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17

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) 6/q" @RW0 ZB@ =B# C" q,0 6;I ) k:9- 3D9J&a2 M *"#$ QC&o &4 ) g+)OC34c
*C)&n0 &RD- *3J *"C)% "@` K&9< =B# C" 1< 6-&]q M .I&0 C,P< 6+"# bh?9I# 1+ Q) Z''PE
=B# 62&9I&+ L&`3DB,` ) L#"&9I# C&s% C" 1< ",P40 *3B" H42 j&TY< 6};+ L% C" 1fY+ ./42 !#,E
C" !"@0 @a0 *3DaG# ",V Q&A 19P:2 $# #@2% @V90 L&`3D/B,2 L&0$ C)@0 C" ) *",+ ",(,0 C,P<
.G&BC" M dA 6'''''''IC&G 12&40&E j&]q K&9< 1< 3J @<_90 3B&+ 32# 19J#3Ra2 #@2% wB,V j#C)&n0
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46

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*34IC @P2 1+ K"#) FDA@G "@''''T`CH+ =B#$# Q"&B$ C&s% h5# M 42# M L&]G# L&0# C&:8q#
@+ "&B$ .4TA# $# ,9PS Q&A Q3Dq 6G@;0 ) QC)% kT''( 3D2&0 M &eA 19J,2 =B# $# "#3;- ..I#
=B# &+ .",+ C)@ 6Y0 FDA@G x$C# &+ k:D0 ~B @5&;0 L&`3D/B,2 j&?4?n- Q#@+ ) *",+ C#"C,V
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C" 3D9J#" g4/` dB#@+ j#"&I {# .B&DE @40 K&D( 1< Y980 Q&A .J#""&B $# L&DTA )103
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6Y'''}'''''G# @''4'''P''''+
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1+ Q$&[ 1/4q C" #C m9f0 *C)" -! 1958 - 1946 $# ) *3J
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t#@E !$&E 6Y4>n- |C,+ ~B$# *"&z9I# &+ -! 1961 b&I C"
.0&V) .:/2 &0# ",T2 $&[% #C m 19JC "#3]+ *&aP2#" C" ) 3B"@`
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3B"@` Q)C,J "&n-# !$&E m 19JC C" !)"C&+ -! 1966 b&I C"
.342&IC !&v2# 1+ >8- 1B,I 1+ #C m *3fP2#" )
.P`@+ =,+ Q)C,J "&n-# $# -!( 1976 )b&IC" 6Y}G# K&D(
1+ L&0HTA ) C&A@aD2 .Bu) m *3fP2#" C" "&9I# ) @'9<#" .z>+ )
."@< 1z4) !&v2# *&v2% 12&V&zJ m4:@I 4c
Q"u) ) 6B&/2 @9<#" 4n+ L&0HTA ) "&9I# 4nD0 g+&< m j,949/2# C" -!( 1978 ) b&IC"
@B30 ) "&9I# 4n+ -! (1980 ) b&IC" . ",T2 1z4) Q#@(# ) 3B"@` C@?0 j#C,9/0 12&V&zJ C"
|C,+ ~B$# *"&z9I# &+ -!( 1981 ) b&I C" ) g+&< m 69q)" j,949/2# Lh>n0 60,TE
=4\ C,P< !$&E @fDS,<# ) 6B&D4\ Q,D;DE .+&: 19JC C" 62&R( 6n5 L&0$&I 6Y4>ng+&< m 19q,<&G L)&;0 4n+ -! 1982 b&IC" ."#" 10#"# g4>n9+ FD4f4S @RJ C" ) 3B"@`
6n5 |C,+ $# *"&z9I# &+ -! 1984 b&I C" ) K,>D0 6E&T9(# ) Q,B&o) m "&9I# )
@zI ,fI&0 1+ 6E&T9(# ) Q,B&o) m 19JC C" 1B,I Q&?-C# .R( *&0 wJ j30 Q#@+ 62&R(
) 60&IC ) j&4+"# MjC,I M 6?4I,0 @DA 1+ 1ohE ) ZPE m'9f0 *C)" L#)% C" 6Y}G# @9<#" ."@<
.3B$&B .I" H42 C&;J# iJ,2 1+ ) .J#" #C CH+ L&`3D/B,2 C&s% 1T(@- L&DTA
47

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.R( wB@-# C,P< $# 1< #HYB# d2&V&+ -wA - 1345 /1966b&IC" )# .32#,940 19z` =8I ,9PS
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3B&TD40 QC)% "&B @9<#" $# 62&]G# .:n0 &+ L&D\ .I# *3B"@` 6Y}G# ZJ&E *$&- )# !# *"@+
6Y}G# @9<#" K&D( L&DTA "M C#" C#@o 6?J&E 1Yc@0 C" ) N,<C&V C" dA $,DA )# ",P40 @fG 1<
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."C#" .I)" ",V 12&V L,\ #C @-&4b&I C" L&2#,( ,2 ) b&z# Q#@+ j&PB&T2) b&z# @-&4- "&vB# ) QC#_` 1B&S C" 6Y}G# @9<#"
!@<# &84q$ Q)3DA,S &+ ~B"H2 C&4/+ C&fTA QC#3D2 g+&< j&<,\ C" -! 1982 -wA 1361
)" @A 6Y}G# #HYB# d2&V ) 62#C,2 &84q$ Q)3DA,S b&I L&TA C" .I# *",+ wT2&V ) 62#C,2
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.3J 19J#_` wB&T2 1+ QC#3D2 g+&< C" b&I L&TA C" 6Y}G# K&D( Mmq&( Q&A 10&DPB&T2
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L&9I)" L&40 C" 62&]G# C&+@S FDA@G L&TA&+ *C&+)" "M "@` C#@o @+ w0#C% @aB" C&:fB "C#" )$C% ) 3940
=B# Q#@+ ."@4`@I $# #C 6`32$ Mg+&< *&aP2#" Q&:B$ Q&A@DA L#"&9I# ) @-&4- L#3D0@DA ) w2&]G#
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54

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"&B 6B,f42 1+ ./0@I d4YI "&9I# !,c@0 $# 1< "C#32% Q&( m9f0 =B# 10#"# C" .32"#" 10#"#
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96

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wA 1328 b&I C" ) Q@P+ !,YE) j&4+"# 19q,<&G 2&/q- !1949 /wA 1327 b&IC"
j30 Q#@+ 2&/q )" iG@` $# S ."C)% .I3+ #C 6I&4I !,YE) t,?c 19q,<&G 2&/q ! 1950
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14+@- ) d4Y;- jC#$) 6IC" m9< 6IC@+ j &e4A .B,}E 1+ - 1962 /wA 1340 b&I C" "M ,T2
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BC3- 1+ j&4+"# *3fP2#" C" C,/4G)@S !&D+ g+&< L,9DA,S C" - !1989 wA 1367 b&I $#
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110

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.wA 1377 L#H40 C" pC&B,42 C" L&T4S jhv0 Y980 Q&A *C&TJ ) Y980 j&nz5
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$)@4T2 : #3YB mJ *C&+C" 69J#""&B ) j#@+ mJ *C&+ C" .J#""&B . ! 1989-1988 Q&Rq&I
.wA 1373 b&I C" M .PA 1nz5 299 *C&TJ- dPJ b&I
: I8.....P V0 W....N....6 XY+.....G.....?
6TYE *32$C# j&03V |&+) 6YA" *&aP2#" - 6YA" 10&2 Q3+&E 6IC&G j&4+"# C" 6f0@+ ,z2
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b&I C" 13 b&I 6?R4+ k: g+&< &2u,0 Yv0 K&9< &2u,0 @;J C" L&9/2&]G# QC&9z` QC"
.( 68Y+ 3Tn0 =B3q# bh( CH+ &2u,0 Yv0 j&2&4+ ) 629-613 j&nz5 C" wA 1353

