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Glossary of Law Terms

Access to justice dostupnost pravdi


Accused okrivljeni
Adverse possession - A means of acquiring title by occupying and using land
for a certain length of time even though the occupier does not have title. h e
period at common law was twenty years, but this period has been shortened in
most states by statute.
Agent officers izvrsitelji
Aggravated Amend

Circumstance that increases the severity of a crime.

to alter or change by adding, subtracting, or substituting

Analyses of caseload analize predmeta u radu


annulment - Ends the relation of husband and wife by invalidating the marriage
contract, as if they were never married.
Answer - A pleading that responds to the complaint, admitting and denying
specic allegations and presenting defenses.
anticipatory breach - Occurs when one party to a contract expresses an
intention not to perform; the other party may then treat the contract as breached
and pursue an appropriate remedy rather than wait for nonperformance (actual
breach
Aquis communnitaire pravne tekovine EU
Asset

generally any item of property that has monetary value, including

articles with only sentimental value (imovina)

Attachment

plenidba

Attempted bias intimidation pokuaj zastraivanja na osnovu predrasuda


Attorney at law

advokat

Attorney general prvobranitelj

Attorney general The attorney general is head of the U.S. JUSTICE DEPARTMENT and
chief law officer of the federal government. He or she represents the United States in
legal matters generally and gives advice and opinions to the president and to other heads
of executive departments as requested. In cases of exceptional gravity or special
importance, the attorney general may appear in person before the U.S. Supreme Court to
represent the interests of the government.

Attorney general (US) ministar pravde


attorney-client privilege -

Legal protection whereby condential statements

made by a client to an attorney may not be disclosed to others by the attorney


without the clients permission.
automobile with an auto mechanic.

Backlog

An accumulation, especially of unfinished work or unfilled orders.

baili -

An officer of the court charged with keeping order in

thecourtroom, having custody over prisoners and the jury.


bailment - When the owner of personal property delivers possession without
intent to pass title, such as when one leaves an
Bar - 1. the term used to refer collectively to licensed members of the legal
profession. 2. To defeat or estop.
Bar Association a professional body of lawyers. Some bar associations are
responsible for the regulation of the legal profession in their jurisdiction; others are
professional organizations dedicated to serving their members; in many cases, they are
both.

Bar Association

Advokatska komora

Bar exam pravosudni ispit


bar examination - A written test required of applicants for a license to practice
law.
barrister Basic Court

An English lawyer who specializes in trial work


Osnovni sud

bench trial -

A case decided by a judge, without a jury; a nonjury trial.

breach of contract -

When a party fails to render the performance required

by a contract.
Breach rights
Bylaws

kriti prava

podzakonski akt
C

Call upon pozivati se na ....


Case

predmet

Case allocation
Case inflow

raspodela predmeta
priliv/primanje predmeta

Case law sudska praksa


Case management upravljanje predmetima
Case study

studija sluaja

Case weighing ponderisanje predmeta


case-in-chief

-the main evidence offered by one side in a lawsuit; does not

include evidence off ered to oppose the other sides case.


Caseload broj/koliina predmeta
challenge for cause - In qualifying jurors during voir dire, either party may
challenge the seating of a juror for bias or other disquali cation. Challenges for
cause are unlimited.
Chambers -

the private office of a judge where matters not required to be

heard in open court can be discussed and appropriate orders issued.


chancellor (master in equity) - A judge of a court of chancery or court of
equity
Charge right
Charges

zalozno pravo

optube

Civil law cases parnino pravo


Civil Procedure Code zakonik o krivinom postupku

clearly erroneous - the test or standard used at the appellate level to


determine if judicial fact nding at trial constitutes prejudicial error. Highly
deferential toward the trial court.
Commercial Court Trgovinski sud
Communitary Law komunitarno pravo
complaint -

the initial pleading in a civil action, in which the plaintiff

alleges a cause of action and asks that the wrong done to the plaintiff be
remedied by the court. tuba, alba
Comply with

pridravati se zakona

counterclaim -

A cause of action brought by a defendant against the plaintiff

in a single case; for example, in an auto collision, both drivers often sue each
other, with one ling a complaint and the other counterclaims.
Counts of indictment tacke optuznice
Court manager menadzer suda
Court performance ocena rada suda
Creditors poverenici
CriminalLaw

krivino pravo

Criminal judge sudija krivicnog suda


Criminal Procedure Code Zakonik o krivicnom postupku

Debtors

duznici

Decision presuda
Deed -

A document that describes a piece of real property and its

transfer of title to a new owner.


