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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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Information
Component Table
Tap Table
Fluid Power Symbols
Electrical Symbols

Schematic
Machine Views
Front Frame
Rear Frame
Tap Views

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EC-C1

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RENR7296-06
September 2011

320D and 320D L Excavator


Hydraulic System
320D:
JPD1-UP
A6F1-UP
FAL1-UP
KLM1-UP
PCM1-UP
KHN1-UP
BZP1-UP
CXY1-UP
JFZ1-UP
JGZ1-UP
KTF1-UP

320D L:
MDE1-UP
A8F1-UP
A9F1-UP
KGF1-UP
MGG1-UP
TDH1-UP
DHK1-UP
GDP1-UP

2011 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

COMPONENT LOCATION
Part
Number

Machine
Location

Schematic
Location

Accumulator GP

164-6981

A-4

Cylinder GP - Boom

NOTE A

E-2

Cylinder GP - Bucket

NOTE A

E-2

Cylinder GP - Stick

NOTE A

E-7

Filter GP - Pilot (Hydraulic Oil)

158-8987

A-4

Filter GP - Oil (Hydraulic Return)

188-4140

A-6

Filter GP - Oil (Hydraulic, Case Drain)

126-2075

A-6

Manifold GP - Control (Pilot Oil)

215-5037

A-5

Motor GP - Swing

158-8986

E-5

Motor GP - Travel (Left)

209-5992

10

E-5

Motor GP - Travel (Right)

209-5992

11

E-4

Pump GP - Piston (Main)

272-6955

12

A-2

Swivel GP

234-4440

13

D-4

Valve GP - Check (Oil Cooler Bypass)

201-9329

14

A-7

Valve GP - Load Control (Boom)

255-5683

15

C-2

Valve GP - Load Control (Stick)

255-5680

16

C-5

Valve GP - Main Control

259-7464

17

C-2

Valve GP - Pilot (Joystick, LH)

270-5951

18

C-7

Valve GP - Pilot (Joystick, RH)

270-5952

19

C-6

Valve GP - Pilot (Travel)

270-5947

20

D-7

Valve GP - Pressure Reducing (Boom, Swing Priority)

232-4102

21

A-4

Valve GP - Shuttle 1

185-0462

22

B-7

Valve GP - Shuttle 2

259-7732

23

B-3

Valve GP - Swing Cushion

158-9085

24

D-5

Valve GP - Travel Counterbalance (Left)

137-3718

25

D-5

Valve GP - Travel Counterbalance (Right)

137-3718

26

D-4

Description

Note A: Refer to Parts Manual for your specific machine.

TAP LOCATION
Tap
Number

Description

Schematic
Location

AA

Pilot Filter Pressure Test Port

A-4

BB

Idler Pump Pressure Test Port

B-3

CC

Drive Pump Pressure Test Port

A-3

DD

Power Shift Pressure Test Port

A-2

SOS

Hydraulic Oil Sampling Port

A-3

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS

MAIN AUX.

PUMP or MOTOR

SPRING
(ADJUSTABLE)

VARIABILITY

CONTROL VALVES

SPRING

FLUID CONDITIONER

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE)

TWO POSITION

2-SECTION PUMP

HYDRAULIC
PNEUMATIC
ENERGY TRIANGLES

ATTACHMENT

LINE RESTRICTION

VALVE PORTS

TWO-WAY

THREE POSITION

PUMP: VARIABLE and


PRESSURE COMPENSATED

VARIABLE and PRESSURE


COMPENSATED

VALVES

VALVE ENVELOPES

ONE POSITION

LINE RESTRICTION
(FIXED)

