default units are set to KN, m, C.
B. The
allows

New

Model

form

the

quick

for

generation
model

of

numerous

types

parametric

using
generation

techniques. However, in
this tutorial the model will
be started using only the
grid

generation.

When

laying out the grid, it is


important that the geometry
Fig.3 New Model form

defined accurately represents

the major geometrical aspects of the model, so it is advisable to spend time


carefully planning the number and spacing of the grid lines. Select the Grid Only
button, and the form shown in Fig. 4 will display.
C. The Quick Grid Lines form (Fig. 4) is used to specify the grids and spacing in the
X, Y and Z directions. Set the number of grid lines to 4 in the X and Y direction,
and to 6 in the Z directions. Type 5, 3, 3.1 into X, Y, Z directions spacing edit
boxes respectively. The values specified in the First Grid Line Location area
locate the origin of the grid lines; make sure that these values are all set to zero
for this tutorial. Click the OK button to continue.
1. Click the Define menu > Coordinate Systems/Grids command. The
Coordinate/Grid Systems form will display. Make sure that the Systems
item on the Coordinate/Grid Systems form has Global highlighted and

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 3 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14

Fig. 4 Quick Grid lines form

Fig. 5 Define Grid Data form

Fig. 6 SAP 2000 Windows

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 4 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14


click the Modify/Show System button. The Define Grid Data form (Fig.
5) will display.
2. The Define grid data form is used to specify the irregular spacing in the X,
Y and Z directions. Set the Display Grid as to spacing.
3. In Y Grid Data set spacing as 2 for Grid ID 2 and in Z Grid Data set it to
1.2 for z1 Grid ID.
4. Click the OK button to close the Define Grid Data form.
D. Click the OK button to close the Coordinate/Grid Systems form, and Fig. 6 will
appear. The grids appear in two view windows tiled vertically, an X-Y Plan
View on the left and a 3-D View on the right, as shown in Fig. 6. The number of
view windows may be changed by selecting the Options menu > Windows
command.
Notice that the Plan view is active in Fig 6. When the window is active, the
display title bar is highlighted. Set a view active by clicking anywhere in the view
window.
Note that the Global Axes are displayed as well, and that Z positive is in the up
direction. When SAP2000 refers to the direction of gravity, this is in the negative
Z direction, or down.

Step 2 Define Material


Use the Define menu > Materials command
to add, modify, or delete a material property
definition. The material property definitions
are then used in defining the structural objects
(frame

sections,

cable

sections,

tendon

sections, area sections, solid properties).


A. Click the Define menu > Materials
command, the Define Material form (Fig.
Fig. 7 Define Materials form

7) will display.

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 5 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14

Fig. 8 Material Property Data form -Concrete

Fig. 9 Material Property Data form -Rebar

Highlight a 4000Psi in the Materials display list. Then Click the Modify/Show
Material button, the form shown in Fig. 8 will display.
B. In Material Name and display color edit box, type M20 and in Material Type select
concrete from drop down list.
C. Set Weight per unit Volume as 25. Set Modulus of Elasticity to 22360679.774
( 5000 f ck as per IS 456). Set Poissons Ratio to 0.15. Set Specified Concrete
Compressive Strength to 20000 and then click OK button.
D. Highlight a A992fy50 in the Materials display list. Then Click on Modify/Show
Material button, the form shown in Fig. 9 will display.
E. In Material Name and display color edit box, type Fe415 and in Material Type select
Rebar from drop down list.
F. Set Minimum yield stress, fy, Minimum tensile stress, fu , Expected yield stress, fye and
Expected tensile stress, fue to 415000, 498000, 518750 and 622500. Click OK
buttons on Material Property Data form and Add materials form to exit all forms.

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 6 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14

Step 3 Define Frame Section


Defining a frame section makes the
section available for assignment to
selected frame objects. The Define menu
> Frame Sections command can be used
to (a) import sections from predefined
databases, (b) define frame section
properties

on

the

basis

of

their

dimensions, (c) review and modify

Fig. 10 Frame Properties form

section properties, and (d) delete section properties.


