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H$moS> Z.

Series OSR/1/C

Code No.

amob Z.

55/1/1

narjmWu H$moS >H$mo Cma-nwpVH$m Ho$ _wI-n


>na Ad` {bIo &

Roll No.

Candidates must write the Code on the


title page of the answer-book.

H$n`m OmM H$a b| {H$ Bg Z-n _o _w{V n> 16 h &


Z-n _| Xm{hZo hmW H$s Amoa {XE JE H$moS >Z~a H$mo N>m Cma -nwpVH$m Ho$ _wI-n> na
{bI| &
H$n`m OmM H$a b| {H$ Bg Z-n _| >30 Z h &
H$n`m Z H$m Cma {bIZm ew$ H$aZo go nhbo, Z H$m H$_mH$ Ad` {bI| &
Bg Z-n H$mo nT>Zo Ho$ {bE 15 {_ZQ >H$m g_` {X`m J`m h & Z-n H$m {dVaU nydm
_| 10.15 ~Oo {H$`m OmEJm & 10.15 ~Oo go 10.30 ~Oo VH$ N>m Ho$db Z-n H$mo nT>|Jo
Ama Bg Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ do Cma-nwpVH$m na H$moB Cma Zht {bI|Jo &

Please check that this question paper contains 16 printed pages.

Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be
written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
Please check that this question paper contains 30 questions.
Please write down the Serial Number of the question before
attempting it.
15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question
paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the
students will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on
the answer-book during this period.

^m{VH$ {dkmZ (gmpVH$)


PHYSICS (Theory)
{ZYm[aV g_` : 3 KQ>o

A{YH$V_ AH$ : 70

Time allowed : 3 hours


55/1/1

Maximum Marks : 70
1

P.T.O.

gm_m` {ZX}e :
(i)
g^r Z A{Zdm` h &
(ii)
Bg Z-n _| Hw$b 30 Z h & Z 1 go 8 VH$ Ho$ Z A{V-bKwCmar` Z h Ama
`oH$ EH$ AH$ H$m h &
(iii) Z 9 go 18 _| `oH$ Z Xmo AH$ H$m h, Z 19 go 27 _| `oH$ Z VrZ AH$ H$m
h Ama Z 28 go 30 _| `oH$ Z nmM AH$ H$m h &
(iv) VrZ AH$m| dmbo Zm| _| go EH$ _y`naH$ Z h &
(v)
Z-n _| g_J na H$moB {dH$n Zht h & VWm{n, Xmo AH$m| dmbo EH$ Z _|, VrZ AH$m|
dmbo EH$ Z _| Ama nmM AH$m| dmbo VrZm| Zm| _| AmV[aH$ M`Z XmZ {H$`m J`m h &
Eogo Zm| _| AmnH$mo {XE JE M`Z _| go Ho$db EH$ Z hr H$aZm h &
(vi) H$bHw$boQ>a Ho$ Cn`moJ H$s AZw_{V Zht h & VWm{n `{X Amd`H$ hmo Vmo Amn bKwJUH$s`
gmaUr H$m `moJ H$a gH$Vo h &
(vii) Ohm Amd`H$ hmo Amn {ZZ{b{IV ^m{VH$ {Z`VmH$m| Ho$ _mZm| H$m Cn`moJ H$a gH$Vo h :
c = 3 108 m/s
h = 6.63 1034 Js
e = 1.6 1019 C
o = 4 107 T mA1

1
= 9 109 N m2 C2
4 o
me = 9.1 1031 kg
General Instructions :
(i)
All questions are compulsory.
(ii)
There are 30 questions in total. Questions No. 1 to 8 are very short answer
type questions and carry one mark each.
(iii) Questions No. 9 to 18 carry two marks each, questions 19 to 27 carry
three marks each and questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each.
(iv) One of the questions carrying three marks weightage is value based
question.
(v)
There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided
in one question of two marks, one question of three marks and all three
questions of five marks each weightage. You have to attempt only one of
the choices in such questions.
(vi) Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use log tables if
necessary.
55/1/1

(vii)

You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary :
c = 3 108 m/s
h = 6.63 1034 Js
e = 1.6 1019 C
o = 4 107 T mA1
1
= 9 109 N m2 C2
4 o
me = 9.1 1031 kg

1.

