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CLIENT

PROJECT
Location
Sub-Location

RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED
EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS
2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL
Pad footing -F1, F4,

Date
By
Project:

Reference

10-Jun-15
M V Rampersad
135-006

Calculation

Output

References:
1 - ACI 318M-05, Building Code requirements for Structural Concrete, 2005
2 - ASCE 7-10, Minimum Design loads for Buildings & Other Structures, 2010
3 - Preliminary Geotechnical report, Trintoplan Consultants Limited, October 2013
4 - STAAD output
5 - ASTM A615-04, Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement
Summary of calculation checks
Soil bearing capacity
Two-way (punching) shear
x-axis:
One-way (wide beam) shear
Flexural
Min. Flexural reinforcement
Shrinkage reinforcement
z-axis:
One-way (wide beam) shear
Flexural
Min. Flexural reinforcement
Shrinkage reinforcement

Utilisation ratio (actual vs capacity)
0.97 OK bearing capacity
0.37 OK two-way shear

Starter bar reinforcement
Starter bar embedment
Starter bar development length

**this condition governs**

0.42
0.44
0.88
0.46

OK one-way shear (x-axis)
OK in flexure (x-axis)
OK min. rfct flexure (x-axis)
OK min. rfct shrinkage (x-axis)

0.50
0.46
0.84
0.46

OK one-way shear (z-axis)
OK in flexure (z-axis)
OK min. rfct flexure (z-axis)
OK min. rfct shrinkage (z-axis)

OK starter bar min. rfct
OK embed. depth
0.13 OK dev't
dev t length

Note for user and reader: Bordered cells denote user-input, all other cells are calculated via this spreadsheet using the relevant base data,
material and guidance from the noted References
FOOTING GEOMTERY & MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Foundation geometry
pedestal width (in X-direction), px =
pedestal breadth (in Z-direction), pz =
pedestal height (in Y-direction), H
Footing thickness, h
Founding depth below GL
Length of footing, L (in X-direction)
Breadth of footing, B (in Z-direction)
Footing shape:

580
760
500
500
1300
6000
6000
Square

Concrete density (kN/m3)
Pedestal volume
Pedestal weight
Footing volume
Footing weight
3

Soil weight above pad (assumes =20kN/m ) =
∴ Total footing & soil weight Ff =

23.1
0.2
5.1
18.0
415.2
928.9
1349.2

6000
6000
500

Calculation of footing & soil surcharge weight
Ref 4: Tbl C3-2

580
760
500
500

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

kN/m3
m3
kN
3
m
kN
kN
kN

500

580

760

6000

6000

Material properties
28-day concrete comp. strength, f'c
Ref 1: 7.7.1
Ref 5

Ref 3

30 N/mm2
Cover to reinforcement
75 mm
Main reinforcement to be used A615 Gr 60
2
Reinforcement yield strength, fy =
420 N/mm
Effective depth, d (for x-axis checks)
415 mm
Effective depth, dz (for z-axis checks)
395 mm
2
Allowable soil bearing capacity, qa
55.0 kN/m

f'c=30MPa

208

LOADING DATA
Note; Use Serviceability Limit state values when checking for soil bearing pressures. There is already a Factor of Safety built in to the
allowable bearing pressure parameter as outlined in the geotehcnical report.
Use Ultimate Limit State results for all other design checks.

Ref 4

Ref 4

Serviceability Limit State results
From STAAD output, using Serviceability Limit state analysis:
Fx (kN)
Fy (kN)
Maximum FY occurrence (SLS)
4.5
565.1

Fz (kN)
70.7

Mx (kNm) My (kNm)
14.3
0.6

Mz (kNm)
1.7

Node
4005

Ultimate Limit State results
From STAAD output, using Ultimate Limit state analysis:
Fx (kN)
Fy (kN)
Maximum FY occurrence (ULS)
7.9
936.3

