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Shelter Support in Capiz and

Iloilo Puts People Front & Center


UN-Habitat Philippinestogether with the Government of
Japan, the Department of Social Welfare and Development
(DSWD), the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating
Council (HUDCC), the Social Housing Finance Corporation
(SHFC), and Base Bahay, Inc. uses a community-driven
approach to recovery in the Post-Yolanda Support for Safer
Homes and Settlements project, which launched its inaugural
core house last August.
The millions of people left bereft of their homes by
Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda in the Philippines) have a long way
to go before their lives are fully rebuilt. Many houses have
been reconstructed with whatever scrap material could be
found, but these homes wont necessarily withstand future
storms. Many yet continue to live in what wreckage remains
of their houses.
To this end, the Post-Yolanda Support for Safer Homes
and Settlements project addressed the need of
Yolanda-affected families for better and safer homes and
settlements in the provinces of Capiz and Iloilo, particularly
in the municipalities of Estancia, Panay, and Pontevedra and
in Roxas City.
Through the construction of carefully designed typhoonresistant core shelters, UN-Habitat supported vulnerable
populations and families in select Community Mortgage
Program (CMP) communities. CMP is the SHFC programme
that aims to improve the living conditions of homeless and
underprivileged citizens by providing them affordable
financing with which they can secure tenure on the land they
occupy.
Consultations with community groups and the shelter
cluster helped UN-Habitat design and refine a sturdy house
meant to meet the basic needs of beneficiary households.
The design of the shelter was developed in collaboration
with a technical working group composed of representatives
from the Capiz chapters of the United Architects of the
Philippines (UAP) and the Association of Structural Engineers
of the Philippines (ASEP).
The core shelters were not limited to one design, however. Base Bahay, Inc., a charitable institution specializing in
housing that has been studying and testing bamboo-based
housing design since 2012, introduced their experiences on
designing and implementing bamboo shelters in the
Philippines. Base Bahays designs using innovative bamboobased construction technologies were used in building 20
core houses for SUMaMa Homeowners Association, Inc., our
partner community in Estancia, Iloilo.
The project, with financial support of $2.5M from the
Government of Japan and co-funding from the DSWD, was
able to achieve the following:
Training of 323 local semi-skilled artisans and 31 foremen
in disaster risk resilient housing construction
Construction of 660 core houses by 102 of the local
trained artisans, supervised by 23 of the trained foremen
4,594 households benefitting from community trainings
on self-assessed house improvement
Community action planning workshops

Infrastructure support for 28 communities


Support for a national campaign with SHFC and other
government agencies on disaster-resilient housing
techniques
Information, education, and communication materials for national
advocacy on Peoples Process for recovery and rehabilitation
And construction of two community multipurpose centers with
BDO Foundation (BDOF)

Before and After. The Oso family lived in a shanty


made of salvaged materials after Haiyan destroyed
their home. More than a year after the
devastation, they have moved in to their new home.

UN-Habitat trained 323 semi-skilled artisans and


carpenters on disaster-resilient shelter
construction and build back better techniques.

UN-Habitat put affected people at the center of the shelter


recovery operation through the Peoples Process.
This community-driven approach facilitates
building back safer in an affordable, culturally acceptable
way that promotes livelihood generation and community
resilience. With additional donor support, this initiative can
be efficiently expanded to Iloilo, Aklan, and Antique.

WHY THE PEOPLES PROCESS?

30% cheaper
Injection of cash into local
economy
Faster in construction
Transparent & accountable
Better in quality
More empowered
community
High level of acceptability
from the affected families

STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK
AND SPECIFICATIONS OF THE
COREHOUSE

Under the Peoples Process, the community leads


and manages projects with technical assistance
and monitoring of UN-Habitat.
Projects are implemented through Community
Contracting with legitimate homeowners associations.
Such an approach has been successfully implemented in
other countries, notably in Indonesia, the Maldives, and Sri
Lanka after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
The Peoples Process improves the general skill level of
community members and enables them to
showcase their own creativity and ingenuity as active
actors in their own rehabilitation, instilling in them a sense
of pride and dignity. It establishes trust and
promotes a sense of ownership on the part of
the community.

Designed to resist wind loads of 200-250


kilometers per hour
Measures 4.4 x 4.4 meters
Four reinforced concrete columns
and four mid-wall stiffener columns
Columns topped with reinforced concrete
roof beam
Hip roof (quatro aguas) with a wooden truss
supporting the hip and common rafters
0.4mm CGI roofing with extra perimeter
nailing and ridge roll
Lower walls comprised of concrete
hollow blocks
Upper walls made of split bamboo with
wooden frames
Clear glass jalousie windows for natural
lighting and ventilation
Electricity, plumbing, and sanitation
systems for kitchen and toilet facilities
where needed
Kitchen sink set up behind the house should
the residing beneficiary wish to make
incremental expansions later on

