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Current and Voltage

Transformers
for Medium Voltage
type AK / AD / VK / 2VK

Edition 10.05

INFORMATION FOR THE CURRENT TRANSFORMERS

Operation Conditions for Current Transformers


1- When the secondary terminals are connected to the measuring or protection
equipments, one of the terminals should be earthed for safety, (see FIGURE CT-1)
2-The secondary circuit of a current transformer must not be operated
with an open-circuit,
3-The secondary winding of a current transformer which will not be connected
must be short- circuited and earthed. (see FIGURE CT-3)
4-For the transformer with reconnectable and/or tapped secondaries, un-used
terminals must be left open(see FIGURE CT-4)
5-The current transformers which have capacitive divider tap (Ck) must be connected
to indicator, if not used then must be earthed

FIGURE CT-1

ALCE 2005 - 10

FIGURE CT-4
FIGURE CT-3

INFORMATION FOR VOLTAGE TRANSFORMERS

Operation Conditions for Potential Transformers


1- When the secondary terminals are connected to the measuring or protection
equipments, one of the terminals should be earthed for safety.
(See FIGURE VT-1)
2- The base plate must be earthed.
3-The secondary circuits musnt be short-circuited during operation.
Otherwise the voltage transformers will be thermally destroyed.
4-If the secondary winding of a voltage transformer will not be used ,
then it must be open circuit with one of the terminals connected to the earth.
(See FIGURE VT-4)
5- For single phase transformers, N the terminal of the primary must be
earthed in the earthed (neutral) systems .(see FIGURE VT-5)
Other Important Points
- When using single pole insulated inductive voltage transformers:
It should be noticed that especially when the circuit is being closed or the
decaying period of an earth-fault there may occur ferro-resonances.
These ferro-resonances can lead to overheating and destruction of the
voltage transformer and can cause dangerous over-voltages.
In general ferro-resonances can be eliminated with by means of a constant
resistor in the open-delta of each voltage transformer.
The open- delta connection is also used for earth-fault monitoring.
- The open-delta connection is made among the secondary terminals
(da-dn) of three pieces of the single phase VT when the three
phase system is constituted.
- The single pole VT that are connected open-delta, must be earthed
just from one point as figure A
Otherwise a short-circuit is occured between the secondary windings.

FIGURE VT-4
FIGURE VT-1

FIGURE A
ALCE 2005 - 10

FIGURE VT-5

Support type indoor current transformers


AK24
Technical descriptions

Indoor current transformer


Type AK24
narrow type, cast resin
Up to 2 cores
On request with capacitive layer

Technical Data
Type

AK24

Operating voltage (maximum)

7.2 kV

12 kV

17.5 kV

24 kV

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (1 minute)

20 kV

28 kV

38 kV

50 kV

Rated Impulse test voltage (1,2/50 s) full wave

60 kV

75 kV

95 kV

125 kV

Rated frequency

50 Hz, 60 Hz

Primary rated current

10 - < 1500 A

Primary reconnection

2x10 A - 2x600 A

Secondary rated current

1A, 5A

Rated short-time thermal current Ith (1s)

max. 60 kA (max. 1000 x In)

Rated dynamic current Idyn

2.5 Ith, max. 120 kA

Short-time load (mechanical)

5000 N

Insulation class

Ambient temperature

-5 .......... +40 C

Altitude

1000 m

Standard

IEC, VDE 0414 Teil 44-1 2003-12 , ANSI

Weight (approx.)

16-20 kg

ALCE 2005 - 10

- 01 -

20-24 kg

Support type indoor current transformers


AK24
Dimensions
Secondary terminal on P1 side (on request on P2 side)

A
mm

H
mm

AK24-S1

190

240

AK24-T1

190

260

Type

AK24-S1
AK24-T1
AK24-1

AK24-1

190

280

AK24-S3

244

240

AK24-T3

244

260

AK24-3

244

280

Primary connection bars

- one core
_ 600A
- In <

AK24-S3
AK24-T3
AK24-3
- two cores

(For types AK24-3,AK24-S3,AK24-T3)


Legend

Starting torque

Primary terminal M12

60 - 70 Nm

Ground terminal

M8

16 - 20 Nm

Secondary terminal M5

2 - 2,5 Nm

- 02 -

(*) On request with two holes

ALCE 2005 - 10

Support type indoor current transformers


AKF 24
Technical descriptions

Indoor current transformer


Type AKF24
small type, cast resin
Up to 2 cores
On request with capacitive layer

Technical Data
Type

AKF24

Operating voltage (maximum)

