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II.

Suffixes
A) Suffixes that form NOUNS
-age package, footage, parentage, leakage
-al approval, withdrawal, arrival, denial
-an, -ian artisan, historian, vegetarian
-ance, -ence attendance, insistence
-ancy, -ency buoyancy, consistency
-acy, -cy privacy, delicacy, illiteracy
-ant, -ent deodorant, servant, opponent
-ary library, boundary, glossary
-ery, -ry bakery, snobbery, finery
-(t)ory factory, dormitory, auditory
-dom stardom, freedom, boredom
-ee trainee, refugee, absentee, referee
-eer pioneer, engineer, profiteer
-er, -or, -ar trainer, actor, scholar, flyer

1) resist
2) survive
3) muse
4) draw
5) disinfect
6) mountain
7) likely
8) secret
9) beg
10) depend
11) labour
12) hand
13) collide
14) break
15) lunatic
16) cycle
17) interview
18) amaze
19) library
20) god
21) emerge
22) common
23) ancestor
24) partner
25) press
B) Suffixes that form VERBS

26) spoon
27) resign
28) urge
29) wise
30) owner
31) vary
32) contain
33) divorce
34) carpenter
35) bankrupt
36) disappoint
37) race
38) defy
39) jewel
40) note
41) cremate
42) explain
43) carry
44) participate
45) bury
46) invade
47) brave
48) brilliant
49) brother
50) friendly

-ess heiress, princess, giantess, lioness


-ful cupful, mouthful, bucketful, pocketful
-hood childhood, knighthood, neighbourhood
-ic critic, mechanic, magic, tactic, topic
-ice malice, avarice, jaundice
-ing building, clothing, feeling, gelding
-ion, -ation confusion, infection, formation
-ism, -ist heroism, realism, artist, Buddhist
-ity, -ty authority, sanity, novelty, anxiety
-ment movement, excitement, ornament,
-ness fitness, kindness, darkness, illness
-ship membership, friendship, leadership
-ure failure, erasure, seizure, capture,
-y discovery, entry, inquiry, laundry, infamy

51) infant
52) coward
53) differ
54) suspect
55) short
56) slave
57) lie
58) master
59) remove
60) obstinate
61) psyche
62) voluntary
63) republic
64) biology
65) vacant
66) serious
67) king
68) vision
69) gather
70) expose
71) rare
72) absorb
73) baptise
74) trick
75) intend

-ate animate, appreciate, agitate


-en widen, darken, sharpen, worsen
1)
2)
3)
4)

apology
weak
irritation
clear

-(i)fy beautify, identify, magnify, liquefy


-ise hospitalise, economise, botanise, criticise
5) moist
6) hyphen
7) simple
8) grade

9) tyrant
10) class
11) sad
12) dramatic

C) Suffixes that form ADJECTIVES


-able, -ible undeniable, likeable, invisible
-al, -ar normal, cultural, circular, lunar
-ant, -ent expectant, defiant, convenient
-ary, -ory honorary, sensory, predatory
-ed timbered, surprised, long-sighted
-en wooden, golden, brazen, earthen
-ful beautiful, harmful, grateful, helpful
ic, -ical frantic, poetic, nautical, identical
1) element
2) attract
3) tire
4) tolerate
5) will
6) child
7) silk
8) structure
9) price
10) import
11) hysteria
12) advise
13) age
14) talk
15) beard

16) spectacle
17) whole
18) ash
19) response
20) fur
21) type
22) station
23) define
24) hero
25) rubber
26) forget
27) mule
28) excel
29) glory
30) single

-ing interesting, charming, revolting, warring


-ish boyish, whitish, shortish, newish, latish
-ive, -ative, -itive active, imaginative, fugitive
-less worthless, harmless, powerless, endless
-like lifelike, ladylike, business-like, cat-like
-ly brotherly, friendly, kindly, sickly, monthly
-eous, -ious, -ous righteous, anxious, nervous
-y windy, angry, funny, juicy, shaky, gluey
31) terrace
32) destruct
33) tribe
34) metal
35) grace
36) please
37) green
38) contempt
39) winter
40) play
41) day
42) insist
43) upset
44) sense
45) transit

D) Suffixes that form ADVERBS


-fold tenfold, fiftyfold, threefold
-ly beautifully, sadly, weekly, yearly
1)
2)
3)
4)

real
north
two
slow

-ward(s) homeward, inward, seaward


-wise clockwise, lengthwise, time-wise
5) edge
6) many
7) sky
8) profit

9) back
10) hour
11) other
12) five