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-------------------------------------------------------------10&Dq&I .I&BC N@ $# g+&< 10&Dq&I C" 6B#$ 3Tn0 *C)" C" FDA@G 1+ 6q&T(# @W2
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.L#@B# (L#@R,zn0) #@9<" 1q&IC dA"H4I *3I 1T42 &- dA"$#)" *3I $&[% $# : L&9/2&]G# C" 6IC&G j&4+"#
. L#@B# (L#@R- *&aP2#" C" j&4+"# *3fP2#" 12&8+&9< C"
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j&4+"# ) L&+$ ) "#$% &2u,0 3B3( 6YA" C" 140hI# 1;0&( j,E3+ - !( 1989 b&I C"
.6IC&G
12&8+&9< L,q&I C" M L#@B# L,2&< C" 6IC&G @;J C" !#,E FDA@G 6Yv- ! - 1999 b&IC"
. L,9a9D0 HD4< QC#" @RJ QH<@0
M Q,vD` 60&TW2 *@aD< C" Q,vD` 60&W2 @;J C" !#,E FDA@G 6Yv- - ! 1991 b&I C"
. L3Dq 69IC,2,B Cu&- MQ,n0 6aDA@G "&D4+
6aDA@G L,2&< j,E3+ -! 1993 b&IC" . 6IC&G @;J C" Q3DA ~:I - ! 1991 b&I C"
C" 6B#@I *34>o C" 62&9/4I 6V@G *&aB&S ) 6IC&G @;J C" *34>o *C&+C" 62#@D8I L#@B#
1+ 6A&a2 *C&+ 2#@zD< :62&]G# =B@(&R0 =Tv2# j,E3+ - ! 1995 b&IC" . L3Dq @RJ
. L3Dq @RJ " L&9/Ya2# Q&R2&]G# =Tv2# Cu&- C" M L&9/2&]G# Q&R2&+$ 6};+
.L3Dq @RJ C" XBC&- 1D4B% C" g+&< *C&+ C" CM &fG# @B,D-) Z4?n- H<@0 j,E3+ - ! 1995 b&I C"
C" 6IC&G L&+$ 62&R( w?2 *C&+C" n+ *&aP2#" L&42#@B# =Tv2# j,E3+ - ! 1996 b&IC"
.L3Dq C" 19/vV $)C ,2 *C&+C" L3Dq d4?0 Q&R2&]G# =Tv2# j,E3+ - ! 1996 b&IC" .L3Dq @RJ
@RJ C" C&rB#) 1I&Tc $)C #C,J&E *C&+C" CM &fG# @B,D-) Z4?n- H<@0 j,E3+ - ! 1996 b&IC"
) L#@B# 69q)" =Tv2# QC&fTA &+ L&42#@B# 6fDA@G Q#C,J j,E3+- ! 1997 b&IC" ) L3Dq
@B,D- ) Z4?n- H<@0 j,E3+ - ! 1997 b&IC" .L3Dq @RJC" L&9I&+ $)C ,2 *C&+C" L&9/2&]G#
.L3Dq M 3DA 6aDA@G ) 6Y0 6a9/:TA C" QC" L&+$ w?2 *C&+C" 62#@D8I M C&fG#
. w-"&RJ $)@q&I =4q)# C" 65&E C&Ro @;J C" &A O&TB# ) &A *O#) *C&+C" - ! 1997 b&IC"
62#@D8I &9I)# .V&DJ ) L&9I&+ FDA@G C" wA)S wB&TA =40)" j,E3+ - ! 1997 b&IC"
3Dq&A - !#"@9/0% @RJ C" 62&9I&+ L&9/2&]G# C" $)C ,2 *C&+C"
.3Dq&A !#"@9/0% C" 3DA 6aDA@G ) 6Y0 6a9/:TA C" QC" L&+$ w?2- ! 1997 b&IC"
dq&E b&?9c# C" 62)@4:q# L&nBC,:q# L,0#@4S 2#@zD< L&]G# 60"&<# j,E3+ -! 1997 b&I C"
112

