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Brain Teasers By Studysteps

Physics (Objective)
MECHANICS
1.

A balloon starts rising from the ground with an acceleration of 1.25 ms-2. After 8 seconds, a
stone is released from the balloon. After releasing, the stone will:
(A) cover a distance of 40 m till it strikes the ground.
(B) have a displacement of 50 m till it reaches the ground.
(C) reach the ground in 4 seconds.
(D) begin to move down instantaneously.

2.

A particle P is sliding down a frictionless hemispherical bowl. It


passes the point A at t = 0. At this instant of time, the horizontal
component of its velocity is v. A bead Q of the same mass as P is
ejected from A at t = 0 along the horizontal string AB, with the speed
v. Friction between the bead and the string may be neglected. Let t P
and tQ be the respective times taken by P and Q to reach the point B.
Then
(A) tP < tQ
(B) tP = tQ
(C) tP > tQ

3.

(D)

2
(C)
x

1/ 2

P
C

t P length of arc ACB

t Q length of cord AB


(B)
x
2

1/ 2

1/ 2

2
(D)
x

1/ 2

A particle is moving in x-y plane with y = x/2 and vx = 4 2t. The displacement versus
time graph of the particle would be
S

(A)

(B)
t

(C)

(D)
t

5.

A train accelerates from rest at a constant rate for some time and then it retards to rest at
the constant rate . If the total distance covered by the particle is x, then what is the
maximum velocity of the train?

(A)
x
2

4.

Q
A

Initial acceleration of a particle moving in a straight line is a0 and initial velocity is zero.
The acceleration reduces continuously to half in every t0 seconds. The terminal velocity of
the particle is
a t
(A) a 0 t 0 ln (2)
(B) 0 0
ln (2)
(C) a 0 t 0

(D)

a0t0
2

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

6.

From an inclined plane two particles are projected with same speed at

same angle , one up and other down the plane as shown in figure.

Which of the following statement is correct?


(A) the particles will collide the plane with same speed
(B) the times of flight of each particle are same
(C) both particles strike the plane perpendicularly
(D) the particles will collide in mid air if projected simultaneously and time of flight of each
particle is more than the time of collision.

7.

A particle of mass m moves along x-axis as follows: it starts from rest at t = 0 from the
point x = 0, and comes to rest at t = 1at the point x = 1. No other information is available
about its motion at intermediate times (0 < t < 1). If denotes the acceleration of the
particle, then:
(i) cannot remain positive for all t in the interval 0 t 1.
(ii) || cannot exceed 2 at any point in its path.
(iii) || must be 4 at some point or points in its path.
(iv) must change sign during the motion, but no other assertion can be made with the
information given.
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) (i) and (iii) are correct
(C) (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct

8.

A motor boat of mass m moves along a lake with velocity v0. At t = 0, the engine of the boat
is shut down. Resistance offered to the boat is equal to rv. What is the total distance
covered till it stops ?
(A) mv0/r
(B) 3mv0/2r
(C) mv0/2r
(D) 2mv0/r

9.

A very broad elevator is going up vertically with a constant acceleration 2 m/s2. At the
instant when its velocity is 4 m/s a ball is projected from the floor of the lift with a speed of
4 m/s relative to the floor at an elevation of 300 . The time taken by the ball to return the
floor is ( g = 10 m/s2)
(A) 1/2 S
(B) 1/3 S
(C) 1/4 S
(D) 1 S

10.

The distance between two moving particles at any time is a. If v be their relative velocity
and v1 v2 be the components of v along and perpendicular to a. The time when they are
closest to each other are
av
av
(A) 21
(B) 22
v
v
(C) av2
(D) av2
v1
v2

11.

A charged particle is projected in a magnetic field (2i 2j k) tesla. The acceleration of


the particle at an instant is equal to ( xi 2j 6k ) ms-2. Value of x is:
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4

12.

There are two values of time for which a projectile is at the same height. The sum of these
two times is equal to
(A) 3T/2
(B) 4T/3
(C) 3T/4
(D) T

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

13.

A 2m wide truck is moving with a uniform speed v0 = 8 m/s along a straight horizontal
road. A pedestrian starts to cross the road with a uniform speed v when the truck is 4 m
away from him. The minimum value of v so that he can cross the road safely is
2m

(A) 2.62 m/s


(C) 3.57 m/s
14.

15.

16.

Truck

V0

(B) 4.6 m/s


(D) 1.414 m/s

An open merry-go-round rotates at an angular velocity . A person stands in it at a distance


r from the rotational axis. It is raining and raindrops fall vertically with a velocity v. The
person should hold an umbrella to protect himself with axis of umbrella tilted with vertical
at angle:

(A) tan-1(v0/r) in the plane perpendicular to r .

(B) tan-1(r/v0) in the plane perpendicular to r

(C) tan-1(r/v0) in the plane through r .


(D) varying with time.
A particle A is projected from the ground with an initial velocity of
10 m/s at an angle of 600 with horizontal. From what height h
should an another particle B be projected horizontally with velocity
5 m/s so that both the particles collide in ground at point C if both
are projected simultaneously ( g = 10 m/s2 )
(A) 10 m
(B) 30 m
(C) 15 m
(D) 25 m

Two block are attached to the two ends of a string passes


through a smooth pulley as shown in figure. The approximate
value of acceleration of the block will be
(A) 2m/s2
(B) 4m/s2
(C) 6m/s2
(D) 8m/s2

600

5kg
8kg
450

17.

A ball of mass 1kg is released from position A inside a wedge


with a hemispherical cut of radius 0.5 m as shown in figure. The
force exerted by the vertical wall OM on wedge, when the ball is
in position B is (neglect friction everywhere). Take (g = 10 m/s2)
(A) 10 N
(B) 5 3N
(C)

18.

15 3
N
2

C
600

(D) 15 N
O

A bicyle is in motion. The force of friction exerted by the ground on its wheels is such that
it never acts:
(A) in backward direction on front wheel and in forward direction on rear wheel when it is
accelerating.
(B) in forward direction on front wheel and in backward direction on rear wheel when
brakes are applied on rear wheel only.

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(C) in backward direction on front wheel and in forward direction on rear wheel when
brakes are applied on rear wheel only.
(D) in backward direction on both the wheels when brakes are applied on both the wheels.
19.

3 identical cars A, B, C are moving with the same speed on three bridges. Car A moves on
a plane bridge; B on a convex and C on a concave bridge. If FA, FB and FC are the normal
forces exerted by the cars on the bridges, then
(A) FA is maximum
(B) FB is maximum
(C) FC is maximum
(D) FA = FB = FC

20.

Two blocks of masses m1 and m2 are connected with a


massless spring and placed over a plank moving with an
acceleration a as shown in figure. The coefficient of
friction between the blocks and platform is .
(A) spring will be stretched if a > g
(B) spring will be compressed if a g
(C) spring will neither be compressed nor be stretched for a g
(D) spring will be in its natural length under all conditions.

m2

m1

PHYSICS
(Objective Answers)
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20.

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

21.

22.

Three blocks A, B and C of equal mass m are placed one over


the other on a smooth horizontal ground as shown in figure.
Coefficient of friction between any two blocks of A, B and C
is 1/2. The maximum value of mass of block D so that the
blocks A, B and C move without slipping over each other is
(A) 6 m
(B) 5 m
(C) 3 m
(D) 4 m

A
B
C

Two shells are fired from a cannon with speed u each, at angles and respectively with
the horizontal. The time internal between the shots is T. They collide in air after time t
from the first short. Which of the following condition satisfy
(A) <
(B) t cos = (t T) cos
(C) (t T) cos = t cos
1
2

1
2

(D) (u sin )(t T) g(t T)2 =(u sin )t gt 2


23.

24.

The net force F acting on a body versus F


distance traversed by a body is plotted
in the figure. The mass of the body is 20
25kg and its initial speed is 2m/s.
Kinetic energy of the body at 5m
distance is
(A) 10J
(B) 15J
(C) 40 J
(D) none of these

A
1

Distance (m)

A bead of mass m is attached to one end of a spring of natural length R and spring constant
k=

3 1 mg
. The other end of the spring is fixed at point A on a smooth vertical ring of
R

radius R as shown in figure. The normal reaction B just after it is released to move is
(A)

mg
2

(C) 3 3mg

(B)

3mg

(D)

30

3 3mg
2

25.

A body starts from rest with a uniform acceleration of 3m/s2 for 10 sec, it moves with
constant speed for 30 sec then decelerates by 6 m/s2 to zero. The distance covered by the
body is
(A) 1125 m
(B) 1175 m
(C) 1025 m
(D) 1075 m

26.

A particle of mass m attached to a string of length l is describing circular motion on a


smooth plane inclined at an angle with the horizontal. For the particle to reach the
highest point, its velocity at the lowest point should exceed
(A) 5gl
(B) 5gl(1+ cos )
(C) 5gltan

(D)

5glsin

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

27.

A point moves rectilinearly with deceleration which depends on the velocity v of the
particle as a = b v , where b is a constant. At the initial moment the velocity of the point is
v0 . The distance covers before it stops is
(A)
(C)

2v1/ 2

(B)

3b
v1/0 2

(D)

3b

2v 3 / 2
0

3b
v 30 / 2

3b

28.

An empty plastic box of mass m is found to accelerate up at the rate of g/6 when placed
deep inside water. How much sand should be put inside the box so that it may accelerate
down at the rate of g/6? Neglect water resistance.
(A) 2m/3
(B) 2m/5
(C) m/5
(D) 6m/7

29.

A block A is placed over a long rough plank B of same mass as


shown in figure. The plank is placed over a smooth horizontal
surface. At time t = 0, block A is given a velocity v0 in horizontal
direction. Let v1 and v2 be the velocities of A and B at time t. Then
choose the correct graph between v1 or v2 and t.
v1 or v2

v1 or v2

v1

v1

(A)

(B)
v2

v2

t
v1 or v2

v1 or v2

(C)

(D)

v1

v2

v2

v1

30.

v0

Two block A and B having equal mass, are placed in contact with
each other on a rough plane, inclined at angle with horizontal as
shown in figure. If coefficients of friction for these blocks are 1 and
2(1 > 2) respectively, then for static equilibrium of two blocks.

B
A

(A) cannot be greater than tan-12.


(B) cannot be less than tan-12.
1 2
.
2

(C) maximum possible value of is equal to tan-1

(D) maximum possible value of is equal to tan-1 1 2 .


31.

In the diagram shown, the coefficient of friction between


the blocks is 0.9. The minimum value of the force F
such that relative motion starts between the blocks, is
equal to
(A) mg
(B) 0.9 mg
(C) 1.8 mg
(D) none of these

m
3m

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

32.

33.

In the diagram shown, a small block of mass m has been


projected horizontally on a board of the same mass. Initially, the
velocity of the small block is 1m/s and the board is in the state of
rest. If the coefficients of friction are as shown in the figure then
the time-after which the relative motion between the blocks
come to an end is equal to
(A) 2 sec
(B) 2/3 sec
(C) 4/3 sec
(D) none of these

m/s
= 0.1
2=0.025

A single wire ACB passes through a ring C, which revolves at a


constant speed in the horizontal circle of radius r, as shown in the
figure. The speed of the revolution is:
(A) rg
(B) 2rg
(C) 2 2 rg

300
B
600

(D) 2 rg

34.

The force required to just move a body up the inclined plane is double the force required to
just prevent the body from sliding down the plane. The coefficient of friction is . The
inclination of the plane is:
(A) tan-1()
(B) tan-1(/2)
-1
(C) tan (2)
(D) tan-1(3)

35.

Suppose F, FN and f are the magnitudes of the contact force, normal force and the frictional
force exerted by one surface on the other, kept in contact. If none of these is zero then
which one is incorrect:
(A) F > Fn
(B) F > f
(C) Fn > f
(D) (Fn f) < F < (Fn + f)

36.

37.

