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First mid sem S.

S assignment
Std -7
Paper style Total marks 20
Ex-1 Choose the correct option (5)
Ex-2 Fill in the blanks (3)
Ex-3 True or false (3)
Ex-4 Match the following (3)
Ex-5 Ans in one sentence (3)
Ex-6 Ans in Detail (3)
I M.C.Q.s:L-1
1.Who has imprisoned Rajyashree ?
A. Chandragupta B. Samudragupta C. Devgupta

D. Vinugupta

2.With the help of which Buddhist monk[hermit] did harshvardhan get his sister rajyashree liberated?
A.Nagarjuna

B.Diwakarmitra C. Prabhakar D. Gneshwar

3.Where did Harshvardhan hold religious conference every five years?


A. In Prayag

B.In Banaras C.In Kanauj

D.In Mathura

4.Which great poet of Sanskrit adorned the court of Harshvardhan?


A.Kalidas

B.Bhavbhuti C.Bharvi

D.Banbhatta

5.Which university was famous for worldwide in the period of Harshvardhan?


A.Nalanda

B.Takshashila C.Vikramshila D.Vallabhi

6.From which town did gold find its way to India because of trade in the period of Harshvardhan?
A.Paris

B.Geneva C.Rome

D.Istambul

7.Which Chinese traveler attended the sixth religious council held by Harshvardhan in prayag ?
A.Etsing

B.Laotse C.Fahiyan

D.Hiuen tsang

8.Which king of chalukya dynasty performed Ashwamedh Yagna?


A.Kirtiverma

B.Pulkeshi II C.Pulkeshi I

D. Manglesh

9.Which king of chalukya dynasty had a splendid Vishnu temple constructed in vatapi?
A.Pulkeshi 1

B.Manglesh C.Kirtivarma

D.Yashovarma

10.Where did the empire of harshvardhan cease after being defeated by pulkeshi II in the battle?

A.Till Ujjain

B.Till Saputara C.Till Tapi

D.Till Narmada

L-2
1) When it is Daytime in India, in which of the following countries, will it be night ?
A. Australia B. South Africa C. Japan
D. Canada
2) In which Direction does the earth rotate on his axis ?
A. West to East

B. East to West

C. North to south

D. South to North

3) Earth experiences day and night, because


A. The rotates on his axis.

B. The earth rotates on his axis

C. the sun revolves around the earth

C. The earth revolves around the sun

4) Seasons occur on the earth, because


A. The sun revolves around the earth

B. The sun rotates on its axis

C. The earth revolves around the sun

D. The earth rotates on his axis

5) What angle does the earth make with its axis ?


A. 45.5o

B. 66.5o

C. 90o

D. 23.5o

6) What angle does the earth make with its orbit ?


A. 66.5o

B. 45.5o

C. 23.5o

D.90o

7) On 21st june, on which latitude do the sunrays fall straight ?


a. On the tropic of capricorn
C. On the Equator

B.On the Artic circle


D. On the tropic of Cancer

8) On 22nd December, on which latitude do the sunrays fall straight ?


A.On the Equator

B. On the tropic of Capricorn

C. On the Tropic of Cancer

D. On the Antarctic Circle

L-3
. Whose help is required to take decisions and do the work of the people for every nation?
A. Citizens Unions. B. National leaders. C. The government D. Magistrate.
2. Who resolves economic and social problems?
A Ladies unions. 2. The Government. C Economists D. Prime Minister.
3. Which body of the Government functions to frame laws?
A. Executive Committee B. Ministry. C Judiciary D.Legislative Assembly.
4. Which body of the Government execute laws?
A Executive Committee B. Judiciary C. Police department. D. Legislative Assembly.