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.L3Dq @RJ 6IC&G j&4+"#
M !,YR<,9I# dB3o FDA@G *C&+C" j&f2 *C&+C" 62#@D8I M dYo ,Y< j,E3+ - ! 1998 b&IC"
C" L&40&+ *C&+C" 2#@zD< L#@B# *$,0 ) C,:0&A *&aP2#" j,E3+ - ! 1998 b&IC" .L3B,I
.L&% C,:0&A @RJ C" &9I)# .V&DJ) L&9I&+ FDA@G wA)S wB&TA =40,I
C" L&9I#" ) L&9I&+ L&40&+ *C&+ C" 2#@zD< M 60"&<# L&]G# m2&( $# j,E- ! 1998 b&IC"
j,E3+ 6IC&G j&4+"# C" j)@0) C#30 M Y5 *C&+ C" 2#@zD< - ! 1999 b&IC" . L3Dq @RJ
. L3Dq@RJ C" L&9/Ya2# 60hI# H<@0
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.L3Dq @RJ C" XBC&C" ZPE *,fJ *C&+ C" 62#@D8I LM &9/2&]G# @DA) FDA@G =Tv2# j,E3+ - ! 1999 b&I C"
.L3Dq @RJ @;J 14B%
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) .zq# &\&S g` *C&+C" 62#@D8I M L&9/2&]G# @DA ) FDA@G =Tv2# j,E3+ - ! 2000 b&IC"
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L3Bu @RJ C" Q$)C ,2 Q&A =4B% *C&+ C" 3Dq&A d4?0 L&2$ =Tv2# j,E3+ - ! 2000 b&IC"
62#@D8I MpC&S C" 9DvBC k0&( 3v/0 C" L&]G# 60"&<# j,E3+ - ! 2000 b&IC" .3Dq&A
L&9/Yaq# - L3Dq @RJ C" ^h+# C,/4GC,S p#@9J# &+ L&9/2&]G# C" K"# ) N,>- @4I *C&+ C"
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3DI L"C)% .I3+ &+ ",T2 m4?;- 3M B"@a40 BC3- 6B&fB@0# q&( C,/4G)@S I,- 1< #C !H4q&2C)O
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C,9Y<) j&Eh# jC#$) $# L&V "))#" 3Tn0 C,9I3+ 6I&4I Q&A .4q&;G .:/2 - ! 1967
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L&0$ C" -wA 1358 b&I Q3( dPJ $# 3;+ &0# ",T2 1z4) Q&zB#- ! 1979 - 1978 b&I $#
b&IC" ."@+ @/+ 1vDfJ &+ 6V@YS L#32$ C" *&0 1I) b&I .zA j30 Q#@+ g0C&< p@:+
47C ) j&}?q# 6&o b)# L)&;0 4n+ ) &AC L#32$ $# {# m4v2 @9<#" L&0$ C" - ! 1989
."@< 1z4) Q&zB# 6q&E *&`"#" .I@S@I 4n+ 3;+) M 6q&E *&`"#" C" 6B&D( Q&B&}o
C,RP0 @E&J "@aq&I C" p#@9J# Q#@+ L&9/f4+)$# L&`3D/B,2 =Tv2# j,E"@+&D+ -! 1992 b&IC"
.3BH` .0&o# &v2% C" L,D<# &- ) .GC 3DfJ&- @RJ 1+ (N@P0 d4cC &+&+) L&9/f4+$)# CH+ NC&E)
1+ &v2% $# M 3B"@` ")3n0 wB#@+ .P` $&+ )$C% M L&9/2&]G# C" =B3A&v0 Q&RaD( !#)" &+
."C#" .0&o# C,Pf2# C" L,D<# &- ) "#" 6`3DA&DS "&RDP4S L3B,I C,P<
) QC" Q&R2&+H+ ) *",+ d<&c 6<C,- ) 6+@E ,M 9PS MQC" Q&A L&+H+ 62&($,( 6E@J K&D(
.3B#@/40 @;J 6f4+$)#
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Q&R2&+$ 1+ #C ",(,0 C&:9oC &)# ) ~4+$)# j&4+"# ) L&+$ 68BC&- M 1D4P4S ju&?0 6 ) 342&IC
6aDA@G t,?c iG@` *3B"&2 *C&+ C" .o) .q)" $# C&+ =4q)# Q#@+ ) "#" |&f;2# 3B#@( C" @<Hq# t,G
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=4TA&vDS ) 3>vDS -! 1991 b&IC" L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<# "&RDP4S =B#@+ 6D:0 .3B"@` C,<_0
6YE 6<C,- 1/TV ) "C)% gT;+ g4Yv- 6YTYq# =4+ dB$,TI 6 #C 6B#,2@4J 6YE @40# 3q,- "@aq&I
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. L&9/f4+$)# C,TR( BC N@ $# 69I)" L&P2 _V# 1+ ZG,0 -! 2005 b&I C"
t,?c 69q)" j,949/2# C" !hI# t,?c "&9I# 4n+-!1994 b&IC" 62&($,( 6E@J !@9n0
~T< ) @W2 .n- ) .V#"@S !hI# t,?c BC3- 1+ N)34;I gT<# C,/4G)@S @W2 .n- 3DfJ&$&[% L&9/2&]G# 62,2&o !&W2 g0&f- C" .4E@J w?2 L#,DE .n- wB,V Q#@9<#" 1q&IC N)34;I
. "C)% .I3+ #C wB,V Q#@9<" !,YB" ) ",T2 &G" L% $# .4?G,0 &+ - ! 1996 b&I C" )
1z4) M 12&40 Q &4I% C" 60hI# *&aP2#" =4q)# 1+&rT+ M 3DfJ&- C" 60hI# *&aP2#" 4I&- &+
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..I# *",+ "#3;9I# =B @9+,V
:.I# C#@o =B# $# 6E@'''''J C,''''9'''<" j&'''z4'''q&'''''!(2000 b&I k: - L&/2# ) N,>- -1
.3DfJ&- *&aP2#" -! 2002 k: 12&40 Q&4I% Q&A 1?G ) 6zDc mA_0 M !hI# t,?c - 2
! -2000 60hI# *&aP2#" 3DfJ&- )M # L#)@4S ) 62&D4[@0 1q&IC - 3
!- 1995 @fG 6E&T9(# p@9P0 4q&- M L&/2# t,?c) t@J - 4
6I,+" 3B$,+# 1q&IC - 5
Q"h40 1998 .q#3E M 3DfJ&- M p@9P0 q,0 M t,?c ) t@J - 6
. 6zDc mA_0 ) 6o,?c !&W2 g0&f- C" 12&40 Q&4I% Q&A 1?G w?2 - 7
. L&9/2&]G# 62,2&o !&W2 g0&f- C" .4E@J @4s&- - 8

116

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L#" )&''''''( Q&A *@'''R''''''\

-------------------------------------------------------------@s# ./4< 6< K&9< 154 - 152 j&nz5 $# 62&($,( 6E@J d4fnq#3:E 34I C,9<" *C&+C"
,B"#C C" !C&fTA 1f2&0$ $# L&J K&D( "C,0 C" &e>8J 1< 6A&`% ) =4AC b,IC 32&A,S !@9n0
. !# *"@< @B@n- &vDB# C" 32",+ L,BHB,Y6G@;0 C" ",:T< *&`@A M !3P2 ZG,0 &0# !"@< xh- 6Y4V L&J L,zY- @:T2 L"@< #34S Q#@+
.32C#3+ C)H;0 3J&+ *"#" C *&-,< C&9J,2 =B# C" L&J C&s%

m'''''''4''''''':c {# 3'''''''I#
C" ! 1941 wA 1320 b&I C" L&V {# m4:c 32$@G m4:c {#3I#
1948 wA 1336 - 1327 b&IC" )# M 3J 3q,90 j&BC&G .Bu) 1DT40 @RJ
g4>n- Q#@+ ) ",T2 d9V 1DT40 @RJ C" #C 1UI,90 m9f0 -! 1957 b&I C" =4TY;#C#" d9V $# 3;+ 3B"@< g+&< =T4Y;#C#" g0&J 1UI,90
j&4+"# 19q,<&G C" g+&< *&aP2#" -! 1964- 1961 -wA 1336- 1340
b,>c &+ ) ",T2 g4>n- QC" j&4+"# ) L&+$ 19JC C" ) 3J g0&J
.3J 19G@B_S j&4+"# *3fP2#" 6TYE C3< .B,}E 1+ 2&/q
10&2 $)C @P2 ) 1;q&U0 &+ -! 1967 wA 1346 m4':c "&9I#
.",+ b,]P0 &fB@0# Q&2&B32# *&aP2#" C" Lh>n0 Q&A
j,949/2# C" ) .GC ,fI&0 1+ - ! 1973 - 1968 wA 1352- 1347 b&I $# m4:c "&9I#
*C&+ C" Q) 14E&G" ) &G" ",V Q#@9<" $#) ",T2 g4>n- ,fI&0 *&aP2#" C" 6o@J Q&R2&+$
.",+ @>DE C&R\ ) b34+
: .V#"@S QC#"#) 6TIC B&,+ ) .P`@+ =,+ *C&+ )" 1f42&0$
. g+&< *&aP2#" C" BC3- -! 1968 -1965 wA 1347-1344 b&IC" - b)#
C" x# #C,9<" .G&BC" ) g4>n- .R( 1973 - 1967 - wA 1352 -1347 b&IC" - !)"
. ,fI&0
. g+&< *&aP2#" C" "&9I# 4n+ *C&+)" -! 1973 wA 1352 b&IC" - !,I
H42 BC3- L&0HTA g+&< *&aP2#" j#@P2 60,TE @B30 -! 1974 wA 1353 b&IC" !C&R\
.",TD40
60,TE @B30 - ! 1975 60 14 - 1974 @T9I $# wA 1354- 1353 b&I C" - dvDS
.*&aP2#" C" BC3- 10#"# L&0HTA g+&< *&aP2#" 14+@-) d4Y;.L&9/2&]G# L&`3D/B,2 1B"&n-# BC - ! 1982 - 1980 wA 1359 b&I C" dPJ
.3J&:40 L&9/2&]G# 6aDA@G XBC&- C" L&9/2&]G# L&`3D/B,2 1B"&n-# BC =4q)# m4:c C,9<"
C@?0 g+&< *&aP2#" L,9DA,S BC 4n+ .G@` gfJ *C&+)" L&`3/B,2 1B"&n-# 1< Q3D\ $#3;+
.3B"@`
117

