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1. There are 5 pairs of white, 3 pairs of black and 2 pairs of grey socks in a drawer.

If four socks are picked at random what is the probability of getting two socks of

the same color?

A. 1/5

B. 2/5

C. 3/4

D. 4/5

E. 1

No formula is need to answer this one. The trick here is that we have only 3 different color

socks but we pick 4 socks, which ensures that in ANY case we'll have at least one pair of the

same color (if 3 socks we pick are of the different color, then the 4th sock must match with

either of previously picked one). P=1.

Answer: E.

value of x minus minimum possible value of x?

A. 5

B. 6

C. 7

D. 18

E. 20

Also tricky. Notice that

can take positive, as well as negative values to satisfy

hence

can be: -9, -8, -7, -6, -4, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9. We asked to find the value

of

, ans since

and

then

Answer: D.

3. Fanny and Alexander are 360 miles apart and are traveling in a straight line

toward each other at a constant rate of 25 mph and 65 mph respectively, how far

apart will they be exactly 1.5 hours before they meet?

A. 25 miles

B. 65 miles

C. 70 miles

D. 90 miles

E. 135 miles

Make it simple! The question is: how far apart will they be exactly 1.5 hours before they meet?

As Fanny and Alexander's combined rate is 25+65 mph then 1.5 hours before they meet

they'll be (25+65)*1.5=135 miles apart.

Answer: E.

4. If -3<x<5 and -7<y<9, which of the following represent the range of all possible

values of y-x?

A. -4<y-x<4

B. -2<y-x<4

C. -12<y-x<4

D. -12<y-x<12

E. 4<y-x<12

To get max value of y-x take max value of y and min value of x: 9-(-3)=12;

To get min value of y-x take min value of y and max value of x: -7-(5)=-12;

Hence, the range of all possible values of y-x is -12<y-x<12.

Answer: D.

5. The angles in a triangle are x, 3x, and 5x degrees. If a, b and c are the lengths of

the sides opposite to angles x, 3x, and 5x respectively, then which of the following

must be true?

I. c>a+b

II. c^2>a^2+b^2

III. c/a/b=10/6/2

A. I only

B. II only

C. III only

D. I and III only

E. II and III only

According to the relationship of the sides of a triangle: the length of any side of a triangle

must be larger than the positive difference of the other two sides, but smaller than

the sum of the other two sides. Thus I and III can never be true: one side (c) can not be

larger than the sum of the other two sides (a and b). Note that III is basically the same as I: if

c=10, a=6 and b=2 then c>a+b, which can never be true. Thus even not considering the

angles, we can say that only answer choice B (II only) is left.

Answer: B.

Now, if interested why II is true: as the angles in a triangle are x, 3x, and 5x degrees then

x+3x+5x=180 --> x=20, 3x=60, and 5x=100. Next, if angle opposite c were 90 degrees, then

according to Pythagoras theorem c^2=a^+b^2, but since the angel opposite c is more than

90 degrees (100) then c is larger, hence c^2>a^+b^2.

6. Anna has 10 marbles: 5 red, 2 blue, 2 green and 1 yellow. She wants to arrange

all of them in a row so that no two adjacent marbles are of the same color and the

first and the last marbles are of different colours. How many different

arrangements are possible?

A. 30

B. 60

C. 120

D. 240

E. 480

Seems tough and complicated but if we read the stem carefully we find that the only way both

conditions to be met for 5 red marbles, which are half of total marbles, they can be arranged

only in two ways: R*R*R*R*R* or *R*R*R*R*R.

Here comes the next good news, in these cases BOTH conditions are met for all other marbles

as well: no two adjacent marbles will be of the same color and the first and the last marbles

will be of different colors.

Now, it's easy: 2 blue, 2 green and 1 yellow can be arranged in 5 empty slots in 5!/(2!*2!)=30

ways (permutation of 5 letters BBGGY out of which 2 B's and 2 G' are identical). Finally as

there are two cases (R*R*R*R*R* and *R*R*R*R*R. ) then total # of arrangement is 30*2=60.

Answer: B.

7. After 2/9 of the numbers in a data set A were observed, it turned out that 3/4 of

those numbers were non-negative. What fraction of the remaining numbers in set A

must be negative so that the total ratio of negative numbers to non-negative

numbers be 2 to 1?

A. 11/14

B. 13/18

C. 4/7

D. 3/7

E. 3/14

If choose variable for set A there will be too many fractions to manipulate with, so pick some

smart #: let set A contain 18 numbers.

"2/9 of the numbers in a data set A were observed" --> 4 observed and 18-4=14 numbers left

to observe;

"3/4 of those numbers were non-negative" --> 3 non-negative and 1 negative;

Ratio of negative numbers to non-negative numbers to be 2 to 1 there should be total of

18*2/3=12 negative numbers, so in not yet observed part there should be 12-1=11

negative numbers. Thus 11/14 of the remaining numbers in set A must be negative.

Answer: A.

8. There are 15 black chips and 5 white chips in a jar. What is the least number of

chips we should pick to guarantee that we have 2 chips of the same color?

A. 3

B. 5

C. 6

D. 16

E. 19

Worst case scenario would be if the first two chips we pick will be of the different colors. But

the next chip must match with either of two, so 3 is the answer.

Answer: A.

green, black, yellow, pink. If the row begins with blue marble and ends with red

marble, then which of the following could be the value of M?

A. 22

B. 30

C. 38

D. 46

E. 54

There are total of 7 different color marbles in a pattern. Now, as the row begins with blue

marble and ends with red marble (so ends with 3rd marble in a pattern) then M=7k+3. The

only answer choice which is multiple of 7 plus 3 is 38=35+3.

Answer: C.

10. If

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

E. 5

is an integer and

Also no need for algebraic manipulation. 1/10^(n+1) is 10 times less than 1/10^n, and both

when expressed as decimals are of a type 0.001 (some number of zeros before 1) --> so the

given expression to hold true we should have: 0.001<0.00737<0.01, which means that n=2

(1/10^n=0.01 --> n=2).

Answer: B.

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