7.2 kV

12 kV

17.5 kV

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (1 minute)

20 kV

28 kV

38 kV

Rated Impulse test voltage (1,2/50 s) full wave

60 kV

75 kV

95 kV

Rated frequency

50 Hz, 60 Hz

Primary rated current

10 - 400 A

Primary reconnection

2x10 A - 2x300 A

Secondary rated current

1A, 5A

Rated short-time thermal current Ith (1s)

max. 40 kA (max. 500 x In)

Rated dynamic current Idyn

2.5 Ith, max. 120 kA

Short-time load (mechanical)

5000 N

Insulation class

Ambient temperature

-5 .......... +40 C

Altitude

1000 m
IEC, VDE 0414 Teil 44-1 2003-12 , ANSI

Standard

18-22 kg

Weight (approx.)

ALCE 2005 - 10

- 03 -

Support type indoor current transformers


AKF24

Legend

Starting torque

Primary terminal M12

60 - 70 Nm

Ground terminal

16 - 20 Nm

M8

Secondary terminal M6 2,5 - 3,5 Nm

- 04 -

ALCE 2005 - 10

Support type indoor current transformers


AK36
Technical descriptions

Indoor current transformer


Type AK36
narrow type, cast resin
Up to 2 cores
On request with capacitive layer

Technical Data
Type

AK36

Operating voltage (maximum)

36 kV

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (1 minute)

70 kV

Rated Impulse test voltage (1,2/50 s) full wave

170 kV

Rated frequency

50 Hz, 60 Hz

Primary rated current

10 - < 1500 A

Primary reconnection

2x10 A - 2x600 A

Secondary rated current

1A, 5A

Rated short-time thermal current Ith (1s)

max. 60 kA (max. 1000 x In)

Rated dynamic current Idyn

2.5 Ith, max. 120 kA

Short-time load (mechanical)

5000 N
E

Insulation class

-5 .......... +40 C

Ambient temperature

1000 m

Altitude

IEC, VDE 0414 Teil 44-1 2003-12 , ANSI

Standard

24-32 kg

Weight (approx.)

ALCE 2005 - 10

- 05 -

Support type indoor current transformers


AK36
Dimensions
Secondary terminal on P1 side (on request on P2 side)

Legend

Starting torque

Primary terminal

M12

60 - 70 Nm

Ground terminal

M8

12 - 20 Nm

Secondary terminal M5

2 - 2,5 Nm

Primary connection bars

Type

Primary
current
A (max.)

AK36-1

H
mm
360

A
mm
200

B
mm
190

L
mm
255

L1
mm
255

AK36-S1

330

200

190

255

255

600

AK36-3

360
330
360

190
190

255

AK36-S3
AK36-4

229
229

260
260

600
600

244

190

267

1500

AK36-6

360

264

205

255
265

287

1500

AK36-S6

330

264

205

265

287

1500

AK36-7

360
330

274
274

215
215

265

292
292

1500
1500

AK36-S7

255

265

600

(*) On request with two holes


(For types AK36-4, AK36-6, AK36-7,AK36-S6, AK36-S7)

- 06 -

ALCE 2005 - 10

Indoor post busbar type current transformer


AD12,AD24
Technical descriptions

Indoor current transformer


Type AD12,AD24
Cast resin insulated, busbar type
Up to 2 cores
Busbars upon request

Technical Data
Type

AD12

AD24

Operating voltage (maximum)

7.2 kV

12 kV

17.5 kV

24 kV

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (1 minute)

20 kV

28 kV

38 kV

50 kV

Rated Impulse test voltage (1,2/50 s) full wave

60 kV

75 kV

95 kV

125 kV

Rated frequency

50 Hz, 60 Hz

Primary rated current

800 - 3000 A

Primary reconnection
Secondary rated current
Rated short-time thermal current Ith (1s)

800 - 4000 A

5A

1A, 5A

100 kA

100 kA

Rated dynamic current Idyn

no limit

Short-time load (mechanical)

3000 N

Insulation class

Ambient temperature

-5.......+40 C

Altitude

up to 1000m

Standard

IEC, VDE 0414 Teil 44-1 2003-12 , ANSI


18 kg

Weight (approx.)