A. Click the Define menu > Section Properties > Frame Sections command, which

will display the Frame Properties form (Fig. 10).


B. Click the Add New Property button, which will display form shown in Fig. 11
C. In Frame Section Property Type select Concrete from drop down list and click the

Rectangular button, which will display from shown in Fig. 12.


1. In Section Name Area, Type C-300X450.
2. In Depth and Width edit box, Type 0.45 and 0.3 respectively.
D. Click the Concrete Reinforcement button, Reinforcement data form (Fig. 13)

will appear.
1. In Rebar Material Area, Select Fe415 from list as a Rebar Material of

Fig. 11 Add Frame Section Property form

Fig. 12 Rectangular Section form

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 7 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14


Longitudinal Bars and Confinement Bars (Ties).
2. In Design Type Area, Select Column (P-M2-M3Design) option.
3. In Configuration of reinforcement area, select Rectangular.
4. In Longitudinal Bars - Rectangular Configuration area, Type 0.05 in
Cover to for confinement bars edit box.
5. In Confinement Bars Area, Select 8d from drop down list as Confinement
Bar Size; Type 0.2 in Longitudinal Spacing of Confinement Bars edit box
and Type 2 in Number of Confinement Bars in 3-dir and 2-dir.
6. In Set Check/ Design Area, select Reinforcement to be Designed.
7. Click OK buttons on Reinforcement Data form and Rectangular section form.
E. Click the Add New Property button, which will display form shown in Fig. 11.
F. Make sure that in Frame Section Property Type, Concrete is selected and click the

Rectangular button, which will display from shown in Fig. 12.


1. In Section Name Area, Type B-300X450.
2. In Depth and Width edit box,
Type 0.45 and 0.3 respectively.

Fig. 13Reinforcement Data form for Column

Fig. 14Reinforcement Data form for Beam

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 8 of 44

Analysis And Design Of Four Storied RC Building Using SAP2000 v14

G. Click the Concrete Reinforcement button, Reinforcement data form (Fig. 13)

will appear.
1. In Rebar Material Area, Select Fe415 from list as a rebar material of
Longitudinal Bars and Confinement Bars (Ties).
2. In Design Type Area, Select Beam (M3Design only) option, which will
display reinforcement data form (Fig.14) for beam.
3. In Concrete Cover to Rebar Center Area, Type 0.03 Top and Bottom edit box.
4. Click the OK buttons on Reinforcement Data form, Rectangular section form
and frame properties form.

Step 4 Add Frame Objects


In this Step, Frame objects with the associated column and beam sections list are drawn
using the grids and snap-to options, and generated using Edit menu commands.

Draw Frame Objects (XZ Plane)


Make sure that the X-Z Plane @ Y= 0 views is active (see Step1-D for directions on how
to make a view active). This view should be in the left window. Also check that the Snap
to Points and Grid Intersections command is active. This will assist in accurately
positioning the frame objects. This command is active when its associated

button is

depressed. Alternatively, use the Draw menu > Snap to > Points and Grid
Intersections command. By default, this command is active.
A. Click the View menu > Set 2D View command.
B. In the Set 2D View form click on the X-Z plane option. Type 0 into the Y = edit
box to display the Side view at Y = 0, and click OK.
C. Click the Draw Frame/Cable/Tendon
Frame/Cable/Tendon
Frame/Cable/Tendon

command.
command

button or use the Draw menu > Draw


If

via

you
the

accessed

Draw

menu,

the
the

Draw
Draw

Frame/Cable/Tendon button will depress verifying your command selection.


The Properties of Object pop-up form for frames will appear as shown in Fig.15.

For any suggestions and queries please write to Mr. VIJAY N. KHOSE, vijaynkhose@gmail.com

Page 9 of 44