You are on page 1of 10

PCBRAKE TEMPERATURE 2013

Rudy Limpert, Ph. D.

Franco Gamero, M.S.
PC-BRAKE, Inc.
www.pcbrakeinc.com

Brake System Design - Brake Temperature Analysis

2. Computes Brake Temperatures for:
Single Stop,
Continued Braking
Contents:

to go to the respective module.
Or navigate using the Tabs.

2.1.1Data

2.1.1Table

2.1.1Chart

TBD

Single Stop - Detailed Analysis [In Development]

2.2

Repeated Braking.

2.3Data

2.3Table

2.3Chart

Brake Temperature Analysis

2.1. Single Stop - Simplified Analysis
Project ID:
Swept Surface Temperature without Ambient Cooling.
Braking Power of One Brake per Unit Swept Area.
For a Disc Brake: per the area of swept surfaces of both sides of one rotor.
Input Data:

AS =

100

Swept surface area of brake, in2

ag =

0.8

Deceleration, g's

k=
s=
V =
W =

1
0.08
117.28

Correlation factor for rotating masses

Tire slip (vehicle forward speed:tire circumferential speed)
Vehicle velocity, ft/s

4500

Weight, lb

0.28

FR=

0.72

Ti=

100

Input Data:

cP =
cR =
kP =
kR =
P=
R=
=
q"O=

0.35

0.1

0.7

28

127

455

0.865
931756

See: 2.1.1Table
(Eq. 3-18)

Brake Thermal Analysis

2.1.1. Table
Swept Surface Brake Temperature as a Function of Time.

tst,h =

tst,sec =

4.55

tbrakingt

Tst

0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
4.6

100
375.7
459.1
502.1
520.7
521.7
508.6
483.7
448.6
404.4
394.5

4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6
4.6

394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5
394.5

TSMax =

523.1

See:

Project ID: _
1000
900
800
700
600
Ts(t), 500
*F
400
300
200
100
0
0

time, sec

10

2.1.2.
2.1.2.1.
2.1.2.2.
2.1.2.3.

Single Stop - Detailed Analysis

Solid Rotor Disc Brake
Drum Brake
Ventilated Disc Brake
Most complicated rotor geometries and non-regular heat flux will be analyzed
with finite difference method. See workshop on website www.pcbrakeinc.com.

Brake System Design - Temperature Analysis

2.2 Repeated Braking Applications
Project ID: Test1
Average Braking Power of One Brake (qo)

ag =
k=
s=
V =
W =
=
FR =

0.2
Deceleration, g's
1
Correlation factor for rotating masses
0
Tire slip (vehicle forward speed/tire circumferential speed)
88
Vehicle velocity, ft/s
56450
Weight, lb
na
Brake Force Distribution
0.272
Fraction of Total Braking Generated on Axle
Distribution of Braking Power to Lining and Drum, or Pad and Rotor.)
Input the following data:

AP =
hP =
kS =
P=
cP =
kP =
S=
cR =
kR =
AR =
hR =

0.2

28

0.03

0.35

0.7

0.03

0.1

28

18

Calculated Data:
= 0.995
qO = 310959

Braking Power Distribution.)

Average Braking Power, BTU/h

(Eq. 3-13)

Average Temperature Increase During Braking (Tav).

Input the following data:

tb =
vR =
AC =
R=
na =
hR =
tc =
T =

13.7

0.2

455

30

Convective Heat Transfer (cooling) Coefficient of Brake, BTU/oF-ft2-h

300

Cooling Time During Which vehicle is driven at specific velocity V prior to next brake application, sec

100

Ambient Temperature, oF

Calculated Data:

TAV =
=
TBa =

130.0

0.165

Cooling Constant

950

(Eq. 3-34)

(Eq. 3-30)

Brake System Design - Brake Temperature Analysis

2.3. Continued (Down Hill) Braking.
Braking Power of One Brake.
V= 29.32 Vehicle velocity, ft/s
W= 80000 Weight, lb
FR= 0.22 Fraction of Total Braking Generated on Axle
fr = 0.0100 Coefficient of Tire Rolling Resistance
Distribution of Braking Power to Lining and Drum, or Pad and Rotor.
Input the following data:
AP =
1
hP =
0
Pad convective heat transfer coefficient, BTU/hr oF ft2
kP = 0.7 Pad Material Thermal Conductivity, Nm/mh K (BTU/hft oF)
kS = 28 Rotor Thermal Conductivity, Nm/mh K (BTU/hft oF)
P= 0.02 Pad Material Thickness, ft
S= 0.04 Pad Support Thickness, ft
AR =
3
Area of Cooling Surface, ft2
hR = 13 Convective heat transfer coefficient, BTU/h oF ft2
Calculated Data:
= 1.000 Braking Power Distribution (Inter-rotor)
(Eq. 3-21)
qOC= 71,634 Average Braking Power (One Brake), BTU/h (Eq. 3-15)
Brake Temperature as Function of Time During Continued Brake Application
Input the following data:
tb = 0.05 Braking time, hours

R= 455
cR = 0.1
vR = 0.28
AC =
4
T = 50
Ti = 150
= 4.08163
Tbc = 385.8

Rotor density, lbm/ft3

Specific heat, BTU/lbm oF
Active Drum or Rotor Volume, ft3
Active Cooling Area of Drum or Rotor, ft2
Ambient Temperature, oF
Initial Temperature, F
Cooling Constant
o

Brake Temperature, oF

(Eq. 3-35)

See: 2.3Table

Brake System Design

Brake Thermal Analysis
2.3. Table: Brake Temperature as Function of Time (hours) During Continued Brake Application.

tb,hours
0
0.017
0.03
0.05
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.13
0.15
0.17
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.23
0.25
0.27
0.28
0.30
0.32
0.33
0.35
0.37
0.38
0.40
0.42
0.43
0.45
0.47
0.48
0.50

Tbc
150.0
234.0
312.5
385.8
454.4
518.4
578.2
634.0
686.2
735.0
780.5
823.1
862.8
900.0
934.7
967.1
997.4
1025.7
1052.1
1076.8
1099.9
1121.4
1141.5
1160.4
1177.9
1194.3
1209.7
1224.0
1237.4
1249.9
1261.6

(Eq. 3-35)

See:

Project ID: _
1400.0

1200.0

1000.0

800.0

Tbc
600.0

400.0

200.0

0.0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3
time

0.4

0.5

0.6