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Acceleration control, 198

Accidents, 72
Actuators, 217
Aerodynamic instability, 246
Agitators, 147,264
Application review, 30
Axial fans, 98

Compressors, 123,254
Control valves, 202,280
Conveyor performance, 113
Conveyors, 112,251
Corrective actions, 47,49
Cost avoidance, 53
Cost-benefit analysis, 48,52, 54
Cut-flight conveyors, 118
Cyclonic Separators, 160,266,
268

Backlash, 184
Backup valves, 214
Backward-curvedblades, 99
Baghouses, 153,266,267
Ball valves, 202
Best efficiency point, 85
Bevel gears, 177
Bimetallic steam trap, 190
Blowers, 97, 111,248,249
Boiler-feed applications, 83
Brake horsepower, 83, 84, 150, 184
Bullgear compressors, 126
Butterfly valves, 204

Dampers, 110
Data gathering, 20
Delivery slippage, 50
Department of transportation, 71
Design
data, 27
practices, 38, 39
review, 19
Discharge piping, 88
Dust collectors, 153, 266

Capacity loss, 50, 72


Catastrophic failure, 3
Cause-and-effect analysis, 9, 10, 72
Cavitation, 83
Centrifugal compressors, 123,254
Centrifugal fans, 246,247
Centrifugal pump, 77,87,239
performance, 79
Chain conveyors, 1 14,253
Communications.44

Economic performance, 26,73


Emergency planning, 70
Entrained air or gas, 82,241
Environmentalconditions, 23
Environmental release, 18
Equipment damage, 28
design, 18,22,23,38
evaluation, 77
failures, 28, 72
nameplate data, 35

306

Index
Failed components, 25
Failure modes, 6 , 7
and effects analysis, 7, 8, 58
Fan, 97,246
capacity, 101
installation, 105
laws, 103
performance, 101
rating, 101, 106, 107, 108
speed, 110
Fatigue, 60
Fault-tree analysis, 16
Float-type steam trap, 188
Flow-control devices, 109
Fluidizers, 97, 111
Fluid power, 2 10
Forward-curved blades, 100
Four-way valves, 213
Friction loss, 80, 88, 113
Gate valves, 203
Gear
backlash, 184
efficiency, 183
ratios, 185
Gearboxes, 171,269
Globe valves, 205
Ground-fault protection, 200

307

Inverted bucket steam trap, 187


Inverters, 194,276
investigator, 57,69
Life cycle costs, 39
Liquid seal-ring compressors, 133
Lobe pump, 95
Lubrication system, 28
Maintenance manuals, 25
Maintenance records, 30, 32
Maintenance review, 35
Management systems, 45
Measurement devices, 33
Measurements, 33
Mechanical conveyors, 114
Mechanical efficiency, fans, 102
Mechanical seals, 220,228,234,282
Miter gears, 181
Mixers, 147, 264
Natural frequency, 102
Net positive suction head, 80
NPSH, 80

Hazardous materials transportation, 7 I


Helical gear pump, 93
Helical gears, 174
Herringbone gear pump, 93
Herringbone gears, 177
Human engineering, 44
Hydraulic curve, 84
Hydraulic slippage, 9 1
Hypoid gears, 181

Observations, 27
One-way valves, 21 1
Operating characteristics, 30, 31, 38
Operating envelope, 28
Operating manuals, 19,22
Operating performance, 29,73
Operating procedures, 40, 89,96
Operations problems, 73
Opposed impellers, 78,79
OSHA, 58,62,65
OSHA reporting requirements, 65,66,67
Outlet velocity, 101
Output product, 14

Implementation costs, 5 1
Incident classification, 17,26
Incident reports, 29,55
Incoming product, 30, 122
Increased revenue, 53
Inlet piping, 88
Inlet-air conditions, 102
Inline impellers, 78,79
Inspections, 46
Installation, 20,24, 113, 121, 129
Interviews, 36

Packing, 220,234,282
Perceived causes, 29
Performed work, 25
Personal problems, 60
Physical evidence, 3
Physical impairment, 60
Plate-out in fans, 246
Pneumatic conveyors, 112,252
Positive displacement compressors, 254,256
Positive displacement pumps, 90, 243
Predictive maintenance, 14

308

Index

Problems, 33
Process
instability, 249
parameters, 38
performance, 72
rolls, 164, 267
Procurement practices, 28,39
Procurement specifications, 2 1
Pumps
in parallel, 81
in series, 81

Standard maintenance procedures, 25,31,


32,38
Standard operating procedures, 14,38,40
Startup procedures, 89
Static efficiency, 101
Static head, 80,99
Static pressure, 101
Steam traps, 187,276
Suction volume, 8 1
Supervision, 42
Symptoms and boundaries, 25

Quality control, 46
Questions to ask, 20

Thermodynamic laws, 127


Thermodynamic steam trap, 189
Thermostatic steam trap, 188
Three-way valves, 212
Tip speed, 101
Total dynamic head, 84
Total system head, 84,242
Training, 38,41,63
Training records, 3 1
Transient procedures, 28
Two-way valves, 21 1

Radial blade fans, 100


Reciprocating compressors, 136,258
Reciprocating pumps, 243,245
Reducer gear drives, 171,271
Reduction in unit cost, 52
Regulatory compliance, 14,62
Repetition of tasks, 61
Report preparation, 54
Reporting problems, 37
Resource conservation and recovery act, 71
Roll face, 166
Roll neck, 166
Root cause, 4,5, 14
Root cause failure analysis, 19
Rotary compressors, 130,257
Rotary pumps, 244
Rotating speed, 96
Safety, 10, 11, 12, 13,23,27,58
Screw conveyors, 1 17
Screw pump, 93
Scrubber rolls, 169
Seals, 220,280
Sequence-of-eventsanalysis, 3 1
Setup procedures, 25,32
Short-circuit protection, 200
Spill hazards, 62
Spill prevention, 63
Spill response, 63
Spiral gears, 180
Spur gear pump, 92

Unloading frequency, 136


Valve actuators, 217
Vane pump, 94
Vapor pressure, 80
Vector control, 196
Velocity head, 80, 102
Velocity pressure, 102
Vendor evaluation, 40
Vendor specifications, 33
Vibration analysis, 33
Viscosity, 95, 152
Visual inspection, 35
Wear particles, 38
Work environment, 45
Worker responsibilities, 64
Worker selection, 43
Worker-machine interface, 44
Worm gears, 182

Zero1 gears,l79