)C#" &BC&0

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L#" )&''''''( Q&A *@'''R''''''\

-------------------------------------------------------------g+&< *&aP2#" BC ! - 1988 -1982 wA- 1367 - 1361 b&I C" - d9zA
.L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60&<"# ,}E -! 1991 -1988 wA - 1370- 1367 b&I C" d9PA
",+ L&9/2&]G# L&C&S ,}E 1992 -1991 b&IC" - dR2
) C&;J# 3M DJ&:40 H42 =8I =B@4J @E&J ~B ) &2#,- 3D/B,2 ~B *)hE@+ m4:c !@9n0
L&4+ 6B&A L&9I#" ) C&;J# C" .3V@40 Q@P+ #,E ) L&/2# C,n0 C" 12&?J&E wB&R2&9I#"
L&/2# 6`32$ L,`&2,` Q&A 1:D( wB&A L&9I#" iJ,2 C" )# "M ,P40 *3B" 60"@0 3R;- C" #,4J
6`32$ ",:R+ Q#@+ &R2% xh- ) L&/2# Q&RBC#,J" L",T2 ,v9/( &+ #C 6E&T9(# gB&/0 )
..I# *"#" |&f;2# w0"@0 6`32$ Q&R94;o#) h0&< L&9I#" i0 C" ) 32&vDa40 .c&,+
Q&A &9I)C k) ) 6`32$ 1+ NCO 6A&a2 Q@RJ L&/2# 6`32$ *)hE@+ m4:c "&9I#
*$&- ~:I L#$&9P4S ) Q,` =8I #C )# L&`"#$ &9I)C 6`32$ C" )# Z4TE ,z2 ) 19J#" L&9/2&]G#
..I# *",T2 6G@;0 L&9/2&]G# @5&;0 6/B,2 L&9I#" C"
42# 10&2 $)C C" - wA 1342 b&I C" 6a9G@` K&9G% !&D+ #C w2&9I#" =4q)# m4:c @9<#"
.3J m4>2 #C *&-,< Q&A L&9I#" *HB&( b&I L&TA C" Q) L&9I#" 3M 42&IC &+
&+ ,fI&0 C" L3B% !&D+ m4:c "&9I# *&-,< Q&A L&9I#" 1E,Tv0 - wA 1351 b&I C"
@P9D0 ) 1T(@- 6I)C L&+$ 1+ 1< ",+ *&-,< Q&A L&9I#" 1E,Tv0 =4q)# 1E,Tv0 =B# 3M4IC
..I# *3B"@`
: X+\'>+3 % <+U)
:"@:0&2 &A L% $# 32#,940 1< "C#" QC" j&4+"#) L&+$ w8+ C" "&B$ j&z4q&- ) C&s% m4:c @9<#"
g+&< - 42# 10&2$)C M *&-,< L&9I#" M 6a9G@` K&9G% !&D+ -wA 1342 b&I C" -1
g+&<- !#32# 34I &+ C#3B" !&D+ -wA 1342
g+&< - L&G@E 1Yv0 M QC" L&+$ C" L&/B,2 *@<_- -wA 1342
g+&< - !#32# 34I wA 1344

b&IC"
b&IC"

-2
-3

b&IC" - 4

g+&< - L&9I#" M C)"H0 1I -wA 1346 b&IC" - 5


,fI&0 C" *&-,< Q&A L&9I#" 1E,Tn0 L3B% -wA 1351 b&I C" - 6
g+&< - K"# 1Yv0 C" Q)C,J C" 6I&DJ b34+ - wA 1352
C" j#"&RDP4S ) j&B@W2 MQC" @5&;0 j&4+"# *C&+C" -wA 1356- 1355

b&IC"
b&IC"

-7
-8

.g+&<- K"# 1Yv0


g+&< - 42# 10&2$)C C" M dI&DP40 =0 1< 6q34+ !&D+ - ! 1977 wA 1356 b&IC" - 9
QC" @5&;0 j&4+"# @+ L&]G# =4q# b&T( 34I C&fG# @4s&- -wA 1356 b&IC" - 10
g+&<- L&G@E 1Yv0 C" L&9/2&]G#
=B# 6`32$ L32)O k: ( 10&DPB&T2 ) ZYV dPV -! - 1980 wA 1358 b&IC" - 11
ZG,0 L#3D0@DA 6B&T2@DA &+ 62u, j30 Q#@+ g+&< C" &4Y( 34Tc "&9I# .<@B#" 1+ 10&DPB&T2
.3J 19J#_` wB&T2 1+ C,P<
118

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L#" )&''''''( Q&A *@'''R''''''\

-------------------------------------------------------------=B# 6`32$ L32)O k: ( 10&DPB&T2 ) ZYV dPV -! - 1980 wA 1358 b&IC" - 11


ZG,0 L#3D0@DA 6B&T2@DA &+ 62u, j30 Q#@+ g+&< C" &4Y( 34Tc "&9I# .<@B#" 1+ 10&DPB&T2
.3J 19J#_` wB&T2 1+ C,P<
<O &P O16 D!T(O +R(V &?+#C(+H/ ]^B IB-_ 1979 -WE 1358 `+;<O - 12
% -K'6 _1'G>0-Ra O+8;0 b+#2 LP!(0O &6 D<0-#/ c6+P d'8; <O +E A+? D0!6 !3+'3
.-B AO0O W(+H/ b1Re? *O-#?!#E AO+f>0 ]19 c'gH3
g+&< - L&I#@V 1Yv0 C" @>DE C&R\ Qh+u $# b34+ 10&2 ./B$ - wA 1360 b&IC" - 13
g+&< 10&Dq&I C" QC" @5&;0 j&4+"# XBC&- - ! 1981 wA 1360 b&IC" -14
1Yv0 M L&9/2&]G# dA"H2 *3I QC" @;J C" 6B#@I 10&2 FD( w:D( -wA 1361 b&IC" 15
. g+&< - L&I#@V
. g+&< - *&-,< Q&A L&9I#" 1E,Tv0 M @I V !&D+ - wA 1362 b&IC" - 16
g+&< C" @P2- |)C Qh?2# 1D4B% Q,9/q,-,4q -! 1983 wA 1362 b&IC" - 17
1362 b&I C" g+&< - &R9I" ) &RI#" !&D+ L&9I#" - 18
. g+&< 1364 b&I C" )$C% =B@V% - 19
g+&<-....@;J 1E,Tv0 6fBC&- &+ #") - wA 1364 b&IC" - 20
g+&<- @DA) 6`32$ C" 6<C,` *#C-! 1985 wA 1364 b&IC"- 21
.g+&< *&aP2#" @P2 &A 12&0$ @E&J b34+ -! 1985 - wA 1364 b&IC"- 22
. g+&< &\ M *"C)% "@` bM34+ *C&+C" 1q&?0 6I-! 1973 wA 1365 b&IC"- 23
&\ ) g+&< *&aP2#" d9/4+ *3I =49/82 1T42C" j&:B"# -! 1985 -wA 1366 b&IC"- 24
. wA 1381 !)"
. g+&< 6q&E jh4>n- jC#$) x@>DE
M
C&R\) b34+ *C&+C" - ! 1989 wA 1368 b&IC"- 25
. g+&< 6?R4+ @P2 1M 0&DA&J 62&9I#" Q&R4` *B) = ! 1989 wA 1368 b&I C" - 26
@P2 M {# L&0# @40# 6E&T9(# 6aDA@G k) C" 6PA)S -! 1990 wA 1369 b&IC"- 27
.L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<#
b&I .vc 1Yv0 Mb34+ 62&;#,+# .4+ 3D\ Q&D;0 *C&+C"-! 1991 wA 1370 b&IC"- 28
j#@4+ L&9/A,< @zI$# b34+ L&]0C#-! 2002 wA 1381 b&I C" -29 .d9PA *C&TJ !)"
1TY< 1B@P2(.G@;0 C,C" Q@4I)
.d9zA *C&TJ !)" b&I 1B34S 1Yv0 M b34+ @;JC" =PBC&-&0 ,-# Q"&B 19fI- ! - 2004 -30
103?0 -( 32 *3B3S 1Yv0x,0&V Q&A *O#) ) 68Y+ 3Tn0 =B3q# bh( &2u,0 --31
wA 1348 - 1347 b&I g+&< K"# 1Yv0 34;I .Ra2 "&9I# p#@9J# 1+ *&-,< L&9I#"@+
wA 1355- 1354 Q&Rq&I g+&< &2&BC% 1Yv0 L% q,0 ) Q",;/0 XBC&- - 33
. ! 2004 C" !)" &\ ) g4Tf- QC" L&+$ C,9I" ' wA 1358 b&I C" - 34
119