AmaoI _| XemE JE AZwgma Xmo {~X Amdoe q1 VWm q2 EH$-Xgao go d Xar na pWV
h & BZH$mo OmoS>Zo dmbr gab aoIm na pWV EH$ {~X P na {dwV-jo H$s VrdVm ey`
h & Bggo Amn Omo Xmo {ZH$f {ZH$mb gH$Vo h, CZH$m CoI H$s{OE &

Two point charges q1 and q2 are placed at a distance d apart as shown


in the figure. The electric field intensity is zero at a point P on the line
joining them as shown. Write two conclusions that you can draw from
this.

2.

3.

{H$gr MmbH$ Ho$ {gam| na EH$ {d^dmVa AZw`w$ {H$`m (bJm`m) OmE, Vmo Cg_| _w$
BboQ>mZm| H$s `mpN>H$ J{V na `m ^md nS>Vm h ?

How does the random motion of free electrons in a conductor get affected
when a potential difference is applied across its ends ?
{H$gr nXmW H$s Amno{jH$ nmaJ`Vm (Mw~H$erbVm) = 0.5 h & Bg Mw~H$s` nXmW
r

H$s H${V H$s nhMmZ H$s{OE Ama BgH$m Mw~H$s` d{m go g~Y {b{IE &

C Amd{m H$s `mdVu Ymamdmhr {H$gr Hw$S>br go {Kam hAm YmVw H$m Qw>H$S>m J_ `m| hmo
OmVm h ?

{H$gr aoIr` E|Q>rZm go {d{H$[aV ^mdr e{$, o{fV {H$E JE gHo$Vm| ({gZbm|) H$s
VaJX` na {H$g H$ma {Z^a H$aVr h ?

`mnH$sH$V gMma `dWm H$m EH$ bmH$ AmaoI ~ZmBE &

Relative permeability of a material, r = 0.5. Identify the nature of the


magnetic material and write its relation to magnetic susceptibility.
4.

A metallic piece gets hot when surrounded by a coil carrying high


frequency alternating current. Why ?
5.

How does the effective power radiated from a linear antenna depend on
the wavelength of the signal to be transmitted ?
6.

Draw a block diagram of a generalized communication system.


55/1/1

P.T.O.

7.

`J Ho$ {{Par `moJ _| `{VH$aU nQ>Z Cn H$aZo Ho$ {bE Amd`H$ H$bm-g~ moVm|
H$mo n[a^m{fV H$s{OE &

{d^d_mnr (nmoQ>ope`mo_rQ>a) {H$g {gmV na AmYm[aV h ? CoI H$s{OE &

YmVw Ho$ EH$ N>moQ>o Jmobo na +Q Amdoe h & Bgo {H$gr ~S>o, YmVw Ho$ JmobmH$ma H$moe (eb)
H$s, Jmobr` H$moQ>a (H${dQ>r) Ho$ Ho$ na aIm J`m h & JmobmH$ma H$moe na H$moB Amdoe Zht
h & JmobmH$ma H$moe H$s ~m (~mhar) VWm ^rVar n>m| na Amdoe Ho$ ~mao _| {b{IE &
{~X P1 na {dwV-jo Ho$ {bE `OH$ {b{IE &

Define the term coherent sources which are required to produce


interference pattern in Youngs double slit experiment.
8.

State the underlying principle of a potentiometer.


9.

A small metal sphere carrying charge +Q is located at the centre of a


spherical cavity in a large uncharged metallic spherical shell. Write the
charges on the inner and outer surfaces of the shell. Write the expression
for the electric field at the point P1.

10.

EH$ b~r n[aZm{bH$m go dm{hV {dwV Ymam Ho$ H$maU Cn, Mw~H$s` jo aoImAm| H$mo
XemBE & `{X Bg_| I Ymam dm{hV hmo ahr hmo Ama BgH$s {V BH$mB b~mB _| \o$am| H$s
g`m n hmo, Vmo Eopn`a Ho$ n[anWr` {Z`_ Ho$ Cn`moJ mam, Bg Ymam Ho$ H$maU Mw~H$s`
jo Ho$ {bE EH$ `OH$ m H$s{OE &
Draw the magnetic field lines due to a current passing through a long
solenoid. Use Amperes circuital law, to obtain the expression for the
magnetic field due to the current I in a long solenoid having n number of
turns per unit length.