Fz (kN)
312.2

Mx (kNm) My (kNm)
90.0
2.6

Mz (kNm)
2.8

Node
4005

Page 1 of 9

8 kN kN kN/m2 2 kN/m kN/m2 kN/m2 Ref 1: 9. qa Ratio of pa to qa = 565.9 kN Page 2 of 9 .5 kN/m2 55.0 14.4 Bearing pressure along x-axis Pressure distr.973 Ref 1: 10.5 kN kN 6000 kN/m2 2 kN/m kN/m2 2 kN/m FV Mx  FzH  LB LB 2 1914. under base: qmax.421 2.5 52.0)= f'c = ∴ Pn Fy = Ratio of Fy to Pn 0.4 53.0 kN/m2 Find the total shear force for two-way shear.7 Ref 4 Use Fy (serviceability) = Load FV on underside of footing = Fy+Ft = FV/LB = MX+FZH/LB2 = qmax= qmin= Ref 3 ∴ Use max bearing pressure as pa = Allowable soil bearing capacity. under base: qmax. 2. F4.min = Ref 4 Use Fy (serviceability) = Load FV on underside of footing = Fy+Ft = FV/LB = 2 MZ+FXH/BL = qmax= qmin= Bearing pressure along z-axis Pressure distr.75 Where  VnV   c Assuming g that no shear reinforcement is used in the footing g Shear perimeter is located at a distance of 1.441 0 441 5.4 70.3 Ref 1: 11.1.65 0.4 53.17.3 CHECK FOR pedestal BEARING (transfer of load from pedestal into footing) Ref 1: 10.3.min = FV M Z  FX H  LB BL 2 565.0 53.3 0.2.2 53.1 1.7 0. Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output CHECK ON SOIL BEARING PRESSURES 1914.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1.00 30. Pn Pn(0.6 6000 OK bearing capacity 936.1 1914.613 936.3 53.3.4 53.0d outside of the pedestal/pedestal face Shear perimeter length.2 0. VU2 where VU2 = Pu-qu(px+d)(py+d) ∴ VU2 = 905.85f'cA1)*[√A2/A1]  A1 = A2 = (px+4d)*(pz+4d) = √A2/A1 (but max.2 0.17.1 1914.1 Ref 1: 11.2 4. bo is given by bo = 2(px+d)+(2(pz+d) px = 580 mm pz = 760 mm d= ∴ bo = Factored net soil pressure qu = Fy = Pu = ∴ qu = 415 mm 4340 mm Pu/BL 936.1.3 kN 26.06 [unitless] 415 m2 m2 [unitless] N/mm2 kN kN OK col bearing resistance SHEAR CHECKS Check for Two-way (punching) shear capacity Vn Ref 1: 9.1 Ref 4 Nominal pedestal or bearing load capacity.2.12.0 kN/m2 0.2 0.

9 kN Find the projection noted as L' Footing shape: Square L' = 2295 mm Shear force on shear plane.2.1. VC of the footing Vc (kN) = min of Ref 1: 11.12.8 kN 1.3. Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output Calculate the nominal shear strength.083([sd/bo]+2)√f'cbod 0.738.42 6000 Ref 1: 11.17√f'cBd Ref 1: 11.340 mm 415 mm 5.986.4 kN 760 Condition (c) Vc-condition (c) = Vc = min of ∴ Use Vc = Vc = VU2 = Ratio of VU2/Vc = (a) (b) (c) 580 5.9 kN Ratio of Vu1/Vc = 0.031.12.1 pedestal location for determining as = s = Vc-condition (b) = Edge 30 3.1 3.5 kN OK one-way shear (x-axis) 415 One-way shear parallel to z-axis Vc = 0.1 B= Vc = ∴ Vc = 6000 mm 2.2 kN 3.1 (a) (b) (c) 0.0 N/mm2 4.1. F4.17(1+2/)√f'cbod 0.5 kN 1.441.5 kN Ratio of Vu1/Vc = 0.318.031.6 905.5 kN 208 415 3.  = f'c = bo = d= Vc-condition (a) = 1. Vu1 = BL'qu = 732.986.2.17√f'cLdz L= Vc = ∴ Vc = 6000 mm 2.5 kN 2 441 6 kN 2.50 [unitless] 415 Note: sketch also holds for one-way shear in the z-axis OK one-way shear (z-axis) Page 3 of 9 .37 OK two-way shear Check for one-way (wide beam) shear: The critical section for one-way (wide beam) shear extends across the width of the footing at a distance d from the face of the loaded area.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1.9 kN 0.206.2 kN 208 Condition (b) Ref 1: 11.255. 6000 One-way shear parallel to x-axis Vc = 0.12. Vu1 = BL'qu = 829.1 kN 2295 Find the projection noted as L' Footing shape: Square L' = 2585 mm Shear force on shear plane.655.255.33√f'cbod 6000 Condition (a) Ratio of long side to short side of col.00 [unitless] 30.255.4 kN 3.

Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output MOMENT AND REINFORCEMENT CHECKS Bending parallel to x-axis Find the projection noted as Lm Lm = moment on the bending plane.44 0.9 0. min (shrinkage) = 0.1 0.4Bd/ fy 0.1 Check for minimum reinforcement required for flexure 0 25Bd√f'c / fy 0.118 mm2 1.0018 (times gross sectional area) 2 0.  = 0 .6162 0. F4.88 0.12.1 51 Ref 1: 7.115 mm2 6000 Ref 1: 9.4Bd/ fy = 8.300 mm2 ∴ Use As min (flexure) = 8.781 0.356 mm 2 mm [unitless] [unitless] [unitless] OK in flexure (x-axis) OK min.054 0.85f'c / fy = 2RU/((0.0 kNm Required steel ratio.425 11.5.25Bd√f'c / fy = 8.46 Top 10 30 200 mm 2 2.25Bd√f As min (flexure) max of 1.0018Bh = 5. Mux = qu = 2710 mm 2 quBL m/2 26. rfct flexure (x-axis) OK min.3.2.85 f c'     6000 2 Coefficient of resistance Ru = Mux / (Øbd ) = ∴ Ru = 0.0 kN/m2 ∴ Mux = 573. rfct shrinkage (x-axis Page 4 of 9 .061 0.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1. 85 f '  c fy  2 Ru 1  1    0 .0017 Bd 4.2.85f'c) = ∴ = Area of steel required As req = ∴ As req = R f 1: Ref 1 10 10.300 mm2 2710 Check for minimum reinforcement required for shrinkage As.400 mm Reinforcement selection Select bar diameter (mm) Select number of bars Provide bar spacing (to nearest 25mm) As prov As total = Ratio of As (flexure) / As prov = Ratio of As min (flexure) / As prov = Ratio of As min (shrinkage) / As prov = Bottom 20 30 200 9.

bottom mat Along x-axis. Muz = qu = ∴ Muz = Required steel ratio.727 mm2 1 4Ldz/ fy = 1.1 Check on distribution of steel parallel to the x-axis: Centre band zone.900 mm2 6000 = ∴ Ru = 0. min (shrinkage) = 0.25Bdz√f'c / fy As min (flexure) max of 1.0018 (times gross sectional area) 2 0.900 Bottom 20 30 200 9.. s = 31-T20-200 B 31-T10-200 T 31-T20-200 B 31-T10-200 T 2/(+1) = s = 1.  = 2710 mm quLL2m/2 26.4Bdz/ fy 0.00 1. F4.85f'c) = Ref 1: 9.2.25Ldz√f'c / fy = 7.3.059 6000 0.1 Ref 1: 7.061 0.85 f c'  2 Ru  1  1  fy   0 . Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output Bending parallel to z-axis Find the projection noted as Lm Lm = moment on the bending plane.4Ld 7 900 mm2 7.425 11.84 0.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1.46 0.0 kN/m2 573.0018 Ldz 4.12. bottom mat Along z-axis.85 f c'    2 Coefficient of resistance Ru = Muz / (ØLdz ) ∴ = Area of steel required As req = ∴ As req = Ref 1: 10.900 ∴ Use As min (flexure) = 7.356 mm2 mm2 [unitless] [unitless] [unitless] OK in flexure (z-axis) OK min.85f'c / fy = 2RU/((0.5.0018Lh = 5.0 kNm  0 .400 mm Reinforcement selection ∴ Governing area of steel required = Select bar diameter (mm) Select number of bars Provide bar spacing (to nearest 25mm) As prov As prov (total) = Ratio of As (flexure) / As prov = Ratio of As min (flexure) / As prov = Ratio of As min (shrinkage) / As prov = 7. top mat Along g z-axis.6801 0.46 mm2 Top 10 30 200 mm 2.00 ∴ No special reinforcement distribution needed over the length of the footing Page 5 of 9 .1 2710 Check for minimum reinforcement required for shrinkage As. rfct shrinkage (z-axis REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY Along x-axis.329 mm2 Check for minimum reinforcement required for flexure 0.12.1 0.9 0.2.781 0. rfct flexure (z-axis) OK min. top mat Ref 1: 7.2.