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------------------------------------------------------------- #C#@f- 6Y0 L,BHB,Y- C" ) "C#" *3DD4+ L,D<# &- 1< ",+ 62,B@B,Y- dY4G C#@G L&9I#" L&DTA )
w?2 m4:c @9<#" Q&A 10&DPB&T2 C" 1f42#3D0@DA 3J&:40 QC)%"&B 19PB&J .",P40 *"#" wB&T2
.32# *"#" @<_- H42 wB,V 10&D4`32$ w8+ C" 3M 2# *"@< 6DB@G%
&v2%$# @a0 ",T2 p@- #C L&9/2&]G# L#3DTP2#" @B&I 3D2&0 -! 1992 b&IC" m4:c {#3I# @9<"
b&:2" #C 6aDA@G CH+ Q&A C&< dA j@vA C" M 3D4P2 6T2 .c#C "C#" !"@0 ) =,+ ZPE 1fB#
=B# @a0 "@+ !&2 #C 1Yc L#)C&< =B$) 1Yv0 @P2 )# Q$@0 L)@+ Q&AC&< $# L#,940M .I# *"@<
b&c &- ) ",T2 14R- 1TY< !&D+ #C @aB" 1B@P2 ~B 3;+ ) 3B"@` kUo *C&TJ ~B $# 3;+ 1Yv0
dYo $# "&B$ Q&R+&9< 340# M "$#"@40 H42 K&9< iJ,D+ CH+ .4G)@>0 =B# *)hE@+ ."C#" j#@P2
."@4` C#@o L&D,TA |@9I3+ 60#@` *3D/B,2 =B#
b34+ |@E C" ,>8+ ) 19G@` dRI 12u&;G Q$@0 L)@+ Q&A 2#@zD< C" m4:c K&D(
..I# 19J#" @-#,90 .4q&;G
@I V .I# 19J#" *C&J# @9G" L&TA C" ) .I# *340&2 @I V #C x@;J L#,B" ~B Q)
3Tc# 4G M6/4T8q# =Tc@q#3:E M.Tfc d&2 M6f/G,<&B&0 M #")@2,q&S Q&A&T4I L&R( L&B#@I
,M Y0&J CM ,2&UYI ) 6V@/Y` M6B#@/< x))&4I wB)C"
M
",Tn0 M &e<C,q&4IC&` ,fBC3G =M 4J,q 4G
M
&/+ FDA@G C" @I F2C .32# p&D+&- 12#3B)&( L&R( K"# ) @;J "&f\@+ L#@aB" ) 6-C&0 1I,V
.3D2&vD` 60 #C 1;0&( Q&A 1Bu =B@- =4B&S kG&D0 M i0 C" &R+h?2# 1TA ) .I# Kh?2# F2C LM &0"@0
6+h?2# .I# C&< =B@- 62&/2# LM &z;}9/0 ",I 1+ 6`32$ !&W2 @4]- Q#@+ Kh?2# 1+ L"@I b"
..I# L",+ =B@- L&/2# Q&D;0 1+ 1fY+ ./42 L",+ L&/2# 3 Q&D;0 1+ L",+
) L#@fzDJ)C 6-&Eh# d< MQ"#,/4+ p&D9Pc) 3I C" M 19/+#,+ Q"&>9o# *&a2 $# &AC,P<C"
1+ ")$ 60"@0 ) 6Y0) @`C#34+ w:D( LM %@+ @9P4+ *@U4I iJ#" C" M &eR-C3o @+# .+&oC M.I&4I gA#
.0)&?0 @;J M @I V @;J .""@a40 @+ ",V 3 1+ ) 39G&40 L&a2&a4+ .I" C" ) "H]Y40 1A#@4+
dBOC .B&Tc @B$ @E&J MK,YU0 &2 .I&4I .4T<&c $# )C" @90,Y4< &A35 1< Q@;J ",P40
@aB" &+ QC&fTA ) b&]J# ~B &+ FD( . ",P40 "&R( M.I# *3J *")@I .I&4I L% q&80
.L 3D2&0 ) ZYU0 62,2&o 6+ ) !H4JC&2# 6D;B M 6I#@<,0" .b&]J#
iJ,2 ) L32#,V &0 ..I# t"&5 19z` =4TA dA &0 Q#@+ K@;q# L,B" @;Pq# 32# 19z` L&B$&1TA &0 L&D4P4S ..I# *",+ dA&0 XBC&- @;J QC&` $)C C" ) d49G@a40 "&B @;J Q)C $# dA #C
.I# *3J 19z` @;J 1+ 6A&` dA 6E@J gB&/0 3M 2# 19z` @;J L&+$ ) @;J &+ dA #C 62&G@E gB&/0
.32&Pf40 x,V 6S C" #C @aB" Q&A@DA ) *",+ !&aP4S Q&A@DA $# 6fB &AC,P< 1TA C" )
1/2#@G C" ) 6J&?2 &4q&9B# C" ) 6?4I,0 6D0@(C" .I# 19J#" #C 6B#,P4S L% @;J L&9/Ya2# C"
. 6/B,2 L&0)C @DA
<@A ..I# @;J XBC&- &0 j&4+"# XBC&- M dBC#" ",V Q@DA Q&RPJ,< "35 C" #C @;J $,DA &0
dA @;J .4+ 3D\ 6A&` *#,V "M ,P40 &DJ% 62#,V K&9< ) K&9< &+ ) "$,040 "#,I 1< &0 1;0&( $#
6PV3+ 19JC ) 6Y+&< N#, 6q) .3A#,84T2 dA iJ#" "#,I &0 1;0&( C" iz` @;J .3B#@/40
.z` C" &0 !"@0 3D2&0 1< 3D9/A L&R( C" !"@0 @9T< .32# QC" @;J XBC&- "#,/4+ L#@E&J C&TJ $#
120

