MSFunctions

© All Rights Reserved

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MSFunctions

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 55

1a. [4 marks]

Let

, where a , b ,

f(x) .

Markscheme

METHOD 1

f(x) = (x + 1)(x 1)(x 2) M1

A1A1A1

a = 2 , b = 1 and c = 2

METHOD 2

from the graph or using f(0) = 2

c = 2 A1

setting up linear equations using f(1) = 0 and f(1) = 0 (or f(2) = 0) M1

obtain a = 2 , b = 1 A1A1

[4 marks]

1b. [3 marks]

Markscheme

(i) (1, 0) , (3, 0) and (4, 0) A1

(ii) g(0) occurs at 3f(2) (M1)

= 36 A1

[3 marks]

2a. [3 marks]

Consider a function f , defined by

Markscheme

M1A1

A1

[3 marks]

2b. [8 marks]

Markscheme

A1A1

M1

consider

EITHER

2

(M1)

A1

A1

OR

(M1)

A1

A1

THEN

A1

P(k) true implies P(k + 1) true, P(1) true so P(n) true for all

[8 marks]

2c. [6 marks]

Markscheme

METHOD 1

M1A1

A1

A1

M1

3

R1

A1

AG

METHOD 2

attempt

M1

A1A1

A1A1

Note: Award A1 marks for numerators and denominators.

A1AG

METHOD 3

attempt

M1

A1A1

A1A1

Note: Award A1 marks for numerators and denominators.

A1AG

[6 marks]

2d. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(i)

A1

(ii) METHOD 1

(M1)

A1

so

R1

AG

METHOD 2

(M1)

A1

true in the interval

(iii)

R1

(M1)A1

[6 marks]

3a. [2 marks]

Markscheme

A1A1

Note: A1 for two correct parameters, A2 for all three correct.

[2 marks]

3b. [3 marks]

Markscheme

translation

translation

(allow 4 up) A1

Note: First two transformations can be in either order.

[3 marks]

3c. [2 marks]

The function f is defined by

Markscheme

intercept

or maximum

shown A1

6

[2 marks]

3d. [2 marks]

Markscheme

A1A1

Note: A1 for

, A1 for

[2 marks]

3e. [3 marks]

Markscheme

let

A1

A1

A1

AG

Note: If following through an incorrect answer to part (a), do not award final A1 mark.

[3 marks]

3f. [7 marks]

Markscheme

A1

Note: A1 for correct change of limits. Award also if they do not change limits but go

back to x values when substituting the limit (even if there is an error in the integral).

(M1)

A1

let the integral = I

M1

(M1)A1

A1AG

[7 marks]

4a. [2 marks]

Given the complex numbers

and

Markscheme

A1A1

[2 marks]

4b. [5 marks]

Markscheme

or the squared modulus (M1)(A1)

attempt to minimise

obtain

state

at minimum (A1)

as final answer A1

[5 marks]

5a. [3 marks]

The function f is given by

, for x > 0.

Markscheme

EITHER

M1A1

> 0 as both numerator and denominator are positive R1

OR

M1A1

Note: Accept a convincing valid argument the numerator is greater than the

denominator.

numerator and denominator are positive R1

hence

AG

[3 marks]

5b. [4 marks]

Markscheme

one line equation to solve, for example,

, or equivalent A1

obtain

A1

or equivalent A1

[4 marks]

6a. [2 marks]

The function f is defined by

, with domain

Markscheme

by division or otherwise

A1A1

[2 marks]

6b. [2 marks]

Markscheme

9

A1

> 0 as

(on D) R1AG

Note: Do not penalise candidates who use the original form of the function to compute

its derivative.

[2 marks]

6c. [2 marks]

Markscheme

A2

Note: Award A1A0 for the correct endpoints and an open interval.

[2 marks]

6d. [8 marks]

Markscheme

(i) EITHER

rearrange

A1

A1

OR

interchange x and y M1

obtain one-line equation, e.g.

A1

A1

THEN

A1

Note: Accept

10

(ii), (iii)

A1A1A1A1

[8 marks]

Note: Award A1 for correct shape of

Award A1 for x intercept

Award A1 for the graph of

being the reflection of

shown approaching

seen.

in the line

should not be

11

6e. [7 marks]

Markscheme

(i)

A1A1A1

Note: A1 for correct sketch

+8).