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11.

12.

{H$gr H$me-gdoXr n> na Eg-{H$aUm| Ho$ AmnVZ go H$me-{dwV CgOZ hmo ahm h &
Bg n> Ho$ H$m`-\$bZ H$mo ZJ` _mZVo hE, Amn{VV \$moQ>mZm| H$s D$Om (Ev) VWm Cg{OV
BboQ>mZm| H$s Xo-~mbr VaJX` () Ho$ ~rM g~Y kmV H$s{OE & Ev Ho$ \$bZ Ho$ $n _|
Ho$ {bE Jm\$ (AmboI) H$s H${V H$mo XemBE &

X-rays fall on a photosensitive surface to cause photoelectric emission.


Assuming that the work function of the surface can be neglected, find the
relation between the de-Broglie wavelength () of the electrons emitted to
the energy (Ev) of the incident photons. Draw the nature of the graph for
as a function of Ev.

namdVu XaXeH$ (H$goJoZ) H$m EH$ `dWm AmaoI ~ZmBE & AndVu XaXeH$ H$s VwbZm _|
BgHo$ Xmo JwU (bm^) {b{IE &

Xmo NOT JoQ>m| Ho$ {ZJVm| H$mo NOR JoQ> _| nwZ {Z{d> {H$`m OmVm h & BZ Xmo JoQ>m| Ho$
g`moOZ H$m VH$ n[anW ~ZmBE & Bg g`moOZ mam {Z${nV JoQ> H$mo nhMmZ H$a CgH$m Zm_
{b{IE VWm BgHo$ {bE g`_mZ gmaUr ~ZmBE &

Draw a schematic diagram of a reflecting telescope (Cassegrain). Write


its two advantages over a refracting telescope.
13.

The outputs of two NOT gates are fed to a NOR gate. Draw the logic
circuit of the combination of gates. Give its truth table. Identify the gate
represented by this combination.
14.

EH$ Am`VmH$ma Hw$S>br, {OgH$s b~mB l VWm MmS>mB b h, go I Ymam dm{hV hmo ahr

h & BgH$mo EH$ EH$g_mZ Mw~H$s` jo B _| aIm J`m h & Mw~H$s` jo H$s {Xem,
Hw$S>br Ho$ Vb Ho$ b~dV h & Hw$S>br na bJZo dmbo ~b-AmKyU Ho$ {bE `OH$ m
H$s{OE &

A rectangular coil of sides l and b carrying a current I is subjected to a

uniform magnetic field B acting perpendicular to its plane. Obtain the


expression for the torque acting on it.
15.

Vmn _| d{ Ho$ gmW (i) {H$gr MmbH$ VWm (ii) {H$gr AYMmbH$ H$s {VamoYH$Vm _|
n[adVZ H$mo XemZo Ho$ {bE EH$ Jm\$ (AmboI) ~ZmBE &
BZHo$ Bg `dhma H$mo Amdoe dmhH$m| Ho$ g`m KZd VWm {dlm{V H$mb Ho$ nXm| _| H$go
n> {H$`m OmVm h ?

Draw a plot showing the variation of resistivity of a (i) conductor and


(ii) semiconductor, with the increase in temperature.
How does one explain this behaviour in terms of number density of
charge carriers and the relaxation time ?
55/1/1

P.T.O.

16.

EH$ Am`VmH$ma nme (byn) PQMN H$s ^wOm PQ H$mo AmJo-nrN>o {IgH$m`m Om gH$Vm h &
PQ H$s b~mB 10 cm h VWm BgH$m {VamoY 2 h & BgH$mo AmaoI _| XemE JE AZwgma
EH$ EH$g_mZ Mw~H$s` jo _| aIm J`m h & Bg Mw~H$s` jo H$s VrdVm 0.1 T h VWm
BgH$s {Xem nme (byn) Ho$ g_Vb Ho$ b~dV h & MN, NP VWm MQ ^wOmAm| Ho$
{VamoY ZJ` h & ^wOm PQ H$mo 20 m/s Ho$ doJ go ~mha {ZH$mbZo na (i) ^wOm PQ Ho$
{gam| Ho$ ~rM o[aV {dwV-dmhH$ ~b VWm (ii) nme _| ~hZo dmbr o[aV {dwV Ymam H$m
n[aH$bZ H$s{OE &