In the diagram shown, the minimum value of the mass M1 to


start relative motion between the other two blocks, is equal
to (the coefficient of friction between the blocks = 0.5)
(A) 2M
(B) M
(C) M/2
(D) none of these

Smooth

A block rests on a rough plane whose inclination to the horizontal can be varied. Which
of the following graphs shows variation of the frictional force F, between the block and the
plane, with ?

Brain Teasers By Studysteps


F

(A)

(B)
90

900

(C)

(D)
O

900

900

38.

A body whirls a stone in a horizontal circle, 1.8 m above the ground by means of a string of
length 1.2 m. The string breaks and the stone flies off horizontally striking the ground 9.1
m away. The centripetal acceleration during the circular motion was:
(A) 94 m/s2
(B) 141 m/s2
2
(C) 188 m/s
(D) 282 m/s2

39.

In the diagram shown, the wall is perfectly smooth. Friction is


present only between the sphere and the inclined plane of the
wedge. If both the sphere and the wedge are of the same mass M
then what is the value of the static friction force between the
sphere and the wedge for which the whole system can remain in
equilibrium ?
(A) Mg/3
(B) Mg/2
(C) Mg/4
(D) equilibrium is never possible

40.

41.

A particle is moved from (0, 0) to (a, a) under a force F 3i 4j


from two paths. Path 1 is OP and path 2 is OQP. Let W1 and W2
be the work done by this force in these two paths. Then
(A) W1 = W2
(B) W1 = 2W2
(C) W2 = 2W1
(D) W2 = 4W1

P(a,a)

3P 2
( v 2 v 12 )
m
m 2
(C)
( v 2 v 12 )
3P

m 3
( v 2 v 13 )
3P
m
(D)
(v 2 v 1 )
3P

(B)

Force acting on a particle is 2i 3j N . Work done by this force is zero, when a particle is
moved on the line 3y + kx = 5. Here value of k is
(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) 8

43.

A self-propelled vehicle of mass m, whose engine delivers constant power P, has an


acceleration a = P/mv (assume that there is no friction). In order to increase its velocity
from v1 to v2, the distance it has to travel will be.
(A)

42.

A particle moves in the x-y plane under the action of the force F such that the value of its

linear momentum p at time t is:


p x = 2 cos t and py = 2 sin t.

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

The angle between F and p at time t will be:


(A) 90 0
(B) 00
0
(C) 180
(D) 30 0
44.

F(N)

A particle is displaced form x = -6 m to x = +6m. A force F


acting on the particle during its motion is shown in figure.
Graph between work done by this force (W) and
displacement (x) should be

+10
-6
+3

+6

x(m)

-10

W(J)

W(J)

-6

+3

(A)

+6

x(m)

(B)

-6

+3
+6
-60

-60
-75

-75

W(J)

W(N)

x(m)

+30

(C)
(D)

-6
+6

-6

x(m)

-60

+3 +6

x(m)

-60

45.

A ball of mass 50 gm and relative density 0.5 strikes the surface of water with a velocity of
20 m/s. It comes to rest at a depth of 2 m. Find the work done by resisting force of water.
(A) 6 J
(B) +7.5 J
(C) 9.0 J
(D) 10 J

46.

An object of mass m slides down a hill of height h and of arbitrary shape and stops at the
bottom because of friction. The coefficient of friction may be different for different
segments of the path. Work required to return the object to its initial position along the
same path by a tangential force is:
(A) mgh
(B) 2mgh
(C) mgh
(D) it cant be calculated.

47.

An object of mass m slides down a hill of height h of arbitrary shape and after travelling a
certain horizontal path stops because of friction. The friction coefficient is different for
different segments for the entire path but is independent of the velocity and direction of
motion. The work that a force must perform to return the object to its initial position along
the same path is
(A) mgh
(B) 2mgh
(C) 4mgh
(D) mgh

48.

A bob is suspended from a crane by a cable of length l = 5m.


The crane and load are moving at a constant speed v0. The
crane is stopped by a bumper and the bob on the cable swings
out an angle of 600. The initial speed v0 is (g = 9.8 m/s2)
(A) 10 m/s
(B) 7 m/s
(C) 4 m/s
(D) 2 m/s

v0

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

49.

A scooter starting from rest moves with a constant acceleration for a time t1 , then with a
constant velocity for the next t 2 and finally with a constant deceleration for the next t 3 to
come to rest. A 500N man sitting on the scooter behind the driver manages to stay at rest
with respect to the scooter without touching any other part. The force exerted by the seat on
the man is
(A) 500N throughout the journey
(B) less than 500 N throughout the journey
(C) more than 500 N throughout the journey
(D) > 500N for time t1 and t 3 and 500N for t 2 .

50.

A particle of small mass m is joined to a very heavy body by a light string passing over a
light pulley. Both bodies are free to move. The total downward force on the pulley is
(A) mg
(B) 2mg
(C) 4mg
(D) >> mg

51.

A uniform metallic spherical shell is suspended by threads. It has two


holes A and B at top and bottom respectively, as shown in figure.
(A) If B is closed and sand is poured from A, centre of mass first rises
and then falls.
(B) If shell is completely filled with sand and B is opened, then centre
of mass falls, initially
(C) If shell is slightly filled with sand and B is opened, then centre of
mass falls.
(D) None of these

52.

53

Two blocks A and B of the same mass are joined by a light


B
string and placed on a horizontal surface. An external
horizontal force P acts on A. The tension in the string is T.
The forces of friction acting on A and B are f1 and f2
f2
respectively. The limiting value of f1 and f2 is F0. As P is
gradually increased.
(A) for P < F0, T = 0
(B) for F0 < P < 2F0, T = 0
(C) for P > 2F0, T = 0
(D) none of the above
A smooth ring A of mass m can slide on a fixed horizontal rod. A
string tied to the ring passes over a fixed pulley P and carries a
block B of mass 2m as shown in the figure. At an instant, the
string between the ring to the pulley makes an angle with the
rod. The ring slides with a speed V, then:
(A) the block will descend with a speed V/cos
(B) the block will descend with a speed 2V/cos
(C) the initial acceleration of the ring (when V = 0), is
(D) the initial acceleration of the ring (when V = 0), is

2g cos
1 2cos 2

g cos
1 2cos 2

Sand
A

A
T

f1

V
A

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

54.

A particle of mass m is suspended from a fixed point O by a string of length


l. At t = 0, it is displaced from equilibrium position and released. The
graph, which shows the variation of the tension T in the string with time t,
is

m
T

(A)

(B)
O

(C)
O

(D)
O

55.

Two identical spheres A and B lie on a smooth horizontal circular groove at opposite ends
of a diameter. A is projected along the groove and at the end of time t, impinges on B. If e
is the coefficient of restitution, the second impact will occur after a time:
(A) 2t/e
(B) t/e
(C) (t)/e
(D) (2t)/e

56.

A stationary pulley carries of rope, one end of which supports a ladder with a man and the
other a counter weight of mass M. The man of mass m climbs up a distance l w.r.t. the
ladder and then stops. The displacement of the centre of mass of this system is:
ml
M m
ml
(C)
M 2m

(A)

ml
2M
ml
(D)
2M m

(B)

57.

A board is moving with velocity V on a smoother horizontal


plane. The upper surface of the board is rough on witch a
V1
ball falls with a velocity V and rebounds with velocity V/2.
The mass of the board is same as that of the ball. After the V
collision, the board comes to state of rest. The coefficient of
The horizontal surface is smooth.
friction between the board and the ball will be
(A) 1/3
(B) 2/3
(C) 4/3
(D) None of these

58.

In a one dimensional collision between two identical particles A and B, B is stationary and
A has momentum P before impact. During impact B gives an impulse J to A. Then
coefficient of restitution between the two is
2J
1
P
J
(C) 1
P

(A)

2J
1
P
J
(D) 1
P

(B)

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

59.

A railway flat car, whose mass together with the artillery gun is M, moves at a speed V.
The gun barrel makes an angle with the horizontal. A shell of mass m leaves the barrel at
a speed v, relative to the barrel. The speed of the flat car in order that it may stop after the
firing is:
(A)

mv cos
Mm

mv
Mm
Mv cos
(D)
Mm

(B)

(C) (M + m) v cos
60.

A projectile is fired on a horizontal ground. Coefficient of restitution between the projectile


T1
H
maximum height 1
T2
H2

and the ground is e. Let a, b and c be the ratio of time of flight

R1
in first two collisions with the ground. Then
R2

and horizontal range


1
e
1
(C) c 2
e

(A) a

(B) b

1
e2

(D) all of the above

61.

A ball rolls down an inclined plane and acquires a velocity vr when it reaches the bottom of
the plane. If the same ball slides without friction rather than rolling from the same height
down an equally inclined smooth plane and acquires a velocity vs, which of the following
statements is/are correct?
(A) vr < vs, because a work is done by the rolling ball against the frictional force.
(B) vr > vs, because the angular velocity makes the rolling ball to travel faster.
(C) vr = vs, because kinetic energy of two balls is same at bottom of planes.
(D) vr < vs, because the rolling ball acquires rotational as well translation KE.

62.

Two balls having mass 2m and m are connected by identical strings.


The ball are placed on a smooth horizontal plane. The balls are
given initial velocities as shown in figure. If they always collide
elastically, then their velocities after the sixth collision will be
(A) VA = 5V / 3 & VB = V / 3
(B) VA = V & VB = V
(C) VA = V / 3 & VB = 7V / 3
(D) None of these

63.

V
V
B m

A disc of radius R rolls without slipping at speed v along positive x-axis. Velocity of point
P at the instant shown in figure is
vr sin vr cos
(A) V P v
j
i
R
R

vr sin vr cos
(B) V P v
j
i
R
R

vr sin vr cos
(C) V P
i
j
R
R
vr sin vr cos
(D) V P
i
j
R
R

64.

A 2m

A uniform rod of mass M and length equal to the radius of the disc
is rotating initially with angular velocity . The disc is in the state
of rest and its mass is 2M. The end of the rod collides elastically

y
P
r

Obstacle

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

with an obstacle fixed on the disc. After the collision both the rod
and the disc rotate. The rod and the disc can rotate independently
about the common axis of rotation. The rod has to rotate by an angle
90 to collide with the disc for the first time. If the rod collides with
the disc after time T for the first time then after how much time will
it collide again ?
(A) T
(B) 2T
(C) 3T
(D) 4T
65.

On a board of mass M, a ball of the same mass is rolling. The board is


in the state of rest. Friction between the ball and the board is sufficient
to sustain rolling. No friction is present between the board and the
inclined plane. If the board is pulled upward with a constant velocity
with respect to earth then what is value of the force F ?
(A) (9Mg sin q)/ 7
(B) (2Mg sin q)/ 7
(C) (5Mg sin q)/ 7

66.

67.

(D) None of these

Two cylinders having radii 2R and R and moment of inertias 4I and


I about their central axes are supported by axles perpendicular to
their planes. The large cylinder is initially rotating clockwise with
angular velocity 0. The small cylinder is moved to the right until
it touches the large cylinder and is caused to rotate by the frictional
force between the two. Eventually slipping ceases and the two
cylinders rotate at constant rates in opposite directions. During this
(A) angular momentum of system is conserved
(B) kinetic energy is conserved
(C) neither the angular momentum nor the kinetic energy is conserved
(D) both the angular momentum and kinetic energy are conserved.
A cubical block of side a moving with velocity v on a horizontal
smooth plane as shown. It hits a ridge at point O. The angular
speed of the block after it hits O is
3v
(A)
4a
3v
(C)
2a

4I
I

2R

a
v
M

3v
(B)
2a

(D) zero

68.

In the diagram shown, the string on the LHS is cut. What is the tension
present in the other string immediately after the string in the LHS is
cut ? (No friction). If the rod is uniform and mass of the rod is equal
to the mass of the block = m.
(A) mg/2
(B) 3mg/5
(C) mg/5
(D) mg/3

69.

Figure shows a smooth inclined plane of inclination fixed in a car.


A sphere is set in pure rolling on the incline. For what value of a
(the acceleration of car in horizontal direction) the sphere will
continue pure rolling
(A) g cos
(B) g sin
(C) g cot
(D) g tan

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

70.

71.

