Human Machine Interface

Human Machine Interface aim at a better Human-machine interaction. Any automation system is said to be blind without HMI. HMI gives the ability to the operator, and the management to view the plant in real time. Add to that the ability to have alarm management that can warn the operator of a problem. It cam even log and print all the alarms in real time, which can help the management to improve the production and efficiency. Today there exists many Human Machine Interface softwares that could be used to monitor, supervise and control process. What we are presenting here is just an overview of what could be achieved with most of these softwares. So what are the main functionalities of an HMI. Well the HMI's main functionality is to monitor, supervise, and control processes. This could be used in a variety of industries such as food processing, sawmills, botteling, semiconductors, oil and gas, automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, transportation, utilities, an more. HMI software provides the process knowledge and control needed to perfect the products companies make and the processes they manage. It is said that a control without an HMI is a blind control. Human Machine Interface can display texts, pictures, bar graphs, bitmap and animated pictures. More importantly it can also display System messages, reports, alarms, trends and manipulate string values and calculate boolean operations and more complex math operations. This flexibility reduces the task that the PLC More and more manufacturing designers are recognizing the benefits of using Human Machine Interface to control and to operate their controls.

Typical Applications
Machine monitoring and control Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Control Center Monitoring, Tracking, and Control Building Automation and Security Electrical Substation Monitoring Pipeline Monitoring and Control Transportation Control Systems Batch Process Monitoring and Control Continuous Process Monitoring and Control Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Statistical Process Control (SPC) Telecommunications Discrete Manufacturing and more... Functionality Representation of a plant in real time. Trending (Real-time / Historical) Alarms (Real-time / Historical) SPC (Statistical Process Control)

Recipes Reports Lop Events Historical Data Logging and Browsing SQL Server 2000, Oracle, Sybase, ODBC support Networking and Redundancy Math and Logic Password protection and more... Softwares Wonderware (Intouch) Plantscape (Honeywell) FactoryLink Panel mate (Cuttler Hammer) RSView (Rockwell Automation) and more... WinCC HMI Siemens

Human-machine interface
Jun 1, 2007 12:00 PM

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HOW DOES THE CHOICE OF HMI AFFECT HUMAN PRODUCTIVITY WITH REGARD TO THE DESIGN AND OPERATION OF INDUSTRIAL MOTION SYSTEMS? Marc • B&R: The machine designer must be very intimate with the actual operation of the machine from an end-user's perspective. At the end of the day, it's an operator who runs the machine day-in, day-out — not the engineer who designed it. The designer needs to have insight into the mind of the end-user in order to develop a machine and an interface that truly meets the demand for highest value. All too often the end-user is forced to try to recreate the thought process of the designer. Roy • GE Fanuc: HMI systems can take many forms, from dedicated panel devices to higher-level PCs running Windows and HMI software. On PC/Windows platforms, basic HMI functionality may be augmented with high-level analytics and data acquisition, features more often thought of as SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition). In the more general case, where the HMI functions as the machine controller and operator interface, the emphasis is more focused on running machines more effectively, measuring performance, and managing downtime more efficiently. The greater the role of the HMI, the more important it is to select one with a high degree of scalability — one that provides operator controls and connectivity to supervisory systems. In motion applications, HMIs must also be able to respond quickly to commands as well as unanticipated situations requiring complex maneuvers. To maximize productivity, HMIs should display information in the context of the machine state. It's not the job of an operator to navigate to the correct screen at the correct time; it's the job of the HMI to react to machine conditions (the machine context) and deliver displays appropriate for the current state. Today's HMIs must also deliver a wealth of information, from operation manuals to troubleshooting guides. They should not only run, but also help maintain a machine. They should track downtime history and capture reason codes, and take responsibility for the lifecycle of the equipment. Eyal • Unitronics: From the operator's point of view, the HMI is the communication focal point, the “ear and mouth” of the machine, accepting commands and directions while displaying processes, values, results, errors, and other status messages. This calls for an intelligent interface with built-in diagnostic qualities and immediate access to real-time information required to troubleshoot common machine problems. From a PLC hardware perspective, this means having access to internal registers and program variables. The right HMI implementation provides not only built-in diagnostics — eliminating the need for external testing equipment during troubleshooting — but also increases the operator's overall productivity:

It may replace most printed documents, providing online help, operation “wizards,” and even tutorials

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It allows international implementation of a system by using more graphics and less text, being less language dependent It facilitates operation using color-coded icons, values, and gauges, guiding the operator within the normal operation envelope In a well-designed system, it consolidates all relevant information to one screen, popping up only the values and statuses that need immediate attention Using a combined HMI and PLC can save development time, wiring, and component cost as well

In the most basic sense the graphical Operator Interface is very similar to the simple text display type. You still have a keypad or on screen pushbuttons to take the place of physical pushbuttons. Instead of a text messages such as “Valve Open” from our text display example, you might have a picture of a valve. On color displays this valve might show one color for closed and one color for open. Chances are there is room on the operator interface for many more keys. Your control options might include pressing a key that selects the valve on the screen. This would lead to additional information on the screen tying other buttons to functions such as “open valve” or “close valve.” With the touch screen option, the operator would touch the valve on the screen. This could pop up a window with open and close pushbuttons on it that would allow the operator to open or close the valve by touching these buttons. Making all this work with the PLC would be similar to the text display. The push button elements are linked to PLC memory locations and the Operator Interface is able to manipulate the values in those locations. A simple pushbutton would just toggle a bit on or off. However, Operator Interfaces usually will have the capability to manipulate the bit in several different manners. The bit could have a momentary action that could operate directly with the operator’s actions. If the operator pushes the button the bit changes to a 1 – when he releases it the bit returns to a 0. The operator may press too quickly in this case not allowing the bit to perform its required operation due to communication delays or a slow PLC program. In this case the pushbutton can be setup to have a minimum on time or a minimum off time. It may be set up to normally set the bit to a 1 and reset it to a 0 when pressed. Finally it might toggle the bit so that the value changes from 1 to 0 or 0 to 1 depending on the value of the bit when the button is pressed. So all this bit discussion may lead you to believe that Operator Interfaces are only good for discrete applications. Not so. They are capable of grabbing and inserting information of all types from the controller. A PLC may have a temperature probe hooked to an analog input card that allows it to turn on a fan if the temperature goes too high. The Operator Interface can be configured to get the temperature information and display it on the screen. It might have a graphic of a vessel with a fan and the temperature shown next to it all. The operator could select the vessel bringing up an input screen that would allow him to enter a temperature setpoint. This information would be pushed down to the PLC where it would act as the point at which the fan would turn on. The operation of the fan could be shown on the screen to indicate that it is running. In fact using animation techniques the fan might even look like it’s running on the screen. The variations are endless.

Human machine interface (HMI) touch screen panels limit and/or remove the need for pens, typing, and mouse click interaction with computers. These types of applications are making there way into individual, commercial and governmental operations on an increasing basis. At first the benefit of such computing may seem superficial or redundant, however it is clear the benefits of such computing are quite significant. HMI touch screen panels are currently used in a number of places including those provided below:

*Airport electronic ticket issuers *Self Checkout counters *Pin code payment pads *Business computer applications *Government recording and data management *Interactive Educational tools COST EFFECTIVENESS OF HMI TOUCH SCREEN PANELS:

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