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Section B Planning and Implementation

Part 3 Physical Planning Initiatives

South Johor Urbanisation


200 3. Penang Local Plan Studies. SJER CDP 2025 3 4 5 6 SJER Population Projections Economic Planning Unit and Department of Statistics. 1 Ninth Malaysia Plan 2 Chapter 9 Physical Development Plan.200 1. recreational spaces and social amenities.620. standard of living and quality of life gained by the Urban Promotion Areas.972. which has a population of 1. as well as good public transportation system.000 2.2 Urbanisation Goal URBANISATION GOAL By 2025. Sustainable development of the region is fundamental in creating a liveable urbanised area that meets the changing needs and lifestyle of its population. CDP 2025. Urbanisation needs to be managed and controlled to ensure the region continues to be liveable.600 2. Singapore 5. its population will surpass that of Kuala Lumpur city by the year 2020 6. Population Projections Findings Report 10 . MPPP Note : National Conurbation – Kuala Lumpur-Klang Valley-Seremban has a projected population of 8.353.900 1.35 million3 or 43% of the total Johor population of 3. Johor Bahru is the focal point within the state and it is fast expanding within the South Johor conurbation.5 million by the year 2020.000 1. these areas will continue to be protected from the risk of encroachment into their existing environment.198.200 2.3 Planning For Population Growth 10.1 Introduction This has been elaborated upon in Chapter 9 of this report and SJER The urbanisation rate in Johor in 2005 was 66. City 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 SJER7 1.62 million (2005)4 and Penang with 678. SJER ranks second in size after Kuala Lumpur. However. a clean and safe environment.1: Population of SJER 2005-2025 urban areas. It is anticipated that with the new economic initiatives that will drive the development of SJER. Malaysia.0 million. By 2025.1 .000 The defined Agriculture and Tourism Promotion Areas will determine KL8 1. the urbanisation rate for SJER will be 100% This goal can be achieved through the establishment of three major development focus areas identified by the CDP. secondary urban promotion areas and the agriculture and tourism promotion areas.396. Population projections 8 KL Local Plan Study.085. These are the primary urban promotion areas2. both from natural growth as well as migration. 2006. and promotes development by increasing density within the identified Table 10. the population of SJER is expected to reach 3. which is the sixth 1 highest in the country. employment opportunities. Hence planned communities and employment zones need to be well defined and distributed evenly within the region so as to create balanced development. urbanisation is to focus only within the Primary and Secondary Urban Promotion Areas.400 n/a the urban limits for SJER.4 M by 2025 7 SJER. will ensure the needs of its population shall be met by provision of efficient infrastructure.5% .000.17 million.500 (2005)5. comfortable homes. These areas will enjoy similar benefit of the Source : SJER CDP 2025 and EPU To achieve the goal of 100% urbanisation by 2025. 10.538.912. Centering growth on these development focus areas indirectly controls the extent of urban areas The population of SJER as of 2005 was 1.chapter 10 South Johor Urbanisation 10.

