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Low Level

1. Features of windows2003
ACTIVE DIRECTORY
Easier Deployment and Management
ADMT version 2.0—migrates password from NT4 to 2000 to 20003 or from
2000 to 2003
Domain Rename--- supports changing Domain Name System and/or NetBios
name
Schema Redefine--- Allows deactivation of attributes and class definitions in
the Active directory schema
AD/AM--- Active directory in application mode is a new capability of AD that
addresses certain deployment scenarios related to directory enabled
applications
Group Policy Improvements----introduced GPMC tool to manage group policy
UI—Enhanced User Interface
Grater Security
Cross-forest Authentication
Cross-forest Authorization
Cross-certification Enhancements
IAS and Cross-forest authentication
Credential Manager
Software Restriction Policies
Improved Performance and Dependability
Easier logon for remote offices
Group Membership replication enhancements
Application Directory Partitions
Install Replica from media
Dependability Improvements--- updated Inter-Site Topology Generator (ISTG) that
scales better by supporting forests with a greater number of sites than Windows 2000.

com/windowsserver2003/evaluation/overview/technologies/defa ult. Windows 2000 supports FAT32 . IIS 6. Difference between NT & 2000 NT SAM database is a flat database.IIS 6. including CPU utilization and memory consumption.0 protects the server.IIS 6.microsoft.The IIS 6.0 fault-tolerant process architecture isolates Web sites and applications into self-contained units called application pools Health Monitoring---.If an application fails too often within a short amount of time. and other applications.mspx 2. by automatically disabling Web sites and applications that fail too often within a short amount of time Automatic Process Recycling--.0 will automatically disable it and return a "503 Service Unavailable" error message to any new or queued requests to the application Edit-While-Running http://www. In case of Windows 2000 both DC and ADC is having write copy of the database Windows NT will not support FAT32 file system. while queuing requests Rapid-fail Protection---.FILE AND PRINT SERVICES Volume shadow copy service NTFS journaling file system EFS Improved CHDSK Performance Enhanced DFS and FRS Shadow copy of shared folders Enhanced folder redirection Remote document sharing (WEBDAV) IIS Fault-tolerant process architecture----. increasing application availability. IIS 6.0 periodically checks the status of an application pool with automatic restart on failure of the Web sites and applications within that application pool. Where as in windows 2000 active directory database is a hierarchical database.0 automatically stops and restarts faulty Web sites and applications based on a flexible set of criteria. In windows NT only PDC is having writable copy of SAM database but the BDC is only read only database.

Types of DNS Servers Primary DNS Secondary DNS Active Directory Integrated DNS . which resolves Netbios names to IP Address. It uses fully qualified domain names. NT user Netbios names Active Directory can be backed up easily with System state data 3. It is just for identification. Difference between PDC & BDC PDC contains a write copy of SAM database where as BDC contains read only copy of SAM database. What is DNS & WINS DNS is a Domain Naming System. which resolves Host names to IP addresses. 4. 6. DNS is a Internet standard used to resolve host names WINS is a Windows Internet Name Service. Functionality wise there is no difference. Difference between DC & ADC There is no difference between in DC and ADC both contains write copy of AD. In windows 2000 default authentication protocol is Kerberos V5. 5. Windows 2000 depends and Integrated with DNS. It is not possible to reset a password or create objects with out PDC in Windows NT. Difference between 2000 & 2003 Application Server mode is introduced in windows 2003 Possible to configure stub zones in windows 2003 DNS Volume shadow copy services is introduced Windows 2003 gives an option to replicate DNS data b/w all DNS servers in forest or All DNS servers in the domain. This is proprietary for Windows 7. Both can also handles FSMO roles (If transfers from DC to ADC).Default authentication protocol in NT is NTLM (NT LAN manager).

In NTFS we can apply both share level as well as file level security NTFS supports large partition sizes than FAT file systems NTFS supports long file names than FAT file systems . File level protection is not possible. 9. what is the process of DHCP for getting the IP address to the client There is a four way negotiation process b/w client and server DHCP Discover (Initiated by client) DHCP Offer (Initiated by server) DHCP Select (Initiated by client) DHCP Acknowledgement (Initiated by Server) DHCP Negative Acknowledgement (Initiated by server if any issues after DHCP offer) 11.NTFS & NTFSVersion5 NTFS Version 5 features Encryption is possible We can enable Disk Quotas File compression is possible Sparse files Indexing Service NTFS change journal In FAT file system we can apply only share level security.Forwarder Caching only DNS 8. Difference between FAT. what are the different types of trust relationships Implicit Trusts Explicit Trusts—NT to Win2k or Forest to Forest 10. If client already got the IP and having lease duration it use the IP till the lease duration expires. If DHCP is not available what happens to the client Client will not get IP and it cannot be participated in network .

HTTP. res1. HTTP-80. res2. DNS FTP-21. During AD installation.dit.log.12.log. ntds. Kerberos-88. What is the authentication protocol used in NT NTLM (NT LAN Manager) 17. LDAP-389 13. Telnet.chk—all of which reside in \%systemroot%\ntds on a domain controller (DC) by default. what is the use of terminal services Terminal services can be used as Remote Administration mode to administer remotely as well as Application Server Mode to run the application in one server and users can login to that server to user that application. Telnet – 23. What are the port numbers for FTP.log. DNS-53. what is the database files used for Active Directory The key AD database files—edb. Borrowing network bits to combine several smaller networks into one larger network does supernetting 18. and edb. what are the different types of profiles in 2000 Local Profiles Roamng profiles Mandatory Profiles 14. Dcpromo lets you specify alternative locations for these log files and database files NTDS.DIT 15. what is the port number for RDP 3389 . 19. What is subnetting and supernetting Subnetting is the process of borrowing bits from the host portion of an address to provide bits for identifying additional sub-networks Supernetting merges several smaller blocks of IP addresses (networks) that are continuous into one larger block of addresses. What is the location of AD Database %System root%/NTDS/NTDS>DIT 16. what is the protocol used for terminal services RDP 20.