0 Up votes0 Down votes

18 views8 pagesCoordination

Jul 01, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

Coordination

© All Rights Reserved

18 views

Coordination

© All Rights Reserved

- EcoDial 3.36
- Busbar Protection.ppt
- 08 autoreclosing
- Relays ANSI Standards
- Network Protection and Automation Guide - Alstom (Schneider Electric)
- Chapter 12 - Lightning Protection
- GE-Guide to Instantaneous Selectivity
- Parallel Transfer and Fast Transfer
- Short Circuit Calculations
- 6661_TutorialCalculatingSIR
- Relay Coordination
- MEP Engineering Design- Circuit Breakers: Overview and Applications
- Introduction to Power System Protection
- WP Selectivity Analysis in Low Voltage Power Distribution Systems IEEE White Paper
- 347212_FULLTEXT01.pdf
- Applications of Relays Ror Unbalanced
- 05-08-155_1822
- 1
- Gen Relay Seeting
- 4444444444

You are on page 1of 8

A 440 V 60 Hz switchboard feeds a 4-wire distribution board for small loads such as

socket outlets. The switchboard has a fault making capacity of 100kA rms. After applying

diversity factors to the loads the total load current is 90 A. Moulded case circuit breakers

(MCCBs) rated at 16 A and 32 A are to be used for the loads.

The installation will use cables having copper conductors and XLPE insulation. The cable

from the switchboard to the distribution board is 20 metres in length.

A typical load cable is 15 metres in length and will carry a current of 29 A at a power

factor of 0.85 lagging.

Ignore the presence of induction motors at the switchboard and find the following:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Size of the incoming cable.

Size of the load cable.

Check that the MCCB coordination is complete.

1. Choose the upstream MCCB at the switchboard and its settings

2. Choose the incoming feeder cable

3. Choose the downstream load MCCB and its settings

4. Find the upstream fault source impedance

5. Find the cut-off, or let-through, current from the switchboard

6. Find the impedance of the incoming cable

7. Find the impedance of the load cable

8. Find the fault current at the distribution board, point B

9. Find the fault current at the beginning of the load cable, point C

10. Find the fault current at the end of the load cable, point D

11. Check the peak making capacity and peak let-through capacity of the MCCBs

chosen above

12. Find the highestI-squared-t value for the upstream MCCB

13. Calculate a suitable size for the load cable to satisfy the I2t duty

14. Calculate the volt-drop in the load cable

15. Select the largest conductor size from the above calculations

16. Plot the results (coordination curve)

Lets dive into solution!

settings

From a manufacturers data sheet a 125 A MCCB with an adjustable 100 A thermal

release is chosen. The thermal release is set to 90 A to match the total load.

From a manufacturers data sheet several cables can be compared for the same ambient

conditions and laying arrangements. Their details are:

70 mm2 cable, maximum current 159 A, R = 0.340, X = 0.106 ohms/km.

95 mm2 cable, maximum current 193 A, R = 0.247, X = 0.093 ohms/km.

The 70 mm2 cable is chosen since the rating of the 50 mm2 cable is just

too low.

From a manufacturers data sheet a 32 A MCCB with an adjustable 32 A thermal

release is chosen. The thermal release is set to 29 A to match its load.

For a prospective symmetrical fault current of 100 kA rms the upstream fault source

impedance Zup is:

From a manufacturers data sheet a 125 A MCCB has a let-through current Ip of 25 kA

peak for a prospective fault current Is of 100 kArms.

The impedance Zc1 of the incoming cable is:

The impedance Zc2 of the incoming cable is:

From a manufacturers data sheet several cables can be compared for the same ambient

conditions and laying arrangements. Their details are:

10 mm2 cable, maximum current 46.7 A, R = 2.31, X = 0.126 ohms/km.

