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Mount Kinabalu, Sabah Introduction

Mount Kinabalu is the most dramatic feature in Sabah and the tallest peak between the
Himalayas & the New Guinea. Towering at 4,095 metres (13,435 feet), Mount Kinabalu exerts a
magical quality that is both indescribable and unbelievable. The granite peaks are constantly
veiled in wisps of clouds which sometimes resemble a graceful woman peeping coyly from
behind the veil. At times during a clear day, the summit reveals a distinct glacier carved
pinnacles, rising from the smooth granite dome, exuberating tranquility and peacefulness.
The mountain itself represents one of the worlds youngest batholiths: an old magna chamber
that was forced through the earths crust. Though young, it is the central focus of Kinabalu
Park and the legends of the KadasanDusun people, Sabahs largest ethnic group. The
KadasanDunsun believe that the mountain is the sacred resting ground of the spirits of their

Legends & Myths Mt Kinabalu Tale

There are many folklores and fables that tell stories of how Kinabalu got its name. The local
KadazanDusun people believe that the word is derived from Aki Nabalu, which translates into
revered place of the dead. The mysterious KadazanDusun tribe believes that spirits dwell on
the mountain top. According to another popular folklore, the name Kinabalu actually meant
Cina Balu. Cina Balu translates into chinese widow. Legend tells a story of a Chinese
prince who ascends from the mountain in search of a huge pearl guarded by a ferocious
dragon. He married a Kadazan woman upon his successful conquest, whom he soon
abandoned for return to China. His heartbroken wife wandered into the mountains to mourn
whereby eventually she turned into stone.

Kinabalu Park A World Heritage Site

On the rainforest-clad island of Borneo lies Kinabalu Park, Malaysias first World Heritage Site
declared by UNESCO. Kinabalu Park was established in 1964 to protect Mount Kinabalu and its
plant and animal life. The biggest attraction in Kinabalu Park would be Mount Kinabalu, one of
the worlds most prominent mountains, and the Mount Kinabalu Botanical Garden. Kinabalu
Park is a scenic 2-hour drive from Kota Kinabalu, the capital of Sabah. The Park covers an area
of 754 square kilometers (291 square mile), has four climatic zones and also one of the richest
collections of flora and fauna in the world.

The gateway to the mountain is the Kinabalu Park Headquarters, situated 1,563 metres on its
southern boundary. A variety of accommodation, restaurants and an exhibition centre are
available here. This is also where visitors pay the entrance fee to the park and register if they
are a climber. Visitors can explore the Mountain Garden on their own or join the parks
naturalist on a guided walk along the many trails available.

1. Climb Mount Kinabalu
A typical itinerary allocates two days to attempt the climb. On the first day, hikers make the climb from
either Timpohon Gate or Mesilau toLaban Rata. On the second day, the climb starts at around 2 am in the
morning for the summit trail to Low's Peak. The descent back to Kota Kinabalu Park takes place after the summit
a) From Timpohon Gate to Laban Rata
The more popular trail (6 km) starts at Timpohon Gate. It is a straightforward upward climb along a well-marked
path with signposts marking each half-kilometre.
There are periodic rest stops about a kilometer apart up the mountain. The entire journey is 8.72km, with the last
stop about 6km up before arriving atLaban Rata. Usually, the climb starts at 7.30-10.30 am. The first 4km
climbing to Laban Rata is in moderate steep trail where the trail is equipped with stairs and some rock path. The
last 2km is entirely rocky and which turns into a water course when there is rain. An average hiker takes between
3-5 hours to reach Laban Rata from Timpohon Gate. The vertical ascent is 1400 metres from Kinabalu Park.
b) From Mesilau to Laban Rata
The Mesilau trail is 8km in length and is more undulating as compared to Timpohon.
Getting to the summit
From Laban Rata, the climb to the summit is 2.7 km, and most of it over smooth rock faces. The verticial ascent
is 800 metres.
The intitial 700 metres is aided by steep stairs and steps. The climb usually begins from 2.30am so that hikers
can catch the sunrise from the summit. The winds are relatively less gusty at this time of the day as well.
The next 2 km takes place over granite rock surfaces. The route is marked by guide ropes all the way to the
summit. Several stretches are steep and require hikers to use their arms to use the rope for the ascent/ descent.
In particular, there is a 700 metre stretch which clambers over smooth, steep rock surfaces with only the rope for
support. The winds can be very gusty in parts. Note that there are no security safeguard to prevent falls.
Warm clothing, gloves and spare dry clothing packed in waterproof bags are essential to cope with the climate.
You need a headlamp as well to illuminate the path while making the summit climb. Unnecessary clothing and
equipment can be left at Laban Rata.
One day climb

