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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

1426 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬  
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 

 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ، 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬  ?‫א‬ ?  ?   ‫א‬ ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      
   ‫א‬‫א‬  
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 

،
 ‫א‬{‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬{
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
        ،‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ، ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ،  ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ، ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ،‫א‬        ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 {{{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

-4-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬٪100‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K8
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K J 1
K‫א‬ J 2

-1-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬1J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬    
 K‫א‬
،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬،
، 1960 Remote Sensing ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W         ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
 K‫א‬‫א‬













-2-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬2J 1
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬
  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    
 KE1J 1F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬      
 ‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  passive ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،active ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KEF
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬E1J 1F

-3-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬3J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬
 E2J 1F‫א‬K‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬


 E2J 1F
 W‫א‬J 1
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،electromagnetic radiation
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Kincident radiation‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-4-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬J 2
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬absorbed radiation ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
transmitted ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،reflected radiation ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬radiation
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬J 3
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬  sensor ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 Kamplification factor‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
Pixels
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 K‫א‬  amplification   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-5-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 Wimage classification‫א‬4J 1
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 WSupervised ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W Unsupervised ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ {






-6-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3
 

-7-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬٪100‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K12
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K  J 3
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1J 2
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬  ، ،‫א‬ ‫א‬
WE1J 2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  


 E1J 2F

 WJ ‫א‬‫א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬ Panchromatic‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬K0.72J 0.39‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،Mapping Film‫א‬‫א‬J 

-9-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،Reconnaissance‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬
     ،‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ – ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J 
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 KSpatial Resolution‫א‬،‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،‫א‬   J 
 KE2J 2FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E2J 2F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 WJ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
‫א‬  ،  – ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬K –‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  1‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KHaze‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   J 
 E3J 2F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬E3J 2F
 K‫א‬KEF‫א‬
 W‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬J 3
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ W ‫א‬‫א‬  ،‫א‬ ‫א‬       

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬   ،‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ،‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬J 
 ، ‫א‬ ،‫א‬      ،‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 KE4J 2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬


 ‫א‬E4J 2F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 4
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   Colour Infrared ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬–‫א‬
 KE5J 2F‫א‬K–‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬–
 K‫א‬‫א‬–
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–

- 14 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E5J 2F
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- 15 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W1J 2‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬
 –‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬J ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 WMultispectral‫א‬‫א‬J 5
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬ ،‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬–
 K‫א‬‫א‬–
 K‫א‬‫א‬–

- 16 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬2J 2
‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬   ، ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ،‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K‫א‬
 KE6J 2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 


‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E6J 2F

W‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬،‫א‬
- 17 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ W  ‫א‬   K‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 5‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، 14
 K2J 2‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W2J 2‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  0.45J 0.41  1
 ‫א‬  0.52J 0.44  2
 ‫א‬  0.56J 0.49  3
 ‫א‬  0.61J 0.53  4
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬  0.67J 0.59  5
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  0.76J 0.64  6
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  0.90J 0.75  7
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  1.08J 0.90  8
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  1.24J 1.00  9
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  1.35J 1.10  10
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  1.85J 1.48  11
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  2.43J 2.00  12
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  12.50J 10.20  13

W‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬KE 7 J 2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬


 E7J 2F‫א‬

W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     K‫א‬  
 ‫א‬    ،       ‫א‬      
 KE8J 2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E8J 2F

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J
E9J 2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،197223‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
K J 2
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬ J 5
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ?? ‫א‬ ‫א‬   
 KEKKKK5J KKKKKKKK2J ،1J F


 E54F

   
 EF   E7F  
 KE9J 2F

 W
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Computer Compatible ،Digital J 1
‫א‬،(CCT)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Tapes
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬،‫א‬J 2


- 21 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


 W??‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ، ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  J 1
‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J 2
K‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
،،،CCT 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J
K‫א‬ J
K‫א‬ J
EJ J F‫ א‬J
K‫א‬ J
EKKKKK‫א‬،F‫א‬‫ א‬J
 E‫א‬‫א‬،PathRow F‫א‬‫ א‬J
‫א‬ SPOTEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ 1J K Centre National d'Etude Spatiale ‫א‬‫א‬ CNES
‫א‬1–‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬، 1986
 W

- 22 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 KMagnatic-Tape Recorders J 1
W‫א‬High Resolution Visible (HRV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
‫א‬   0,73 – 0,51        J EF
 K10‫א‬
W‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬J EF
 K0,59–0,50W‫א‬‫• א‬
K0,68–0,61W‫א‬‫• א‬
K0,89–0,79W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬20‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(HRV) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ‫א‬ K  3   ‫א‬‫א‬ ،  60    
F‫א‬ 117‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE10J 2