Defendant

otueni

Directives

uredbe

Disposed cases
District Court

reeni predmeti
Okruni sud

E
Eligibility
Employment Law Zakon o Zapoljavanju
Enactment

primena

Enforcable documents
Enforcement Law

izvrsne isprave

zakon o izvrsenju

Entitled

imati pravo, ovlascen

Eviction

prisilno napustiti stan

Exercise rights

ostvariti prava

F
Filing

zavodjenje predmeta

First Instance Court Prvostepeni Sud

H
Hearing

rociste

High Court Council

Visoki savet sudstva

High Judicial Council Visoki savet sudstva


Higher Court

Vii sud

I
Implementation
In force

primena

na snazi

Indictment

optunica

Interprete .-

tumaiti

Intimidation

zastraivanje

Invasion of privacy

naruavanje privatnosti

Ivestigation

istraga krivice

J
Judgement

presuda

Judges Association

drutvo sudija

Judicial academy

pravosudn aakademija

Judicial Laws

pravosudni zakoni

Judicial reform

reforma pravosudja

Judiciary

pravosue

Jurisdiction

nadleznost

Jurors

porotnici

Jury

porota
L

Labour Law

radno pravo

Law enforcement agencies agencije za sprovodjenje zakona


Law makers

zakonodovci

Law making

sastavljanje zakona

Legal framework

pravni okvir

Legal remedy

pravni lek

Legislators

zakonodavci
M

Magistrate
Maternity leave
Ministry of Justice

sudija za prekraje
porodiljsko bolovanje
Ministarstvo pravde

Misdemeanor Court prekrsajni sud


Municipal Court

Optinski sud

Nonjudicial position nepravosudna pozicija

Official Gazzette

slubeni glasnik

Official Journal

Slubeni list (SRJ)

Outlaw
Obsolete

proglasiti nezakonitim,staviti van zakona


zastereo
P

Parental leave

odsustvo partnera u cilju nege deteta

Pending cases

predmeti u radu

Physical enforcement
Plainti

sprovodjenje

tuitelj

Pledge

zalog

Precedent

presedan

Pregnancy leave

trudniko bolovanje

Procedure

postupak

Proceedings

postupak

Professional association
Property

strukovna udruenja

imovina

Property seizure
Public Notary Law

zaplena
Zakon o javnim beleznicama

Public Prosecutor Association udruenje javnih tuilaca


punishment (retribution) - the primary goal of criminal law: punishing a
person for criminal conduct. h e other theories regarding the treatment of
criminals are deterrence of crime; incapacitation, which consists of removing the
criminal from society through incarceration; and rehabilitation, in which the
criminal is helped toward a productive role in society.
punitive damages - Sometimes awarded beyond mere compensation (see
compensatory damages) to punish a defendant for outrageous conduct in tort.
R

record - (verb) h e act of putting the public on notice of a document aff ecting
property ownership by placing the document in the public records.
Regulation
Requirements

odredba

Ruling

resenje
S

Second Instance Court


Seize, seizure

Drugostepeni sud

zaplena

Service (servicing of documents) dostavljanje dokumenata


Settle a debt

izmiriti dug

Settlement

razresenje, prijateljsko poravnanje

Settlement of dispute
Solicitor -

A lawyer in England who handles all legal matters except trial

work.
Stakeholders

zainteresovane strane

State Secretary
Statute barred

dravni sekretar
sluaj zastareva

Statute of Limitation Subject matter

zastarevanje
parnina materija

Supreme Court of Cassation Vrhovni kasacioni sud


T
Tampering with evidence
Trade Court

zloupotreba dokaznog materijala

Privredni sud
U

Unanomious decision

jednoglasna odluka
V

verdict - the fact nding by a jury. For example, in a civil case, the jury might
nd the defendant liable in a dollar amount; in a criminal case, the verdict is
usually guilty or not guilty of each criminal charge.
Verdict

pravosudno resenje koje donosi porota


W

warrant - Written permission given by a judge to arrest a person or conduct a


search or make a seizure. (nalog)
writ - A written order directing that a speci c act be performed. (spis)