ALCE 2005 - 10

- 07 -

23 kg

Indoor post busbar type current transformers


AD12
Dimensions

- 08 -

ALCE 2005 - 10

Indoor post busbar type current transformers


AD24
Dimensions

- 09 -

ALCE 2005 - 10

Single pole indoor voltage transformers


VK12, VK36
Technical descriptions

Indoor voltage transformer


Type VK, single pole
large type, cast resin
Up to 3 windings

Technical Data
Type

VK12

VK36

Operating voltage (maximum)

7.2 kV

12 kV

36 kV

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (1 minute)

20 kV

28 kV

70 kV

Rated Impulse test voltage (1,2/50 s) full wave

60 kV

75 kV

170 kV

Rated frequency

50 Hz, 60 Hz
6.3/3kV

Rated primary voltage

11/3kV
100/3 V, 110/3 V, 120/3 V

Secondary voltage
Rated burden in class

0.2

20 VA (25 VA)

20 VA (25 VA)

20 VA (30 VA)

0.5

60 VA (90 VA)

60 VA (90 VA)

100 VA

1.0

120 VA (150 VA)

120 VA (150 VA)

200 VA

Rated thermal limiting output


Rated burden for protection purpose in class

400 VA / 4 A

400 VA / 4 A
3P

60 VA

Rated voltage factor /8h

1.9

Thermal burden rating of winding for earth-fault detection

230 VA / 4 A

230 VA / 4 A

Insulation class

Ambient temperature

-5 .......... +40 C

Altitude

1000 m

Standard

IEC, VDE 0414 Teil 44-2 2003-12 , ANSI


22 kg

Weight (approx.)

ALCE 2005 - 10

35/3kV

-10-

55 kg

Single pole indoor voltage transformers


VK12
Dimensions
Tolerances acc. to IT - 14

Legend

- 11 -

Starting torque

Primary terminal M10

30 - 40 Nm

Ground terminal

M8

16 - 20 Nm

Secondary terminal M5

2 - 2,5 Nm

ALCE 2005 - 10

Single pole indoor voltage transformers


VK36
Dimensions
Tolerances acc. to IT - 14

VK36

Legend

ALCE 2005 - 10

- 12 -

Starting torque

Primary terminal M10

30 - 40 Nm

Ground terminal

M8

16 - 20 Nm

Secondary terminal M5

2 - 2,5 Nm

Earth-fault winding resistors

TKR-2
100V 473 Ohm 200W
Article no:76390

TKR-41
100V 253 Ohm 400W
Article no:76710

TKR-4
100V 253 Ohm 400W
Article no:76750

TKR-8S
100V 253 Ohm 800W
Article no:76740

Technical data for earth-fault winding resistor


Type
TKR-2
TKR-4
TKR-41
TKR-8S

- Ohm, 200W
100V, 47+3
- Ohm, 400W
100V, 25+3
- Ohm, 400W
100V, 25+3
- Ohm, 800W
100V, 25+3

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ALCE 2005 - 10

Double pole indoor voltage transformers


2VK12, 2VK36
Technical descriptions

Indoor voltage transformer


Type 2VK, double pole
large type, cast resin

Technical Data
Type

2VK12

2VK36

Operating voltage (maximum)

7.2 kV

12 kV

36 kV

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage (1 minute)

20 kV

28 kV

70 kV

Rated Impulse test voltage (1,2/50 s) full wave

60 kV

75 kV

170 kV

Rated frequency

50 Hz, 60 Hz
6.3 kV

Rated primary voltage

11 kV
100 V, 110 V, 120 V

Secondary voltage
Rated burden in class

0.2

10 VA

10 VA

20 VA

0.5

60 VA

60 VA

120 VA

1.0

150 VA

150 VA

250 VA

400 VA / 4 A

600 VA / 6 A

Rated thermal limiting output


Rated burden for protection purpose in class

3P

300 VA

Insulation class

Ambient temperature

-5 .......... +35 C

Altitude

1000 m

Standard

IEC, VDE 0414 Teil 44-2 2003-12, ANSI


22 kg

Weight (approx.)

ALCE 2005 - 10

35 kV

- 14 -

65 kg

Double pole indoor voltage transformers


2VK12
Dimensions
Tolerances acc. to IT - 16

Legend

- 15 -

Starting torque

Primary terminal M10

30 - 40 Nm

Ground terminal

M8

16 - 20 Nm

Secondary terminal M5

2 - 2,5 Nm

ALCE 2005 - 10

Double pole indoor voltage transformers


2VK36
Dimensions
Tolerances acc. to IT - 16

Legend

ALCE 2005 - 10

- 16 -

Starting torque

Primary terminal M10

30 - 40 Nm

Ground terminal

M8

16 - 20 Nm

Secondary terminal M5

2 - 2,5 Nm