72

The diagram shows a uniform homogeneous solid hemisphere.


If the moment of inertia about the axis (1) is I1 about the axis
(2) is I2 then what is the value of I1/I2 ? (Remember that both
the axes pass through the centre of the hemisphere)
(A) 1/2
(B) 2/7
(C) 7/2
(D) 1
A horizontal plane supports a fixed vertical cylinder of radius
R and a particle is attached to the cylinder by a horizontal
thread AB as shown in figure. A horizontal velocity v0 is
imparted to the particle, normal to the thread, during
subsequent motion:
(A) Angular momentum of particle about O remains constant.
(B) Angular momentum about B remains constant.
(C) Momentum and kinetic energy both remain constant.
(D) Kinetic energy alone remains constant.

(1)
(2)

v0
O
R

In the diagram shown, an insect is sticking on to a ring, which is


rotating about a fixed axis. If the insect slides on the ring then
which of the following graphs can represents variation of the
angular velocity of the ring with respect to time ?

INSECT

(A)

(B)
Time

Time

(C)

(D)
Time

Time

73.

A uniform disc is lying on a board of same mass. Equal and


opposite forces have been applied on the disc and the board.
The horizontal surface, on which the board is placed, is F
perfectly smooth. No slipping takes place between the disc and
M
the board. Initially the whole system was in the state of rest. If
at any instant the centre of the disc has a velocity V with
respect to earth then its angular velocity will be equal to
(A) V/R
(B) V/2R
(C) 2V/R
(D) Information given is insufficient

74.

A ball moving horizontally collides with a uniform rod which is free to rotate
about horizontal axis passing through its upper end O. Collision is
instantaneous. For this collision:
(A) angular momentum about O does not remain constant during the collision.
(B) angular momentum about O remains constant but linear momentum must
change.

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(C) linear momentum remains constant.


(D) None of these.
75.

76.

77.

30

A rod AB of mass M and length L is hinged at one end A. The


rod is kept in horizontal position by a massless string tied to
point B as shown in figure. When the string is cut the initial
angular acceleration of the rod is
g
L
2 g
(C)
3 L

79.

In the diagram shown, two identical uniform discs have been


pivoted at the ends of a rigid massless rod. The disc roll on the
surfaces with which they are in contact. At the instant shown, if the
KE of the upper disc is K1 and the KE of the lower disc is K2 then
what is the value of K2 /K1?
(A) 3
(B) 1/3
(C) 1
(D) None of these

(A)

78.

F/2

In the diagram shown, the horizontal surface is perfectly rough.


Two forces F and F/2 have been applied on the disc as
mentioned. What the linear acceleration of the centre of the
disc?
(A) F/M
(B) 3F/2M
(C) 2F/3M
(D) Zero

String
A

g
(B) 2

hinge

L
3 g
(D)
2 L

The diagram shows two identical rods (each of mass M and


length L) welded together to form a right angled structure. The
points A and B have the velocities as mentioned. What is the
kinetic energy of the structure ?
(A) 4MV2 /3
(B) MV2/3
(C) 5MV2 /3
(D) None of these

45

45

In the diagram shown, the mass of the boards are M and the mass of the uniform disc is also
M. No slipping takes place between the board and the disc. The boards always remain
horizontal. A force is applied horizontally on the upper board. If the work done by this force
is W then what will be velocity of the lower board ?
F

(A) [W/M]1/2
(C) [4W/5M]1/2
80.

(B) [4W/3M]1/2
(D) None of these

The diagram shows a thin uniform semi disc of mass M and radius R. What is the moment
of inertia about the axis of rotation shown ?

Brain Teasers By Studysteps


Y
Axis

60
X

(A) MR2 /3
(C) MR2 /4
81.

(B) MR2
(D) None of these

6g

sin
l
2
3g

(D)
cos
l
2

3g
sin
l
3g
(C)
cos
l

(A)

82.

A uniform rod AB of length l is free to rotate in the vertical plane about a fixed
horizontal axis passing through the end A. It starts rotating from rest from the
vertical position as shown in figure. Its angular velocity after turning through
an angle is:
(B)

The diagram shows thin uniform isosceles right-angled triangular plate. The axis (1) and (2)
lie in the plane of the plate. The moment of inertia with respect to (1) is I1 and the moment
of inertia with respect to (2) is I2. What is the moment of inertia with respect to axis (3),
which lies in the plane of the body and is perpendicular to the axis (1) ?
(2)

(1)

(3)

(A) 2I2 + I1
(C) I2 I1

83.

84.

(B) 2I2 I1
(D) None of these

In the diagram shown, the speed of thread does not slip on the
ground and the sting remains light. IF the end A of the string moves
a distance X with respect to earth then what is the displacement of
the centre of the spool ?
(A) X
(B) RX/r
(C) RX/(R + r)
(D) rX/(R + r)

A
r
R

r
Consider a mass m0 enclosed by a closed imaginatory surface S. Let E be the gravitational
r
field intensity due to m0 at the surface element dS directed as outward normal to it. The
surface integral of the gravitational field over S is
(A) - m 0 G
(B) - 4p m 0 G
mG
(C) - 0
(D) None of the above
4p

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

85.

86.

From a uniform shell of mass M and radious R a very small area ds is


taken out. Field at geomatric centre O due to remaining portion is (A) Gds
(B) GMds
2
R
R2
(C) GMds
(D) GMds
4R 4
R4

Gravitational potential energy of a uniform sphere of mass M radius R and a uniform rod of
mass m and length R placed along radial line of sphere in the position as shown in figure is
R
2R

(A) GMm log 3 / 2


R
(C) GMm log 3
R

(b) GMm log 2 / 3


R
(d) GMm log 2
R

87.

A satellite S is moving in an elliptical orbit around the earth. The mass of the satellite is
very small compared to the mass of the earth:
(A) The acceleration of S is always directed towards the centre of the earth.
(B) The angular momentum of S about the centre of the earth changes in direction, but its
magnitude remains constant.
(C) The total mechanical energy of S varies periodically with time.
(D) The linear momentum of S remains constant in magnitude.

88.

Figure shows the variation of energy with the orbit radius r of a


satellite in a circular motion. Mark the correct statement
(A) C shows the total energy, B the kinetic energy and A the
potential energy of the satellite
(B) A shows the kinetic energy, B the total energy and C the
potential energy of the satellite
(C) A and B are the kinetic and potential energy and C the total
energy of the satellite
(D) C and A are the kinetic and potential energies respectively and
B the total energy of the satellite.

89.

r
B

A satellite is revolving round the earth in an orbit of radius r with time period T. If the
satellite is revolving round the earth in an orbit of radius r + r (D r < < r ) with time period
T + T (T << T) then,
DT 3 Dr
(A)
=
T
2 r
DT Dr
(C)
=
T
r

90.

Energy

DT 2 Dr
=
T
3 r
DT
Dr
(D)
=T
r

(B)

If the period of revolution of an artificial satellite just above the earths surface is T and
density of earth , then T2
3p
(A) Is universal constant whose value is
G
3p
(B) Is universal constant whose value is
2G

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(C) Is proportional to radius of earth R.


(D) Is proportional to square of the radius of earth
91.

Potential at null point due to two spheres as shown in figure is


16M

M
a

(A) 3GM
2a
(C) GM
a
92.

2a

(B) 5GM
2a
(D) 3GM
4a

A double star consists of two stars having mass M and 2M. The distance between their
centre is equal to r. They revolve under their mutual gravitational interaction. Then which
of the following statement is in correct ?
(A) Heavier star revolves in orbit of radius 2r/3.
2

(B) Both of stars revolve with same period which is equal to

r3/2

2GM
3

(C) Kinetic energy of heavier star is twice of that of the other star.
(D) None of these.
93.

A particle is fired vertically from the surface of the earth with a velocity Kve, where ve is the
escape velocity and K < 1. Neglecting air resistance, the height to which it will rise from
the surface of the earth (R = radius of the earth) is:
K
R
1 K
K2
R
(D)
1 K

(A)

94.

95.

K 1
R
K 1
K2
R
(D)
2
1 K

(B)

Two particles of mass m1 and m2 are initially at rest at infinite distance. Find their velocity
of approach due to gravitational attraction, when their separation is d:
(A)

2G ( m 1 m 2 )
d

(B)

G ( 2m 1 m 2 )
3d

(C)

3G ( 2m 1 m 2 )
d

(D)

G (m1 m 2 )
d

An iron ball of radius 1 m and density 8000 kg/m3 is placed in water. An air bubble of
radius 1 cm is at a distance of 1.5 m from the centre of the ball. Select the correct
alternative
(G = 6.67 10 -11 N-m2/Kg2):
(A) Ball will attract the air bubble with a force of 3.7 10 -9N
(B) Ball will repel the air bubble with a force of 3.7 10-6 N
(C) There will be no force between the ball and the bubble.
(D) Ball will repel the bubble with a force of 4.2 10-9 N.

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

96.

A thin spherical shell of mass M and radius R has a small hole. A particle
of mass m is released at the mouth of the hole. Then
(A) the particle will execute simple harmonic motion inside the shell
(B) the particle will oscillate inside the shell, but the oscillations are not
simple harmonic.
(C) the particle will not oscillate, but the speed of the particle will go on
increasing
(D) none of these.

97.

Two stars of equal masses m are rotating about their common center of mass at a distance d
apart of angular momentum of each star about center of mass is
(A) m Gmd
(B) m 2Gmd
2
(C) m Gmd
(D) None of these.

98.

A particle of mass M is at a distance a from surface of a thin


spherical shell of equal mass and having radius a as shown in
M
a
figure.
(A) Gravitational field and potential both are zero at centre of the
a
shell.
(B) Gravitational field is zero not only inside the shell but at a point outside the shell also.
(C) Inside the shell, gravitational field alone is zero.
(D) Neither gravitational field nor gravitational potential is zero inside the shell.

99.

A uniform cylinder of length L and mass M having cross-sectional area A is suspended,


with its length vertical, from a fixed point by a massless spring, such that it is half-sub
merged in a liquid of density at equilibrium position. When the cylinder is given a small
downward push and released it starts oscillating vertically with small amplitude. If the
force constant of the spring is k, the frequency of oscillation of the cylinder is:

100.

(A)

1 k Ag

2 M

(C)

1 k gL2

2
M

1/ 2

1 k Ag

2 M

(D)

1 k Ag

2 Ag

1/ 2

1/ 2

A particle is performing SHM with amplitude A and angular frequency If particle is at


x = A/2 at t = 0 then equation of motion is (A) x A sin t
(B) A sin t / 6
(C) x A sin t 5 / 3

101.

1/ 2

(B)

(D) May be any of (A) & (B)

A block of mass m is suspended by different springs of force constant shown in figure. Let
time period of oscillation in these four positions be T1, T2, T3 and T4. Then

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

2k

k
k

2k

2k
2k

(i)

(A) T1 = T2 = T4
(C) T1 = T2 = T3

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(B) T1 = T2 and T3 = T4
(D) T1 = T3 and T2 = T4

102.

A block of mass m = 1 kg placed on top of another block of mass M = 5 kg is attached to a


horizontal spring of force constant K = 20 N/m as shown in figure. The coefficient of
friction between the blocks is whereas the lower block slides on a frictionless surface.
The amplitude of oscillation is 0.4 m. What is the minimum value of such that the upper
block does not slip over the lower block?
(A) 0.133
(B) 0.5
m
(C) 0.362
(D) 0.21
M

103.

For the block performing SHM in the accelerated cabin as shown in the figure which of the
following is true

(A) Motion of block is SHM w.r.t. an observer on ground


(B) Motion of block is SHM w.r.t. an observer in cabin and potential energy stored in spring
in etreme position is equal to kinetic energy in mean position.
(C) Motion of block is SHM w.r.t. an observer in cabin but potential energy stored in spring
in streme position is not equal to kinetic energy in mean position.
(D) None of these.
104.