h.8. F4.2 length of embedment ldc = larger of fy = 420 db = 20 f'c = 30 (0. rfct Check on starter bar embedment into footing Min of Ref 1: 12.1 For Ψt Ref 1: 12.043fydb N/mm2 mm N/mm2 mm mm mm Say 370 mm (rounded up) 415 mm 500 mm OK embed.24fy/√f'c)db = 368 0.2.24fy/√f'c)db 0.005Ag Ref 1: 15.2.7) 7) 1. d d= h= 200 mm (0.043fydb = 361 ∴ Use ldc as = 368 Check on ldc versus depth of footing.3.00 1.006 pedestal cross-section area Ag=(px*pz) = As-starter / Ag = OK starter bar min.00 420 N/mm2 30 N/mm2 735 mm (rounded up) Dimensional check on ld ld must be less than ∴ Use ld as 5.4 (b) depth of freshly cast concrete below ld ∴ Ψt = Ψe = Ψt Ψe = Ref 1: 12.1 (note: minimum 4) 440.800 mm2 0.4 (d) λ = fy = fc = ∴ ld = e  f c' db <300mm 1. b d d depth th Check on development length of starter bars Critical sections for the development length (ld) of the starter bars occur at the pedestal/footing interface ld = Ref 1: 12.513 mm2 Number of starter bars = Cross sectional area of bars = Minimum As-starter = 0. Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output CHECK ON STARTER BARS Check on minimum % reinforcement to starter bars diameter of starter bar.2.00 (not to exceed 1 1.4 (a) Ref 1: 12.2. db = 20 mm 8 Nr 2. and effective depth.470 mm 735 mm 8-T20 OK dev't length Page 6 of 9 .2.00 (assuming uncoated reinforcement) 1.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1.2 f y t 2 .

Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output SUMMARY OUTPUT 8-T20 580 31-T10-200 T 31-T10-200 T 500 370 500 735 6000 6000 760 31-T20-200 B 580 f'c=30MPa 31-T20-200 B Page 7 of 9 .CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1. F4.

9DL+1.64 1.14 -70.6LL+0.96 85.0EQ(-Z) Page 8 of 9 .74 1 1.5LR Ref 2 Listing of Load combinations used: 100: 1.14 -8.9DL+1.17 -8.73 1.29 9.17 56.0 4. Note that two limit state Envelopes are used.57 -0.04 52.17 56.14 -70.51 565.51 565.77 2.37 -80.0EQ(+X) 118: 0.9DL+1.56 1.0LL+0.74 1 1.96 -67.47 0.57 -0.54 -80.64 2.19 366.97 4005 0.79 -196.0WL(-Z)+1.0 4.53 312.0 4.29 9.0LL 111: 1.53 1005 4005 1.51 565.14 -70.0 4.74 534.90 1 1.96 85.0DL+1.38 1 1.51 565.0W 0.54 0.0LL 113: 0.56 2 56 2.81 936.67 -14.0WL(+Z)+1 7.69 -2.0LL) Horizontal Vertical Horizontal L/C Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN 1 1.5LR 107: 1.9DL+1.57 0.32 -312.19 Moment Mx kNm -14.38 1 1.67 -14.51 364.74 1 1.4DL 103: 1.5LR 109: 1.57 0 57 0.2DL+1.64 16.57 -0.57 -0.38 534.88 936.17 56.0DL+1.14 -70.0EQ(-X 53.56 1.54 -2 54 2.56 1.84 904.0EQ 51.51 4 51 4.29 -14.32 298.56 1.0LL 110: 1.2DL+1.29 14 29 0.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1.0 4. F4.0WL(+Z)+1.0 4.42 -16.77 2.51 565.0DL+1.0WL(-Z)+1 7.67 2.38 -89.0LL+0.0EQ(-X) 120: 0.42 -89.0LL+0.14 56.34 4005 DL+1.9DL+1.32 -312.51 534.88 936.98 -42.53 1 0WL(-Z)+1 7 84 904 98 298 53 4005 1.19 4005 1.0DL+1.0DL+1.0LL+0.73 1.2DL+1.93 0.0WL(-Z) 117: 0.35 4005 53.73 1.0DL+1.64 -2.25 2.59 7.0WL(+Z)+1 7.2DL+1.0WL(-X)+1.47 Mz kNm 1.73 1 73 1.73 1.56 9.0WL(+X)+1.14 -70.67 9.0 4.88 936.0EQ(+Z)+1.0EQ(+Z) 119: 0.0EQ(-X)+1.0LL 105: 1.2DL+1.36 0.81 -42.90 1 1.53 1005 4005 DL+1.17 56.0DL+1.0WL( Z)+1 7.0DL 101: 1.73 Moment Mx kNm -16.14 565 14 565.77 2.59 4005 0.57 -0.32 936.64 2.06 2.0DL+1.73 1.0DL+1.29 9.74 1 1.19 4005 1.74 1 1.0WL(+Z)+1 7.63 Mz kNm -12.0LL+0.90 565.40 My kNm 0.0LL 102: 1.0WL(+Z)+1.2DL+1.42 85 42 -89.9DL+1.0DL+1.88 936.56 2.2DL+1.0 4.0 4.5LR 104: 1.56 16.38 534.98 298.0 4.29 9.0WL(+Z)+1 7.32 -312.90 70 74 70.77 This is achieved with Load Combination: 106 1.29 9.0WL(+X) 114: 0.0 4.27 645.67 -14.17 56.5LR 106: 1.14 -70.57 1.2DL+1.0 4.0EQ(+X)+1.96 2.90 1 1.98 298. Max Fx Min Fx Max Fy Min Fy Max Fz Min Fz Max Mx Min Mx Max My Min My Max Mz Min Mz Maximum values Corresponding values at Fy max Max Fx Min Fx Max Fy Min Fy Max Fz Min Fz Max Mx Min Mx Max My Min My Max Mz Min Mz Maximum values Corresponding values at Fy max Node 4005 1005 4005 1005 1005 4005 1005 4005 4005 1005 4005 1005 SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE (1.67 14.9DL+1.0EQ(+X -43.17 56.0DL+1.56 1.2DL+1.0DL+1.19 1.54 2.73 1.90 565.27 85.0WL(-X) 116: 0.9DL+1.2DL+1.0LL 112: 1.90 1 1.0EQ(-Z)+1.67 -14.88 1005 0.47 0.10 1.51 534.2DL+1.57 15.52 2.0WL(-Z)+1 7.84 904.38 4005 4.0WL(+Z) 115: 0.5LR 108: 1.98 298.47 0.9DL+1.9DL+1.74 ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE (All Load Combs) Horizontal Vertical Horizontal Node L/C Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN 647.47 0.19 1005 1. Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output APPENDIX STAAD ANALYSIS OUTPUT Ref 4 The user is to carry out the analysis in STAAD and use the post-processing results to obtain the values shown in these tables.0DL+1.9DL+1.47 -0.77 0.96 -89.38 534.64 2.32 -312.0EQ -45.43 85.67 My kNm 0. Serviceability Limit State and Ultimate Limit State.0DL+1.42 89.6LR+1.84 904.52 -13.