RESTRICTION

FOUR-WAY

THREE-WAY

CONTROL VALVES

CHECK VALVES

AB

AB

P T
NORMAL POSITION

P T
SHIFTED POSITION

INFINITE POSITION

SHUTTLE

SPRING
LOADED

BASIC
SYMBOL

PILOT
CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

PRESSURIZED

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

MEASUREMENT

PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

ROTATING SHAFTS

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID

SOLENOID
or MANUAL

SOLENOID and
PILOT or MANUAL

SOLENOID
and PILOT

SERVO

DETENT

THERMAL

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

MANUAL SHUTOFF

PUSH-PULL LEVER

RELEASED PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN

SPRING LOADED

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

PEDAL

LINES CROSSING

LINES JOINING

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

UNIDIRECTIONAL

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

INTERNAL
SUPPLY PRESSURE

COMPLETE

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SINGLE ACTING

DOUBLE ACTING

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

SPRING

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

SIMPLIFIED

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

GAS CHARGED

PUSH BUTTON

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

INTERNAL RETURN

ACCUMULATORS

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

GENERAL MANUAL

INFINITE
POSITIONING

FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION

THREE
POSITION

PARALLEL
FLOW

CROSS
FLOW

TWO
POSITION

FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS
Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

G
Transducer
(Fluid)

Transducer
(Gas / Air)

Pressure Switch
(Adjustable)

Pressure Switch

Generator

Electric Motor

Electrical Wire

Temperature Switch

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

Pressure
Symbol

Temperature
Symbol

Level
Symbol

Flow
Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example

Hydraulic Schematic Example


Current Standard

Current Standard
Harness identification code
This example indicates
wire 135 in harness "AG".

Wire

Circuit Number
Identification

Wire Color

325-AG135 PK-14
325-PK

Circuit Identification
Number

Wire Color

Wire Gauge

Previous Standard
Wire Color

Wire

325-PK-14
B
Circuit Number
Identification

Wire Gauge
(EXAMPLE VALVE)

TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)

(11) MOTOR GP
TRAVEL (RIGHT)
209-5992

DR

(3) CYLINDER GP
BUCKET

E
SEE LOC A-7 RCV-C

Pp3

MU

T2

AG

BL3
B1

A1

DR

AR3

(24) VALVE GP
SWING CUSHION
158-9085

(20) VALVE GP
PILOT (TRAVEL)
270-5947

BG

BG

TRAVEL BRAKE
B
BL2

TRAVEL(L)

(25) VALVE GP
TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE (LEFT)
137-3718

TRAVEL(R)

BL1

BR1

AL1

FWD
T4

T6

(15) VALVE GP
LOAD CONTROL (BOOM)
255-5683

aR1

PRESSURE SWITCH
SP3

SPi

BP3
aL2

A2

BUCKET

OPEN
JR4

L
JL4

A3

A4

A5

A6

CLOSE
JR2

A7

DOWN
JR3

AL4

A8

BOOM(2)
Di2

Pi2

(OUT)

(R)

Pi3 Di3

bL3

bR3

B4

B5

B6

bR4

bL3

B7

SEE LOC C-2


RCV-B

DST

bL1

bL2

bL4

PL

P2

Pi1

PSA2 DR1

P-IN
TRAVEL
SPEED

(6) FILTER GP
OIL (HYDRAULIC RETURN)
188-4140

SWING
PRIORITY

PSA1

DR4

Pi2

DR2

(14) VALVE GP
CHECK (OIL COOLER BYPASS)
201-9329

bR5

Di1

bR3

RCV: RETURN CHECK VALVE

HR

bR4

G2

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS

HR

A1

B2

FR
U

(21) VALVE GP
PRESSURE REDUCING
(BOOM, SWING PRIORITY)
232-4102

A2

T-OUT1

DR6

P1

PILOT PUMP OUTPUT


IMPLEMENT AND LEFT TRAVEL PUMP OUTPUT
POWER SHIFT CONTROL CIRCUIT
SUPPLY LINE
SHUTTLE VALVE CONTROL CIRCUIT
STICK CONTROL AND STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
LEFT TRAVEL CONTROL AND LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR CIRCUIT
ATTACHMENT CONTROL CIRCUIT
SWING CONTROL AND SWING MOTOR CIRCUIT
DRAIN / RETURN LINE
SWING BRAKE CONTROL CIRCUIT
IMPLEMENT AND RIGHT TRAVEL PUMP
TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRCUIT
BUCKET CONTROL AND BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
RIGHT TRAVEL CONTROL AND RIGHT TRAVEL MOTOR CIRCUIT
BOOM CONTROL AND BOON CYLINDER CIRCUIT
COMBINED LEFT AND RIGHT PUMP SIGNAL PRESSURE