Note: Candidates can FT on their sketch in (d)(ii).

(ii) attempt to solve

(M1)

12

obtain

A1

obtain

A1

[7 marks]

7. [5 marks]

Markscheme

M1A1A1

correct equation.

attempt to solve simultaneously M1

A1

[5 marks]

8. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(M1)(A1)

(M1)(A1)

M1

A1

Note: Award M1A0M1A0M1A1 if answer of 50 is found using

[6 marks]

9. [6 marks]

Markscheme

13

and

(a) using the formulae for the sum and product of roots:

A1

A1

M1

A1

Note: Award M0 for attempt to solve quadratic equation.

[4 marks]

(b)

M1

A1

[2 marks]

Total [6 marks]

10a. [2 marks]

Markscheme

14

A1A

1

Note: Award A1 for correct shape and A1 for correct domain and range.

[2 marks]

10b. [3 marks]

Markscheme

A1

attempting to find any other solutions M1

Note: Award (M1) if at least one of the other solutions is correct (in radians or

degrees) or clear use of symmetry is seen.

A1

Note: Award A1 for all other three solutions correct and no extra solutions.

15

[3 marks]

11a. [2 marks]

The function f is defined by

Markscheme

and

A1

) R1

Note: R1 may be awarded for justification using a graph or referring to limits. Do not

award A0R1.

[2 marks]

11b. [4 marks]

Markscheme

reflection in the y-axis

(M1)

Note: Award M1 for evidence of reflecting a graph in y-axis.

translation

(M1)A1A1

Note: Award (M1) for attempting to substitute

Award A1 for the correct domains (this mark can be awarded independent of the M1).

Award A1 for the correct expressions.

16

[4 marks]

12a. [2 marks]

Consider the following functions:

Markscheme

A1A

1

Note: A1 for correct shape, A1 for asymptotic behaviour at

[2 marks]

12b. [2 marks]

Markscheme

A1

domain of

A1

[2 marks]

12c. [7 marks]

17

Markscheme

(i)

M1A1

(A1)

A1

(ii) METHOD 1

f is a constant R1

when

M1A1

AG

METHOD 2

from diagram

A1

A1

R1

hence

AG

18

METHOD 3

M1

A1

denominator = 0, so

R1

[7 marks]

12d. [3 marks]

Markscheme

(i) Nigel is correct. A1

METHOD 1

is an odd function and

is an odd function

composition of two odd functions is an odd function and sum of two odd functions is an

odd function R1

METHOD 2

(ii)

A1

[3 marks]

13. [5 marks]

Markscheme

M1

M1

Note: In each case award the M marks if correct substitution attempted and right-hand

side correct.

19

M1

A1

A1

[5 marks]

14a. [2 marks]

The diagram below shows a sketch of the graph of

Markscheme

20

(a)

shape with y-axis intercept (0, 4) A1

Note: Accept curve with an asymptote at

correct asymptote

suggested.

A1

[2 marks]

14b. [1 mark]

Markscheme

range is

Note: Also accept

A1

or

21

[1 mark]

14c. [4 marks]

Markscheme

M1

A1

asymptote at

M1

A1

[4 marks]

15a. [4 marks]

The graphs of

and

22

Let f (x) =

Markscheme

23

M

1A1A1A1

Note: Award M1 for any of the three sections completely correct, A1 for each correct

segment of the graph.

[4 marks]

15b. [4 marks]

Markscheme

(i) 0 A1

(ii) 2 A1

24

A1

Note: Award M1A0 for the answer 4.

[4 marks]

16. [6 marks]

Markscheme

let

let

A1

A1

M1

(M1)

A1A1

[6 marks]

17a. [3 marks]

The graph of

25

Markscheme

26

A1A1A1

Note: Award A1 for correct shape.

Award A1 for two correct asymptotes, and

and

.

.

[3 marks]

17b. [3 marks]

Markscheme

27

A1A1A1

Note: Award A1 for correct general shape including the horizontal asymptote. Award

A1 for recognition of 1 maximum point and 1 minimum point. Award A1 for correct

coordinates,

and

[3 marks]

18a. [2 marks]

Consider the following functions:

Markscheme

A1

A1

[2 marks]

28

18b. [4 marks]

Markscheme

M1A1

(A1)

A1

[4 marks]

18c. [4 marks]

Markscheme

(i) METHOD 1

M1

(A1)

A1

Note: Accept in line 3 for the (A1) but not in line 4 for the A1.

