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Comrade Ramchandra Babaji More (1903-1972

)
Comrade Ramchandra Babaji More was born on March 1, 1903 in the village
of Ladavali near Mahad. Born to a poor Mahar family of farmworkers he was
sensitized to the stigma of caste since childhood. His first forceful realization
of caste came when he was denied permission to attend the high school at
Mahad despite his success in the scholarship exams. The denial and his
subsequent protest was covered by newspapers in Bombay and under
pressure of public opinion the British Collector granted him admission. This
was the starting point of the lifelong political activism of Comrade More.
On August 4, 1923 a resolution introduced by S. K. Boley was passed in the
Legislative Council of Bombay Presidency stipulating that untouchables were
authorized to use public wells, pilgrim houses, schools, courts, administrative
offices and dispensaries. Three years later Boley proposed a new resolution
for subsidies to be withheld from non-compliant local bodies and
municipalities. In 1926 R. B. More undertook his first successful political
campaign to enforce the resolution in Dasgaon through public pressure. On
December 4, 1926 the Crawford Lake was opened for the use of
untouchables. This was a turning point for him. After this he took a leading
role in the historical human rights Satyagraha at Mahad on October 19, 1927.
As the first secretary of the Mahar Samaj Sewa Sangh R. B. More was one of
the principal organizers of the Satyagraha. Other leaders and activists for
Mahad were Karamveer Sambhaji Tukaram Gaikwad, Govind Adrekar,
Shivram Gopal Jadhav, Vishram Sawadkar, Bhikaji Sambhaji Gaikwad, Keshav
Adrekar, Changdev Mohite, Bhai Anand Chitre, Suraba Nana Chitnis and
others. Since 1925 he had actively worked to ensure Dr. Ambedkar’s
presence and support at the conference for the Mahad Satyagraha.
The Chavdar tank Satyagraha gave Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar global visibility
as the foremost leader of human rights struggles. R. B. More continued to be
key organizer in the movements against the Khoti system (zamindari system)
and other struggles for removal of untouchability in Konkan. During this
period he worked closely with Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Bhai Anand Chitre,
Shamrao Parulekar, Narayan Nagu Patil, Shri Kovale of Chiplun. He served as
the secretary of the Kulaba Zilla Shetkari Sangh. In 1927 he played a
significant role in setting up the ‘Dr. Ambedkar Seva Dal’ later renamed the
Samta Sainik Dal. He was one of the representatives of the Bombay
Presidency at the first convention of the Akhil Bharatiya Kisan Sabha held at
Lucknow in 1936. The British government issued an arrest warrant out
against More because of his work organizing and mobilizing farmers.
In 1930 he established the Organization of Young Workers and assumed
editorial responsibilities for it’s periodical Avahan (The Challenge). Soon
after, the British banned Avahan and issued a warrant for R.B. More. He
went underground and continued his political activities. Through his work
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Despite being a communist party activist. Nagpur. Bijapur.P railway union (now National Railway Mazdoor Union). He sent a revised version of the note in 1957 and 1964 and emphasized the need to take cognizance of Ambedkar’s politics. In 1953 before the party congress Comrade More sent a special note to the politburo of the Communist Party arguing for the need of class politics to take a position on caste oppression. Samta. Interim the mobilization for the Nasik Kalaram temple Satyagraha was going strong. D. He founded the weekly Jeevan Marg on April 14. Mashaal. Comrade More shared a warm political friendship and mutual regard with Dr. R. Between 1941 and 1942 Comrade More served as the secretary of the G. Moving between Bombay.B. Janata. In 1956 Babasaheb Ambedkar with lakhs of his followers converted to Buddhism at Nagpur. organized a seminar on the “Problems of neoBuddhists” at the Gokhale Institute in Pune. then Labour Minister. He sent delegations of volunteers from 2 . 1965 in honor of Babasaheb Ambedkar. It is now the mouthpiece of the Maharashtra wing of the Communist party of India (Marxist). He regularly contributed to the periodicals Bahishkrit Bharat. More mobilized untouchables. Babasaheb Ambedkar recommended More’s name for the delegation to represent labor movements of Bombay presidency at the International Labor Organization in Paris. Agra R. Jhansi. It is important to remember that during this period the tensions between Ambedkar and Communists were most acute. Yugantar.B. janitors (safai kamgar) and struggled for improvement of their work conditions. and others. In 1961 along with Kashinath D.I.K Bedekar. The note was circulated widely to all the party state committees and generated discussions. Bombay kaamgar and weeklies for the Communist Party especially Kranti. He was one of the founding members of the Girni Kamgar Union (Textile Workers’ Union). Asprushyata Niwarak (Abolition). More conducted various public meetings and organized a delegation of workers and communist activists in Bombay that would participate in Nasik. In 1960 More along with Mr.B More maintained a balance in his political work with both the Communist party and Babasaheb Ambedkar and Dadasaheb Gaikwad. Babasaheb Ambedkar. Sanvadkar and Ghanashyam Talwatkar he established the Babasaheb Ambedkar University at Mahad.among Dalits and vulnerable sections he came in close contact with the labor and communist movements. There for the first time he made a representation of the specificities of the experiences of untouchable workers. In 1945. In 1933 he organized the first public celebrations of Ambedkar’s birthday under the banner of the Friends’ circle on Delisle road in Bombay. Prabuddha Bharat. Between the 1930s and 1940s R. Comrade More was also an active participant in the struggle for Samyukta Maharashtra and Liberation of Goa. Lokyuddh.

Comrade More dedicated his entire life to struggle for better conditions of life for the laboring classes and towards building a classless and casteless society. 3 . Through his life More continued to be politically involved in labor movement and educational struggles of Mahad taluka and Dasgaon. Comrade More passed away on 11 May 1972 in Bombay. Rahul Sankrutyayan takes note of this contribution in a biographic essay in his book ‘New leaders of New India’. After this he started the Progressive Middle School in the village. now known as the Comrade R. Rameshchandra Sinha also celebrated him along with other activists in his essay ‘Three luminaries of the Indian labor movement’.Mahad taluka for the Liberation of Goa movement. He established the ‘Dasgaon People’s Progressive Forum’ that started the first primary school in the village.B More Progressive Middle School.

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