724.10 hectares including areas within the Straits of Johor.e.70 hectares. Landed area is only 205.758.634. ‘Orang Asli’ settlements. found along major roads and highways within the Johor Bahru City Centre and its immediate peripheral Table 10. in focusing development within the SEC and in support of a transit-oriented development.870. This means that the new land allocated for future residential demand shall be 32. Based on the 2000 Population and Housing Census. followed closely by foreign population whose share is estimated to be 6. Hence. These existing residential units are found over 9. Hence. the demographic profile suggest that there will be sufficient supply of talent to meet the KEY DIRECTION : U 1: Support population growth in SJER by meeting their needs for Quality Urban Environment. If developed. Felda and squatters). Clean Environment. 2006 10 .32 hectares are already established (i. out of which more than 36.70** 15 SEC SJER Source : SJER CDP 2025 Note : ** Total SJER area is 221.634. Social Amenities as well as good public Transportation System demand for employment provided the economic prospects in the region are enhanced. making the current residential developments to be of high density.15 to 64 years old) make up 67% of the total population9. where the mean age is only 25 years old and the productive population (working-age .090 44.485 residential units in SJER area. compared to the areas outside SEC.900 hectares.129.399.358. However. Employment Opportunities. The distribution of population is in line with the objective of promoting development and growth within the SEC for the planned period of the CDP. there were 306.94 hectares of land has been allocated.090 by 2025.900 25 have been committed for residential development and will be used for Areas outside 1. it is noted that some 12.85 hectares of land. with Malays forming the largest component at 48% with the Chinese and Indians at 36% and 9.910 160. Thus the density of people for SEC is 25 persons per acre.2 .358. where 22.458. SEC only covers an area of 44. Infrastructure.4% respectively. 9 Macroeconomics Report SJER.62 hectares. the construction of 748.2: Population Distribution In SEC and SJER areas. where development will be initially focused. KEY DIRECTION : U 2: Ensure sufficient homes to meet demand of all income groups Residential land makes up the second largest component of land in The Special Economic Corridor (SEC).4 Housing the People SJER also has a multi-ethnic society.000. RMA. the CDP has identified the need to develop residential areas within the SEC (see chapter 16 – Transit-oriented Development). traditional villages.70 12 3.925 and this is expected to grow to 1. the CDP Proposal Map.6% of the total population in 2025. which has only 12 persons per hectare.SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION SJER currently has a young population. this will be more than sufficient to cater for the additional population of SJER.47 hectares of additional land SEC 1.129. built and approved for development). currently has a population of 501. Malaysia. While the share of SEC is expected to be 37.359.227 were unplanned units (new villages. 10. Area Population Land Area Density 2025 (hectare) Persons/Hec However. these committed residential development areas are located all over SJER and not focused within the SEC area. A total of 54.703 units of houses.6%.000 205.

000. terraces and town houses Source : SJER CDP 2025 Note : Non-Market Housing:.00 8% medium cost RM 80. RM 250.49 23.000 Medium Cost Medium cost flats.001 bungalows. 2025 the rising cost of land.94 100% Cluster low cost Residential Villages Total Source : SJER CDP 2025 2 Affordable Flats and other various types of RM 42.49 Table 10.5: Preliminary Proposal for New Definition of Housing Classification by Costs 2.001 – RM 60. the price range used for the classification is not a Land Use Hectare % Established Housing 22.provides mainly for those who cannot afford the affordable housing provided by the private sector.00 shops 2 State Wide 12% low cost ≤RM 42. semi-detached.3: Breakdown of Residential Uses in SJER.000.001 – apartments.00 areas 8% medium low cost RM 50.8 513.95 High Density reflection of the market prices. service RM 150.02 0.000.758.94 Residential Medium Density 12.59 29. RM 42.000 Terraces low cost 3 KEY DIRECTION : Low cost (under PPRT) Price Range 4 High Cost Multiple family dwelling units condominiums.54 54. semi-detached.43 1 Residential Classification Examples of housing Non-Market Low cost flats Housing Low Density 16. 2020 10 .359.826.001 – Housing accommodation RM 80.063. apartments RM 80.SOUTH JOHOR URBANISATION CHAPTER 10 | PART 3 However. ≥RM 250. it is strongly felt that with rising incomes in the city as well as Table 10.3 .000 Affordable Housing . The local planning authority must manage this. It is therefore proposed that the following be used as the new price classification for the different types of housing. interest rates.4: Current Policies of Affordable Housing in Johor 1 Area Requirements Price Range Within MBJB 20% low cost RM 25.34 1384. terraces and town cost homes should make up a minimum of 40% of total residential units. down payments and taxes) does 12% medium cost not exceed 30% of the annual household income.000 Johor imposes a condition on housing developers that low and medium bungalows. houses Table 10.03 2.00 4% medium low cost RM150.annual housing cost (payment of 12% medium low cost mortgage. service apartments.000 Current Definition and Proposed New Classification U 3: Revise the housing classification by cost to reflect the 4 actual market prices Medium High Multiple family dwelling units Cost condominiums. Residential Medium High Density 1612.001 – and institutional quarters RM 150.000.32 40. 4% medium low cost shops Source: Draft Johor Bahru Local Plan.