(12) PUMP GP
MAIN
272-6955

Pn2
Ps2
PsM2

Dr2

(5) FILTER GP
PILOT (HYDRAULIC OIL)
158-8987

(1) ACCUMULATOR GP
164-6981

OUT

AA

(7) FILTER GP
OIL (HYDRAULIC, CASE DRAIN)
126-2075

PRESSURE
SENSOR

DD

M1

CC

Pm

CALLOUTS
YY

Callout Number

Pn1

(Machine Location from


Component LocationsTable)

PROPORTIONAL
REDUCING VALVE

Pi

A3 G1

Component Group

HR

PR

SOS

Drain / Return Lines

PsM1
Ps1

A1

PC

Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure

DrM

PILOT

IN

Pressure Line

Dr1

PAC

LINE PATTERNS

S1

P2

PG

HL

A2

BB

M2

OIL COOLER

STICK(2)
(OUT)

S3

BYPASS
D E

BOOM(1)
(UP)

PL

DR5

B1

G
RCV-A
SEE LOC C-6

PR

RR

P1

DR3

SLOW
RETURN

bR2

bR1

aL2

PL PR

ATCH
BUCKET
(OPEN)

(23) VALVE GP
SHUTTLE 2
259-7732

NO.1
(TRAVEL)

TRAVEL(R)
(FWD)

PRESSURE SENSOR

(8) MANIFOLD GP
CONTROL (PILOT OIL)
215-5037

RCV-C

(17) VALVE GP
MAIN CONTROL
259-7464

B8

PRESSURE SWITCH

SEE LOC E-6

SWING
(FWD)

bL2

T-OUT2

aR4

B3

BR5

R3

MAIN
RELIEF

bL4

NO.2
(SWING)

aR3

B2

BP1

aR5
AR5

UP
JR1

HL

B1

(REV)

BT

Pi1
(DOWN)

BOOM

HL

(REV)

AR3

PUMP
RIGHT

16 Page,

A1

R
JL2

Pi4

SEE LOC A-7


RCV-B

aR4

PUMP
LEFT

RENR7296-06

(22) VALVE GP
SHUTTLE 1
185-0462

IN
JL3

(L)

ACTIVATION
HYDRAULIC

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

JL1

OUT

SWING

Di4

JRT

JRP

STICK

aL3
(IN)

aL4
(UP)

BR3

aR1

BL1

BR4
BP2

AR4

aR3

BR1

NO.3
(LOCK)

JLT

BL2

AR1

AL1

STICK(1)

JLP

AL2

SEE LOC A-7


RCV-A

(19) VALVE GP
PILOT (JOYSTICK, RH)
270-5952

(18) VALVE GP
PILOT (JOYSTICK, LH)
270-5951

aL1

BPi

AL3
BL3

BDr

PRESSURE SWITCH

AR1

BACK

T3

bR1

bL1

(CLOSE)

aL1

FWD

TRAVEL(L)

T2

SDr

T5

BR4

(13) SWIVEL GP
234-4440

(16) VALVE GP
LOAD CONTROL (STICK)
255-5680

BACK
T1

AR4

(26) VALVE GP
TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE (RIGHT)
137-3718

TRAVEL BRAKE
A

A
AL2

BR3

AG

aR2

AG

BR2
AR2

AL3

T1

T2
BG

(2) CYLINDER GP
BOOM

Pp3

T1

(9) MOTOR GP
SWING
158-8986

PG

(4) CYLINDER GP
STICK

TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT)

(10) MOTOR GP
TRAVEL (LEFT)
209-5992

SWING MOTOR

Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)


(52) VALVE GP - CONTROL
138-1234
Part Number

Component
Name

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320D AND 320D L EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MEDIA NUMBER: RENR7296-06
SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 259-7469, CHANGE: 01, VERSION: HE
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off,
and with parking brake set.
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.

MACHINE COMPONENT LOCATIONS


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

23

22

18

19

20
3
2

21
14

1
11

26

FILTER GP
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

SOS

AA

MOTOR GP - PISTON (TRAVEL)


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

25

10

MOTOR GP - SWING AND SWIVEL


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

24

13

PUMP GP - PISTON (MAIN)


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

DD
CC

12

BB

VALVE GP - MAIN CONTROL


VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

17

15

16