A rectangular loop PQMN with movable arm PQ of length 10 cm and


resistance 2 is placed in a uniform magnetic field of 0.1 T acting
perpendicular to the plane of the loop as is shown in the figure. The
resistances of the arms MN, NP and MQ are negligible. Calculate the
(i) emf induced in the arm PQ and (ii) current induced in the loop when
arm PQ is moved with velocity 20 m/s.

17.

Xmo EH$dUu {d{H$aUm| H$s Amd{m`m H$_e v1 VWm v2 (v1 > v2) h & BZH$s VrdVmE
Amng _| g_mZ h & `o {d{H$aU {H$gr H$me-gdoXr n> na ~mar-~mar go Amn{VV hmoH$a
H$me-{dwV CgOZ H$aVo h & H$maU g{hV n> H$s{OE {H$, {H$g Xem _| (i) A{YH$
g`m _| BboQ>mZm| H$m CgOZ hmoJm VWm (ii) Cg{OV H$me-BboQ>mZm| H$s A{YH$V_
J{VO D$Om A{YH$ hmoJr &
Two monochromatic radiations of frequencies v1 and v2 (v1 > v2) and
having the same intensity are, in turn, incident on a photosensitive
surface to cause photoelectric emission. Explain, giving reason, in which
case (i) more number of electrons will be emitted and (ii) maximum
kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons will be more.

55/1/1

18.

Xmo {~X Amdoe

q1

VWm

q2

{H$gr ~m {dwV-jo

_| H$_e

r1

VWm

r2

na pWV

h & Bg {d`mg H$mo m H$aZo Ho$ {bE Amd`H$ Hw$b H$m` Ho$ {bE EH$ `OH$ m
H$s{OE &

AWdm
Xmo {ZH$Q>W g_{d^d n>m| A Ama B Ho$ {d^d V VWm V + V h (Ohm V, V _|
n[adVZ h), Bh| {M _| XemE JE AZwgma EH$-Xgao go l Xar na aIm J`m h & BZHo$
~rM {dwV-jo VWm {d^d dUVm Ho$ {bE g~Y `wn H$s{OE & {dwV-jo VWm {dwV
{d^dm| Ho$ ~rM g~Y Ho$ ~mao _| Xmo _hdnyU {ZH$fm] H$m CoI H$s{OE &

Two point charges q1 and q2 are located at r1 and r2 respectively in an

external electric field E . Obtain the expression for the total work done in
assembling this configuration.
OR
Two closely spaced equipotential surfaces A and B with potentials V and
V + V, (where V is the change in V), are kept l distance apart as
shown in the figure. Deduce the relation between the electric field and
the potential gradient between them. Write the two important
conclusions concerning the relation between the electric field and electric
potentials.

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P.T.O.

19.

Xmo g_mVa boQ> (n{>H$m) gYm[am| H$s Ym[aVmE


AmaoI _| XemE JE AZwgma EH$
k,

C1

VWm

C2

h, Ohm

C1 = 2C2

& BZH$mo

dmoQ> H$s ~Q>ar go OmoS>m J`m h & ma^ _| Hw$Or (H$s)

H$mo ~X {H$`m OmVm h, Vm{H$ XmoZm| gYm[a nyUV Amdo{eV hmo gH|$ & {\$a, Hw$Or

(k)

H$mo Imob {X`m OmVm h Ama XmoZm| gYm[am| H$s n{>H$mAm| Ho$ ~rM Ho$ WmZ H$mo EH$
namdwV nXmW H$s n>r go nyam ^a {X`m OmVm h & `{X Bg n>r H$m namdwVmH$
Hw$Or ImobZo go nhbo Ama ImobZo Ho$ ~mX g`moOZ H$s
g{MV D$OmAm| H$m AZwnmV kmV H$s{OE &

(i)

^mdr Ym[aVm Ama

hmo, Vmo

(ii)

^mdr

Two parallel plate capacitors of capacitances C1 and C2 such that


C1 = 2C2 are connected across a battery of V volts as shown in the figure.
Initially the key (k) is kept closed to fully charge the capacitors. The key
is now thrown open and a dielectric slab of dielectric constant K is
inserted in the two capacitors to completely fill the gap between the
plates. Find the ratio of (i) the net capacitance and (ii) the energies stored
in the combination, before and after the introduction of the dielectric
slab.

