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CHP 15:

2 A charged particle A exerts a force of 2.3 N to the right on charged particle B when the particles are 13.5 mm apart. Particle B moves straight away from A to make the distance between them 16.2 mm. What vector force
does particle B then exert on A?

7 A small sphere of charge q1 = 0.808 C hangs from the end of a spring as in figure a. When another small sphere of charge q2 = 0.648 C is held beneath the first sphere as in figure b, the spring stretches
byd = 3.48 cm from its original length and reaches a new equilibrium position with a separation between the charges of r = 4.80 cm. What is the force constant of the spring?

20 An electron is accelerated by a constant electric field of magnitude 270 N/C.

(a) Find the acceleration of the electron.

(b) Use the equations of motion with constant acceleration to find the electron's speed after 1.10 * 10-8 s, assuming it starts from rest.

30 The figure below shows the electric field lines for two point charges separated by a small distance.
(a) Determine the ratio q1/q2.

(b) What are the signs of q1 and q2?

40 A uniform electric field of magnitude E = 455 N/C makes an angle of = 64.5 with a plane surface of area A = 3.55 m2 as in the figure below. Find the electric flux through this surface.

CHP 16:
3 A potential difference of 114 mV exists between the inner and outer surfaces of a cell membrane. The inner surface is negative relative to the outer surface. How much work is required to eject a positive sodium ion (Na +)
from the interior of the cell?

27 An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor has plates of area 2.70 cm2 separated by 1.90 mm. The capacitor is connected to a(n) 18.0 V battery.
(a) Find the value of its capacitance.

(b) What is the charge on the capacitor?

(c) What is the magnitude of the uniform electric field between the plates?

34 Two capacitors, C1 = 5.39 F and C2 = 10.7 F, are connected in parallel, and the resulting combination is connected to a 9.00-V battery.
(a) Find the equivalent capacitance of the combination.

(b) Find the potential difference across each capacitor.

(c) Find the charge stored on each capacitor.

47 A parallel-plate capacitor has capacitance 8.00 F.

(a) How much energy is stored in the capacitor if it is connected to a 24.00-V battery?

(b) If the battery is disconnected and the distance between the charged plates doubled, what is the energy stored?

(c) The battery is subsequently reattached to the capacitor, but the plate separation remains as in part

(b). How much energy is stored?

50 (a) How much charge can be placed on a capacitor with air between the plates before it breaks down if the area of each plate is 2.00 cm2? (Assume air has a dielectric strength of 3.00 106 V/m and dielectric constant of

(b) Find the maximum charge if paper is used between the plates instead of air. (Assume paper has a dielectric strength of 16.0 106 V/m and dielectric constant of 3.7.)

CHP 17:
1 A current of 79.8 mA exists in a metal wire.
(a) How many electrons flow past a given cross section of the wire in 10.3 min?

(b) In what direction do the electrons travel with respect to the current?

11 A person notices a mild shock if the current along a path through the thumb and index finger exceeds 86 A. Compare the maximum possible voltage without shock across the thumb and index finger with a dry-skin
resistance of 3.7 105 and a wet-skin resistance of 2,100 .

15 A potential difference of 11 V is found to produce a current of 0.45 A in a 2.6 m length of wire with a uniform radius of 0.45 cm. Find the following values for the wire:
(a) the resistance

(b) the resistivity

34 If electrical energy costs $0.12 per kilowatt-hour, how much do the following events cost?
(a) To burn a 40.0-W lightbulb for 24 h.

(b) To operate an electric oven for 5.5 h if it carries a current of 20.0 A at 220 V.

36 A high-voltage transmission line with a resistance of 0.28 /km carries a current of 1005 A. The line is at a potential of 650 kV at the power station and carries the current to a city located 161 km from the station.
(a) What is the power loss due to resistance in the line?

(b) What fraction of the transmitted power does this loss represent?

CHP 18:
9 Consider the circuit shown in the figure below. (Assume R1 = 14.5 and R2 = 4.00 .)

(a) Find the potential difference between points a and b.

(b) Find the current in the 20.0- resistor.
13 Find the current in the 12- resistor in the figure below. (Assume R1 = R3 = 4.8 , R2 = R4 = 8.8 , V = 23 V.)

21 In the circuit of the figure below, determine the current in each resistor and the potential difference across the R = 314- resistor.

(a) the current in each resistor

(b) the potential difference across the R = 314- resistor

34 Consider a series RC circuit for which R = 2.0 M, C = 8.5 F, and

= 28 V. Find the charge on the capacitor 19 s after the switch is closed.

38 A lamp (R1 = 148 ), an electric heater (R2 = 27 ), and a fan (R3 = 51 ) are connected in parallel across a 120 V line.
(a) What total current is supplied to the circuit?

(b) What is the voltage across the fan?

(c) What is the current in the lamp?

(d) What power is expended in the heater?