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E10J 2F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1J ‫א‬‫א‬
 K20–10‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
- 23 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
، 27 –‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ 950
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬26‫א‬‫א‬7‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬11‫א‬45،‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   J 3
  ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬،‫א‬
 K(HRV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
K Receiving Station  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 1972
 KE2500J 2000‫א‬‫א‬F

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 4

- 25 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
 K‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬٪100‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K24
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K K1
K‫א‬ K2

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 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬1J 3
KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K{ ‫א‬K
W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J E  F
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J EF
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
K J 2
K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 3

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬











- 27 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬2J 3
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،  ‫א‬‫א‬K
 K
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،E1J 3F‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ {‫א‬
 KE2J 3F‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬
{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- 28 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬E1J 3F


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬E2J 3F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
{
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- 29 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 WTone ‫א‬ J 4
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  {‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   K‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 KE3J 3F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E3J 3F

{  ‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- 30 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 WShadow‫א‬J 4
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬{ ‫א‬K ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬{   
KE4J 3F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E4J 3F
 E–‫א‬F

‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ {‫א‬
 KE5J 3F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



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 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬E5J 3F
 E‫א‬–‫א‬F
 WPattern‫א‬J 5
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
{ ‫א‬{ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫ א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE6J 3F‫א‬‫א‬

- 32 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E6J 3F
 W‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
{
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬{
 ‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- 33 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 4
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬‫א‬
 KE6J 3F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{‫א‬


 E‫א‬FE6J 3F
 W‫א‬‫ א‬J 5
EJ 7J 3F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬KE
 J 7J 3F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
{‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- 34 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 EF EF
 E7J 3F
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 6
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
{
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E8J 3F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬{‫א‬


E‫א‬–F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE8J 3F
- 35 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬{ ‫א‬
 KE9J 3F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E9J 3F

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 7
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE10J 3F‫א‬‫א‬

- 36 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬


 E–‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬WE10J 3F

- 37 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 1

‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J 2

‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 3








 

- 38 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬٪100‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K12
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K K1
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K2

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1J 4
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 2
K‫א‬ J 3
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 5
K‫א‬‫א‬ J 6
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 7
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J 8
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 1
K‫א‬‫ א‬J 2
، J 3
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

W‫ א‬J 1
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
 ‫• א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫• א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫ א‬J 2
K
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬J 3
‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ،،‫א‬،
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 K‫א‬ •
K‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬ •
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫ א‬J 3
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫ א‬J 4
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE1J 4F


 ‫א‬‫א‬E1J 4F
- 42 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬J 6
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،E ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 KE1J 4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 E1424F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E1J 4F

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 7

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪90‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- 43 -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ،‫א‬ •
 ،‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ،‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬
 K

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬2J 4
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬EOrthophotomapsF
1403K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KLANDSAT EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J G
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J G
 KSPOT EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J G
 RADSATE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J G
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،1J 
 ،1J 
 F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬E‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬J 
2700‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢ 23‫א‬
‫א‬EHDTF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE2J 4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E2J 4F
 W‫א‬‫א‬J 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 W1J 
1J 
 K‫א‬241J 
‫א‬ 2002L12L201J 
 2000L9L26
 K‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

1J ‫א‬K
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬K 64‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 650‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬
 W،1J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫• א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2
E1978F1398‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 1

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 2

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 3

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬KK‫א‬،KK J 1
‫א‬KL‫א‬،KL،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K1994‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬KL J 2
K‫א‬،‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J 3
1414،‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ J 4
 1414‫א‬،‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
.................................................................................................................................................................. 
.................................................................................................................................................................. 
1 ....................................................................................................................... ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
2 ................................................................................................................................................ W‫א‬1J 1
3 .................................................................................................................. W‫א‬2J 1
4 .............................................................................................................................W‫א‬3J 1
6 ..................................................................................................... Wimage classification‫א‬4J 1
7 ............................................................................................................................................‫א‬‫א‬
9 ............................................................................................................‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
10 ............................................................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1J 2
18 ................................................................................................................. ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬2J 2
26 ........................................................................................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬
28 ......................................................................................................... ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
29 ............................................................................................................................. W‫א‬‫א‬1J 3
30 ..................................................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬2J 3
34 .......................................................................................................................W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
40 ........................................................................................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬
42 ..........................................................................................................‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
43 ................................................................................................................ W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬1J 4
48 .................................................................................................... W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬2J 4
51 ........................................................................................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
53 ............................................................................................................................................................. ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS