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The Future of BACnet and Peripherals

Steve Ferree, V.P. Marketing, FieldServer Technologies


BACnet
• BACnet has demonstrated its ability to adapt
• Common open-protocol developed via ASHRAE has
adapted
– All common media – RS-232, RS-485, Arcnet,
Ethernet, TCP/IP
– Many building systems – HVAC, lighting, life safety
– Future of XML
– Multi-vendor

The Future of BACnet


Multi-vendor
• Currently 158 Vendor ID’s issued for companies around
the world
• Multiple manufacturer’s and multiple products from major
BAS manufacturers including:
– Trane – Alerton
– Honeywell – Siemens
– Johnson Controls – Delta Controls
– Automated Logic – TAC

The Future of BACnet


Multiple Support Groups
• BACnet Manufacturer’s Association (BMA) –
manufacturers of BACnet products
• BACnet Testing Labs – testing interoperability
• ASHRAE – BACnet group, Standing Standard Project
Committee (SSPC) 135
• BIG-NA (+ BIG-EU, BIG-ME, BIG-AA, BIG-RU) – User
interest groups

The Future of BACnet


Worldwide BACnet
• Where is BACnet used?

The Future of BACnet


Open Systems
• What are Open Systems
– Interoperability between vendors
– Open, standard protocols
– Available to any vendor
– Flexible infrastructure
• Benefits
– Integration with multiple vendors
– Cost savings
– Efficiency improvement – time savings

The Future of BACnet


BACnet Future
• The vast majority of devices and systems installed today
utilize proprietary protocols
• A majority of new devices still utilize proprietary protocols
• There are competitive open protocols used in the BAS
industry and other open protocols used in other
industries

The Future of BACnet


Interoperability
• BACnet must work with other systems
• Legacy devices and systems will continue to be used in
buildings
• As buildings become “smarter” interoperability is a MUST
• Disparate systems can work together, using gateways,
tools and open technologies

The Future of BACnet


Interoperability
• Even as BACnet grows there will always be legacy
devices and new applications requiring interface of other
protocols to BACnet
• New open protocols for specific industries will require
interoperability to the building control system
– DALI – lighting
– NAFEM – food equipment
– ControlLogix, DeviceNet, EtherNet/IP, DH+, etc -
Process

The Future of BACnet


Working with other systems

The Future of BACnet


Meeting the User’s Needs
• Integrators will continue to install the systems that meets
the customer’s needs in an efficient and effective
manner
• Manufacturer’s have to keep up with these needs and
still compete in a competitive market utilizing whatever
protocol is necessary
• Users want a system designed for their specific needs,
yet, has a proven track record with others

The Future of BACnet


Interoperability via Gateways
• Gateways are necessary
– How many fire alarm panels have BACnet?
– What if the customer requires a lighting feature only
available on a lighting panel that utilizes another
protocol?
– What if the manufacturing plant wants to interface
process control information from a PLC?

The Future of BACnet


Gateways
• Gateways are available in a variety of forms:
– Internal – a board or module inside a device converts
from proprietary to open
– External hardware/software – external box with the
hardware interface combined with software translator
– Software – software inside the PC or DCS to convert
one protocol to another

The Future of BACnet


Thank you

The Future of BACnet


The Future of BACnet
and Peripherals

Bob Ofenstein
Cimetrics Inc.
V.P. Products Group

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:XML or Web Services
to Enterprise
software

ISO – 16484 - 5

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:XML “LCD web
pages”

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:Gateways

802.11B
BACnet
802.15.4
/ Zigbee

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:Native BACnet or
XML or Web Services

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:Native BACnet or
XML or Web Services

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:XML or Web Services

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:
Native BACnet or
Gateways
to LON or Proprietary

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:
Native BACnet or
Gateways to
proprietary

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:Native BACnet or
Gateways to
proprietary

The Future of BACnet


Business Network Remote Control

Telephony Lighting

Wireless Energy

Security HVAC

Fire Control Vertical transport

The Future of BACnet


onnection Technology:HTTP using web
browsers

The Future of BACnet


BACnet Integration & Peripherals
AFD Integration
Mike Olson – ABB Drives
AFD Selection is Extremely Important
• Consider the effects of current and voltage harmonics on
the power distribution system
• Investigate under and over voltage ride-thru capabilities
• Investigate design reliability
– Choose a unit / manufacturer with tripless operation
• Investigate the Service and Support capabilities
• Make sure the Adjustable Frequency Drive (AFD) is
compatible with the BAS
– New, existing and future installations

The Future of BACnet


BAS Compatibility Investigation
• It is not enough to “talk” the protocol, its what you say!
• Partial point list:
– Output frequency and % speed
– Output current and torque
– Output KW and KWhr
– Drive temperature (can set alarm)
– Elapsed time
– DC bus voltage (directly proportional to AC voltage)
– Analog input and output values
– Fault type, fault history, and fault reset

The Future of BACnet


BAS Compatibility Investigation (cont.)
Points (cont.)
• Run / Stop status
• Hand / Auto Selection status
• Digital input and output status
Additional capabilities
• Can AFD control analog and digital outputs independent
of AFD functions (to control dampers,valves,etc.)?
• Can AFD monitor analog and digital inputs without AFD
actions (monitor temperatures, damper position, etc.)?

The Future of BACnet


Real Time Information Allows Implementation
of Enhanced Energy Savings Strategies
Point Usage
Power Load Shedding
Peak Avoidance
Chilled Water Reset

Lag Motor Start


Frequency

Broken Belt Indication


Current
Loss of Suction
Load Shedding
Peak Avoidance

The Future of BACnet


Enhanced Energy Savings Strategies
Point Usage
Ref1 / Ref2 Select Night Set-back

Last Faults Remote Diagnostics


Remote Indication of Spares

Reset Faults Remote Reset of


Fault Conditions

DC Bus Voltage Building Power Indication


Isolate Problem Areas

The Future of BACnet


Enhanced Energy Savings Strategies
Point Usage
Monitor Digital Inputs Damper End-switch Status
Safety Status and Annunciation
Bypass Status Indication

Monitor Digital Outputs Change of State (COS)


(Relay Outputs) Broken Belt Indication
Lag Motor Start
Load Shedding
Maintenance Assistant Trigger

The Future of BACnet


Enhanced Energy Savings Strategies
Point Usage
Control Relay Outputs Open Isolation Damper
(Drive and Unitary Forced Bypass
Controller in One) Lag Pump Start

Control Analog Outputs


Cooling Tower Bypass Valve
[0 (4) – 20 mA Outputs]
Chilled Water Valve Control
(Drive and Unitary
Hot Water Valve Control
Controller in One)

The Future of BACnet


Enhanced Energy Savings Strategies
Point Usage
Monitor Analog Inputs PID Feedback
Chilled Water Feedback

Second PID Loop


Night Set-back
Batch Settings
Summer / Winter Settings

External PID Loop


Control Chilled Water Valve
(Drive and Unitary
Controller in One) Control Cooling Tower Bypass
Valve (Free PID Loop)

The Future of BACnet


Case Study - Dallas Office Tower
• User monitors % power over BAS
• If % power of any of 84 supply or return fans exceeds 50%,
algorithm triggers
• Algorithm checks IAQ, if acceptable, chilled water reset
accomplished
– Chilled water reset means rooms get satisfied faster, fan
drives slow down further
– Chilled water loop absorbs less heat. Less heat to reject
equals less chiller run time. Less chiller run time equals…
• Four month payback on AFD installation (84 Drives)

The Future of BACnet


Case Study - Toronto Office Tower
• Field panel on 27th floor, drive on 24th floor
• One twisted pair between the two devices
– Drive DO switches between electric's & pneumatics
– System pressure controlled by AFD PID Controller
• Set-point from field panel, drive loop powers sensor
• Feedback transmitted to field panel
– AI from chilled water sensor to AFD
• AFD transmits sensor data to field panel
• Field panel accomplishes PID Control & commands drive AO
to control chilled water valve
• No Unitary (TEC) controller in equipment room

The Future of BACnet


Case Study - New York 6 Cell Cooling
Tower
• Master drive has PID loop control using “sleep” and “wake-up”
feature
• Master drive uses DO with programmable time “on” and time
“off” delays to start lag cell and 4-20 ma frequency output to
control speed of lag cell
– First lag cell AFD uses it’s DO & 4-20 ma output to control
second lag cell as above
– Second lag cell AFD uses it’s DO & 4-20 ma output to control
third lag cell as above
• Etc., etc.

The Future of BACnet


The old way . . . The new way

The Future of BACnet


Smart Drive - Smart Bypass!
Intelligent Bypass - for advanced control of
3 to 400 Hp induction motors

Features include:
• Keypad control with one line diagram and
status LEDs.
• Selectable manual or automatic transfer bypass.
• Input power single phase protection in Drive and
Bypass modes.
• Regulated power supply with voltage tolerance of
+30% / -35% eliminating contactor coil burnout.
• Start/stop via customer supplied contact is 24
or 115 volt compatible.
• Start/stop and safeties function in both Drive and
Bypass modes.
• Selectable class 20 or 30 electronic motor
• overload protection.
• Fast acting semiconductor fuses feeding drive
supplied as standard.
• Door interlocked disconnect switch supplied as
standard.

The Future of BACnet


Smart Drive - Smart Bypass!
Indications for:
• Power-on
• External fault
• Bypass H-O-A mode
• Drive selected
• Bypass selected
• Drive running
• Bypass running
• Drive fault
• Bypass fault
• Automatic bypass mode

The Future of BACnet


Intelligent Bypass Features
Settings
• Class 20 or 30 overload
• Manual or automatic transfer to bypass
• Manual or automatic reset of bypass faults
• Underload trip (loss of load)
• Fireman’s override / Electronics override
Relay outputs
• Drive fault
• Bypass fault
• Drive run
• System run
• Damper Control
• Bypass H-O-A status

The Future of BACnet


Intelligent Bypass Features
Inputs
• Safety interlocks
• Start/stop
• Mode-in (forced bypass)
• Fireman’s override
• Damper end-switch
Other
• Either vertical slim-line package, or side by side
• NEMA 1 or NEMA 12
• Disconnect or circuit breaker (door interlocked, pad-lockable)

The Future of BACnet


Intelligent Bypass Features
Serial Communications Capabilities with Smart Bypass
• Monitor AFD / bypass mode of operation
• Monitor the status of the bypass H-O-A switch
• Monitor the status of the bypass fault output
• Monitor the status of the Fireman’s overide switch

• You can also force the motor into bypass over the serial link

The Future of BACnet


Conclusion
• Modern AFDs and serial communications solutions are
very powerful
• System optimization is possible if you use the built-in
power of the smart devices
• Real-time information from the AFD / bypass allows
implementation of enhanced energy savings strategies!

The Future of BACnet