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-------------------------------------------------------------&2 :3D2&0 3M 2# *"@< =T4P2 *@0$)C 6`32$ ) *C)&n0 L&+$ )@:TYo C" .3DD< "&D9I# @;J 1+ ,`)
3M 2# 19z` &B ) .",P4T2 @/40 D` 2C *"@+
. #34S ",J @aB" C" 35 ""@` 19/+ C" ~B ,\- &B) .I&DJ% dA&+ $&+ ""@` *C&S 35 @`# K%
.C&4+ wY4q" 69za+ L,\ 6q) = C&<,- &+ 6/< "C#32 19za2
@RJ L&0% C,Pf+ *&-,< .0&o# $# 3;+ ) ,fI&0 1+ u)# "@< p@- #C =) 1f42&0$ m4:c "&9I#
.n5 &+ 62u, @TE L&J Q#@+ 32C#" 6`32$ 6D0@( C" h;G ."@< =RS .0&o# gcC C,:0&A
.3D/B,D+ @9P4+ &- dA#,840 690hI )

6:'''''4''''':c 6n'''q#3:''E 1'''0h'''E


b&I C" *"#$3DV% Znq#3:E 32$@G 6:'''4:c 6n''q#3:E "&9I# C,/4G)@S
.Bu) C" -! 1910 1+ @+#@+ ) 6/TJ 1289 Z+&U0 - t 'A 1328
.3B"@` 3q,90 C&A3D<
@/S )" M 1:c&5 6+ 6+ !&D+ @9V" ~B *"#$32,V% Znq#3:E h0 !,c@0
C" )# Q34JC 32$@G 1< .J#" 6''nq#3:E ) 6''o&'''':q#3:E Q&R0&D+
!)" 32$@G 6:'''4''':c 6n'''q#3:E ) ",T2 #") #C 62&G Q&42" 62#,(
) ^,:2 $# C,P< j&E,:U0 L&TI% C" L&PVC" *C&9I L,\ *"#,2&V
.34PVC" ) ",T2 62&PG# ,-@S dM Yo 6B&2#,@+#@+ M wA- 1299 b&IC" 6''''aq&I *" =I C" 6:4:'''c 10hE
C" ) 3B"@` g0&J C&A3D< .Bu) (C&T4q&J) m9f0 C" -t 'A 1361
C" ) ",T2 g5&c #C 67#39+# 10&2 j"&RJ ) !&T- #C 14B#39+# m9f0 6aq&I *"H2&S =IC" -t 1304
3RE 1+ N"&>0 Q) C&< $&[% M .V#"@S L#"@`&J BC3- 1+ d''''''Y;0 .z>+ m9f0 L&TA
.3J&:40 6'''''2&0# 6''''2&P'''''VC"
) &TYE 1fB&v2% $# &0# ",+ 3A#,V CH+ *&D` CH+ 3DTP2#" =B# *C&+ C" ")3n0@UI 3D\ iJ,2
M &e2#,- C&a2 XBC&- ) @E&J MmB"# M L&9/2&]G# @5&;0 XBC&- CH+ .4>8J =B# *C&+ C" L#3DTP2#"
$# Q@>980 6`32$ @J =4Y` L#3DTP2#" @B&I kT( C" 1< ",+ 3A#,82 *&v4+ 3M 2# *"$ dYo "&B$
.d4J&+ 19J#" H42 #C "@T`CH+ =B# 6`32$
@M '''4:< @9'''<#" LM &'''TrE !@<#3Tn0 @9<#" L,\ L#3DTP2#" ju&?0 ) m9< $# "&B$ ,:9- ) Z4?n- &+
L#)C C,9<" 3M D0,0 @4P+ &4DA,S LM &9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<# Z?n''''0 g'''V L)C&A M *"#HB3R0 "&'''''9I#
) C,P< 3B#@( ) C&:V# ) Mb&;G =4/c !h[ M K&BC$ "C,DAC dWE# M &e49JC dI&o 34I !,c@0 MQ"&A@G
*"@PG C, 62#@RJ {# .B&DE @9<#" 4q&- 6:4:c 6nq#3:E K&9< Y980 j&nz5 L&DTA
6<",< !&B# b&I *" C" 6:''''4:c 1''''0hE !,c@0 .""@a40 @B@n- Q) C&`32&0 C&s% ) 6`32$ @J
L,\ Q C&A3Do 6:4:c *"#,2&V . .V#"@S 6DB" x$,0% 1+ 3v'/0 C" ) *"#,2&V ) g40&G "H2 ",V
.32"@` C,D0 dYE C,2&+ 32",P< L&R( 1+ *3B" 1< =4TA L&J Q&A *,2 &- CH+ 3( $# @4v2$ 1Y/YI

121

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wA 1350 b&IC" 1+O ,9PS 1S N)@nq# C&80" &D4I =+#" --4
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Q"h40 1961 b&I C" m-&f0 dA"$&B N,D5 Q#@+ ,9PS .7#@o K&9< - - 34
Q"h40 1974 b&I C" - 122 C" 12,-&]q L&4:q#@4V C" - -35