Award the A1 only if written in the form

METHOD 2

M1

(A1)

A1

29

Note: Accept in line 3 for the (A1) but not in line 4 for the A1.

Award the A1 only if written in the form

(ii) domain:

; range:

A1

[4 marks]

18d. [6 marks]

Markscheme

probabilities from

A2

Note: Award A1 for one error, A0 otherwise.

probabilities from

A2

Note: Award A1 for one error, A0 otherwise.

only in the case of

does

, hence only

[6 marks]

18e. [2 marks]

Markscheme

M1

A1

[2 marks]

30

can be used as a

19a. [4 marks]

The quadratic function

Markscheme

METHOD 1

M1

q = 6 A1

f(3) = p + 18 9 = 5 M1

p = 4 A1

METHOD 2

M1A1

q = 6, p = 4 A1A1

[4 marks]

19b. [2 marks]

Markscheme

M1A1

Note: Accept any alternative form which is correct.

Award M1A0 for a substitution of (x + 3) .

[2 marks]

20a. [3 marks]

The diagram shows the graph of y = f(x) . The graph has a horizontal asymptote at y =

2.

31

Markscheme

A3

Note: Award A1 for each correct branch with position of asymptotes clearly indicated.

If x = 2 is not indicated, only penalise once.

[3 marks]

32

20b. [3 marks]

Markscheme

A

3

Note: Award A1 for behaviour at

large

, A1 for intercept at

[3 marks]

21. [6 marks]

Markscheme

M1

Note: The M1 is for switching the variables and may be awarded at any stage in the

process and is awarded independently. Further marks do not rely on this mark being

gained.

33

A1

M1A1

therefore

A1

Note: Accept

[6 marks]

22. [4 marks]

Markscheme

EITHER

M1

A1

A1A1 N2

Note: Award A1A0 for incorrect inequality signs.

OR

M1A1

Note: Award M1 for any attempt to find a critical value. If graphical methods are used,

award M1 for correct graphs, A1 for correct values of x.

34

A1A1 N2

Note: Award A1A0 for incorrect inequality signs.

[4 marks]

23. [8 marks]

Markscheme

(a)

(M1)

(A1)

since

(M1)

A1

Note: Penalize the use of

instead of

(b)

only once.

M1A1

A1

A1

[8 marks]

24a. [4 marks]

Consider the equation

Markscheme

for the equation to have real roots

M1

35

A1A1

Note: Award first A1 for

independent marks.

[4 marks]

24b. [3 marks]

Markscheme

(M1)

A1

hence, from (a) range is

A1

[3 marks]

24c. [1 mark]

Markscheme

a value for y would lead to 2 values for x from (a) R1

Note: Do not award R1 if (b) has not been tackled.

[1 mark]

25. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(a)

36

A

1A1

Note: Award A1 for correct asymptote with correct behaviour and A1 for shape.

[2 marks]

(b) intersect on

(M1)

(A1)

intersect at (1, 1) A1 A1

[4 marks]

Total [6 marks]

26a. [2 marks]

Consider the functions given below.

37

Markscheme

(i)

(ii)

(or equivalent) A1

,

(or equivalent) A1

[2 marks]

26b. [4 marks]

Markscheme

EITHER

(M1)

A1

OR

A1

M1

THEN

(or equivalent) A1

,

[4 marks]

27a. [2 marks]

The diagram below shows the graph of the function

,where

38

C

onsider the function

Markscheme

(M1)

and

(or equivalent) A1

[2 marks]

27b. [6 marks]

Markscheme

vertical asymptotes

horizontal asymptote

A1

A1

maximum

A1A1

one branch correct shape A1

39

[6 marks]

28a. [5 marks]

Consider the function

Markscheme

(i)

M1A1

40

so

when

(ii)

when

, i.e.

A1

and

when

R1

Note: Accept argument using correct second derivative.

(iii)

A1

[5 marks]

28b. [5 marks]

Markscheme

M1

A1

Note: May be seen in part (a).