5. Who from the following is the part of state Government?


A Prime Minister. B. Governor C. President. D. Chief Justice.
6. What is the lower house of Legislative Assembly called?
A.Legislative Assembly, B. Lower house of Parliament, C. Legislative Council, D. Upper house of
Parliament.
7 What is the upper house of Legislative Assembly called?
A Lower house of parliament, B. Legislative Assembly. C. Upper house of parliament. D. Legislative
Council.
Ex2

True or False

L-1
1

Devgupta was the king of Malva. True

Harshvardhan was the elder brother of Prabhakarvardhan. False

Harshvardhan had divided his daily routine into five parts. False

The great poet of banbhatta had composed Kadambari. True

Harshvardhan had composed the play Harshcharti. False

Acharya Nagarjuna was a famous alchemist of Nalanda University. True

There was a religious equality among the people of Harshvardhan. True

The Chinese traveler Huien Tsang had stayed in Nalanda University for 15 years and stuied
bauddha religion. False

The Chinese traveller Huien Tsang had returned to his country in 625 C.E. False

10

Ashwamedh Yagna was preformed by pulkeshi II. False

11

King Manglesh had made the capital vatapi a very charming town (nagar). False

12

In the period of Pulkeshi II the influence of Digambar sect of Jain religion had increased. True

L-2
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

The earth rotates on its axis. True


The orbit of the earth is circular. False
The distance between the earth and the sun remains the same though the year. False
The moon revolves around the earth. True
Days and nights occur due to the tilted axis of the earth. False
Days and nights are longer and shorter due to the tilted axis of the earth. False
Straight sunrays fall to the north and south of equator. True
Regions getting more sunshine experience winter and those getting less sunshine experience summer.
False

9) Between 21st march to 21st September, the southern hemisphere experiences winter. True
10) Between middle of may till the end of July, the sun does not set in Norway. True
L-3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

The Government is a managerial union.


The Government officials distribute food items through ration shops. [False]
The Government is an essential body of every state.[true]
The executive committee of the Government frames laws.
[false]
We have Presidential government in India.[false]
We have three level government in India, i.e. village, state and Nation.[true]
In Gujarat there is only Legislative Assembly. [true]
There is no Legislative Assembly in most of the states of India.[false]

Fill in the Blanks:


L-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Harshvardhan took charge of Kanauj throne after getting his sister Rajyashree liberated.
Harshvardhan raised a wide empire in North India after carrying on his victorious journey for 7
years.
Harshvardhan forgot even his meals in administrative responsibilities.
We can know many important things of Harshvardhans period from Harshcharita even today.
Acharya Shilbhadra was the principal of Nalanda University in the period of Harshvardhan.
The name of grand and prosperous library of Nalanda University was Dharmaganj.
One-sixth yield of land-revenue was recovered from people in the state of Harshvardhan.
Gold and silver coins were used as currency for trade and exchange in the period of Harshvardhan.
Hiuen Tsang has noted that there were 100 Buddhist hermitages in the states of Harshvardhan.
The capital of Chalukya dynasty in South India was Vatapi.
The flag of Pulkeshi I bore the sign of Varahavtar.
Pulkeshi II rules over for about 30 years.
The kings of Chalukya dynasty were devotees of Hindu religion.
Harshvardhan was the last Hindu emperor of ancient India.

L-2
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)

The earth completes one rotation on its axis in 24 hours.


The earth takes 365 days to complete one revolution around the sun.
The earth revolves around the sun at the speed of 1760 km per hour.
The earth rotates on its axis at the equator at 1670 per hour.
The sun, earth, moon and other stellar bodies are moving elements in the universe.
The movement of the earth on its axis is called rotation of the earth.
Day and night happen due to the rotational movement of the earth.
Seasons happen due to the revolutionary movement of the earth.
The path along which the earth moves around the sun is called orbit of the earth.

10) Seasons happen due to the revolution of the earth.


11) On 21st June,the sunrays fall straight over the tropic of cancer.
12) On 22nd December, the sunrays fall straight over the tropic Capricorn.
13) Between 21st march to 21st September, it is summer in northern hemisphere and winter in southern
hemisphere.