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Q"h40 1994 b&I C" @;J 12,a+ M 6 cC) Q3+ L&9/2&]G#" - -40
Q"h40 2000 b&IC" 6IC&G dW2 !&J# L,V x)C,< --41
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."@f40 g4>n- BC&S C" L&4q&I L&TA
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!,YE ) t,?c 19q,<&G C" g+&< *&aP2#" C" L&0$ =4E C" ) C@?0 3n90 gY0 .B@B30 C" 1(C&V C,0#
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!,c@0 L&0H2# C" 3M B"@` C@?0 L&9/<&S 6\#@< C" L&9/2&]G# jC&zI b)# @-@fI -! 1958 b&I C"
.",+ L&9/<&S C" L&9/2&]G# @4zI dM WE#C35 &A 3;+ @A&Wq#3:E @9<#"
.o) L&TA ) 3J C@?0 3n90 gY0 .B@B30 g4z< ) "@< j",E g+&f+ *C&+)" - ! 1960 b&I C"
- iaDJ#) C" L&9/2&]G# jC&zI C&P9/0 - ! 1962 C" ."@< #)"$# 2,B &2C &+ Q"&A@G L#)C
L&V 34v#3:E @9<#" !,c@0 #3;+ ) b#) 3D0,40 dJ&A 3Tn0 !,c@0 L&0H2% C" 3M B"@` C@?0 &fB@0#
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M 1(C&V C,0# jC#$) 6I&4I 60,TE @B30 .z>+ ) "@< j",E g+&f+ Q"&A@G K&D( -! 1964 b&IC"
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b#)32,40 dJ&A 3Tn0 !,c@0 jC#35 L&0$ C" #C ",V B&) ) 3M 2",TD40 #@(# H42 #C 1(C&V C,0#
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$# .J#" *3TE !&?0 6A&J 3RE C" 1f2% .YE 1+) M 3J C&}c# g+&f+ 3;+ ) "#" 10#"# jC&zI
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-------------------------------------------------------------) C,`&- wB&42) ")@I 6Y( L&94` !,WD0 1T(@- &\ 1+) "#" 10#"# - wA 1357 ! 1978
wA 1357 Q#$,(C" Q"&A@G L#)C C,9<" ..V#"@S QC&>2 {#3:E 1(#,V =B@B&I MQ$&D90 1T(@.0,fc N@ $# Q) !#3E#@:V &AC&+ 3M B"@` 62#32$ ) @4a9I" 6< *@- 3Tn0 C,2 L&0$ C" - ! 1978
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#C 6IC&G K"#) XBC&- BC3- &fB@0# -&42C,z4Y< 6Y<@+ *&aP2#" j,E" @+&D+ -! 1985 b&I C"
.",+ C&fTA C&a2# 30&c C,/4G)@S &+ ) 3B"@` C#" *3RE 6T4Y;- 1/I,0 L%$
6TYE j,949/2# C" "&9I# 4n+ b&/fB Q#@+ C,u#,< *&aP2#" j,E" @s# C" -! 1991 b&IC"
,f//2#@G L&I 1+ j",E $# S ) ",T2 BC3- &BH4Y0 C" #C 60hI# @DA ) K#"% M L3T- M XBC&."#" 10#"# 6Y<@+ *&aP2#" C" #C ",V QC&fTA
&- ",T2 j,E" Q"&'''A@''''G L#)C C,z]q#3:E C,9<" $# 62&+C =B3q# L&A@+ "&9I# -! 1993 b&I C"
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#@zI =4+ C" )# w?2 M ",T2 dB3?- #C ",V 10&2"&T9E# 6q&[ |)@,+ K&D( 1+ - ! 1993
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tC& ) 30&c dB@0 Q&A !&D+ @9V" ~B ) @/S )" #)"$# =B# 1v492 ) ",T2 #)"$# 2,B &''''2C
-! 1998 C&0 C" ) .G&B j&G) L&@I QC&T4+ @s#C" ''''2,''B &''2C - ! 1996 b&I C" .3J&''':40
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QC)% "&B L&J 10&D4`32$ C" 3M D9J#" 10&DPB&T2 =B# C" #C 6DB@G% w?2 C&89G# 1f42#3D0@DA M.G@`C#@o
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6IC&G Y980 Q&A 1Rvq j#@?G dB&T &+ M 1nz5 126 C" g+&< -L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<#
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.M L#@R- &\ - 1nz5 170 C" M Q)@A QC&>2# {#3:E 1(#,V -wA 1377 b&IC" -dA"$&B
L#340 35 dB&T &+M Q)@A QC&>2# {#3:E 1(#,V =B@B&/q# b$&D0- ! 1971 b&I C"- dA"$#)"
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Q&R2&+$ Q")3c &- ) 32C#" Y/- h0&< 6+@E M Q,/2#@G M6/4Ya2# ,M 9PS MQC" Q&R2&+H+ ) *",+
.B@9<# 32# 19J,2 ,9PS ) QC" L&+H+ 1fB C&s% *)hE@+ Q) .32#340 H42 #C 62&% ) Q,q&9B#
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------j#@P2 60,TE .B@B30 -! 1944 b&IC"M 3B"@`C@?0 1Dq,- ,9PS L)&;0 .z>+-! 1938 b&I C"
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*@I 3D2&0 1B@4V j&/I,0 C"-1946 Q&Rq&I C" &49JC dI&o 34I...J#" b&]9J# L#3+ 1960
|C30 4n+ ! 1959 b&IC" L&DTA .I# 19J#" Q,z4) Q&A .4q&;G H42 M L#,/2 1/I,0 M .J&40
Q&RIC,< - ! 1958-1957 b&IC" ) ..I# *",T2 BC3- #C XBC&- L,T}0 bh?9I# 1/4q C"
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j)@4+ 1+ 6Y4>n- Q *C)" ~B Q#@+ #C 6A)C "&9I# "#3;9I# ) .o&4q =4TA Q)C .o) NC&;0 jC#$)
1z/YG 19JC C" Q@9I&0 10&D-"&RJ j)@4+ *&aP2#" $# 6A)C K&D(-wA 1347 b&I C" . "&9I@G
K,V ) ",+ &DJ% H42 6+@E ) 6/4Ya2# L&+$ 1+ ,9PS) 6IC&G Q&R2&+$ *)hE@+ "&9I# ."C)% .I3+
.",+ 19V&DJ ) &2#,- Z?n0 L&+$ )" =4TA C" ) .J,D40 ,9PS) 6IC&G L&+$ 1+ &0# "@f40 .:n5
L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<# C" C"&< 4n+ .J#" ,9PS 19JC C" 1< w2#" ) dRo |&I# 1+ 6A)C K&D(
C&<) =4/40"&<# 3B32&< ) Z?n0 @I K&?q# "#" !&v2# 1f4-&?4?n- ) C&< L&B@( C" ) .G&B C@?- bHE
Z?n0 4n+ 6(C&V C,P< 6IC" 6A)C ZB35 "&9I# ."@< ",V L% $##C FDA@G 19/B&J 3D0
.I&BC #C &A C&D4T4I $# C&4/+ ) p#@9J# 6?4?n- Q&A C&D4T4I C" L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<# $&9T0
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171

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3n+ H42 6IC&G L&+$ C,YfYG N&Pf2# C" L&DTA ) "#" !&v2# @4aTP\ 6Y4V j&03V ,9PS L&+$
Q&R94Y0 Q&R2&+$ 1TA C,YfYG FDA@G 1D40$ C" &- ",+ 3DTohE 6Y4V "&9I# ..I# *"@< .03V 6YE#
1+ &A 10&2$)C ) jhv0C" 1;q&?0 &A35 1+ 6A)C "&9I# .3B&T2 g4Tf- #C",V j&?4?n- L&9/2&]G#
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,9PS j&4+"# C" ,2 &A *O#) 34q,- 1+ ,9PS L&+$ g4Tf- Q#@+ ) 34J,< wBC"&0 L&+$ N&Pf2#
34q,- &+ 3B&+ L&+$ 1< "@f40 #@9E# ) ",TD40 "&?92# #C L#@aB" "C,T4+ .]q ) Q$&I *O#) )# ..V#"@S
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1< 6YV#" Q&RaD( Q#@(&0@S Q&Rq&I wA 1371 b&IC" FDA@G&+ ) .4Y}G&+ "@0 L# 6A)C "&9I#
.R( ) 3B"@` QC&T4+ C&\" 34Pf40 "&B@G FDA@G 6+ L#C#" FzD- 1Y40 $# 1q,Y` &+ mA_0) L&+$ m>;. "@+ *&DS @(&R0 .z>+ L&% C,P< C" !&v2#@I ) "@< @zI 14I)C 1+ 3;+ ) 3DA 1+ Q)#3=PD2,0 @RJ C" Q"h40 1996 b&IC" ",+ wq&c 3B&E 1< j3# gB, 6}B@0 &+ 6A)C "&9I#
"&+ 60#@''` w'''-#@'''&''''V ) "&'''J wc)C .",T2 #") #C 62&G L&R( 6D0@(
) 6aDA@G Q&A w8+ C" K&9< =B3D\ ) "C#" C,P< j&E,:U0 C" 1q&?0 &A35 1+ 6A)C "&9I#
b&c &- 6A)C "&9I# C&s% $# C&4/+ =< *&:- Q &RaD( @s# C" 1< .I# *"C)%C" @B@n- 19JC 1+ 6+"#
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--- g+&< 1Dq,- ,9PS" -wA 1357 b&I C" 6< 1Y4+ 1S ,9PS - - 2
g+&< - 1Dq,- ,9PS -wA 1360 b&IC" 62@4 6+"# --3
g+&<- L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<# -wA1361b&IC" q&/0 2",J 6+O" -- 4
wA 1365- b&IC" 194T< 69q)" 12)@V )# &\" M 6< *&+ 1S C,YfYG )# 6+"# " -- 5
...