A particle of mass m is performing SHM on a smooth track of radius


R. If Maximum angular displacement is 0 Then maximum angular
velocity of particle is
(A) 0 R / g
(B) 0 g / R

g
R
(D)
g
R
A particle of mass M is executing oscillations about the origin on the x-axis. Its potential
energy is |U| = K|x|2, where K is a positive constant. If the amplitude of oscillation is a,
then its period T is:
(A) proportional to 1/ a
(B) independent of a
(C) proportional to a
(D) proportional to a3/2.

(C)

105.

106.

Three simple harmonic motions in the same direction having the same amplitude a and
same period are superposed. If each differs in phase from the next by 450, then:

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(A) the resultant amplitude is (1 - 2 )a.


(B) the phase of the resultant motion relative to the first is 900.
(C) The energy associated with the resulting motion in (3 + 2 2 ) times the energy
associated with any single motion.
(D) the resulting motion is simple harmonic.
107.

108.

A wire of length L & area of crossection A is attached to a wall. Two


forces are applied the position as shown in the figure, then extension is
(Y - Youngs modulus)
FL
(A) 2AY
(B) FL
AY
3
FL
(C)
(D) None of these
2 AY

The Youngs modulus of brass and steel are respectively 10 10 10 N/m2 and
20 1010 N/m2. A brass wire and a steel wire of the same length are extended by a 1 mm
under the same force, The radii of brass and steel wires are RB and RS respectively. Then:
(A) RS =

2 RB

(C) RS = 4RB
109.

L/2

(B) RS =

RB

2
RB
(D) RS =
4

Time period of small oscillations of a uniform hemispherical shell of radius R and mass m is

(A) 2 2 5R
3g
(C) 2

5R
2g

(B) 2 2 5R
g
(D) 2

5R
3g

110.

A 2 m long light metal rod AB is suspended from the ceiling


horizontally by means of two vertical wires of equal length, tied to
Brass
Steel
its ends. One wire is of brass and has cross-section of 0.210 -4 m2
-4
2
C
and the other is of steel with 0.1 10 m cross-section. In order
B
to have equal stresses in the two wires, a weight is hung from the A
W
rod. The position of the weight along the rod from end A should
be:
(A) 66.6 cm
(B) 133 cm
(C) 44.4 cm
(D) 155.6 cm
111. A drop of honey is falling through air from a height. Its radius is r, the density of honey is
d, its velocity is v and the viscosity of air is . The retarding force on it due to viscosity
will be
(A) 6rv
(B) r/6v
(C) /6rv
(D) 6rv/
112.

A spherical body of radius r is moving in a viscous medium. The terminal speed acquired is
vT. Then

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(A) r v T1 / 2
(C) r v 2T
113.

A cylindrical vessel contains a liquid of density upto a height h.


The liquid is closed by a piston of mass m and area of cross section
A. There is a small hole at the bottom of the vessel. The speed v
with which the liquid comes out of the hole is
(A)
(C)

114.

(B) r v1T/ 2
(D) r v T2

mg

2 gh

(D)

2gh

m, A
h
v

mg
A

If 50% volume of cubical ice block is in k-oil then specific gravity of ice is (Give specific gravity of k-oil = 0.8)

(A) 0.7
(C) 0.9
115.

mg

2 gh
A

(B)

2gh

(B) 0.8
(D) 1.0

A liquid is placed in a vessel upto a height H/2. Area of crossection


of vessel is uniform. Then maximum possible horizontal acceleration
of vessel such that liquid may not spill out side the vessel
H
H/2
H

(a) g/2
(c) g
116.

117.

(b) 9/3
(d) None of these

Which of the following is true about viscosity


(A) It does not depend upon surrounding medium and decreases with temperature.
(B) It depends upon surrounding medium and increase with temperature.
(C) It depends upon surrounding medium and decreases with temperature.
(D) None of these
A small ball of density 2 is released from the surface of a
non viscous liquid of density . Approximate velocity time
graph is

(A)

(B)
t

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(C)

(D) None of these


t

118.

Value of capillary rise in the situation as shown in figure is (S surface tension, = 0 contact angle, R radius of capillary)
(A) 2S
rg
(C)

119.

(B)

2S
r a 0 g

2S
r a 0 g

(D) None of these.

At the bottom of area A on hole is made of area A/3. Volume of liquid flowing out per
second when level of liquid is h above the hole is
h
A/3

(A) A gh
2
9A
(C)
gh
10
120.

(C)

122.

l1 l 2
( l1 l 2 )

1 1

l1 l 2
l
(D)
( l1 l 2 )

(B)

Two liquids which do not react chemically are placed in a


bent tube as shown in figure. The heights of the liquids above
their surface of separation are
(A) directly proportional to their densities
(B) inversely proportional to their densities
(C) directly proportional to square of their densities
(D) equal

h2

2
h1

Two soap bubbles of radii r1 and r2, (r1 > r2) get attached to each other to have a common
interface. The radius of this interface is
(A) r1 + r2
(B) r1 r2
(C)

123.

(D) None of these

Two capillary tubes of same radius r but of lengths l1, l2 are fitted in parallel to the bottom
of a vessel. The pressure head is P. What should be the length of a single tube that can
replace the two tubes so that the rate of flow is same as before?
(A) l1 + l2

121.

(B) A 2gh
3

r1 r2
( r1 r2 )

(D)

r1 r2
( r1 r2 )

A metallic wire of density d floats horizontal in water. The maximum radius of the wire
may not sink, will be (surface tension of water = T)
(A)

2T

dg

(B)

2Tdg

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

2T

dg

(C)
124.

dg

2T

(D)

Drops of liquid of density d are floating half immersed in a liquid of density . If the
surface tension of liquid is T, then radius of the drop will be
(A)

3T

g ( 2d )

(B)

3T

g ( d )

(C)

6T

g ( 2d )

(D)

6T

g ( d )

125.

A big drop of radius R is broken into 27 equal small drops under isothermal condition.
Work done in the process is (S Surface tension)
(A) 8R 2S
(B) 4R 2S
(C) R 2S
(D) No work is done.

126.

A large number of liquid drops each of radius r coalesce to from a single drop of radius R.
The energy released in the process is converted into the kinetic energy of the big drop so
formed. The speed of the big drop is (given surface tension of liquid is T, density of liquid
is )
(A)

6T 1 1

r R

(B)

4T 1 1

r R

(C)

6T 1 1

r R

(D)

4T 1 1

r R

ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM


127.

+q

The distance between plates of a parallel plate capacitor is 5d.


The positively charged plate is at x = 0 and negatively
charged plate is at x = 5d. Two slabs one of conductor and
the other of a dielectric of same thickness d are inserted
between the plates as shown in figure. Potential (V) versus
distance x graph will be

C
O
N
D
U
C
T
O
R

(A)

(B)

2d

3d

4d

5d

2d

3d

4d

5d

(C)

(D)

O
2d

3d

4d

5d

2d

3d

4d

5d

-q

D
I
E
L
E
C
T
R
I
C

2d

3d

4d

5d

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

128.

A metallic sphere A of radius a is charged to a potential V. What will be its potential if it


is enclosed by a spherical conducting shell of radius b and the two are connected by a thin
wire
a
(A) V
(B) V
b
b
(C)

b
V
a

(D)

ab
V
ab

129.

Mark correct statement:


(A) If a conducting spherical shell is placed in a uniform electric field then electric field
inside the shell is non-zero
(B) Electric field in a charged conducting spherical shell can be equal to zero only when the
charge is uniformly distributed.
(C) If potential inside a spherical shell is zero then it is necessarily electrically neutral.
(D) None of these.

130.

A circular ring carries a uniformly distributed positive charge and lies in x-y plane with
centre at origin of coordinate system. If at a point (0, 0, z) electric potential is V, which of
the following is/are correct?
v

(A)

(B)

(C)
O

(D)

131.

An electron travelling in an electric field passes from a region of potential V1 to a region of


higher potential V2. Then:
(A) no change takes place in velocity component parallel to interface of two regions.
(B) direction of its motion remains unchanged but speed increases.
(C) direction of its motion may change but speed must decrease.
(D) decrease in kinetic energy is proportional to V2 V1 .

132.

A thin metallic spherical shell contains a charge Q on its surface. A point charge +q 1 is
placed at the center of the shell and another charge +q 2 is placed outside then the force on q 1
due to q 2 is
q1

q2
+Q

(A) towards right


(C) zero

(B) towards left


(D) none of above

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

133.

Two identical capacitors 1 and 2 are connected in series to a battery as shown in figure.
Capacitor 2 contains a dielectric slab of dielectric constant k as shown. Q1 and Q2 are the
charges stored in the capacitors. Now the dielectric slab is removed and the corresponding
charge are Q1 and Q2. Then
Q1 ' k 1

Q1
k
Q ' k 1
(C) 2
Q2
2k

Q2' k 1

Q2
2
Q ' k
(D) 1
Q1 2

(A)

(B)

134.

An electric dipole is placed inside a non-uniform electric field, increasing at the rate of
per unit distance, along Z-axis. The dipole can undergo:
(A) rotational motion only.
(B) translational motion along Z-axis only.
(C) a rotational motion as well as a translation motion along Z-axis.
(D) None of these.

135.

Two resistances R1 and R2 are joined as shown in figure to two batteries of emf E1 and E2.
If E2 is short circuited, then current through R1 is
R1
E1

R2

(A) E1/R1
(C) E2/R2

136.

E2

(B) E2/R1
(D) E1/(R1 + R2)

If at a distance r from a positively charged particle, electric field strength, potential and
energy density are E, V and U respectively, which of the following graphs is correct ?
V2

(B)

(A)
O

V2

(C)
(D)
O

137.

(A) 3 m/s
(C) 3/8 m/s2
138.

A charged particle is projected in a magnetic field B = 3i 4j 102 tesla. The acceleration


of the particle is found to be a xi 2j M / s2 . The value of x is

(B) 3/ms2
(D) 8/3 m/s2

Two metallic spheres of radii a and b are separated by a distance d as shown in figure.
Assuming charge distribution to be uniform, capacity of the system is:

Brain Teasers By Studysteps


a

4 0
1 / a 1 / b 2 / d
4 0
(C)
1 / a 1 / b 1 / d

(A)

139.

Q1 Q 2
2C
Q1 Q 2 Q3 Q 4
(C)
2C

141.

142.

143.

144.

(B)

2 0
1 / a 1 / b 1 / d

(D) 4 0(a + b)

In an isolated parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C, the four surface have charges Q1, Q2,
Q3 and Q4 as shown. The potential difference between the plates is
(A)

140.

Q3 Q 4
2C
Q 2 Q3
(D)
2C

(B)

In the adjoining circuit diagram, E = 5 volt, r = 1 ohm R2


= 4 ohm, R1 = R3 = 1ohm and C = 3F. Then the
numerical value of the charge on each plate of the
capacitor is:
(A) 24C
(B) 12 C
(C) 6 C
(D) 3 C

Q2

Q1

R1

Three plates 1, 2, and 3 of area A each and separation


between two consecutive plates d, are connected as shown
in figure. The energy stored, when the plates are fully
charged, is :
(A) 0.50AV2/d
(B) 0AV2/d
2
(C) 20AV /d
(D) 0 AV/d
Two capacitors are connected as shown in the figure and the
central section can be moved vertically up or down. The
equivalent capacitance for any position of the central section is
(area of each plate is A):
(A) 0A/(a + b)
(B) 0 A/(a2 b2)
(C) 0A/(a b)
(D) 20A/(b + a)

Q4

Q3

R2
C

R3
C

r
-

1
2
3

b
a

A capacitor of capacitance C0 is charged to a potential V0 and then isolated. A small


capacitor C is then charged from C0, discharged and charged again; the process being
repeated n times. Due to this, potential of the larger capacitor is decreased to V. Value of C
is:
(A) C0[V0/V]1/n
(B) C0[(V0/V)1/n 1]
n
(C) C0[V/V0) 1]
(D) C0[V/V0)n + 1]
The potential field depends on x and y coordinates as V = (x2 y2) corresponding electric
field lines in x-y plane are as

Brain Teasers By Studysteps


y

(B)

(A)
x

(C)

145.