social welfare.44 11. Jeram Batu 19 34. public facilities such as community 8. Tebrau 18 260.33 681 282. 2002 Community facilities form an essential part of the urban environment.64 17 15.18 - - 12.73 6 0. Tables 10.88 or burial grounds.05 228 107.25 3 6. health.81 encouraged to provide for community cohesiveness. postal.05 or public halls.21 1 0.91 20 17.05 2 0.95 11 3.65 9. public markets. Sedenak 5 28. Table 10.08 107 178. Kupang 5 9.6: Existing Community Facilities 2002 COMMUNITY FACILITIES NO MUKIM Education Unit 1. COMMUNITY FACILITIES without which living spaces would not be complete.54 3.23 - - 1 54.87 - - 7. Jelutong 1 1.20 8. facilities.73 TOTAL 82 381. libraries and sports and recreational 9.19 security and emergency services. Karang 1 0.SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION 10.54 4 0. Tg.12 70 23.74 2 2. Tiram 2 3. Sg.48 14 4. Jeram Batu 2 3. Karang 4 9.41 6 5.77 1354 3418. integrating residential developments with workplaces. Serkat 5 2.21 6 1.14 4 12.6 and 10.15 1 0.85 4 1. Tg. Sg.41 10. Ha Unit Ha Source: SJER CDP 2025 Security Unit Ha 37.57 KEY DIRECTION U 4: Community Facilities shall be the focus for interaction within the neighbourhoods. religious houses. Sg.7 highlight the existing available community facilities within SJER.87 19 19. Pulai 340 656.5 Providing For Community Facilities Table 10. Plentong 20 56. Sedenak 2.05 4 6.03 375 176. 5.7: Existing Community Facilities. Bandar - - - - 11.33 6. Bandar 15 17. Tebrau 273 498.29 10.47 3. Senai-Kulai 9 12. The range of community facilities include educational facilities.46 2.64 99 45.01 4. Sg. Serkat 10 14. Plentong 471 721.94 124 46.4 10 Religious Reserves . cemeteries 7.47 - - 12. Community services shall be 4.18 shopping and recreational areas. Jelutong 6 12. NO MUKIM Health Care Unit Space for Community Facilities Others Ha Unit Ha 1.61 16 15.64 - - 5.30 128 33.10 133 50.53 14 7. Kupang 1 0.39 6. Pulai 18 13.44 Senai-Kulai 194 1396.10 23 42.13 85 21.66 103 70. These facilities are shown according to the Mukim areas. Tiram 7 9.67 TOTAL Source: SJER CDP 2025 10 .69 15 19.

Sedenak 2.08 Source: SJER CDP 2025 Source: SJER CDP 2025 KEY DIRECTION safe designs must be formulated to allow this while providing a comprehensive range of facilities for community use. Jeram Batu 1 6.04 37 1.33 doing so must be found.57 and public buildings to save on land requirement. Innovative methods of 3.87 2. Jelutong 125 157.74 Senai-Kulai 320 405. crèches.85 33 7.06 10. Karang - - - - 12. government clinics. Karang - - - - 12. community halls. Plentong 340 430. for instance. • A policy change must be made to allow the public/community to use school recreational grounds such as football pitches or fields within certain restricted hours and conditions 10 . Sedenak - - 22 0.39 11. Jelutong 1 6.64 241 55. Sg.49 5. Tiram 17 21. Serkat - - - - TOTAL 7 86. MUKIM Health Care Unit Many of these community facilities listed above will require land.89 699 162.07 618 33. Pulai 1 17. Table 10.85 5.29 TOTAL 1654 2352. Tebrau 1 15. Sg. community facilities must be provided.46 40 1. However.47 102 4.59 96 3.5 .00 560 22.38 area with high land prices. market.35 10. innovative and 8.08 11. Jeram Batu 134 168.01 656 152.SOUTH JOHOR URBANISATION CHAPTER 10 | PART 3 Based on the projected population of 3. Tiram - - 5 0.28 4.0 million in 2025.8: Demand For Community Facilities 2025 COMMUNITY FACILITIES NO MUKIM Education Unit 1. developers may well be reluctant to put aside land for such use.54 108 4.72 257 59.23 6. • Burial grounds for Johor Bahru city centre can be shared on a regional/metropolitan basis with adjacent or peripheral local authorities.21 7.9: Demand For Community Facilities 2025 for community facilities will increase in tandem. Kupang 1 8.08 621 144.59 9. Kupang 172 218.94 334 77.87 3.83 centre. such as shopping malls and public buildings. Tables 10. Tg. Bandar 6 8.41 141 32. Plentong 1 16.39 52 2. by integrating facilities within other 4. the demand Table 10. and neighbourhood watch centres must be centrally located within shopping centres or complexes and within transportation nodes or hubs.08 12 2. Serkat - - 1 0.74 U 5: Community Facilities shall be integrated within commercial 7. Sg. Religious Reserves Ha Unit Ha 74 92.85 6.69 3613 729. Bandar - - 2 0.07 8. In an Others Ha Unit Ha 1. Pulai 145 442. Sg. Based on the current COMMUNITY FACILITIES standards used for provision of these facilities. Tg.77 9. kindergarten.8 and 10. police stations. The following is recommended: • Facilities such as libraries. to attract people to live in the city buildings.51 96 3.9 NO indicate the projected demand for community facilities. Senai-Kulai 1 15. Tebrau 321 407.