55/1/1

20.

EH$ Amdo{eV H$U {OgH$m `_mZ

_|

h Ama {Og na

Amdoe h, {H$gr Mw~H$s` jo

doJ go J{V H$a ahm h &

`{X Mw~H$s` jo
Ho$ b~dV h, Vmo XemBE {H$ `h H$U EH$ dmmH$ma
nW na J{V H$aoJm, {OgH$s H$moUr` Amd{m, = qB/m hmoJr &

`{X doJ H$m Mw~H$s` jo B H$s {Xem Ho$ g_mVa H$moB KQ>H$ hmo, Vmo H$U
mam M{bV nW H$m AZwaoIU H$s{OE & AnZo Cma H$s nw{> H$s{OE &

AWdm
Mb Hw$S>br Ymam_mnr H$m EH$ `dWm AmaoI ~ZmBE Ama BgH$s H$m`{d{Y H$m g{j
dUZ H$s{OE &
JdZmo_rQ>a (Ymam_mnr) H$s Ymam gwJm{hVm _| d{ go CgH$s dmoQ>Vm gwJm{hVm _| ^r d{
H$m hmoZm Amd`H$ Zht h & Bg H$WZ H$s nw{> _| H$maU {b{IE &

(a)
(b)

Consider the motion of a charged particle of mass m and charge q

moving with velocity in a magnetic field B .

(a)
If is perpendicular to B, show that its describes a circular path
having angular frequency = qB/m.
(b)

If the velocity has a component parallel to the magnetic field

B, trace the path described by the particle. Justify your answer.


OR

Draw a schematic sketch of a moving coil galvanometer and describe


briefly its working.
Increasing the current sensitivity of a galvanometer does not necessarily
increase the voltage sensitivity. Justify this statement.
21.

55/1/1

{ZZm{H$V Zm| Ho$ Cma Xr{OE :


(i)
EH$ gab CXmhaU mam XemBE {H$ {dwV-Mw~H$s` VaJ| D$Om VWm gdoJ H$s dmhH$
H$go hmoVr h &
(ii)
gy_VaJ| H$go Cn hmoVr h ? _mBH$modod Myhm| (AmdZ) _| Amd{m`m| H$m M`Z Bg
H$ma H$aZm Amd`H$ `m| h {H$ dh Ob Ho$ AUwAm| H$s AZwZmX-Amd{m go _ob
(gw_o{bV hmo) Im OmE ?
(iii) Ada$ {H$aUm| Ho$ Xmo _wI Cn`moJ `m h ?
9

P.T.O.

Answer the following questions :

22.

(i)

Show, by giving a simple example, how em waves carry energy and


momentum.

(ii)

How are microwaves produced ? Why is it necessary in microwave


ovens to select the frequency of microwaves to match the resonant
frequency of water molecules ?

(iii)

Write two important uses of infra-red waves.

H$me H$s EH$ {H$aU PQ, {H$gr nmaXeu nXmW Ho$ ~Zo {^wOmH$ma {_ Ho$ \$bH$ AB na
AmaoI _| XemE JE AZwgma Amn{VV hmoVr h & {_ H$m AndVH$ H$moU 60 h Ama BgHo$
nXmW H$m AndVZmH$ 2 / 3 h & {_ go JwOaVo hE Bg {H$aU Ho$ nW H$m AZwaoIU
H$s{OE & {ZJV H$moU VWm {dMbZ H$moU Ho$ _mZ H$m ^r n[aH$bZ H$s{OE &

A ray PQ is incident normally on the face AB of a triangular prism of


refracting angle of 60, made of a transparent material of refractive index
2 / 3 , as shown in the figure. Trace the path of the ray as it passes
through the prism. Also calculate the angle of emergence and angle of
deviation.

55/1/1

10

23.