-wA1367 b&IC" ,9PS L&+$ 1+ 1T(@- 6/4Ya2# L&+$ 1+ h5# j&4+"# @5&;0 ,9PS" - -6
g+&<- L&9/2&]G# !,YE 60"&<# -wA1365 b&IC" 1232S C,YfYG -- 7
.4A&0 F2$C,[ 62&J)C " - - 8
dA"$#)" N,D5 Q#@+ j&4+"# XBC&- - - 9

172

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w8+ =4TA C" H42 L&0HY` !@9n0 @V#)# C" ) .G@40 w4S 1+ L#3D0@DA @aB" QC&fTA &+ Yv0 *@vc
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1;q&U0 #C #@;J =B@- N)@;0 L#,B" ) L&`CH+ C&s# ) .J#" ZPE 1;q&UT+ #3B3J g4V#$ !,c@0
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174

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.3DB&TD40 Q)@4S
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L&9/2&]G# FDA@G 19/B&J 3D0C&< m?q 1+ @89z0 L&9/2&]G# QC,RT( .I&BC N@ $# -wA
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Q&A *@R\ 1< L#3D0@DA ,>8+ "C,V doC *)32# ) d[ M6` *@Rq" M K#@U# &+ L&9/2&]G# .Y0
C#@o 3B3J j&+@ .n- 6aDA@G Y980 "&;+# C" FDA@G) @DA L&PVC" Q&T4I ) *3J 19V&DJ
60 @4` 1< *&v<@A C" ",+ C#,J" C&< L&4aDA@G ) L#3D0@DA =4D\ Q#@+ H42 L3J QC#,90 .3D9G@`
C" C#,`&2 l"#,c =4D\ 3M 2",TD40 34RJ ) 1vDfJ ) @4a9I" #C &R2% FDA@G 6+ L&P< !"% M 32"&9G#
) 32"@f2 =) p@- L#3D0@DA C&4/+ gBu" =4TA Q)C .I# *"#" C "&B$ 6Y4V FD( Q&Rq&I
g+&< C" =B3A&v0 L30%&+ Y5 C&W92# 12&zI&90&0# 3D9J#" =B3A&v0 L30%&+ #C Y5 ~B C&W92#
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175

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~B 10&TDPB&T2 $&[% $# g:4o 1< ",:2# )@0 ) 32"@f40 6B&T2@DA QC#3D2 6DA,S 49I C" H42 1/4q
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d2&V LM &+C&I d4c@q#3:E M M #32 {# =40# M 6q&4aD2 3Tn0 @4?G "&9I# M ./0@I d4YI 3Tn0 "&9I# M 32u$
176

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iV#,2 C" @A&0 ) 62#,V $#)% w8+ C" @f:90 ) "&J L#,( 32u$ g4Y( L&0H2% C" .3D9V#"@40 62#,V
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,2 &:B$ Q&A@DA 1:;J "&9I# 4n+ !",+ L% 6TYEC3< C" 14+@-) d4Y;- *3fP2#" "&9I# .o) =4E
.!3J =4;- 4I&=B# &+ &B,` ",+ &:B$ Q&A@DA 19q,<&G 6Y5# C#_` |&I# .?4?c C" *&J =4/c 34I !@9n0
Q&A@DA L#"&9I# =4q)# Q@P+ !,YE ) j&4+"# *3fP2#" j&< ,\C" &:B$ Q&A@DA 4I&- &+ 1:I&n0
j#@P2 ,}E 1< 34;I K&A) Q&o%) dB",+ 62#@RJ {# .B&DE =0 ) "#$ C34c {# L&0# Q&o% &:B$
1+ Q"h40 1977 b&IC" g4>n- .R( &4q&9B# 1+ L&J iGC &- C,<_0 b&I =4TA$# 32",+ g+&< L,9DA,S
&- dB",T2 "&B$ 6;I =0 ) "#$ C34c Q&o% I .32",TD40 QC&fTA Q$&I 1/Tv0 Q&RIC,< BC3.I3+ Q@9I&0 !,YB" &fB@0# $# #3B3( 1< #C 3B,2 30&c Q&o% &:B$ Q&A@DA 1:;J .G@P4S ) ",:R+ Q#@+
&:B$ Q&A@DA 1:;J C" L#"&9I# 4nD0 #C Q"&T9E# d4T- Q&o% ) Q"&T9E# L,B&TA 3Tn0 "&9I# ",+ *"C)%
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.d4B&T2 !#389I#
m4J@q&fI#) _V# 1+ ZG,0 L,9DA,S L#"&9I# =4+ .+&oC C" =0 -! 1976 - x 1355 b&I C"
"19JC C" Q@9I&0 1(C" _V#$# 3;+ -! 1978 b&I I)#C" ) !3B"@` *3n90 ju&B#C" (.B#@:q,G
N)@>0 ) *30% &:B$ Q&A@DA 1:;JC" Q@P+ !,YE) j&4+"# *3fP2#" C" *C&+)" "@DA 14+@- ) d4Y;.!",TD40 BC3- 62&]G# C,Yfq,G C,<_0 *3fP2#" C" #C 6(C&V Lh>n0 &eDT) !3B"@` 6J&?2 BC3L,T}0 Q"&T9E# L,B&TA "&9I# 6J#@9Yf4A L,T}0 "#$C34c {# L&0# Q&o% -!1978 b&IC"
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dB",+ Lh>n0 BC3- ) 6IC" "#,0 14R- N)@>0 &0 ~B@A ) dB",TD40 BC3- #C 6J&?2 L,T}0
kB&D5 m9f0 $# 1< 62&/< L&n90# C" ) t@G L,9DA,S C,f2&< $# &:B$ Q&A@DA 1:;J C,f2&< L&n90#
#C &R2% 32",+ Q@DA "#3;9I# Q#C#" ) @aB" m-&f0 dA"$#)" D5 ^C&G 1fDB# &B ) *3J ^C&G 1/4z2
1357 b&I gB#)# C" L,\ .d49G@a40 dA 6A&zJ L&n90# ~B &eDT ) g0&J &:B$ Q&A@DA C,f2&< C"
30% L&4T+ L&9/2&]G# C" &R9/2,T< L34IC j C3?+ 1;(&G C,s .zA - ! 1978 Z+&U0 x
gfP0 6TYE 6q&E H<@0 =B# ) 3J 12)C#) g+&< L,9DA,S 6TB3o ) 6TYE CH+ *&a9I" k) *C&:fB
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221

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C" &:B$ Q&A@DA 1:;J @0% 4n+ #C =0 j&4+"# *3fP2#" .I&BC - ! 1979 b&I gB#)# C"
L#"&9I# $# 6q&V) ,?I b&c C" #C .DT-C&B" L,\ .",T2 C@?0 Q@P+ !,YE ) j&4+"# *3fP2#" j&<,\
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d4YI 3Tn0 "&9I# 6?4I,0 19/(@+ L#"&9I# @z2 1I - ! 1979 b&I I)# C" C3< C&V
"&9I# !&D+ @-&4- "&9I# @zDfB ) L&0C# =4/c 3Tn0 "&9I# 6q&4YaD2 3Tn0 @4?G "&9I# ./0@I
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19G@` *C,P0 ,+@0 j&0&?0 &+ g?9/0 *3fP2#" 1+ L% Q&?-C# L&f0# jC,5C" ) &:B$ Q&A@DA L"#"
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