For the more advenurous and physically fit, there is also an option to climb to the summit and down in one day.
This is not widely publicised - presumably to maintain patronage at the expensive mountain huts. To arrange this,
you should speak to the park ranger at the park office - turning up in person is generally more effective, so that
the ranger can see that are serious and is less likley to fob you off than if you were to enquire by phone. The one
day climb is more weather dependend than the two day option, and there are set time limits for each stage of the
climb which must be met, otherwise the rules say you will be turned around (your guide should be slightly flexible
on the time limits - half an hour or so, but be aware that the time limits would require you to climb at a reasonable
pace). You will be required to hire a guide. You can expect to start at 0730 and will be required to come down by
1730 before the Timpohon Gate is locked. Because the one day climb will bring you to the summit well after
sunrise, you should consider the sesonal weather patterns - at times, the mountain top clouds over shortly after
sunrise and you may not get a view from the summit. The climb to the summit is almost 2300m, and the one day
climb is physically tough, although not impossible for the reasonably fit (no hiking experience necessary, just
fitness and some willpower).
2. Via Ferrata
Once you complete the strenuous hike up to 11,000ft, you might have enough energy to do the only via ferrata
("iron road", a set of cables and ladders bolted to the mountain) [1] to be found in Asia, which happens to be the
world's highest. It is still relatively unknown so take the opportunity to do it without a crowd of people pushing
you. There are 3 different paths to take on the via ferrata, with times ranging from 4-5 hours for the longest to 2-3
for the shortest. Keep your travel plans in mind when booking the via ferrata and after-mountain activities, as this
time is added to the 4-5 hours it takes to descend the mountain on the second day of hiking.
It is possible to do the via ferrata as a walk-in activity without prior booking. Each day there are 12 spaces
available for 'Lows peak circuit' (RM600), and 40 for 'Walk the Torq' (RM440). You must reach Pendant hut before
3pm for the mandatory safety briefing to be able to do the via ferrata on the way down from the summit the next
day. The advantage of this is that should the activity be cancelled due to bad weather, a full refund is offered to
walk-in participants. Those who book a package through an agency are not offered any refund or compensation.
3. Mt Kinabalu Climbathon
The Mt Kinabalu Climbathon is held annually with the 23 km trail running from Kinabalu Park to Layang Layang
and [2] top runners complete this route in under 2 hours 40 mintues.
4. Walk the trails: For the less adventurous, there are a number of trails around the park entrance. There are
also guided tours, but the quality is highly dependent on the actual guide. Note that the trails (even the ones
paved with concrete or using wooden planks) are not wheelchair-friendly as they invariably include stairs, narrow
sections or other obstacles.
5. Enjoy a short jungle walk: The majority of visitors to the Park do not climb all the way to the peak. For those
with limited time or energy, there are gardens and many short walks through the jungle to enjoy in the vicinity of
the entrance. A mud map is available at the Park entrance and sign posts guide you.
5. Visit the Botanical Gardens: See the unique flora of Mount Kinabalu and Borneo up close. Inaccessible in

6. Park Museum: A small one-room museum with interpretive signs and displays is worth a look to read about
the flora and fauna of Mt Kinabalu Park as well as the other Parks in Sabah.

National Science Centre, kuala Lumpur

National Science Center is known as Pusat Sains Negara in the official language of
Malaysia, the National Science Center was officially opened on 29 November 1996 by
former Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. This center is located on a 8
hectares hill at Bukit Kiara, north west of the city of Kuala Lumpur. The purpose of this
ceter is to promote science and technology in the country.
The Centre houses many different exhibits designed to stimulate, excite and
encourage visitors to take an active interest in Science and Technology. The exhibits
located in various galleries are based on different themes, which can be categorized
into two groups, 'Basics Sciences' and 'Technology'. The overall concept of the Centre
is to link science to environment and religion, as well as to relate science with all
aspects of life, knowledge and applications in our daily life.
Among the fascinating themes featured in the exhibition galleries are an
environmental odyssey, pathways to discovery, future world and thinking machines.
Children will find delight in the Children's Exploration Centre. There are also
observatory with a 14-inch telescope and viewing gallery with binoculars.
The visit starts with an exhibit of freshwater aquarium where you will be able to see
the big fishes that swim in the tunnel above your head. This is followed by the
Environmental Odyssey where the tropical rainforest of Malaysia is simulated here. You
will see the various creatures of the forests and a description of their habitats.
The aquarium as you enter the exhibit halls.