GLOSSARY

Enshrined sadrzan
To reason obrazloziti
Acquis /eki/ - acquis communitaire pravne tekovine EU
Policymakers kreatori politike
Competence nadleznost, ovlascenje, spremnost, sposobnost
Labour law radno pravo
Case predmet
To outlaw sankcionisati
Legislation zakonodavstvo
Law makers = legislators zakonodavci
Findings rezultati istrazivanja
Background pripadnost
Welfare socijalna sigurnost
Course of conduct ponasanje (poslodavca)
Accord dati, dodijeliti
Transpose unositi
Late neblagovremen
Activity operations postupanje
National Assembly drzavna skupstina
National Judical Reform Strategy nacionalna strategija reforme pravosudja
Supreme Court of Cassation vrhovni kasacioni sud
Misdemeanor Court prekrsajni sud
Public funds javna sredstva
Gudielines nacela
Board of directors upravni odbor
Asset aktiva
CEO predsjednik UO
Stand out istaci

Performance audit revizija svrsihodnosti


Assess ocena
Evaluating ocena
Revered cijenjen (once-revered)
Foreign currency deviza
Gender equality Law zakon o ravnopravnosti polova
Traceability poreklo
Soar = boom uzleteti
Dairy mlekara
Marketing plasman
Yield prinos
Pursue traziti, osvajati
Pursuant to u skladu sa; prema
Value-added vece vrednosti
Utilize koristiti
Lever poluga
Defendant optuzeni
Accused okrivljeni
Civil case parnicni predmet
Civil law parnicno pravo
MOJ ministry of justice
Professional associations strukovna udruzenja
Magistrate sudija za prekrsaje
Bar association advokatska komora
State secretary drzavni sekretar
Judicial law pravosudni zakon
Judiciary pravosudje
Jurist pravnik

Enactment donosenje zakona


Implementation primena
Appeal zalba
Complaint tuzba
ROL rule od law vladavina prava
Legal remedy pravni lijek
Relief pravni lek
Appellate court apelacioni sud
Pending cases predmeti u radu
Disposed cases reseni predmeti
Case load broj predmeta; kolicina predmeta
Court performance rad suda
Exercise rights ostvariti prava
Trade court privredni sud
Breach right narusiti prava
Staff manual prirucnik za zaposlene
Dismiss otpustiti
Amend izmeniti, dopuniti
Level plain field jednaki uslovi
Terms and conditions uslovi i odredbe
Case allocation raspodela predmeta
Statute of limitation zastarevanje
Statute barred slucaj zastareo
Access to justice dostupnost pravdi
Stakeholder akter, ucesnik
Renew obnoviti
Abuse of power zloupotreba moci
HR kadrovska sluzba, ljudski resursi

FED federal reserve system


Indictment optuznica
Charges optuzbe
Counts of indictment tacke optuznice
Mitigate ublaziti
Septic tanks septicke jame
Landfill deponija
Renewable energy obnovljiva energija
Cost effectiveness isplativost
Bulk products proizvodi u rinfuzi
Retail products proizvodi za maloprodaju
Respondent ispitanik
Reviewer ispitivac
Member states drzave clanice
Conventional ammunition konvencionalna municija
Obsolete weapons municija kojoj je istekao rok trajanja
Armament naoruzanje
Disarmament razoruzanje
Financial statement finansijski izvestaj
Balance of assets stanje imovine
Liabilities obaveze
Operating results rezultati poslovanja
Audit entity subject revizije
Regularity pravilnost
Adequacy pravilnost
Compliance pravilnost
Beneficiary korisnik
Compliance audit revizija pravilnosti poslovanja

Income and expenses priamanja i izdaci


Revenue and expenditures primanja i izdaci\