(D)

In the circuit shown in the figure the switch is closed at t = 0. The current in branch BC and
PQ, after a long time the switch is closed is
1 1f
P
Q
2 B
5 C
1
S
R
T
E=10V

146.

(A) zero and 20/3 amp

(B) zero and zero

30
(C)
amp and zero
22

(D) 10 amp and zero

The arc AB with the centre C and the infinitely long wire having
linear charge density are lying in the same plane. The minimum
amount of work to be done to move a point charge q 0 from point A
to B through a circular path AB of radius a is equal to:
q2
2
(A) 0 log
2 0
3
q
2
(C) 0 log
2 0
3

147.

q
3
(B) 0 log
2 0
2
q 0

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

2a

(D)

2 0

Two identical particles of charge q each are connected by a massless spring of force
constant k. They are placed over a smooth horizontal surface. They are released when the
separation between them is r and spring is unstretched. If maximum extension of the spring
is r, the value of k is (neglect gravitational effect)
(A)

q
4r

1
0 r

(B)

q
2r

(C)

2q
r

1
0 r

(D)

q
r

1
0 r

1
0 r

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

148.

In the circuit shown in figure potential difference between A and


B is
(A) 30V
(B) 60 V
(C) 10 V
(D) 90 V

E = 190V

3C
A
C

149.

One plate of a capacitor is connected to a spring as shown in figure. Area of both the plates
is A. In steady state separation between the plates is 0.8d (spring was unstretched and the
distance between the plates was d when the capacitor was uncharged). The force constant
of the spring is approximately
4 0 AE 2
d3
6 E 2
(C) 0 3
Ad

2 0 AE
d2
AE 3
(D) 0 3
2d

(A)

150.

B
3C

(B)

In the circuit shown in figure, all wires have equal resistance r. The equivalent resistance
C
between A and B is
3r
5
7r
(C)
5

2r
7
3r
(D)
4

(A)

(B)

E
B

D
F
A

151.

In the circuit shown in figure, the potential of points B, C and D


are:
(A) 12V, 10V, 6V
(B) 11V, 9V, 6V
(C) 11V, 9V, 0V
(D) 12V, 10V, 0V

A
1

12V
B

2
C
6V

3
D

152.

A dielectric slab of area A and thickness d is inserted between the


plates of capacitor of area 2A and distance between plates d with a
constant speed v as shown in figure. The capacitor is connected to a
battery of emf E. The current in the circuit varies with time as
i

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)
t

E
v

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

153.

An electric dipole is placed at center of sphere. Which of the following option are correct.
(i)
flux of electric field through sphere is zero.
(ii)
electric field is zero at every point of sphere.
(iii)
electric field is non-zero any where on sphere
(iv)
electric field is zero on a circle on sphere
(A) only (i)
(B) only (ii)
(C) only (i) and (iii)
(D) all are correct

154.

A conductor with rectangular cross section has dimensions


(a 2a 4a) as shown in figure. Resistance across AB is
x, across CD is y and across EF is z. Then
(A) x = y = z
(B) x > y > z
(C) y > z > x
(D) x > z > y

C
2a
a

4a

A
E

20V

155.

As the switch S is closed in the circuit shown in figure, current


passed through it is
(A) 4.5 A
(B) 6.0 A
(C) 3.0 A
(D) zero

5V

2
S

156.

A conductor A is given a charge of +Q and then placed inside a deep


+Q
metal can B, without touching it
A
B
(i) the potential of A does not change when it is placed inside B
(ii) if B is earthed, +Q amount of charge flows from it into earth.
(iii) If B is earthed, potential of A is reduced.
(iv) any of (ii) or (iii) or both are true only if outer surface of B is connected to earth and not
its inner surface.
(A) only (i), (ii) are correct
(B) only (iv) is correct
(C) (i), (ii), (iii) are correct
(D) none of above

157.

In the circuit shown in figure. The steady state currents i1 and i2 in


the coils after the switch S is closed are
(A) i1 =
(C) i2 =

EL 2
R (L 1 L 2 )

EL 2
R L1L 2

(B) i1 =
(D) i2 =

L1

i1

EL 1
R (L 1 L 2 )

L2

i2

E L1L 2

R
E

RL 2

S
E1 = 10V
r1 = 1

158.

In the figure the potentiometer wire of length l = 100 cm and


resistance 9 is joined to a cell of emf E1 = 10V and internal
resistance r1 = 1 another cell of emf E2 = 5V and internal
resistance r2 = 2 is connected as shown. The galvanometer G will
show no deflection when the length AC is:
(A) 50 cm
(B) 55.55 cm
(C) 52.67 cm
(D) 54.33 cm

G
E2 = 5V
r2 = 2

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

159.

In the circuit shown in figure C1 = 1F and C2 = 2F. Capacitor C1 is charged to 100V and
C2 is charged to 20 V. After charging they are connected as shown. When the switches S1,
S2 and S3 all are closed
C2
C1
(A) no charge will flow through S2
S2
+
+
(B) 80C charge will flow through S1
20V S
100V
3
S1
(C) 40 C charge will flow through S2
(D) 60 C charge will flow through S3

160.

The metal plate on the left in figure carries a charge +q. The metal
plate on the right has a charge of 2q. What charge will flow
through S when it is closed, if central plate is initially neutral
(A) zero
(B) q
(C) +q
(D) +2q

-2q

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

161.

In the shown circuit potential difference between P and Q is


(A) 40 volt
(B) 11.2 volt
(C) 21.2 volt
(D) 20 volt

12V, 4

P Q
8V, 16

162.

163.

In the adjacent circuit, ammeter reads 0.5A. Bulbs L1 and L2


are brightly lit, but L3 is not lit. What is the reason for L3 not
being lit?
(A) the ammeter is faulty.
(B) the filament of L3 is broken
(C) resistance of L3 is much lower than that L1 and L2.
(D) There is a break in the connecting wire between L2 and L3.
In the given circuit, potential difference between A and B is:
(A) 6.7 V
(B) 3.7V
(C) 4V
(D) 10 V

L1

L2

2V

4V

4V

3
A

164.

L3

A current is uniformly distributed over the cross section of a long hollow cylindrical wire of
inner radius R1 and outer radius R2. Magnetic field B varies with distance r from the axis of
the cylinder as
B

(A)

(B)
r

(C)

(D)

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

165.

Two identical coaxial circular loops carry a current i, each circulating in same directions. If
the loops approach each other then
(A) current in each will increase
(B) current in each will decrease
(C) current in each will remain same
(D) current in one will decrease and in other will increase

166.

Figure shows a square current carrying loop ABCD of side 2 m


1
2

and current i = A . The magnetic moment M of the loop is

(A) i 3k A-m2
(C) 3i k A-m2

(B) (j k ) A-m2
(D) j k A-m2

i =1/2 A

A
300

x
D

167.

A conducting ring of mass 2 kg and radius 0.5 m is placed on a smooth horizontal plane.
The ring carries a current i = 4 A. A horizontal magnetic field B = 10
T
is
switched
on
at
time

t = 0 as shown in figure. The initial angular acceleration of the ring


B
will be
(A) 40 rad/s2
(B) 20 rad/s2
2
(C) 5 rad/s
(D) 15 rad/s2

168.

A charged particle of specific charge (charge/mass) is released from origin at time t = 0

with velocity v v 0 (i j) in uniform magnetic field B = B0 i . Coordinates of the particle at


time t =

are
B0

v
2 v 0 v 0
(A) 0 ,
,
2 B 0 B 0 B 0

2v 0 v 0

(C) 0,
,
B 0 2B 0

169.

171.

v0
2v 0
, 0,
B0
B0

(D)

The length of thin wire required to manufacture a solenoid of length l and self inductance L
if cross-sectional area is negligibly small will be
2lL
4lL
(A)
(B)
0
0
(C)

170.

v0

,0, 0
2B 0

(B)

8lL
0

(D)

6lL
0

The lorentz
force
acting
on
a
charge
q
in
an
electric
field
E
and
magnetic
field
B
will be

(A) qE q(v B)
(B) qE


(C) q(v B)
(D) qE q(v B)
Two parallel straight rails of negligible resistance are l apart. At one end they are connected
with each other by a resistanceless wire as shown in figure. A uniform magnetic field of
induction B exists in the space, normal to the plane of rails. An isosceles right angled
triangle abc, made of a uniform wire of resistance per unit length slides along rails with
constant velocity v. Force required to pull it, is:

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(A)
(C)

B 2 lv( 2 1 )

(B)

B 2 lv 2

173.

v
c

+
f
-

1f
S

The diagram shows a solenoid carrying time varying current I = I0t. On the axis of this
solenoid a ring has been placed. The mutual inductance of the ring and the solenoid is M
and the self inductance of the ring is L. If the resistance of the ring is R then the maximum
current which can flow through the ring is equal to

(B) MI0/R
(D) (M + L) I0/R

A circular coil is in y-z plane with centre at origin. The coil is carrying a constant current.
Assuming direction of magnetic field at x = -25 cm to be positive direction of magnetic
filed, which of the following graphs shows variation of magnetic field along x-axis?
B

(A)

(B)

(C)

175.

In the given circuit capacitor (2 f) is charged to a potential 10 volt.


The current in the circuit just after switch is closed is
(A) zero
(B) 20
(C) infinite
(D) 5

(A) (2M + L ) I0/R


(C) (2M L) I0/R
174.

( 2 1 )

B 2 lv
(D)

( 2 1 )

172.

B 2 lv

(D)

A long straight wire, carrying current I, is bent at its


midpoint to form an angle of 45 0. Induction of magnetic
field at point P, distance R from point of bending (as shown
in figure), is equal to:
(A)
(C)

( 2 1) 0 I
4 R
( 2 1) 0 I

4 2 R

(B)
(D)

( 2 1) 0 I
4R
( 2 1) 0 I

2 2 R

P
R

45
I

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

176.

On a V shaped conducting wire of zero resistance, a rod having resistance per unit length K
is being moved with constant velocity V. The current I flowing will be equal to

(A) B sin V/K


(C) BV/K
177.

(B) B sin (/2) V/K


(D) None of these

An equilateral triangular loop ADC having some resistance is pulled


with a constant velocity v out of a uniform magnetic field directed into
the paper. At time t = 0, side DC of the loop is at edge of the magnetic
field. The induced current (i) versus time (t) graph will be as
i

(C)

(D)

A line charge ( per unit length) is in the form of a circular wheel of


radius a and is free to rotate in a horizontal plane. There is a coaxial
magnetic field B = B0 k extending upto a radius b (b < a). If the
magnetic field is switched off, the angular velocity of the wheel is
given by:
(A) a2bB/I clockwise as seen from above.
(B) ab2B/I clockwise as seen from above.
(C) ab2B/I anticlockwise as seen from above
(D) a2bB/I anticlockwise as seen from above.
(I is moment of inertia)

b
a

A non-conducting rod AB of length l has a positive linear charge density .


The rod is rotated about point A with an angular velocity in the plane of
paper. What is the magnetic moment of the rod?
l 2
2
3l 3
(C)
2

(A)

(B)
i

179.

(A)

178.

2l 2
3
l 3
(D)
6

(B)

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

180.

181.

182.

A constant current i is flowing


through a circular coil placed in a

uniform magnetic field B as shown in figure. Choose the


correct alternative:
(A) The loop is in stable equilibrium
(B) The loop is in unstable equilibrium.
(C) The torque acting on the loop is maximum possible.
(D) The torque acting on the loop is 1/ 2 times the maximum
torque.

In a time varying magnetic field ( B = B0t k )


confined in a cylindrical region, cutting the xy
plane
on
a
circle
of
radius
2
2
X + Y = 4, we have placed a wire frame, as
shown. Segment A1A2 and A3A4 are identical
quarter circles. The current flowing in the
wire frame is equal to
(A) Zero
(B) 4B0
(C) B0
(D) 2B0

y
i
450

A3
A1
A6
Z

A4

A5

A2
The radius of A3, A4 and A1 A2 is 1m.

In the loop shown in the figure, a time varying magnetic field B = (B0t) is passing. The
cross sectional area of each part of the loop is shown in the figure. The total resistance of
loop is R. The current flowing in the loop is equal to
Direction of magnetic field

A1

183.