50 100.516.71 % 4.240.48 16.42 Medium High Density Residential 1.6 .SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION Figure 10.1: Residential Land Use Distribution in SEC Component High Density Residential Hectare 408.77 68.41 Medium Density Residential 6.021.54 16.41 9.293.11 Low Density Residential 1.00 Total Source : SJER CDP 2025 10 .

02 1.384.49 Medium Density Resindential 12.612.826.7 .063.32 513.SOUTH JOHOR URBANISATION CHAPTER 10 | PART 3 Figure 10.350.49 Low Density Residential 16.2: Residential Land Use Distribution in SJER Established Housing High Density Residential Medium High Density Residential 22.59 Villages 1.03 Source: SJER CDP 2025 10 .

the National Physical Plan. ports.6 Urban Nucleus and Employment Zones The location of large industrial clusters. Danga Bay. Gelang Patah. As such. Bandar Indahpura.8 . Taman Setia Indah.10: Urban Hierarchies In SJER Urban Hierarchies Southern Regional Growth Main Area/City/Town South Johor Economic Region Conurbation (NPP) City Centre especially when these centres are within the Transit Planning Zones. Johor Bahru Central Planning Area Nusajaya Central Planning Area District Centre Mixed Use is highly recommended for city centres and district centres Figure 10. Tampoi. institutions.3: Urban Hierarchy Plan Senai-Skudai Pasir Gudang Local Centre Permas Jaya. Tg Langsat. Source: SJER CDP 2025 10 . These urban centres have become important concentrations of business and key employment centres. they should be located in new and green field sites so as not to overpower existing traders. Kota Masai. Tanjung Pelepas. Rinting. These urban hierarchies has base helps to ensure sufficient demand by increasing the size of the been minimised to avoid overlapping in functions and in context of potential market. must not be too large with too many built up commercial spaces. Any encroachment by new uses or activities which may displace existing business activities has to be controlled. The CDP has identified various benefits and business for centres located within transit zones for instance higher densities and plot ratios as well as discounted car park provisions. A dominant presence of one use/activity in an urban Urban Hierarchies centre might result in economies of scale but may not be sustainable if The CDP has identified three levels of urban hierarchies that will the demand catchment is insufficient to sustain it. Mount Austin. Urban centres need to maintain the diversity of the local economy and the range of employment opportunities to maintain sustainable development. SJER as a whole is the Southern Region Conurbation growth area. The following table illustrates the urban The sustainability or urban centres is important. airport and the State administration centre have changed the urbanisation structure of South Johor. Hypermarkets and the ‘big box’ stores are examples of such potential encroachment. Ayer Bemban. Ulu Tiram. Nusajaya Creative Centre. Table 10. Perling. Source: SJER CDP 2025 It is important to maintain the concentrations of local businesses and trade as this is more sustainable. Pekan Nenas. A diverse economic provide the different level of services. Local businesses have been established for many years.SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION 10. hence its scale and form centres and the defined hierarchies.


