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  "  # $$%%$&$$' ( "  ) ***+, " -$-+  .  )   / +   $) $$'

  
     


 
  
   
   ! "#$% &' ()*$%
+,  ! -+,#$% &' ()*$%
 +, ! ./#$%  ! 0/1#$%

2 3 3

4 54 6 78 9:  9 ;<<   3 =: <3 =:  :; :  > 5 6 ;  5 6  :
8  8 ;<<   <3 : : 3 ;  = 3: < 37 =: 3=:  ?:  : 3 3 98 =:
:  :: ; =: @ 3 =: ;3  

A37B3
C=:3=3 D :3 
DE:3 C=:3=3  8:3= :83
C=:3=3 :38:3= :83 F:34: 2 @C=:3=347; =:379:3: :7;
EF 8:3= :83 F:34: EF47; =:379:3: :7;
 DE:3 EF 4: =@ :47; C=:3=3 4: :3 :747;


 3
C=:3=3 E:3 D
DE:3 C=:3=3 : 3
C=:3=3 G= : 3 HI7 C=:3=3 2 @ HI  : 3 7:: 83
EF : 3 HI7 EF  HI  : 3 7:: 83
DE:3 EF   ;: C=:3=3   : =: 

J: 3 K3 9  8
    0 )
  L M L M L 
./ =@ : ;:
0/1 :3 :7 : =:
N% ; 3 9:


  "  # $$%%$&$$' ( "  ) ***+,  -$-+  .  )   / +   $) $$'

  
     

  
•Grammar Point #1 - The Honorific Suffix

H O3 : 4 54 6  =: =33 < <<P Q   =:  : :  M  :  : : :  3


=: 7:   <<P:; 3 HI  :   9 ;<<: : = =: R  = 3:   S L : M
L : M L 

: :  :  <:T  3: : 3< =: =33 < <<P 4 54 6

UH  9:  :; 3 : :  893;8 H  :P ;  9:  :; : ; : 3< : 5 =3=


= ; : :; 3 3 9: =33 :;6

UH   :; 73 : < :V: 8 = =: R  =  : M L : M L : M ; L  H< T3 :3 :
 : 3 3   : 7 M =:8 T 8  8 <<P 4 54 6 3 =: 3=: : 3I 7:
=
 :W:  8 < T3 :3 : =W: 9::  V : 3 :W: < :; <3  3 7:

UH  3 8  :; T=: :<:  3 37:3: : : G: 3 <<P 4 54 6 3 =: 3T
7:

UX=:   <<P:; 3  7:M  7  9: <<P:; 3  : 3I W: 7: Y O3 :


7: 8  8 =W: <7 8 7:  < 3 T= W: 7: <3 3T =M =: =33 <

1 <<P 7   T8 9:  =:; 3 =: : 3I W: 7:M  =: W: 7:   T8 
=: :; H< =: =33 < <<P   =:; 3 3 8 =: : 3I <7 8 7:M =: =33 < <4
<P   8 9: 37: ;:7:

RP7 :S

Y 8  O3 : 7:  S

N+- 5J::E=6 4 Z 7:


N 5J::6 4 Z7 8 7:
+- 5E=6 4 [W: 7:

Y =:; T= =: =33 < <<P

N+-  5J::E=4 6 4 : : < 


N 5J::4 6 4 ; : : < 
+-  5E=4 6 4 : : < 

Y = 4 54 6 T=  < 7:   9 73 : : : < =  =  3 8 3 =: W4
: 7:

N+-  5J::E=4 6   9 73 : : : < = +-  5E=4 6

•Grammar Point #2 - The Affirmative Copula N% 5;6


  "  # $$%%$&$$' ( "  ) ***+,  -$-+  .  )   / +   $) $$'

  
     


=: << 7W: 3   O3 :  N% 5;6
= W: 9 ::  8   :  \3 9:\
=
7:   9:  :; 3 :P : :V3M ;:<3M ;:< 3M ; ;: 3 ?  
3 :P :  O3 : =  : : W: 9 3 :P : :P : :

RP7 :S
:    4
= :: : :P : : ;: 3
=: :<3 :M  O3 :M =: W: 9 N% 5;6
T3 ; 9:  :;
:  Q3= 4
= :: : :P : : ;:< 3
=: :<3 :M  O3 :M =: W: 9 N%
5;6 T3 ; 9:  :;
:  =37: 4
= :: : :P : : :P : :
=: :<3 : =: W: 9 N% 5;6 T3 ; 3
9:  :;  = 3:P

X=: N% 5;6  3F:;  =:  : : : : ; :P : :; <3  :   <3 7 34
:PM  =: 3 #$% 57;6 ]3: = =: :@:  :; #$% 57;6 5E:: :
^S_ ! O:=#$%`6  3;8a 3W: 3

•Grammar Point #3 - Formal Politeness Level Conjugation 54bc*$%6

#$% 57;6  =: 3  3F:; 3 =:  : : : :M ;  =: <3 7 3 ::
:W: 
3 3F: N% 5;6 T: @: =: ; 3 8 <3 7 3< =: 3  N% 5;6 ; :4
73W: % 5;6 3 : =: W: 9 :7M N 56 Z 37 =: : T: ;; 4b $% 547;6 N d b $%
e #$% 5 d 7; e 7;6 Z3 W: 9 :7 = :;  W3T: T:  = 4b $%
547;6M  =  =:  :  T= N% 5;6M =: 3  Z3 W: 9 :7 = :;  3 34

3
 M T:  = 4*$% 54 :7;6

N% 5;6 4 =: W: 9 :7  N 56 4 =:   3 3 3< =   W3T:  4b$% 547;6 
 :;
f% 57:3@;6 4 =: W: 9 :7  f 57:3@6 4 =:   3 3 3< =   3 3 4*$%
54 :7;6   :;


  "  # $$%%$&$$' ( "  ) ***+,  -$-+  .  )   / +   $) $$'