(a)

(b)

(a)

A
M
Z

`_mZ, na_mUw H$_mH$ (Z) VWm `_mZ g`m (A), Ho$ EH$ Zm{^H$ H$s
~YZ D$Om (MeV _|) Ho$ {bE EH$ g~Y (`OH$) CgHo$ KQ>H$m| `yQ>mZ VWm
moQ>mZ Ho$ `_mZm| Ho$ nXm| _| {b{IE &
BE/A VWm `_mZ g`m A Ho$ ~rM EH$ Jm\$$ (AmboI), 2 A 170, gr_m
Ho$ {bE ~ZmBE & Bg Jm\$ H$m Cn`moJ, Xmo hHo$ Zm{^H$m| Ho$ Zm{^H$s` gb`Z Ho$
H$_ _|, D$Om Ho$ {d_moMZ H$s `m`m H$aZo _| H$s{OE &

Write the relation for binding energy (BE) (in MeV) of a nucleus of
A

mass Z M , atomic number (Z) and mass number (A) in terms of the
masses of its constituents neutrons and protons.

24.

(b)

Draw a plot of BE/A versus mass number A for 2 A 170. Use


this graph to explain the release of energy in the process of nuclear
fusion of two light nuclei.

(a)

hmBS>moOZ na_mUw _| AVaV_ BboQ>mZ H$jm H$s {`m 5.3 1011 m h &
n = 3 H$jm _| BgH$s {`m H$m n[aH$bZ H$s{OE &
hmBS>moOZ na_mUw H$s W_ Cmo{OV AdWm _|, BboQ>mZ H$s Hw$b D$Om 3.4 eV
h & kmV H$s{OE BgH$s Bgr AdWm _|, (i) J{VO D$Om VWm (ii) pW{VO
D$Om &

(b)

25.

55/1/1

(a)

The radius of the innermost electron orbit of a hydrogen atom is


5.3 1011 m. Calculate its radius in n = 3 orbit.

(b)

The total energy of an electron in the first excited state of the


hydrogen atom is 3.4 eV. Find out its (i) kinetic energy and
(ii) potential energy in this state.

AZwO H$s _mVmOr Ho$ {ga _| bJmVma XX (nrS>m) hmo ahm Wm & S>mQ>ar narjU go CZHo$ {ga
_| Q>`y_a hmoZo H$m nVm Mbm & AZwO Zo XoIm {H$ CZHo$ Ka Ho$ nmg hr EH$ XagMma Q>mda
h & CgZo S>mQ>a go nyN>m {H$ `m Q>mda go {ZH$bo {d{H$aU Bg Q>`y_a H$m H$maU hmo gH$Vo
h ? S>mQ>a mam gh_{V Ho$ nMmV, CgZo nw{bg go {eH$m`V H$s Ama dh Q>mda H$mo
Amdmgr` H$mbmoZr go Xa hQ>dmZo _| g\$b hmo J`m &
{ZZm{H$V Zm| Ho$ Cma Xr{OE :
(i)
AZwO Zo {H$Z _y`m| H$m XeZ {H$`m ?
(ii)
AZwO Zo AXmO bJm`m {H$ E|Q>rZm H$s ^y-Vb go D$MmB bJ^J 20 m Wr &
n[aH$bZ H$s{OE {H$ Bg Q>mda go {d{H$aU A{YH$V_ {H$VZr Xar VH$ nhM gH$Vo
h & ndr H$s {`m H$m _mZ 6400 103 m `moJ H$s{OE &
11

P.T.O.

Anujs mother was having constant headaches. After a medical check-up,


she was diagnosed with tumour. Anuj realized there was a
telecommunication tower very close to their house. He enquired from the
doctor if the radiation from the tower could have caused the tumour. As
the doctor supported his anxiety, he lodged a complaint with the police
and ultimately succeeded in getting the tower removed to a distant place
away from the residential colony.
Answer the following :

26.

(i)

What values were displayed by Anuj ?

(ii)

Anuj made a rough estimate about the height of the antenna to be


about 20 m from the ground. Calculate the maximum distance upto
which radiations from the tower are likely to reach. Use the value
of radius of the Earth = 6400 103 m.

EH$dUu H$me H$s EH$ g_mVa {H$aU nwO, a MmS>mB H$s nVbr {Par (pbQ>) na
b~dV Q>H$amH$a, {Par Ho$ g_Vb Ho$ g_mVa aIo EH$ nX} na, {ddVZ nQ>Z ~ZmVr h &
hmBJog Ho$ {gmV Ho$ Cn`moJ mam n> H$s{OE {H$
(i)
Ho$r` Xr C{> H$s MmS>mB, A` C{>m| go XwJwZr hmoVr h &
(ii)
Ho$ go Xa XmoZm| Amoa Ho$ C{>m| H$s VrdVm _| {ZaVa H$_r hmoVr OmVr h &

A parallel beam of monochromatic light falls normally on a narrow slit of


width a to produce a diffraction pattern on the screen placed parallel to
the plane of the slit. Use Huygens principle to explain that

27.

55/1/1

(i)

the central bright maxima is twice as wide as the other maxima.

(ii)

the intensity falls as we move to successive maxima away from the


centre on either side.

{M _| XemE JE {dwV ZoQ>dH$ (n[anW Omb) _|, {H$aImo\$ Ho$ {Z`_m| H$m Cn`moJ H$aVo
hE, {VamoY, R = 4 _| `{`V (Cn^w$) e{$ Ho$ _mZ H$m n[aH$bZ H$s{OE &

12

In the electric network shown in the figure, use Kirchhoffs rules to


calculate the power consumed by the resistance R = 4 .

28.

(a)

EH$ loUr LCR n[anW, n[adVu Amd{m Ho$ {H$gr E.gr. (a.c.) moV go OwS>m h &
Cn`w$ \o$Oa AmaoI ~ZmBE Ama Bggo Ymam Ho$ Am`m_ VWm H$bm H$moU (\o$O
EJb) Ho$ {bE EH$ `OH$ `wn H$s{OE &

(b)

AZwZmX Ho$ {bE {V~Y (eV) m H$s{OE & Xmo {VamoYm|, R1 VWm R2
(R1 > R2) Ho$ {bE E.gr. (a.c.) moV H$s Amd{m Ho$ gmW {dwV Ymam Ho$ n[adVZ
H$mo XemZo Ho$ {bE EH$ Jm\$ (AmboI) ~ZmBE & Bggo JwUdmm JwUmH$ Q H$mo
n[a^m{fV H$s{OE VWm {b{IE {H$ BgH$s n[anW H$s Q>`yqZJ (g_daU) _| `m
^y{_H$m hmoVr h &

AWdm

55/1/1

(a)

E.gr. (a.c.) O{Z H$m EH$ Zm_m{H$V AmaoI ~ZmBE VWm BgH$s H$m`{d{Y H$m
{gmV {b{IE &

(b)

{H$gr O{Z _|, Am_}Ma Hw$S>br go g~ Mw~H$s` bg _| {H$g H$ma n[adVZ


{H$`m OmVm h ?

(c)

o[aV {dwV-dmhH$ ~b (B.E_.E\$.) Ho$ A{YH$V_ _mZ Ho$ {bE EH$ `OH$
`wn H$s{OE VWm o[aV {dwV-dmhH$ ~b H$s {Xem Ho$ {bE {Z`_ {b{IE &

(d)

Mw~H$s` jo H$s {Xem Ho$ gmnoj Am_}Ma H$mo Kw_mZo na, O{ZV {dwV-dmhH$ ~b
(B.E_.E\$.) Ho$ g_` Ho$ gmW n[adVZ H$mo XemBE &
13

P.T.O.

(a)

A series LCR circuit is connected to an a.c. source of variable


frequency. Draw a suitable phasor diagram to deduce the
expressions for the amplitude of the current and phase angle.

(b)

Obtain the condition at resonance. Draw a plot showing the


variation of current with the frequency of a.c. source for two
resistances R1 and R2 (R1 > R2). Hence define the quality factor, Q
and write its role in the tuning of the circuit.
OR

29.

(a)

Draw a labelled diagram of a.c. generator and state its working


principle.

(b)

How is magnetic flux linked with the armature coil changed in a


generator ?

(c)

Derive the expression for maximum value of the induced emf and
state the rule that gives the direction of the induced emf.

(d)

Show the variation of the emf generated versus time as the


armature is rotated with respect to the direction of the magnetic
field.

{H$gr JmobmH$ma Cmb n> Ho$ EH$ Amoa n1 AndVZmH$ H$m _m`_ h Ama Xgar Amoa n2
AndVZmH$ H$m _m`_ h & Cmb n> H$s _w` Aj na EH$ {~X dVw pWV h , n1
AndVZmH$ dmbo A{YH$ {dab _m`_ _| & BgHo$ {V{~~ H$m ~ZZm XemZo Ho$ {bE EH$
{H$aU AmaoI ~ZmBE & Bggo, _m`_ Ho$ AndVZmH$ VWm Cmb n> H$s dH$Vm {`m Ho$
nXm| _| dVw H$s Xar VWm {V{~~ H$s Xar Ho$ ~rM g~Y `wn H$s{OE &
Bg g~Y go nVbo Cmb b|g Ho$ {bE b|g-_oH$a gy H$m `OH$ m H$s{OE &

AWdm

55/1/1

(a)

a{IH$V Yw{dV H$me VWm AYw{dV H$me _| AVa (^oX) {b{IE &

(b)

XemBE {H$ H$me VaJm| H$s H${V AZwW hmoVr h &

(c)

AmH$me Ho$ {H$gr dN> Zrbo ^mJ go AmVo hE H$me H$mo$ `{X {H$gr nmoboamBS> go
XoI|, Vmo nmoboamBS> H$mo Kw_mZo na H$me H$s VrdVm _| d{ Ama H$_r hmoVr ahVr
h & BgH$s Amd`H$ AmaoI Ho$ mam `m`m H$s{OE &
14

Draw a ray diagram showing the formation of the image by a point object
on the principal axis of a spherical convex surface separating two media
of refractive indices n1 and n2, when a point source is kept in rarer
medium of refractive index n1. Derive the relation between object and
image distance in terms of refractive index of the medium and radius of
curvature of the surface.
Hence obtain the expression for lens-makers formula in the case of thin
convex lens.
OR

30.

(a)

Distinguish between linearly polarised and unpolarised light.

(b)

Show that the light waves are transverse in nature.

(c)

Why does light from a clear blue portion of the sky show a rise and
fall of intensity when viewed through a polaroid which is rotated ?
Explain by drawing the necessary diagram.

(a)

EH$ AmaoI H$s ghm`Vm go XemBE {H$ g{Y-S>m`moS> _| mgr naV VWm amo{YH$m {d^d
H$go ~ZVo h &

(b)

nyU-VaJ {X>H$mar H$m n[anW AmaoI ~ZmBE & BgH$s H$m`{d{Y H$m dUZ H$s{OE
VWm {Zdoer Ama {ZJV VaJ$nm| H$mo XemBE &

AWdm
(a)

EH$ n[anW AmaoI mam gjon _| n> H$s{OE {H$ {Zdoer VWm {ZJV A{^bjUm| H$m
A``Z H$aZo Ho$ {bE C.E. {d`mg _| {H$gr n-p-n Q>m{OQ>a H$m Cn`moJ H$go
{H$`m OmVm h &

(b)

{H$gr$ Q>m{OQ>a dYH$ H$m Xmo{b Ho$ $n _| {H$`m H$aZo Ho$ {gmV H$m gjon _|
dUZ H$s{OE & Bggo, Amd`H$ n[anW AmaoI Ho$ Cn`moJ mam n> H$s{OE {H$
Xmo{b _| dV n[anm{bV XmobZ H$go m hmoVo h &

(a)

Explain with the help of a diagram, how a depletion layer and


barrier potential are formed in a junction diode.

(b)

Draw a circuit diagram of a full wave rectifier. Explain its working


and draw input and output waveforms.

OR
55/1/1

15

P.T.O.

55/1/1

(a)

Explain briefly, with the help of a circuit diagram how an n-p-n


transistor in C.E. configuration is used to study input and output
characteristics.

(b)

Describe briefly the underlying principle of a transistor amplifier


working as an oscillator. Hence, use the necessary circuit diagram
to explain how self sustained oscillations are achieved in the
oscillator.

16