Port Services and Marine industries. Plastics. Engineering base industries. MICE Retail Trade There are currently more than 4. require high skilled labour and employ Table 10. Bio-chemical fuel. SJER. are located all over SJER. Plentong. particularly in Pasir Gudang. Food. Chemical and Manufacturing E&E. Food. These are Main Economic Pasir Gudang primarily in the Electrical and Electronics Industries (E&E). Procurement Centre and International Services Source : Economic Report. Engineering. Services Food Processing Commerce & its existing industrial base and ensure that it is integrated with the new Finance Arts & developments that are taking place. Education Tanjung Pelepas Manufacturing E&E. Desa Cemerlang and Ulu Tiram as well as areas within Johor Transportation Bahru city. Rubber and Plastics Products Industries. Bio-fuel and Existing economic activities can be strengthened by clustering new fuel. Tanjung Langsat Manufacturing Petrochemical. SJER also needs to revitalise Manufacturing E&E.10 .7 Industrial Development The industrial sector in SJER is important and must take a leading role in transforming the city’s economic base towards a knowledge base economy in tandem with its strategy of internationalisation.SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION 10. Culture Hospitality and Entertainment The two main sectors in SJER are the manufacturing and services sector. 2006 10 . Mount Packaging and Austin. Chemical. to assist in the transition of manufacturing activities to Airport related the k-economy services.11: Major Economic Clusters and Cluster Nodes In SJER Types of Industry Economic Sector Cluster Johor Bahru City new technologies will be the main focus.649. Logistics. Freight. Senai-Kulai-Indahpura Manufacturing Services KEY DIRECTION : E&E. New types of industries which are clean. out of which 60% are to be found in the SEC. Chemical Products Industries. Plastics. Aviation and Engineering U 6: Adopt an integrated.2 hectares of industrial land is currently available and Services. Oleo- Services Chemical. inter-industry cluster strategy based industries. Distribution. This can increase productivity and promote based industries supporting activities.266 manufacturing establishments located in SJER. Port related A total of 3. Strengthen existing industrial component through cluster strategies R&D. RMA. A. and the Food and Beverages Industries. Engineering inter-related industries. OleoChemical. Agroprocessing.

they can capitalise on the existing resources and support services available. In order to revitalise the city’s Nusajaya Hi-Technology High Tech manufacturing manufacturing sector and bring about an industrial renaissance. the initiatives to be taken are as Nusajaya Creative Asiacade –Convention follow: Park Centre Smart Venture Nusajaya KEY DIRECTION : Labs Electronics/ICT Senai Centre Animation Theme U 9: Encourage the relocation of all incompatible industries into Park SME Creative Park planned industrial areas. Identify and relocate polluting and hazardous industries to Engineering related alternative sites outside SEC. modern technology etc medical. incompatible industries to comply with current regulations. It would also be necessary technology MSC. To promote Educational etc the growth of compatible industries. Senai and PTP area. which are located in unplanned industrial sites. Tanjung Langsat. hazardous and unlicensed. Source : SJER CDP 2025 10 . These new industrial areas) should also adopt green industry standards. recycling plants (for example in existing planned industrial areas not targeted for redevelopment into Industrial/Business Parks). to eradicate illegal and polluting industries and encourage these MICE. commercial precincts and on government land. industrial areas are in Nusajaya.000 hectares of land to support expansion of existing industries as well as the New industrial areas (Nusajaya Technology Park. Aviation Logistic Proposed Programs: Hub Airport related 1. PTP and all other new introduction of new industries to support the cluster strategy.SOUTH JOHOR URBANISATION CHAPTER 10 | PART 3 The enhancement of existing clusters will see in-fill development allowed for industrial use near the vicinity of existing industries. By allowing these uses to in-fill land available to existing established industrial areas. Ulu Tiram. C. engineering and compatible industries in planned areas. These are seen in Desa Cemerlang. Encourage Green Industrial Activities It is also proposed that Tanjung Langsat be upgraded to an area that accommodates cleaner manufacturing activities where new technologies can be applied to encourage manufacturers to adopt greener standards and eco-friendly technologies. including those in Table 10. Identify suitable locations for the city’s junkyards and waste Terminal Port of Tanjung Free Access Zone Pelepas/Nusajaya Warehousing International Services Entrepot etc. Kempas and most existing industrial areas. There are also a number of industrial establishments which are Industry Areas Main Clusters Cluster Nodes polluting.12: Proposed New Industrial Areas with New Economies residential zones. D. Medical Tourism. KEY DIRECTION : B.11 . Bio- R&D base activities – bio- would be necessary to encourage the growth of only clean. Propose New Industries to Meet New Demand U 8: Promote Green Industry Standards in SJER The CDP has proposed the allocation of an additional 8. Logistics Multi-Modal 2. it Industrial Park. Encourage the growth of compatible manufacturing enterprises in the City KEY DIRECTION : U 7: New Industrial Areas Must Be identified to Meet New Demands for Economic Growth of SJER One of the major issues highlighted in the Johor Bahru Local Plan studies is the presence of a large number of incompatible industries.