The automotive technology in Malaysia.

Some of the other themes that are on display at the galleries are:

Pathways to science exhibits the basic principles of science which include

knowledge on the world of biology, chemistry, astronomy and physics.
Pathways to discovery shows the process of data collection, analysis and its
interpretation. Take a closer look at the tools used in science and some
archaelogical findings.

Children's educational centre helps communicate the learning of the

universe and the ocean an interesting subjects by having real life simulation of
the exhibits.

Thinking machines brings you to the advancement of robots, computers and

other telecommunications technology that has changed the way we live.

Digital Lifestyle shows the modern day living as a result of the digital

Inventor's corner shows the inventions that have made an impact globally to
the lives of the people.

One of exhibits that shows the "stick insect".

Remember to schedule your time of visit to watch the Space Science Show and Sky Movie on the 20 m
diameter dome screen.

A Famosa, Melaka
Kota A Famosa (Malay) Malacca, Malaysia

The surviving gate of the A Famosa Portuguese

fort in Malacca.


In use
Built by

Destroyed, reconstructed

Portuguese Empire

A Famosa (Malay: Kota A Famosa; "The Famous" in Portuguese) is a

Portuguese fortress located in Malacca,Malaysia. It is among the oldest
surviving European architectural remains in south east Asia. The Porta de
Santiago, a small gate house, is the only remaining part of the fortress still

In 1511, a Portuguese fleet arrived under the command of Afonso de
Albuquerque. His forces attacked and defeated the armies of the Malacca
Sultanate. Moving quickly to consolidate his gains, Albuquerque had the
fortress built around a natural hill near the sea. Albuquerque believed
that Malacca would become an important port linking Portugal to
the Spice Route in China. At this time other Portuguese were establishing
outposts in such places as Macau, China and Goa, India in order to create
a string of friendly ports for ships heading toChina and returning home
to Portugal.
The fortress once consisted of long ramparts and four major towers. One
was a four-story keep, while the others held an ammunition storage room,
the residence of the captain, and an officers' quarters. Most of the village
clustered in town houses inside the fortress walls. As Malacca's population
expanded it outgrew the original fort and extensions were added around
The fort changed hands in 1641 when the Dutch drove the Portuguese out
of Malacca. [1] The Dutch renovated the gate in 1670, which explains the
logo "ANNO 1670" inscribed on the gate's arch. Above the arch is a basrelief logo of the Dutch East India Company.
The fortress changed hands again in the early 19th century when
the Dutch handed it over to the British to prevent it from falling into the
hands of Napoleon's expansionist France. The English were wary of
maintaining the fortification and ordered its destruction in 1806. The fort
was almost totally demolished but for the timely intervention of Sir
Stamford Raffles, the founder of modern Singapore, who happened to visit
Malacca in 1810. Because of his passion for history, this small gate was
spared from destruction.

Best 3 Attractions/Activities in AFamosa Malacca

The best thing you can do in AFamosa is sightseeing,photo shooting at the main attractions like Porta de
Santiago (the lone gate) and the St Francis Xavier marble statue and discovering the history in Malacca

AFamosa Waterworld

Besides discovering and sightseeing, you could also have some water activity in the AFamosa Waterworld.
The theme park has an artificial beach, spa pool, wave pool, waterfall and a boating lake. Other than going
down into the water, you could also going up to the sky with the hot air balloon ride and enjoy the panorama
view of the A Famosa. Additionally, theres also an archery range to hit on.

AFamosa Animal World Safari

It is located on 150 acres of pristine surroundings, it has the fantastic wildlife Safari that have over 100 of
the beautiful species from the animal kingdom. It includes:
1. Walk Through Area
2. Chicken Farm
3. Monkey Island
Interesting parts of the Animal world Safari is the animal show such as:
1. Multi Animal Show
2. Birds Show
3. Elephants Show
4. Cowboy Show.

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