14) The sun is seen at even 12 midnight in Norway country of Europe.


L-3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Government frames laws and executes them.


The Government does state works.
The Government working at state level is called State Government.
The government working at national level is called central or Union.
Judiciary penalizes law breakers or punishes them.
We have federal government in India.
Central government or union government does administration of entire India
Regional [State] Legislative Assembly has one or two
houses.
9 The upper house of Legislative Assembly is called Legislative Council.
10 The lower house of Legislative Assembly is called Legislative Assembly.
11 In Gujarat we have only Legislative Assembly.
12 In most of the states of India there is no Legislative council.
Match the following:
L-1
1)
2)
3)
4)

Section A
The valiant king of Kanauj
The valiant king of Vatapi
Acharya Sheelbhadra
The composer of Harshcharit

1)
2)
3)
4)

Section B
Harshvardhan
Pulkeshi ll
Nalanda University
The great poet Banbhatta

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Section A
Rotation causes
Revolution causes
The earth revolves around the
Equal day and night
Midnight sun

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Section B
Day and night
Seasons
Sun
21st March
Norway

L-2

L-3
1 gram panchayat

provides street lights in the village

2 taluka panchayat

constructs roads between two village

3 district panchayat

appoints teachers in primary schools

4 state government

contributes to the local self government


Institutes.

5 central government

starts new trains between two village

6 law framing body of government

legislative body

7 law executive body of government

the executive committee

8 the lower house of legislative

legislative assembly

assembly.
9 the upper house of legislative

legislative council

Assembly.
Ans in one sentence:L-1
1) How did Rajyavardhan die?
A.1 Rajyavardhan was killed by Shashank, the king of Gaud.
2) who had imprisoned Rayashree?
A.2 Rajyashree was imprisoned by Devgupt, the king of Malwa.
3) Whom did Harshvardhan think of liberating as soon as he came into power?
A.3 Harshvardhan thought of freeing his sister who was imprisoned by Devgupt, the king of Malwa.
4) Who defeated Harshvardhan in the battle?
A.4 Pulkeshi-II the king of Chalukya dynasty defeated Harshvardhan in a battle.
5) How was Harshvardhans daily routine?
A.5 Harshvardhans daily routine was 1) He used to spend the first part of his daily routine for
administrative purpose. 2) The other two parts for public welfare and religious activities.
6) Which deeds of public welfare had Harshvardhan done?
A.6 Harshvardhan built many rest houses, wells, step wells, lakes, mathas and viharas for the public welfare.
7) Which compositions of great poet Banbatta are considered unique in Sanskrit literature?
A.7 Harshcharita and Kadambari are considered unique in Sanskrit literature of great poet Banbhatt.
8) Which plays were written/composed by Emporer Harshvardhan?
A.8 The plays written by Emperor Harshvardhan are Nagananda, Ratnavali and Priyadarshika.
10) What special arrangement was made by Harshvardhan for the maintenance of Nalanda Vidhyapith ?
A.10 For the maintenance of NalandaVidhyapith , Harsh vardhan had given 100 villages.
11) Which different ashes were recommended to be used as medicine by the alchemist Nagarjuna ?
A.11 Iron, arsenic and mercury ash could be used as medicine was recommended by the alchemist
Nagarjuna.
12)Which evil customs prevailed among the people during the reign of Harshvardhan ?
A.12 Evil customs like Committing Sati, child marriage , polygamy etc. prevailed among the people during
the reign of Harshvardhan.