Proposed : 317. Existing : 954. Commited : 509.22 hectare b.32 hectare Kluang 2.27 hectare b. Proposed : 141.59 hectare c. Proposed : 293.45 hectare b. Existing : 186. Figure 10. Tg. Tebrau Industrial Area a. Commited : 830.05 hectare c. Existing : 662.59 hectare c. Pasir Gudang Industrial Area a.Park 9 Nusajaya PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY Petrochemical Industry Johor Bahru Town 9 Tebrau 3 Pasir Gudang 2 Tg. Proposed : 327.86 hectare c. Tampoi Industrial Area a. their scope and ability to move to more suitable locations such as those proposed for redevelopment into Industrial/Business 4. Commited : 294. Existing : b.16 hectare 8. Commited : 1. Existing : 26. Existing : b. Commited : c. industries are operating legally and in compatible locations covering all industrial establishments located in housing. Proposed : 931. Tg. Pelepas AQUACULTURE Aquaculture INDUSTRIAL Industrial ZONES Zones 4.460. including the elimination of industrial squatters on government commercial and outside planned industrial areas to ascertain land.20 hectare c. Proposed : 1. Proposed : 9.31 hectare b.05 hectare b. Ulu Tiram Industrial Area a. Proposed : 699. Commited : 814.88 hectare c.318.53 hectare 6.09 hectare 6 5 HI-TECH INDUSTRY Hi-Tech Industry Kota Tinggi District Ulu Tiram UTM 9 PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY Petrochemical Industry AQUACULTURE Aquaculture INDUSTRIAL Industrial ZONES Zones Senai Airport 7 Senai 3.65 hectare 10.32 hectare 7.SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION 3. activities are not permitted in commercial areas. Senai Industrial Area a. Existing : 2. Kulai Industrial Area a.18 hectare b. Existing : 271. Commited : 878. Nusajaya Industrial Area a. Commited : 104.993.320.87 hectare 5.5: Distribution of Major Planned Industrial Areas 2025 1. Pelepas Industrial Area a. Kempas Industrial Area a. Review the Use Class Rule to ensure that incompatible industrial Parks.12 .PARK .62 hectare b.13 hectare b. Develop an efficient enforcement program to ensure that all 5. Commited : 120. Proposed : 2. Proposed : - ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC Electrical & Electronic Industry INDUSTRY ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC Electrical & Electronic INDUSTRY Industry Kulai FOOD PRODUCT Food Product INNOVATION Innovation & & INCUBATOR Incubator CENTRE Centre 8 7 Indahpura Pontian AGRI-BIOTECH PARK Agri-Biotech Park District Pekan Nanas Skudai 4 Tampoi AGRO Agro. Langsat Industrial Area a.32 hectare 10 E & E Industry Cluster FOOD FoodINDUSTRY Industry ICT INDUSTRY ICT Industry ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC INDUSTRY Electrical & Electronic Industry Food Industry Cluster Chemical Industry Cluster Logistic Service Cluster Enterprise Source: SJER CDP 2025 10 . A Feasibility Industrial Relocation Program will be required. Existing : 878.Langsat 1 9 OLEOCHEMICAL Oleochemical INDUSTRY Industry Tg.75 hectare c.16 hectare c. Existing : 1.13 hectare c. Commited : 95.210.