0 kNm 0. block a = Asfy/0. Mn = Nominal moment capacity (x-axis).51 1 51 Rbd2 1555.0040 Flexural resistance factor. Date By Project: Reference 10-Jun-15 M V Rampersad 135-006 Calculation Output SUMMARY OF MAIN QUANTITIES 3 46.2. R = Nominal moment capacity (x-axis).0 kNm 0.7.0 mm 0. Mn = Nominal moment capacity (z-axis).39 OK for bending along z-axis Page 9 of 9 .7. a = Asfy/0.9 mm a/1 ∴c= ∴ c/dz ratio = 31.2.1 1211.84 [unitless] ∴a= c= 25.078 <0.84 [unitless] ∴a= c= ∴c= ∴ c/d ratio = 25.22 m Reinforcement Bottom mat (x-axis) Top mat (x-axis) Bottom mat (z-axis) Top mat (z-axis) Total reinforcement 484. Mn = Actual moment along z-axis. F4.34 m m2 m2 m2 m2 2 Section analysis (x-axis) /0 85f cB Depth of stress block.22 m 3 18. Muz = Ratio of Muz/Mn = 1.85f cL 1 (stress block depth to neutral axis depth) = 0.375 ∴ Strains are in the tension-controlled zone.1 484.851[c/dz] f'c/fy  z-axis= 0. R = fy(1-(fy/1.375 ∴ Strains are in the tension-controlled zone.76 6.9 mm a/1 31.3 3 0. R = Nominal moment capacity (z-axis). OK for ductile conditions  z-axis= 0.5 kg kg kg kg kg Formwork Pedestal (x-axis) Pedestal (z-axis) Length Breadth Total formwork 0. OK for ductile conditions  x-axis= 0.851[c/d] f'c/fy  x-axis= 0.6 121. R = fy(1-(fy/1.0 mm 0.5 kN 573.6 121. Mn = Actual moment along x-axis.85f 1 (stress block depth to neutral axis depth) = 0.7fc)) Flexural resistance factor factor.CLIENT PROJECT Location Sub-Location RAINBOW CONSTRUCTION LIMITED EDEN GARDENS APARTMENTS 2-BEDROOM APARTMENT MODEL Pad footing -F1. Mux = Ratio of Mux/Mn = 10.0038 Flexural resistance factor.075 <0.37 OK for bending along x-axis Section analysis (z-axis) Depth of stress block.7fc)) Flexural resistance factor.3 1.80 m Excavation Concrete Pedestal Footing Total concrete 10.58 Rbdz2 1476.00 6.00 13.58 0.00 m 3 18.7 kNm 573.