A2

A3

(A) B0 (A1 + A 2 + A3 )/ R

(B) B0 (A1 - A 2 + A3 )/ R

(C) B0 (A1 + A 2 - A3 )/ R

(D) B0 (A1 - A 2 - A3 )/ R

Two wires AO and OC carry equal currents i as shown in figure. One end of both the wire
extends to infinity. Angle AOC is . The magnitude of magnetic field at a point P on the
bisector of these two wires at a distance r from point O is
A
(A)

0i

cot
2r
2

1 cos
i
2
(C) 0
2 r

sin
2

(B)

0i

cot
4r
2

r
O

(D) 0 sin
4 r 2

184.

An AC source is rated 220 V, 50 Hz. The average voltage is calculated in a time interval of
0.01 s. It
(A) Must be zero
(B) May be zero
(C) Is never zero
(D) Is (220/ 2 ) V

185.

A constant current of 2.8 A exists in a resistor. The rms current is


(A) 2.8 A
(B) About 2 A
(C) 1.4 A
(D) Undefined for a direct current

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

186.

In an L-R circuit connected to a battery the rate at which energy is stored in the inductor is
plotted against time during the growth of current in the circuit. Which of the following best
represents the resulting curve?
Rate

Rate

(A)

(B)
time

time

Rate

Rate

(C)

(D)
time

time

187.

188.

In the circuit shown in figure the jockey J is being pulled towards


right so that the resistance in the circuit is increasing. Its value at
some instant is 5. The current in the circuit at this instant will be
(A) 4A
(B) less than 4A
(C) more than 4A
(D) may be less than or more than 4A depending on the value of L.

J
20V

The diagram shows two identical point charges +Q. What is the electric flux passing
through an imaginary circular cross section situated coaxially ?
Radius = R
+Q

+Q

The center of the cross is at a distance R from the two charges.


(A) Q / 2e0
(B) Q / 4e0
(C) 2Q / e0
189.

(D) Zero

The diagram shows an infinite line charge surrounded by a coaxial infinitely large
conducting cylindrical shell. The inner shell is R. The electric lines are cylindrical radial.
The line charge density is . What is the surface charge density induced on the inner
surface?
LINE CHARGE

(A) - l / 2R
(C) - l / R

(B) - l / 2p R
(D) None

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

190.

A uniform magnetic field is confined in a cylindrical region of radius R.


dB
= .
dt

Induction of the magnetic field is increasing at a constant rate

Strength of induced electric field varies with distance r (from axis of the
cylindrical region) according to graph:
B

(C)

(D)

A straight rod of length l is rotating about an axis passing through O, as shown in figure. In
the space, a uniform magnetic field of induction B exists normal to the axis of rotation.
Potential difference between ends a and b is equal to:
8
Bl 2
25
3
(C)
Bl 2
10

(A)

(B)

l/5

7
Bl 2
25

4l/5

b
Q

(D) zero
V1

192. The diagram shows two concentric conducting spherical shells


at the potentials as mentioned. The radius of the outer shell is
R and the radius of the inner shell is R/2. What is the amount
of heat generated on closing the switch?
2
(A) 2pe0 R (V12 )
(B) 4pe0 R (V1 )
2

(C) 8pe0 R (V1 )

194.

(B)
O

193.

(A)

191.

2V1

Earth

(D) None

In the circuit shown in figure, E = 15V, R1 = 1, R2 = 1,


R3 = 2 and L = 1.5H. What are the values of i1, i2 and i3
immediately after switch is closed?
(A) 7.5 A, 7.5A, 0A
(B) 9A, 6A, 3A
(C) 9A, 9A, 0A
(D) 0A, 0A, 0A

R1

i3

R3

i1
E

R2

i2

Uniform electric field E has been applied in the +X direction. If a charge system has initial
state and final states as mentioned then what is the work done by the external agent in
converting the initial state to the final state ?
Each line charge has length L.

(A) - El L2 / 2
(C) EL2

(B) + El L2 / 2
(D) zero

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

195.

A pure inductor L, a capacitor C and a resistance R are connected


across a battery of emf E and internal resistance r as shown in the
figure. The switch S w is closed at t = 0. Select the correct
alternative(s):
(A) Current through resistance R is zero all the time.
(B) Current through resistance R is zero at t = 0 and t .
(C) Maximum charge stored in the capacitor is EC.
(D) Maximum energy stored in the inductor is equal to the
maximum energy stored in the capacitor.

R
C
r
Sw

196.

In L.C.R. circuit potential difference between terminals of inductance is 60 V, between


terminals of condenser is 30 V and between terminals of resistance is 40 volts. Supply
voltage will be equal to
(A) 50 volt
(B) 70 volt
(C) 130 volt
(D) 10 volt

197.

A coil has an inductance of 0.7 Henry and is joined in series with a resistance of 220 .
When an alternating e.m.f. of 220 volts at 50 c.p.s., is applied to it, then the wattles
component of the current in the circuit is
(A) 5 amp.
(B) 0.5 amp
(C) 0.7 amp
(D) 7 amp

198.

In a circuit containing an inductance of zero resistance, the current lags behind the applied
AC voltage by phase angle equal to:
(A) 90 0
(B) 45 0
0
(C) 30
(D) 00

199.

The diagram shows the three infinitely long coaxial conducting cylindrical shells. The
potential of the inner most and the outer most shell is same. If s 1 and s 2 are surface charge
densities on the inner and the outer surface of the middle shell then what is the value of
s 1/s 2 ?

a
b
c

(A) ln(c/a)
(C) ln(ac/b2)
200.

(B) ln(c/b)/ln(b/a)
(D) None

In the series L-C-R circuit, the voltmeter and ammeter


readings are
(A) V = 100 volt, I = 2 amp.
(B) V =100 volt, I = 5 amp
(C) V = 1000 volt, I = 2 amp
(D) V =300 volt, I = 1 amp.

400V

400V

R = 50
A

100V, 50 Hz

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS


201.

Two ends of a conducting rod of varying cross-section are maintained at 200 0C and 0 0C
respectively. In steady state
(A) temperature difference across AB and CD are equal
(B) temperature difference across AB is greater than that of across
CD
A
B C
D
(C) temperature difference across AB is less than that of across CD
(D) temperature difference may be equal or different depending on
00 C
x
the thermal conductivity of the rod.
x
0
200 C

202.

In a vertical U-tube containing a liquid, the two arms are


maintained at different temperatures, t10C and t20C. The liquid
columns in the two arms have heights L1 and L2 respectively. The
coefficient of volume expansion of the liquid is equal to
L1 - L2
L1 - L2
(a)
(b)
L2 t1 - L1t 2
L1 t1 - L 2 t 2
L1 + L2
L1 + L2
(c)
(d)
L2 t1 + L1t 2
L1t1 + L 2 t 2

t1

t2

L1

L2

203.

A gas mixture consists of 2 moles of oxygen and 4 moles of argon at temperature T.


Neglecting all vibrational modes, the total internal energy of the system is:
(A) 4RT
(B) 15 RT
(C) 9RT
(D) 11RT

204.

A uniform solid brass sphere is rotating with angular speed 0 about a diameter. If its
temperature is now increased by 100 0C. What will be its new angular speed.
[Given = brass = 2 10 -5 per 0C]
(A) 1.1 0
(B) 1.010
(C) 0.996 0
(D) 0.824 0

205.

Two identical containers A and B with frictionless pistons contain the same ideal gas at the
same temperature and the same volume V. The mass of gas in A is m A and that in B is mB.
The gas in each cylinder is now allowed to expand isothermally to the same final volume
2V. The change in pressure in A and B are found to be P and 1.5 P respectively. Then
(A) 4mA = 9mB
(B) 2mA = 3mA
(C) 3mA = 2mB
(D) 9mA = 4mB

206.

Volume versus temperature graph of two moles of helium gas


is shown in the figure. The ratio of heat absorbed and the work
done by the gas in process 1-2 is
(A) 3
(B) 5/2
(C) 5/3
(D) 7/2

207.

A long cylindrical vessel of volume V and linear coefficient of expansion contains a


liquid. The level of liquid does not change then coefficient of cubical expansion of liquid
is:
(A) (V - )/V
(B) (V + )/V
(C) V/(V - )
(D) 3

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

208.

Two moles of helium are mixed with n moles of hydrogen. The root mean square (rms)
speed of the gas molecules in the mixture is 2 times the speed of sound in the mixture.
Then value of n is
(A) 1
(B) 3
(C) 2
(D) 3/2

209.

A cylindrical tube of uniform cross-sectional area A is fitted with two air tight frictionless
pistons. The pistons are connected to each other by a
metallic wire. Initially the pressure of the gas is P0 and
wire
temperature is T0. Atmospheric pressure is also P0. Now
the temperature of the gas is increased to 2T0, the tension
in the wire will be
(A) 2P0A
(B) P0A
(C)

P0 A
2

(D) 4P0A

210.

An ideal gas ( = 1.5) is expanded adiabatically. How many times has the gas to be
expanded to reduce the root mean square velocity of molecules 2 times
(A) 4 times
(B) 16 times
(C) 8 times
(D) 2 Times

211.

P-V diagram of an ideal gas as shown in figure. Work done by


the gas in the process ABCD is
(A) 4P0V0
(B) 2P0V0
(C) 3P0V0
(D) P0V0

P
D

2P0

P0

V0

212.

213.

A body cools in a surrounding which is at a constant temperature


of 0. Assume that it obeys Newtons law of cooling. Its
temperature 0C is plotted against time t. Tangents are drawn to
the curve at the points P( = 1) and Q( = 2). These tangents
meet the time axis at angle of 2 and 1 as shown.
tan f 2
q- q
tan f 2
q - q0
(A)
(B)
= 1 0
= 2
tan f 1
q2 - q0
tan f 1
q1 - q0
tan f 1
q
tan f 1
q
(C)
= 1
(D)
= 2
tan f 2
q2
tan f 2
q1

3V0

2V0

The figure shows two paths for the change of state of a gas from A to
B. The ratio of molar heat capacities in path 1 and 2 is
(A) >1
(B) < 1
(C) 1
(D) Data is insufficient.

P
2
B

A
1

214.

Three rods of identical cross-sectional area and made from the same metal form the sides of
an isosceles triangle ABC right angled at B. The points A and B are maintained at
temperatures T and 2 T respectively in the steady state. Assuming that only heat
conduction takes place temperature of point C will be
A
(A)
(C)

3T
2 1
T

3 ( 2 1)

(B)
(D)

T
2 1
T
2 1

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

215.

Six identical conducting rods are joined as shown in figure. Points A and D are maintained
at temperatures 200 0C and 200C respectively. The
temperature of junction B will be
(A) 1200C
A
D
B
C
(B) 1000C
200C
2000 C
(C) 1400C
(D) 80 0C

216.

The relation between U, P and V for an ideal gas is U = 2 + 3PV. The gas is
(A) monoatomic
(B) diatomic
(C) polyatomic
(D) either a monoatomic or diatomic

217.

A thermodynamic system undergoes cyclic process ABCDA as


shown in figure. The work done by the system is
(A) P0V0
(B) 2P0V0
PV
(C) 0 0
2

P
3P0

2P0

(D) zero
P0

A
V0

218.

2V0

Certain amount of an ideal gas are contained in a closed vessel. The vessel is moving with a
constant velocity v. The molecular mass of gas is M. The rise in temperature of the gas
when the vessel is suddenly stopped is ( = CP/CV)
(A)

Mv 2
2R ( 1)

(B)

Mv 2 ( 1)
2R

(C)

Mv 2
2 R

(D)

Mv 2
2R ( 1)

219.

Unit mass of a liquid of volume V1 completely turns into a gas of volume V2 at constant
atmospheric pressure P0 and temperature T. The latent heat of vaporization is L. Then the
change in internal energy of the gas is
(A) L
(B) L + P(V2 V1)
(C) L P(V2 V1)
(D) zero

220.

A solid whose volume does not change with temperature floats in a liquid. For two different
temperatures t1 0C and t2 0C of the liquid, fractions f1 and f2 of the volume of solid remain
submerged in the liquid. The coefficient of volume expansion of the liquid is equal to
f f
f f
(A) 1 2
(B) 1 2
f 2 t1 f1t 2
f1t1 f 2 t 2
f f
f f
(C) 1 2
(D) 1 2
f 2 t1 f1t 2
f1t1 f 2 t 2

221.

An ideal gas undergoes a thermodynamic cycle as shown in


figure. Which of the following graphs represents the same
cycle?

Brain Teasers By Studysteps


P

(B)

(A)

P
A

(C)

(D)

222.

223.

224.

When an ideal diatomic gas is heated at constant pressure, the fraction of the heat energy
supplied which increases the internal energy of gas is
(A) 2/5
(B) 3/5
(C) 3/7
(D) 5/7
Two identical square rods of metal are welded end to
end as shown in figure (a), 20 cal of heat flows through
it in 4 minutes. If the rods are welded as shown in the
figure (b), the same amount of heat will flow through
the rod in:
(A) 16 min
(B) 12 min
(C) 4 min
(D) 1 min

(a)
(b)

P (atm)

A spherical black body with a radius of 12 cm radiates 450 W


power at 500K. If the radius were halved and the temperature
doubled, the power radiated in watt would be:
(A) 225
(B) 450
(C) 900
(D) 1800

C
B

225.

Five rods of the same dimensions are arranged as shown.


They have thermal conductivities K1, K2 , K3, K4 and K5.
When points A and B are maintained at different
temperatures, no heat flows through the central rod. It
follows that
(A) K1 = K4 and K2 = K3
(C) K1K4 = K2 K3

226.

K2

K1
A

V (lt)

K5
K3

K4

(B) K1/K4 = K2/K3


(D) K1K2 = K3K4

One end of a uniform rod of length 1 m is placed in boiling water while its other end is
placed in melting ice. A point P on the rod is maintained at a constant temperature of
800 0C. The mass of steam produced per second is equal to the mass of ice melted per
second. If specific latent heat of steam is 7 times the specific latent heat of ice, the distance
of P from the steam chamber must be
1
1
(A) m
(B) m
7
8
1
1
(C) m
(D)
m
9
10

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

WAVES AND SOUND


227.

Two wave pulse (The shape of one being inverted with respect to the other) travel in
opposite direction on a string to approach other. What will happen to them ?
(A) They will collide and vanish after collision
(B) The pulse will pass through each other without any change in their shape
(C) the pulses will reflect, that is the pulse going towards right will move to left after
collision and vice-versa.
(D) The pulses will pass through each other but their shapes will be modified.

228.

In a standing wave pattern obtained in a tube filled with iodine, due to vibrations of
frequency 800 cycle/sec, the distance between eleven consecutive nodes is found to be 1m,
when the temperature of iodine vapours is 3520C. If the temperature is 127 0C, the distance
between consecutive nodes is :
(A) 0.08 m
(B) 0.072 m
127
(C) 1.25 m
(D)
0.1m
352

229.

The fundamental frequency of a sonometer wire of length l is f0. A bridge is now


introduced at a distance of l from the centre of the wire (l << l). The number of beats
heard if both sides of the bridges are set into vibration in their fundamental modes are
8 f 0 l
l
2 f 0 l
(C)
l

f 0 l
l
4 f 0 l
(D)
l

(A)

230.

(B)

An observer starts moving with uniform acceleration towards a stationary sound source,
emitting a whistle of frequency f. As the observer approaches source, the apparent
frequency f heard by the observer varies with time as:
f

(A)

(B)

(C)

231.

(D)

f
O

An open and a closed pipe have same length. The ratio of frequencies of their nth overtone
is
n 1
2n 1
n
(C)
2n 1

(A)

2( n 1)
2n 1
n 1
(D)
2n

(B)

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

232.

Two waves are propogating along a taut string that coincides with the x-axis. The first
wave has the wave function y1 = A cos[k(x vt)] and the second has the wave function
y = A cos [k(x + vt) + ]:
(A) For constructive interference at x = 0, = .
(B) For constructive interference at x = 0, = 3.
(C) For destructive interference at x = 0, = .
(D) For destructive interference at x = 0, = 2

233.

Oxygen is 16 times heavier than hydrogen. Equal volumes of hydrogen and oxygen are
mixed. The ratio of the velocity of sound in the mixture to that in oxygen is:
(A)
(C)

234.

1
8
17
32

(B)

32
17

(D)

A vibrating tuning fork of frequency n is placed near the open end of a long cylindrical
tube. The tube has a side opening and is also fitted with a movable reflecting piston. As the
piston is moved through 8.75 cm, the intensity of sound changes from a maximum to
minimum. If the speed of sound is 350 metre per second, then n is:
(A) 500 Hz
(B) 1000 Hz
(C) 2000 Hz
(D) 4000 Hz

Ear

235.

Plane simple harmonic progressive waves of wavelengths 120 cm and speed 34800 cm/sec
are incident normally on a plane surface which is a perfect reflector of sound. Stationary
waves are formed. The ratio of amplitudes of vibrations at points distant (i) 10 cm (ii) 30
cm from the reflector is :
(A) 1 : 2
(B) 1 : 0
(C) 1 : 1
(D) 1 : 4

236.

x1 = A sin(t 0.1 x) and

x2 = A sin t 0.1x -
2

Resultant amplitude of combined wave is

(A) 2A cos
4

(C) 2A cos
2

237.

(B) A 2 cos / 2

(D) A 2 1 cos
4

Two wires with different densities are joined at x = 0. An incident wave


yi = ai sin(t k1x)
traveling from left to right is partly reflected and partly transmitted at x = 0. If the
amplitude of reflected and transmitted at x = 0. If the amplitude of reflected and transmitted
waves be ar and at respectively, then ar/ai is

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(A)

2k1
k1 k 2

(B)

(C)

k1 k 2
k1 k 2

(D)

2k 2
k1 k 2
k1 k 2
k1 k 2

238.

A string of length 0.4 m and mass 10-2 kg is tightly clamped at the ends. The tension in the
string is 1.6 N. Identical wave pulses are produced at one end at equal intervals of time t.
The minimum value of t which allows constructive interference between successive pulses
is:
(A) 0.05 sec
(B) 0.10 sec
(C) 0.20 sec
(D) 0.40 sec.

239.

An open organ pipe of length l is sounded together with another open organ pipe of length l
+ x in their fundamental tones. Speed of sound in air is v. The beat frequency heard will be
(x << l )
vl 2
vx
(A) 2
(B) 2
4l
4l
vx 2
vx
(C) 2
(D)
2l
2l

240.

When a source of sound of frequency f crosses a stationary observer with a speed vs (<<
speed of sound v), the apparent change in frequency f is given by
2fv s
v
2fv
(C)
vs

(A)

(B) 2fvvs
(D)

fv s
v

241.

When two tuning forks A and B are sounded together, x beats/sec are heard. Frequency of
A is n. Now when one prong of fork B is loaded with a little wax, the number of beats/sec
decreases. The frequency of fork B is:
(A) n + x
(B) n x
2
(C) n x
(D) n 2x

242.

A source of sound of frequency 256 Hz is moving towards a wall with a velocity of 5 m/s.
The velocity of sound is 330 /ms. The number of beats heard by an observer moving along
with the sound object is:
330
256 330
(A) 256
256
(B) 256
325
335
256 330 256 330
335
(C)
(D) 256

256
325
325
325

243.

Two sound sources are moving in opposite directions with velocities v1 and v2 (v1 > v2).
Both are moving away from a stationary observer. The frequency of both the sources is
900 Hz. What is the value of v1 v2 so that the beat frequency observed by the observer is
6 Hz? Speed of sound v = 300 m/s. Given that v1 and v2 << v:
(A) 1 m/s
(B) 2 m/s
(C) 3 m/s
(D) 4 m/s

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

OPTICS
244.

A ray of light makes an angle of 100 with the horizontal and strikes a plane mirror which is
inclined at an angle to the horizontal. The angle for which the reflected ray becomes
vertical, is:
(A) 40 0
(B) 80 0
0
0
(C) 40 or 50
(D) 80 0 or 1000

245.

A glass plate of refractive index 1.5 is coated with a thin layer of thickness t and refractive
index 1.8. Light of wavelength traveling in air is incident normally on the layer. It is
partly reflected at the upper and lower surfaces of the layer and the two reflected rays
interfere. If = 648 nm, the least value of t for which the rays interfere constructively is
(A) 90nm
(B) 45 nm
(C) 180 nm
(D) 60 nm

246.

A point object is placed mid-way between two plane mirrors distance a apart. The plane
mirror form an infinite number of images due to multitude reflections. The distance
between the nth order images formed in the two mirrors is:
(A) na
(B) 2na
(C) na/2
(D) n2a

247.

The image of point P when viewed from top of the slabs will be
(A) 2.0 cm above P
(B) 1.5 cm above P
(C) 2.0 cm below P
(D) 1 cm above P

= 1.5

1.5cm
1.5cm

= 1.5

1.5cm
2cm

248.

Which of the following statement is incorrect ?


P
(A) When a lens is dipped in water, magnitude of its focal length increases.
(B) When a lens is dipped in water, magnitude of its focal length decreases.
(C) When a spherical mirror is dipped in water, magnitude of its focal length increases.
(D) None of these

249.

When an object lies at the focus of a concave mirror, the position of the image formed and
its magnification are respectively:
(A) Infinity and zero
(B) Centre of curvature and infinity.
(C) infinity and infinity.
(D) infinity and unity.

250.

A hollow convex lens of glass will behave like a


(A) convex lens
(B) concave lens
(C) glass plate
(D) mirror
A thin rod of length f/3 is placed along the optic axis of a concave mirror of focal length f
such that its image, which is real and elongated, just touches the rod. The magnification is:
(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 2.5
(D) 1.5

251.

252.

A point object O is placed at a distance of 20 cm from a


convex lens of focal length 10 cm as shown in figure. At
what distance x from the lens should a concave mirror of
focal length 60 cm, be placed so that final image coincides
with the object

O
20cm

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

(A) 10 cm
(C) 20 cm

(B) 40 cm
(D) final image can never coincide with the
object in the given conditions

253.

A monochromatic beam of light falls on YDSE apparatus at some angle (say ) as shown in
figure. A thin sheet of glass is inserted in front of the lower slit s2. The central bright fringe
(path difference = 0) will be obtained
(A) at O
S1
(B) above O

O
(C) below O
S2
(D) anywhere depending on angle , thickness of plate t and
refractive index of glass

254.

A reflecting surface is represented by the equation x2 + y2 = a2. A ray


travelling in negative x-direction is direction towards positive y-direction
after reflection from the surface at point P. Then co-ordinates of point P
are
(A) (0.8a, 0.6a)
(B) (0.6a, 0.8a)
(C) (a, 0)
(D) none of these

255.

The refracting angle of prism is A and refractive index of material of prism is cot(A/2). The
angle of minimum deviation will be:
(A) (1800 3A)
(B) (1800 + 2A)
(C) (900 A)
(D) (1800 2A)

256.

A bulb is placed at a depth of 2 7 m in water and a floating opaque disc is placed over the
bulb so that the bulb is not visible from the surface. The radius of the disc should be atleast:
(A) 42 m
(B) 6 m
(D) 2 7 m
(D) 12 m

257.

Two coherent monochromatic light beams of intensities I and 4I are superposed. The
maximum and minimum possible intensities in the resulting beam are:
(A) 5I and I
(B) 5I and 3I
(C) 9I and I
(D) 9I and 3I

258.

A narrow monochromatic beam of light of intensity I is incident on a


glass plate as shown in figure. Another identical glass plate is kept
close to the first one and parallel to it. Each glass plate reflects 25% of
the light incident on it and transmits the remaining. Then the ratio of
the maximum to minimum intensities in the interference pattern formed
by the two beams obtained after one reflection at each plate is:
(A) 7 : 1
(B) 49 : 1
(C) 4 : 1
(D) 16 : 9

259.

