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API CJ-4

Summary
of Tests

TEST TYPE

PURPOSE

Caterpillar 1N

Evaluates
performance of
crankcase
lubricants

Caterpillar C13

Evaluates
performance of
crankcase
lubricants for
piston deposits,
oil consumption

Cummins ISB

Cummins ISM

Engine Oil Aeration


Test

Mack T11

Mack T11A

Mack T12

Roller Follower
Wear Test

Sequence IIIF

Sequence IIIG

Evaluates a
crankcase
lubricants ability
to reduce valve
train and camshaft lobe wear
Evaluates a
lubricants
effectiveness at
reducing sootrelated overhead
wear, sludge, oil
filter plugging
Determines
effectiveness of
engine lubricating
oils at minimizing
air entrainment in
large pickups and
medium-duty
trucks
Evaluates soot
handling
performance

PARAMETER
Piston deposits
Ring sticking
Piston scuffing
Ring scuffing
Liner scuffing
Oil consumption
Liner (1Y-4107)
Piston (1Y-4106)
Top Ring (1Y-4108)
nd
2 Ring (1Y-4109)
Oil Ring (1Y-4110)

Weighted demerits, max


286.2/311.7/323.0
Top groove fill, max
20/23/25
Top land heavy carbon, max
3/4/5
Oil consumption (0-252 hrs) g/kwh, max
0.5
Piston/ring/liner scuffing
None
Piston ring stick
None
Delta
O/C
ATLC
ATGC
R2TCA

Max

Merit Wt

Anchor

Min

31

300

25

10

35
53
33

300
300
100

30
46
22

15
30
5

Merits
Camshaft
Mushroom-style
slider tappets
Crosshead

Injector adjusting
screw
Sludge
Crosshead
Top ring wear
Oil filter plugging

ACSW 55
ATWL 100

Parameter
XHD
RWL
Ofdp
IAS
Sludge
Merits

Anchor
5.7
100
13
27
9

1000
MTAC
1
2
55
59
100
108

Merit Wt
350
0
150
350
150
1000

3
61
11

Max
7.1
100
19
49
9.3

Min
4.3
0
7
16
8.7

Oil Evaluation
At 20 hours, the maximum allowable amount of air
entrained in the oil is 8% for API CJ-4, CI-4, and CH-4;
and 10% for API CF-4.

Oil Filter Plugging

Evaluates soot
handling
performance of
lubricating oils
operating in
diesel engines
equipped with
EGR
Evaluates an oils
ability to minimize
cylinder liner,
piston ring and
bearing wear in
engines with
EGR

Oil samples

Determines
effects of
lubricating oils on
camshaft roller
follower axle
wear
Measures oil
thickening and
piston deposits
under high-temp
conditions

Roller follower axles

Measures oil
thickening and
piston deposits
under high-temp
conditions

REQUIREMENT

Piston ring wear,


cylinder liner wear,
lead bearing
corrosion, oil
consumption, and
oxidation

Pistons inspected for


deposits, varnish;
cam lobes, lifters
measured for wear;
oil screen plugging is
evaluated
Pistons inspected for
deposits, varnish;
cam lobes and lifters
measured for wear;
oil screen plugging is
evaluated

Vis 12 cSts
Vis 15 cSts
Vis 4 cSts

6.0 TGA Soot Mins


6.7
3.5

New oil MRV@-20C


180-Hr Used MRV

20000 All grades


25000, Yield stress <35
D 4684M

180-Hr sample soot


New oil MRV@-20C
180-Hr Used MRV

4.82 / 5.16 / 5.49


20000 All grades
25000, Yield stress <35
D 4684M

Parameter

Anchor

RWL
70
LWS
20
Lead
25
Lead delta
10
O/C
65
Merits
Average Pin Wear
Mils, max. or
m, max.

Merit
Max
Min
Wt
200
105
35
250
24
12
200
35
10
200
15
0
150
85
50
1000
MTAC Limits
0.30 / 0.33 / 0.36
7.6 / 8.4 / 9.1

PARAMETER
Viscosity increase

PASS LIMIT
275%

PARAMETER
Viscosity increase

PASS LIMIT
150%

Chemical and Bench Tests


Foaming

HighTemperature
Corrosion

HighTemperature
High-Shear
Viscosity
NOACK
Volatility

Seal
Compatibility

Sooted Oil
MRV

Determines
the foaming
characteristics
of lubricating
oils

Foaming volumes

Evaluates
diesel engine
lubricants to
determine
tendency to
corrode
various metals
Covers the
laboratory
determination
of the
viscosity of
engine oils
Examines the
evaporation
loss of engine
oils

Four metal
coupons

Evaluates the
compatibility
of automotive
engine oils
with four
reference
elastomers

Measures
yield stress
and viscosity
of engine oils

Foaming / Settling
Sequence I, max
10 / 0 %
Sequence II, max
20 / 0 %
Sequence III, max
10 / 0 %

Copper
Lead
Copper

Viscosity

Used oil increase


Used oil increase
Strip rating

Max 20 ppm
Max 120 ppm
Max 3 ---

Viscosity @ 150 degrees C, minimum

The loss in mass of


oil is determined

Effects of test oils


on elastomers,
measurement of
changes in volume,
hardness, tensile
properties

Viscosity and yield


stress

Evap Loss @ 250 Degrees C


Vis Grades other than 10W-30, max
Evap Loss @ 250 Degrees C
10W-30, max
Nitrile
Volume change
Hardness
Tensile strength
Elongation
Silicone
Volume change
Hardness
Tensile strength
Elongation
Polyacrylate
Volume change
Hardness
Tensile strength
Elongation
FKM
Volume change
Hardness
Tensile strength
Elongation
Vamac G
Volume change
Hardness
Tensile strength
Elongation

Ben Weber, Director


Southwest Research Institute
P.O. Drawer 28510
San Antonio, Texas
78228-0510
Phone: (210) 522-5911
Fax: (210) 684-7523
bweber@swri.org

13%

15%

+5 / -3
+7 / -5
+10 / -TMC 1006
+10 / -TMC 1006
+TMC 1006 / -3
+5 / TMC 1006
+10 / -45
+20 / -30
+5 / -3
+8 / -5
+18 / -15
+10 / -35
+5 / -2
+7 / -5
+10 / -TMC 1006
+10 / -TMC 1006
+TMC 1006 / -3
+5 / -TMC 1006
+10 / -TMC 1006
+10 / -TMC 1006

180-Hour sample from Mack T-11 or T-11A


Viscosity @ -20C, max
25,000 mPas
Yield Stress
< 35 Pa

For more information, contact:

Visit us on line at: www.swri.org

3.5 cP