Post-Haiyan
Recovery
and Reconstruction
UN-Habitat is the United Nations agency for human
settlements and is mandated to promote socially and
environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of
providing adequate shelter for all.
Two days after Typhoon Haiyan (locally known as Yolanda)
struck, UN-Habitat, in partnership with the national and local
government, deployed two teams on the ground to assess the
extent of the damage. Efforts to rehabilitate disaster-affected
provinces initially ranged from providing assistance to local
government units in recovery planning, to holding
community workshops for local carpenters and artisans on how
to build back safer houses using disaster risk reduction
techniques and locally available materials. These efforts
eventually expanded to include shelter provision for Yolandaaffected areas in collaboration with multisectoral partners.
The UN-Habitat Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Response Team
is in the process of concluding its post-Haiyan recovery
engagements in Roxas City, Panay, and Pontevedra in Capiz
Province, Estancia in Iloilo Province, as well as in Tacloban and
Ormoc in Leyte, and Guiuan in Samar.

really happy that


weI am
have a house now; and
a very beautiful one, too.
We are safe. We are all
very thankful to
UN-Habitat for giving us a
very lovely home.

Chona Alcazaren, household partner, Belle Village III


Homeowners Association, Inc.

Base Bahay, Inc.s shelter design using innovative


bamboo technology was used in building 20 core
houses in SUMaMa in Estancia, Iloilo.

Fifty core shelters and a 400 meter road concreting


project have been completed in Belle Village III in
Pontevedra, Capiz.

Project Brief
Twenty-eight homeowners associations (HOAs) in Capiz
and Iloilo became partners of the project. From this, 28
Community Agreements for shelter activities were signed
for 660 houses. With each house costing PHP 135,000 (for
the on-grade house model) to PHP 165,000 (for the
on-stilts house model), this represents an investment of
approximately PHP 79,141,436 (USD 1,798,669) from the
Government of Japan and PHP 42,700,000 (USD 970,454)
from DSWD. All 660 core shelters have already been
completed.
Prior to the commencement of construction activities,
the HOA officers, 31 local construction foremen, and 323
semi-skilled artisans and carpenters underwent intensive
training and orientation on improved disaster risk
reduction house building methods, and construction and
financial management. The shelter component of the
project has employed 102 of the trained carpenters and
another 23 trained foremen.
Over 170 household self-assessors and guiders (HAGs)
were trained to examine and evaluate houses and provide
guidance on how to repair and rebuild typhoon-resilient
houses. The HAGs have reached and trained a total of
4,594 households, exceeding their 4,000-household target.
In addition to shelter construction, the project is helping
HOAs prepare infrastructure improvement projects such as
community multipurpose buildings and road and
drainage improvements, among others. Twenty-eight
HOAs have identified infrastructure needs. A total of 54
community infrastructure projects have been implemented
for the partner communities.
One project for a 120 square meter multipurpose hall
costing PHP 850,000 has been completed and handed over
to San Vicente HOAI in Milibili last December 19. This
multipurpose hall was built through a partnership with
BDO Foundation (BDOF). The said partnership has also
brought about a second multipurpose hall for Pawa HOA
in Panay, Capiz. BDOF is the corporate social responsibility
arm of Banco De Oro Unibank, Inc., which promotes
community development in three vital areas: decent
shelter, sustainable livelihood, and practical education for
marginalized sectors of society. BDOF also actively
promotes volunteerism among its employees who help out
in the foundations various activities.

UN-Habitat Philippines
31st Floor, Yuchengco Tower
RCBC Plaza
6819 Ayala Avenue
Makati City 1229 Philippines
Telephone: (632) 901 0432

On November 22, 2014, UN-Habitat signed a historic


co-funding agreement with four local government units
from Capiz and Iloilo and the Department of Social Welfare
and Development (DSWD) under the latters Core Shelter
Assistance Program (CSAP). Under CSAP, qualifying
households in UN-Habitat partner communities will each
receive a check amounting to PHP 70,000 to augment the
costs in the construction of their homes. This
co-funding agreement covered the initial 610 core shelters
and paved the way for raising the number of household
partners from an initial 610 to 660. The said agreement
also raised the number of community
infrastructure projects to be built from 20 to 54.
Due to the projects community-driven approach, other
agencies have expressed their interest in the project and in
the process. The SHFC has coordinated learning exchange
programmes with UN-Habitat for communities in Cagayan
de Oro, Quezon City, and Palawan. Representatives from
UN-Habitat partner communities discussed their
experiences in financial management, as well as shelter
construction, and on how the Peoples Process works and
how it has empowered them as a community.
A two-day Community-Driven Shelter and Livelihood
Summit (CDSL) was held in partnership with the province of
Aklan and the Office of the Presidential Assistant for
Recovery and Rehabilitation to showcase the Peoples
Process together with several other projects in the country
using a community-driven approach.
Through this same advocacy, the National Housing
Authority will be partnering with UN-Habitat to
implement similar projects in the municipalities of Carles,
Concepcion, and Estancia in northern Iloilo using
government funds.

UN-Habitat Roxas City Office


Unit 23, 2nd Floor
Capiz Government and Business Center
Provincial Park, Fuentes Drive
Roxas City 5800, Philippines
Telephone: (6336) 620 1704

unhabitat.org.ph
unhabitattyphoonhaiyanresponse.wordpress.com

Urban Philippines
www.facebook.com/urbanphilippines
Roxas Shelter Project
www.facebook.com/ShelterRoxas

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