I
1

A concave mirror of focal length f produces an images n times the size of the object. If the
image is real, then the distance of the object from the mirror is:
(A) (n 1)f
n 1
f
n

(C)

n 1
f
n

(B)

(D) (n + 1)f

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

260.

Two concave lenses L1 and L2 are kept in contact with each other. If the space between the
two lenses is filled with a material of refractive index = 1, the magnitude of the focal
length of combination:
(A) becomes un-identified
(B) remains unchanged.
(C) increases.
(D) decreases.

261.

When an object lies at the focus of a concave mirror, the position of the image formed and
its magnification are respectively:
(A) Infinity and zero
(B) Centre of curvature and infinity
(C) Infinity and infinity.
(D) Infinity and unity.

262.

Monochromatic light is incident on plane interface AB


between two media of refractive indices 1 and 2 (2 > 1)
A
at angle shown in figure. The angle is infinitesimally
greater than the critical angle for two media so that total
internal reflection takes place. Now, if a transparent slab
DEFG of uniform thickness and having refractive index 3 is
introduced on the interface as shown in the figure. Which of
the following statement is in correct?
(A) If 3 < 1, total internal reflection will take place at face GF.
(B) If 3 > 1, light will refract into the slab.
(C) If 3 > 1, total internal reflection will take place at face DE.
(D) Light can not be transmitted to medium I.

Medium I(1)

Medium III(3)
G

Medium II(2)

263.

A slit of width d is placed in front of a lens of local length 0.5 m and is illuminated
normally with light of wavelength 5.89 10-7 m. The first diffraction minima on either side
of the central diffraction maximum are separated by 2 10 -3 m. The width d of the slit is :
(A) 0.145 mm
(B) 0.2 mm
(C) 0.29 mm
(D) 2.9 mm

264.

A horizontal ray of light passes through a prism of refractive index


1.5 whose apex angle is 4 0 and then strikes a vertical mirror M as
shown in the figure. In order to have total deviation equal to 1800,
the angle through which the mirror should be rotated is:
(A) 10
(B) 20
0
(C) 3
(D) 40

265.

266.

40

In a double slit experiment, the distance between the slits is d. The screen is at the distance
D from slits. If a bright fringe is formed opposite to a slit on the screen, the order of the
fringe is :
d2
2 D
(A)
(B) 2
2D
d
d
2d
(C)
(D)
D
D
A beam of width t is incident at 450 on an air-water boundary. The width of the beam in
water is:
(A) ( 1)t
(B) t
(C)

2 2 1

(D)

2 1

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

267.

A ray of light falls on a prism ABC (AB = BC) and travels as


shown in figure. The refractive index of the prism material should
be at least:
(A) 4/3
(B) 2
(C) 1.5
(D) 3

A
900
900

90

268.

A thin prism P, with angle 4 0 and made from glass of refractive index 1.54 combined with
another thin prism P2 made from glass of refractive index 1.72 to produce dispersion
without deviation. The angle of the prism P2 is:
(A) 5.350
(B) 40
0
(C) 3
(D) 2.60

269.

In a Youngs double slit experiment light rays of two different wavelengths are used in turn,
without different wave lengths are used in turn, without changing distance between the slits
and the distance between the screen from the slits. If the ratio of width of the third bands
for the two rays is 7. What is the ratio of the corresponding wavelengths?
(A) 1/7
(B) 7
(C) 1/ 7
(D) 7

270.

A plano-convex lens fits exactly into a plano-concave lens. Their plane surface are parallel
to each other. If the lenses are made of different materials of refractive indices 1 and 2
are R is the radius of curvature of the curved surface of the lenses, then focal length of the
combination is

271.

(A)

R
1 2

(B)

2R
2 1

(C)

R
2( 1 2 )

(D)

R
2 ( 1 2 )

A lens is placed between a source of light and wall. It forms images of area A1 and A2 on
the wall for its two different positions. The area of the source was:
(A)
(C)

A1
2A 2
A1A 2

(B)

A1 A 2
A1 A 2

A A2
(D) 1

272.

In Youngs double slit arrangement, water is filled in the space between screen and slits.
Then:
(A) fringe pattern shifts upwards but fringe width remains unchanged.
(B) fringe width decreases and central bright fringe shifts upwards.
(C) fringe width increase and central bright fringe does not shift.
(D) fringe width decreases and central bright fringe does not shift.

273.

A slit of width 1.2 mm is used as a source to illuminate two point sources 0.1 mm apart on
an opaque screen. The maximum permissible distance between the slit source and the
screen for coherence is ( 6000A 0 ):
(A) 10 cm
(B) 20 cm
(C) 25 cm
(D) 30 cm

274.

A beam of light consisting of two wave lengths 650 nm and 520 nm is used to illuminate the
slits of a Youngs double slit experiment. Then the order of the bright fringe of the longer

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

wavelength, that coincides with a bright fringe of the shorter wavelength at the least
distance from the central maximum, is
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
275.

Yellow light is used in a single slit diffraction experiment with slit width of 0.6 mm. If
yellow light is replaced by x-rays then the observed pattern will reveal :
(A) that the central maxima is narrower.
(B) more number of fringes.
(C) less number of fringes.
(D) no diffraction pattern.

276.

White light is used to illuminate the slits in Youngs double slit experiment. The separation
between the slits is b and the screen is at distance d (>> b) from the slits. At a point on the
screen in front of one of the slits, certain wavelengths are missing. Some of these missing
wavelengths are
b2
2b 2
(A)
(B)
d
d
2
b
2b 2
(C)
(D)
4d
3d

277.

In a Youngs double slit interference experiment, the fringe pattern is observed on a screen
placed at a distance D. The slits are separated by d and are illuminated by light of
wavelength . The distance from the central point, where the intensity falls to half the
maximum is :
D
D
(A)
(B)
3d
2d
D
D
(C)
(D)
d
4d

MODERN PHYSICS
278.

The activity of a radioactive substance is R1 at time t1 and R2 at time t2 (> t1). Its decay
constant is . Then
(A) R1t1 = R2t2
(B) R2 = R1 e ( t t )
1

(C)
279.

R1 R 2
= constant
t 2 t1

(D) R2 = R1 e ( t

t1 )

The radioactive nucleus of an element X decays to a stable nucleus of element Y. A graph


of the rate of formation of Y against time would look like and number of atoms of X
remained unchanged:

Brain Teasers By Studysteps


y-1

y-1

(B)

(A)
O

(C)

280.

t(s)

y-1

y-1

t(s)

(D)

O
t(s)

t(s)

A hydrogen atom is in an excited state of principle quantum number n. It emits a photon of


wavelength when returns to the ground state. The value of n is
(A)

R (R 1)

(B)

(R 1)
R

(C)

R
R 1

(D)

(R 1)

(R = Rydberg constant)
281.

In X-ray tube when the accelerating voltage V is halved, the difference between the
wavelengths of K line and minimum wavelength of continuous X-ray spectrum
(A) remains constant
(B) becomes more than two times
(C) becomes half
(D) becomes less than two times

282.

The activities of three lumps of a radioactive substance are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3 at any
future date the ratio of their activities will be
(A) 3 : 2 : 1
(B) 12 : 2 2 : 32
(C) 32 : 22 :12
(D) 1: 2 : 3 .

283.

Stopping potential increases with


(A) decrease in momentum of incident photon
(B) increase in the intensity of incident photon
(C) increase in the work function of photo metal
(D) increase in the frequency of incident light.

284.

A neutron collides head-on with a stationary hydrogen atom in ground state. Which of the
following statement is correct?
(A) If kinetic energy of the neutron is less than 13.6eV, collision must be elastic.
(B) If kinetic energy of the neutron is less than 13.6eV, collision may be inelastic.
(C) Inelastic collision may take place only when initial kinetic energy of neutron is greater
than 13.6eV.
(D) Perfectly inelastic collision cannot take place.

285.

The de Broglie wavelength of a proton whose kinetic energy is equal to the rest energy of an
electron is
(A) 4 104
(B) 4 105
3
(C) 4 10
(D) 4 102 .

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

286.

Select the incorrect one


A nuclide A undergoes decay and another nuclide B undergoes -decay.
(A) all the particles emitted by A will have almost the same speed
(B) the - particles emitted by B may have widely different speeds
(C) the particles emitted by A may have widely different speeds
(D) none of these.

287.

Cut off wavelength when the potential difference applied to the X-ray tube is V is
1240

V
124000
(C)

(A)

(B)

12400

(D) none of these.

288.

If in a certain fission process the mass lass is 0.1 %. Then energy liberated in kilowatt by
the fission of 1 kg of substance is
(A) 5 1012 Kwh
(B) 10 1012 Kwh
(C) 2.5 1012 Kwh
(D) none of these.

289.

The binding energy per nucleon for deutron (1H2) and helium (2He4) are 1.1 MeV and 7.0
MeV respectively. The energy released when two deutrons fuse to form a helium nucleus
(2He4) is :
(A) 28 MeV
(B) 2.2 MeV
(C) 23.6 MeV
(D) 18.6 MeV

290.

The frequency of K, K and L X-rays of a material are 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Which


of the following relations hold(s) good?
(A) 2 = 1 3
(B) 2 = 1 + 3
(C) 2 =

291.

1 3
2

(D) 3 =

1 2

Let 1 be the frequency of the series limit of the Lyman series, 2 be the frequency of the
first line of the Lyman series and 3 be the frequency of the series limit of the Balmer series
(A) 1 2 3
(B) 2 1 3
1
2

(C) 3 1 2

(D) 3 ( 1 2 ) .

292.

The potential difference applied across an X-ray tube is 15 kV and the current through it is
2/mA. The number of electrons striking the target per second are
(A) 2.5 1016 s 1
(B) 5 1016 s 1
(C) 1.25 1016 s 1
(D) 3.75 1016 s 1 .

293.

A radioactive substance X decays into another radioactive substance Y. Initially only X


was present x and y are the disintegration constants of X and Y. N x and Ny are the
number of nuclei of X and Y at any time t. Number of nuclei N y will be maximum when
(A)

Ny
Nx Ny

y
x y

(C) yNy = xNx

(B)

Nx
x

Nx Ny x y

(D) yNx = xNy

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

294.

Whenever a hydrogen atom emits a photon in the Balmer series,


(A) it must emit another photon in Lymar series
(B) it may emit another photon in the Balmer series
(C) it may emit a second photon, but the wavelength of this photon cannot be predicted
(D) none of these.

295.

When an electron in the hydrogen atom in ground state absorbs a photon of energy 8 eV, its
angular momentum
(A) increase
(B) decrease
(C) may increase or decrease
(D) remains same.

296.

Select the incorrect statement. 92 U 235 is active. Then in large quantity of the element
(A) the probability of a nucleus disintegrating during one second remains constant all time
(B) quite an appreciable quantity of U 235 will remain even after the average life
(C) the energy of the emitted ' ' particle is less than the disintegration energy of the U 235
nucleus
(D) every nucleus must disintegrate by the lapse of the average life of the population.

UNITS AND DIMENSIONS


297.

In a particular system, the units of length, mass and time are chosen to be 10 cm, 10g and
0.1 s respectively. The unit of force in this system will be equivalent to:
(A) 0.1 N
(B) 1 N
(C) 10 N
(D) 100 N

298.

The radius of a circle is stated as 2.12 cm. Its area should be written as
(A) 14 cm2
(B) 14.1 cm2
(C) 14.11 cm2
(D) 14.1124 cm2

299.

A body travels uniformly a distance of (138 0.2)m in a time (4.0 0.3)s. The velocity of
the body within error limits is
(A) (3.45 0.1)ms-1
(B) (3.45 0.3)ms-1
(C) (3.45 0.4)ms-1
(D) (3.45 0.5)ms-1

300.

A quantity X is given by 0 L

V
, where 0 is the permittivity of free space, L is a length,
t
V is a potential difference and t is a time interval. The dimensional formula for X is the
same as that of :
(A) resistance
(B) charge
(C) voltage
(D) current

Brain Teasers By Studysteps

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