The 6 mm2 cable is chosen provisionally, since its rating is above the

32 A rating of the MCCB that feeds it.

The impedance Zc2 of the load cable is:

From a manufacturers data sheet the contact impedance data for low voltage MCCBs

are:

MCCB

(Rating in Amps)

Resistance

(in Ohms)

Reactanse

(in Ohms at 60Hz)

16

0.01

neglect

20

0.008

neglect

25

0.0065

neglect

32

0.005

0.000009

50

0.0027

0.000016

63

0.002

0.000025

80

0.0014

0.000042

100

0.0011

0.00007

125

0.0008

0.0001

160

0.00055

0.00015

200

0.0004

0.0002

250

0.00029

0.00027

320

0.0002

0.0004

Hence the upstream MCCB impedance Zm1 is 0.0008 + j 0.0001 ohms. Therefore the

fault impedance Zfb is:

Where Vp is the line-to-neutral voltage. Locate the point R for 26,195 A on the prospective

curve in Figure 1.

point C

Hence the downstream MCCB impedance Zm2 is 0.005+j0.000009 ohms. Add this to Zfb

to give the fault impedance Zfc as:

10. Find the fault current at the end of the load cable, point D

Add Zc2 to Zfc to give the fault impedance Zfd as:

capacity of the MCCBs chosen above

The following manufacturers data are typical for 125 A and 32 A MCCBs:

MCCB Rating

Making capacity

Let-through capacity

kArms

kApeak

32 A

95

209 ***

6.0

125 A

132

290 ***

25.0

kApeak (cut-off)

Hence the peak making capacity of the 32 A MCCB is well in excess of the let-through

peak current of the 125 A MCCB.

12. Find the highest I2t value for the upstream MCCB

Locate two points P and Q on the curve of the upstream MCCB as follows,

Point

Current in p.u.

Current in Amps

Time in seconds

I2t

14

406

989016.0

602

17,450

0.0016

487204.0

13. Calculate a suitable size for the load cable to satisfy the I2t

duty

For XLPE cables the k factor for the I2t is 143. The cross-sectional area A is:

The usual limit to volt-drop in three-phase cables feeding static loads is 2.5% at full load.

Where, Iflc = 29 A, L = 15 m and = 54.5495 degrees. For a 6 mm2 cable the volt-drop is

found to be:

calculations

Comparing the conductor sizes found in 13. and 14. gives the larger as 10 mm2, and this

size should be used. Revise the calculation of the fault current Ifd. The impedance Zc2 of

the load cable is:

The results are plotted in Figure 1.

Refrence // Switchgear and Motor Control Centres Handbook of Electrical Engineering:

For Practitioners in the Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industry by Alan L. Sheldrake

(Download here)

Share with engineers //

Article Tags // cable, circuit breaker, coordination, fault current, fault impedance, fault

making current, mccb, thermal release, upstream fault,

Filed Under Category // Energy and Power Low Voltage

About Author // Edvard Csanyi

Edvard - Electrical engineer, programmer and founder of EEP. Highly specialized for design of LV high power busbar

trunking (<6300A) in power substations, buildings and industry fascilities. Designing of LV/MV switchgears. Professional

in AutoCAD programming and web-design. Present on Google+

http://electrical-engineering-portal.com/example-for-coordination-of-cascaded-circuitbreakers

8

- EcoDial 3.36Uploaded bytatiana
- Busbar Protection.pptUploaded byRajesh Jv
- 08 autoreclosingUploaded byanurag101
- Relays ANSI StandardsUploaded byShazmania
- Network Protection and Automation Guide - Alstom (Schneider Electric)Uploaded byboeingAH64
- Chapter 12 - Lightning ProtectionUploaded bychrisbock
- GE-Guide to Instantaneous SelectivityUploaded byJOSE LUIS FALCON CHAVEZ
- Parallel Transfer and Fast TransferUploaded byshyam_krishnan_16
- Short Circuit CalculationsUploaded byvenkateshbitra
- 6661_TutorialCalculatingSIRUploaded byRolando Henry Flores Camavilca
- Relay CoordinationUploaded byraju
- MEP Engineering Design- Circuit Breakers: Overview and ApplicationsUploaded byNew York Engineers
- Introduction to Power System ProtectionUploaded byHamzakhj
- WP Selectivity Analysis in Low Voltage Power Distribution Systems IEEE White PaperUploaded bykkn1234
- 347212_FULLTEXT01.pdfUploaded bypouyan
- Applications of Relays Ror UnbalancedUploaded byOmar Chayña Velásquez
- 05-08-155_1822Uploaded byhn317
- 1Uploaded bySaravanaraja Kumaresan
- Gen Relay SeetingUploaded byMonowar Hossain
- 4444444444Uploaded byMosa Dalahma
- Fault Analysis on LVUploaded byVENKATESAN R
- Chapter 12Uploaded byBilal Ahmad
- BUS Ele Keep the Power on for Vital LoadsUploaded byBrenda Naranjo Moreno
- LG FaultUploaded bybeniwalslcub
- PV776-TSP161507Uploaded byRegistr Registr
- Paper 39Uploaded byMuket Agmas
- estimating_motor_life_2Uploaded byrillyh
- FeaturesUploaded bykra_am
- Study on Coordination of Protective Relays between Primary Feeder and Interconnecting Transformer Grounded by SFCL of Wind FarmUploaded byhozan_soran
- Riux Technical DescriptionUploaded byepicF41L