13) By which games and sports did people entertain themselves in the period of Harshvardhan ?
A.13 People entertain themselves with Chess and the game of dice during Harshvardhans reign.
14) Who entertained people by wandering about from village to village in the period of Harshvardhan.
A.14 Acrobats and conjurers entertained people by moving from village to village during Harshvardhans
reign.
15) what were the chief occupations of the people in the period of Harshvardhan ?
A.15 Farming and animal husbandry were the main occupations of the people during Harshvardhans reign.
16)What was the special convenience made by Harshvardhan for trade and transportation of goods or
commodities ?
A.16 A highway from Patliputra to BruguKachchh( Bharuch) port was built by Harshvardhan for trade and
transportation of goods or commodities.
17) Which Chinese traveller had come to India durig Harshvardhans reign ?
A.17 A Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang had come to India during Harshvardhans reign.
18) Why did the state of Kanauj could not extendbeyond Narmada ?
A.18 Harshvardhan and Pullkeshi 2 fought a great battle on the bank of river in which Harshvardhan in was
defeated . This halted the expention beyond Narmanda .
19) Which caves were constructed during the reignof pulkeshi ll ?
A.19 The caves at Vatapi and Dharapuri were constructed during the reign of Pulkeshi-II
20) Whed did pulkeshi ll died ? How ?
A.20 Pulkeshi-II died while fighting with the Pallava king of Kanchipuram in 642 C.E.
21) In which different things was Harshvardhan Better than pulkeshi ll ?
A.21 1) Harshvardhan was ambitious, valiant, religious and the lover of art as well as education. 2) He was
fond of literature and also a great donor . 3) He had good knowledge about the rule , administration and
welfare of his kingdom and the people in his kingdom were happy . Thus, he was an efficient king .
L-2
1) How many types of motions does the earth show ? Name them.
A. The earth shows two types of motions. They are rotation and revolution.
2) What is rotation ?
A.
3) What is revolution ?
A.
4) How much time does the earth take to complete one revolution ?
A. The earth takes 365 days (one year) to complete one revolution.

5) What does orbit of the earth mean ?


A. The earth moves continuously on this imaginary path in the space. This path is called orbit.
6) Why does the distance between the earth and the sun not remain same
throughout the year ?
A. Distance between the earth and the sun does not remain same throughout the year because the
orbit of the earth is not round but oval or egg shaped or elliptical.
7) At what rate per minute does the earth revolve around the sun ?
A. The earth revolves around the sun at the rate of 1760 Km per minute.
8) What angle does the earth make with its axis and with its orbit ?
A. The earth makes 23.5o on its axis and 66.5o on its orbit.
9) Why do days and nights become longer and shorter ?
A. Days and nights become longer and shorter due to the rays of the sun.
10) When do sunrays fall vertical on the tropic of cancer ?
A. On 21st June the sun rays fall vertical on the tropic of cancer.
11) When do sunrays fall vertical on the tropic of Capricorn ?
A. On 22nd December the sunrays fall vertical on the tropic of Capricorn.
12) On Which days do sunrays fall vertical on the equator ?
A. Sunrays fall vertical on the equator only on two days every year on 21st March and 23rd
September.
13) Why do the north pole and the south pole come in front of the sun alternately ?
A. The north pole and the south pole come in front of the sun alternately because the earth revolves
around the sun keeping its axis in the same direction.

14) Which seasons prevail over the northern and the southern hemispheres between 21st March to 21st
September ?
A.Between 21st March and 23rd September the Northern hemisphere experiences summer while the
Southern hemisphere experiences winter.
L-3
1 Why does every nation require a government?
Ans Every nation require a Government to operate and manage the nation.
2 On what different levels does the Government work?
Ans. Government works on three different levels,
1.National level.

2 State level.
3. Local level.
3. What is the chief function of the government?
Ans The chief function of the Government is to frame law, get them executed and makes amendments in
laws and imparts justice.
4 Which body of the Government is known as Legislative Assembly?
Ans. The body which frames law is known as Legislative Assembly.
5

Which body of the Government is known as Executive Committee?