which are groups of inter-related industries. have two key elements. Johor Bahru Central Planning Area and the University Teknologi Malaysia Skudai . The Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC). Menara MSC Cyberport in Johor Bahru is the first cyber centre building in SJER. A Cyber city is defined as a self-contained intelligent city offering world-class business and living environment and incentives under the Bill of Guarantees (BoGs). ICT clusters comprise the following activities: ■ IT as an industry: manufacturing IT-related hardware and component parts. Three Cyber cities will also be proposed in SJER as part of the MSC Phase 2 (2004-2010) namely Nusajaya. and ■ IT as an enabling technology: this comprises activities such as Outsourcing and Shared Services (OSS). This phenomenon – clustering – can be seen around the world. Such Cyber centres will not compete but instead are meant to complement the Cyber cities. Cyber cities and Cyber centres in SJER SJER can play a leading role in establishing itself as one of the major Cyber cities in the country. Clusters.SOUTH JOHOR URBANISATION CHAPTER 10 | PART 3 10. Source: SJER CDP 2025 Within the SEC. 10 .8 Cyber Cities and Cyber Centre Figure 10. are encouraged. these groups of inter-linked companies must be located in close proximity to one other. defined as buildings or complexes with basic enabling environments (with high-tech telecommunications infrastructure and a multimedia lab) that offers partial Bill of Guarantees. ICT Infrastructure and Info Structure in the City The need to enhance the ICT infrastructure such as intelligent buildings. broadband facilities. firms within the cluster must be linked. A cluster-based strategy has been adopted by many cities in other parts of the world to build competitiveness in the K-economy. wireless technologies and WIFI within SJER is important.13 .Indahpura area. The challenge for SJER would be its readiness to achieve this objective by 2020. businesses are increasingly gathering together to generate competitive advantage. KEY DIRECTION : U 10: Encourage the growth of Cyber cities and Cyber centres. C. Consulting and Retail and distribution of ICT products. B. was envisaged to spearhead this. Systems integration. U 11: Expand the availability of world class ICT infrastructure and info structure in the city. Secondly. This is especially important for the SEC area in order to attract investors and large corporations. U 12: Enhance the ICT Clusters in SJER A. established in 1996. Cyber centres. Cluster Based Strategies In an increasingly globalised and technologically advanced world. and software development.6: SJER Cyber Cities Malaysia aims to have a knowledge-based economy and society as encapsulated in Vision 2020. Firstly. In this second roll-out the MSC Cyber city/Cyber centre status goes beyond the original designated areas in order to spread the MSC benefits nationwide and to enhance national and regional growth and competitiveness and to bridge all forms of digital divide in the country. comprising a competitive cluster of local ICT companies and a sustainable ICT industry.

are continuously • Incubator Y Y Y Y Y Y benchmarked against leading science parks and intelligent cities • Data Centre Y Y Y Y Y Y • Schools & Y Y Y Y Y Y • MSC PGTP Y Y Y Y Y Y (1) • MSC Tariff Y Y Y Y Y Y (1) Available • DLL Y Y Y Y Y Y Services • ISDN IDE Y Y Y Y Y Y • Domestic Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y globally by the Malaysia Development Corporation (MDC).SECTION B PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION ICT clusters which would provide new sources of growth for SJER would CFZ be as follows: TPM KLCC UPM. encompassing utilities. • Hospital and Clinic D. to Play Fields. international promotion and marketing will be intensified.PCCI KHTP MTDC ■ Software development. finance.PCCI KHTP MTDC Customer One-Stop Centre Service by Cybercity Y Y X X Y Y • Domestic Original Management Leased Line 24 hour hotline • International number • Cybercity management • Telecoms companies • Utility companies 10 .13: MSC Cyber cities: Key Information CFZ TPM KLCC UPM. Towards this end. focusing on attracting investments from Complex energy. Key to this effort is the enforcement of Gymnasium MSC Cyber city Standards. Service Cyber cities differ from other property development projects. Such standards. manufacturing and healthcare sectors. Apartments They provide the driving force for improving performance culture • Sports Complex. Some key details on MSC Cyber cities are reproduced below. and ■ OSS where Malaysia has been identified to have an edge in higher Transportation • Bus Y X Y Y Y Y • Taxi Y Y Y Y Y Y • Rail Y Y Y X X X • Airport in 30 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Facilities & • Housing Y Y Y Y Y Y Amenities • Shopping Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y valued-added services and call centres. logistics. Under initiatives which are part of the Ninth Malaysian Plan. Table 10. Benchmarking Cyber cities • Hotel.14 Phone Private Leased Y Y Y X Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Line • Domestic Frame Relay . emphasis is being given to attract global players in the field as well as encouraging the participation of the local players. improve the quality of service. Service quality for telecommunications and utilities in the MSC Cyber cities is Institution of ensured through the implementation of MSC Performance Guarantees Higher Learning with Financial Penalties (PGFPs). public and private sectors. telecommunications and municipal services. and changing the mindset of both.

PCCI KHTP MTDC Available Services (con’t) • Domestic ATM Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y • XDSL Y Y Y Y Y Y • Multiple Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y X X • 99.15 .SOUTH JOHOR URBANISATION CHAPTER 10 | PART 3 CFZ TPM KLCC UPM. Cyberjaya.9% Reliability Y Y Y X X Y • Uninterrupted Y Y Y X Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y relay • Leased Line Internet Access backbone Service Providers • Multiple Internet Service Providers Electricity • 100% Backup with Prompt In progress Restoration Water Supply • WHO Quality Source: MDC. 2005. (1) Tariff adoption is currently in negotiation stage 10 .