- Is the Pope Catholic (Reformation Reprise)Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Jay Smith and Al FadiUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Lessons From the First AirplaneUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR24_12Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR24_5Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR21_30Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Reading List on IslamUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR22_46Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR21_11Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR21_9Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR23_1Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- No, God Isn’t Just Another ‘Possible God’ to Dismiss With All the Rest.pdfUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 20151026_Why the Fate of Syria’s Christians Should Concern Us AllUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 20150908_MI6 “ISIS Rat Line” & the Threat to IndiaUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Massive Growth of Christianity Reported in IndiaUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 3. a Christian Justification of PhilosophyUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 2. the Predicament of Islamic MonotheismUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- The Shack, The Good, The Bad, And the HeresyUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Some of Roman Catholicism's Worst Atrocities and Abominations of HistoryUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- One Question to Unlock Your EvangelismUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 11 Objections to the Kalam Cosmological ArgumentUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Quran Contradictions (Answering Islam)Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- Why Does God Regret and Repent in the BibleUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 20160325_America’s Top Rogue Mercenary - Blackwater’s Erik Prince is Under Federal InvestigationUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR21_2Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- AR21_1Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 20150909_If You Don’t Think Americans Have Lost Our Freedoms, READ THISUploaded byRamzi Faddoul
- 20150906_Three Reasons Why Saudi Arabia Flip-Flopped on Iran. and Now Supports the US “Nuclear Deal”Uploaded byRamzi Faddoul

- Application of the Fault Tree Analysis for Assessment of Power System ReliabilityUploaded byReki Febrian
- Comparison of Medium Voltage Earthing Systems _ EEPUploaded bySugeng Sumarno
- Three phase fault analysis with auto reset technology on temporary fault or remain tripped otherwiseUploaded byPritesh Singh
- EN 50470-3 2006Uploaded byMahmoud Shaheen
- Motor Protection Section BUploaded byPrasad Raviprolu
- VIIth semUploaded byrakeshgaikwad09
- ELECT CHECKLISTUploaded byNadeem Khalid
- 20145122_Fluke_Appnotes_Basic electrical install testing.pdfUploaded byNguyen Thanh Trung
- I13FaultAnalysisUploaded byAhmed Al-lehyani
- High Impedance Prot.7SJ644Uploaded byMohamed Wahid
- Sepam PerformanceUploaded byThức Võ
- Short-Circuit Calculations - The Easy WayUploaded bymshahidshaukat
- Etap Coordination 01Uploaded byJohn Cristouv Cortez
- M_1921C_MC55_ENUploaded byXantilis Xantilanos
- Motor ProtectionUploaded byVenkat Subramanyam.C
- DET 1022 Consumer BoxUploaded byLienie Azhar
- DC SystemUploaded bySaranphod Yaphong
- Turck is Barrier - WiringUploaded byNazurudin Ahamed
- MCB CatalogueUploaded byECATOnline
- Zig Zag TransformersUploaded byblprasad
- Docslide.us Industrial Training Report i SltUploaded byZaquie Mohamed Jeff
- Fault CalculationsUploaded byEzeldeen Agory
- ReadmeUploaded byAafaqIqbal
- 02- Utilizing Possibilities of IEC 61850 and GOOSEUploaded byChristian Arias Vega
- ADR241A_DO_01_810Uploaded byVishwanath Todurkar
- Littelfuse White Paper Ground Fault El731Uploaded bydipenkhandhediya
- PC200-8 SM_013 Troubleshooting by Failure Code Part-3Uploaded byt5442071
- Transformer ProtectionUploaded byPoetra Doankz
- DVC Mejhia Thermal Power Station ReportUploaded byRahul Roy
- Honeywell Mmi 813.1 Mod 23Uploaded bynestor_mo

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.