(M1)

since

when

and

when

A1

[5 marks]

28c. [3 marks]

Markscheme

41

R1

A1A1A1

Note: Award A1 for the maximum and intercept, A1 for a vertical asymptote and A1

for shape (including turning concave up).

[3 marks]

28d. [6 marks]

Markscheme

42

(i)

A1A1

Note: Award A1 for each correct branch.

(ii) all real values A1

43

(iii)

(M1)(A1)

Note: Award (M1)(A1) for sketching the graph of h, ignoring any graph of g.

(accept

) A1

44

[6 marks]

29. [5 marks]

Markscheme

using the factor theorem or long division (M1)

(A1)

(A1)

(A1)

[5 marks]

30. [8 marks]

Markscheme

(a)

(M1)A1

(b)

(A1) (N3)

A1A1

(c)

M1

A1

M1

A1

[8 marks]

31. [6 marks]

Markscheme

45

METHOD 1

As (x +1) is a factor of P(x), then P(1) = 0 (M1)

(or equivalent) A1

As (x 2) is a factor of P(x), then P(2) = 0 (M1)

(or equivalent) A1

Attempting to solve for a and b M1

a = 2 and b = 1 A1 N1

[6 marks]

METHOD 2

By inspection third factor must be x 1. (M1)A1

(M1)A1

Equating coefficients a = 2, b = 1 (M1)A1 N1

[6 marks]

METHOD 3

Considering

or equivalent (M1)

A1A1

Recognising that

(M1)

a = 2 and b = 1 A1 N1

[6 marks]

32. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(a)

(M1)

46

A1

(b) METHOD 1

(interchanging x and y) M1

Attempting to solve for y M1

(A1)

A1 N1

METHOD 2

(interchanging x and y) M1

Attempting to solve for y M1

(A1)

A1 N1

Note: In either METHOD 1 or METHOD 2 rearranging first and interchanging

afterwards is equally acceptable.

[6 marks]

33. [6 marks]

Markscheme

M1

A1

M1

A1

A1A1 N0

[6 marks]

47

34. [5 marks]

Markscheme

(A1)

(M1)A1

(A1)

A1

[5 marks]

35. [5 marks]

Markscheme

(M1)

A1

(A1)

A1

so the product of the zeros of g is

A1 N0

[5 marks]

36. [8 marks]

Markscheme

(a) METHOD 1

A1

M1

48

A1 N0

METHOD 2

A1

attempt to use difference of cubes formula,

(A1)

A1 N0

METHOD 3

49

M1

into three congruent

so,

A1

A1 N0

(b)

Note: Do not accept any method where candidate substitutes the given value of a into

.

METHOD 1

M1

50

as

A1

so,

as

M1A1

,

AG N0

METHOD 2

M1A1

as

M1A1

AG N0

[8 marks]

37. [5 marks]

Markscheme

M1A1

A1

M1

A1

Notes: The first M1 is for one substitution and the consequent equations.

Accept expressions for

and

[5 marks]

38. [5 marks]

Markscheme

(a)

(A1)

(A1)

51

M1

A1 N4

(b) b is any real number A1

[5 marks]

39. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(a)

(M1)

A1A1

(b)

(M1)

(M1)

A1

[6 marks]

40. [4 marks]

Markscheme

(M1)(A1)

x = 1 or 4 or 1 or 2 A1A1

Notes: Award A1A1 for all four correct values,

A1A0 for two or three correct values,

A0A0 for less than two correct values.

Award M1 and corresponding A marks for correct attempt to find expressions for f and

g.

[4 marks]

41. [8 marks]

52

Markscheme

(a) an attempt to use either asymptotes or intercepts (M1)

A1A1A1

(b)

A4

Note: Award A1 for both asymptotes,

A1 for both intercepts,

A1, A1 for the shape of each branch, ignoring shape at

[8 marks]

53

42. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(a) attempt at completing the square (M1)

(A1)

A1

stretch in y direction scale factor 3 A1

translation

A1

translation

A1

[6 marks]

43. [6 marks]

Markscheme

(a) Note: Interchange of variables may take place at any stage.

for the inverse, solve for x in

M1

(A1)

A1

Note: Do not award final A1 unless written in the form

54

(b)

leads to

(M1)

A1

[6 marks]

International Baccalaureate Organization 2015

International Baccalaureate - Baccalaurat International - Bachillerato

Internacional

55

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