A The body that executes law framed by legislative assembly is is known as Executive Committee?
6 What is the function of the judiciary?
ANS. The function of the judiciary is to punish the offenders.
7 What is meant by Federal Government?
ANS. Federal Government means two level government State Government, and the central Government.
8 What is the government at the national level called?
A The government at the national level is called central Government or Union Government.
9 . What is the government at the state level called?
A The Government at the state level is called the State Government
.10 How many houses are there in the Legislative body? What are they called?
Ans. There are two houses in the Legislative body. They are :1 Legislative Assembly.
2 Legislative council.
Ans in brief:
L-2
1) What would happen if the earth did not rotate or revolve ?
A.1 1) Day and night are caused due to the rotation of the earth. 2) Rotation means the movement of
the earth on its own axis. 3) Seasons occur due to the revolution of the earth. 4) Revolution means
the movement of the earth around the sun. 5) If the earth does not rotate or revolve then there will
neither day and night or seasons.
2) Why does the northern hemisphere experience summer from 21st March to 21st September ?
A.2 As the year proceeds the part which receives more sunlight experiences summer and the part
which receives less sunlight experiences winter. Northern hemisphere experiences summer during
the period between 21st March to 23rd September.
3) Why is Norway called The land of the Midnight sun ?

A.3 1) Norway is located in the Northern hemisphere. 2) The Northern hemisphere experiences
summer between 21st March to 23rd September. 3) During this period the sun never sets near the
Arctic Circle. $) The sun is seen at 12 oclock in the night in such locations. Hence it is called The
land of midnight sun.
L-3
Q 1 Which are the organs of the Government? Why are they necessary?
Ans. The organs of the Government are:1 Legislative Assembly.
2. Executive committee.
3 Judiciary.
They are necessary for the Government to perform various activities.The Government frames the
law,executes the law and impliments the law meaningfully and gives justice.

Q 2 Why should laws be framed?


A Government frames the laws because according to the constitution of the nation . The Government
has the power to excute laws. Laws are the tools which help the government in expansion and
management.Laws are important to maintain peace and order in the nation, to protect the freedom of the
citizen and take the nation on the right path of progress. It is impossible to run the nation without law.
The Government acts lawfully. Anybody who breaks the law is punished or fined.

Ans in detail:
L-1
1)

2)

Harshvardhan- 1) King Harshvardhan was the king of Thaneshwar.2) When he became the king
his sister Rajyashree was imprisoned by the king of Malwa, Devgupt. 3) He took help of the
people living in the forest and a Buddhist hermit Diwakarmitra. 4) Since Rajyashrees kingdom
was without king at that time, he brought Kanauj under his rule. 5) Later he defeated Devgupt,
the king of Malwa. He also defeated the king of Gaud ,Shashank with the help of the king of
Kamrup Bhaskarvarman.6) He was unsuccessful in defeating Pulkeshi II the king of Chalukya
dynasty in South India.
Hiuen Tsang 1) Hiuen Tsang was a Chinese traveller who stayed in India for 15 years and
visited different places of India. 2) He had spent 5 years at NalandaVidhyapith and studied
Buddhism. 3) During his stay, he had described the social, political and religious condition of
India in his diary. 4) He had attended the sixth Buddhist religious Congregation held by
Harshvardhan at Prayag. 5) In 645 C.E Hiuentsang went back to China and he carried with him
many books, relics and statues.
L-2
1) Why do days and nights become longer and shorter ?
A.1 1) Days and nights are caused due to the rotation of the earth.2)The earth rotates on its own
axis. 3) If the earth does not rotate then day and night will not occur. 4) The hemisphere that faces

the sun for a long time receives straight light of the sun. 5) The days are longer and nights are
shorter in such places. 6) On the other hand places where the rays of the sun fall slanting , observes
shorter days and longer nights.
2) How do days and nights happen on earth ?
A. 1) The earth is round and its keeps rotating on its axis. 2) The part of the earth which faces the
sun receives sunlight while the other half part of the earth remains in darkness.3) The part which
faces the sun observes day and the part which observes night.