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891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics

891 – Advanced Topics in Library and Information Science:
Informetrics and Scholarly Communication
Syllabus – Spring 2011

Dietmar Wolfram

Office: Bolton Hall, Room 538
Fax: 414-229-6699

Meeting Times: This is a Web-based course. The mode of instruction and communication will be
primarily asynchronous. There will be selected synchronous aspects of the course
involving Adobe Connect or other similar tools. Meeting times for synchronous
components will be determined based on class member and presenter availability.
Office Hours:


Provides advanced treatment of scholarly communication, the quantitative study of information
production and use, informetric data modeling, research assessment, and applications in
information studies scholarship and practice.
3 credits

Grad st; Foundations course in library and information science (e.g., L&I Sci
501); Research methods or statistical methods course for the social sciences
(e.g., L&I Sci 591); or permission of the instructor.


Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:


Understand and analyze developments in scholarly communication and
Assess the role of library and information science in the process of
scholarly communication
Analyze regularities in the way information is produced and used
Synthesize and apply informetric techniques to the analysis of recorded
Critically evaluate information resources and activities relevant to scholarly
Apply quantitative techniques to the assessment of research and scholarship
This course addresses the following ALA competencies:
Concepts and issues related to the lifecycle of recorded knowledge and
information, from creation through various stages of use to disposition.


. In M. Scholarly communication and bibliometrics. Journal of Informetrics. NJ: Information Today. 2(1). and related technology and tools consistent with professional ethics and prevailing service norms and applications. B. (2001). Read Chapter 1. Informetrics. J.A review. 3-70). C. (1988). (1999). Williams (Ed. Informetrics at the beginning of the 21st century . TEXT Required: De Bellis. 29-40). (Another long review article). (2009).891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics • • • METHOD: The application of information.). Bibliometrics and citation analysis. In L. 1-52. Bar-Ilan. (2009).) Informetrics 87/88: Select Proceedings of the First International Conference on Bibliometrics and Theoretical Aspects of Information Retrieval (pp.uhasselt. In M. The fundamentals of quantitative and qualitative research methods. (2008). communication. Bibliometrics and citation analysis.The Study of Information Production and Use. pp. assistive. 107-247). The central research findings and research literature of the field. Medford.). ISBN: 97800-8108-6713-0 Readings also will be assigned from sources available through traditional or electronic reserve at the UW-Milwaukee Golda Meir Library or publicly on the Web. Scan for key concepts). Comments on the scope of bibliometrics. pp. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Medford. NJ: Information Today. N. Lecture/Discussion Students with special needs should contact the instructor as early as possible for accommodations. Wilson. N. There are required readings for each week plus suggested readings for those interested in learning more about the specific topics. 2 . 36. MD: Scarecrow Press. Suggested Additional Readings: Borgman. Egghe & R. Lanham. Lanham. Browse to become familiar with the different areas of informetrics. C. L. Williams (Ed. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (Vol.pdf. (Note: This is relevant to the application of cybermetric methods and data collection). Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (Vol. (This is a long review article. COURSE SCHEDULE AND READINGS: Week 1/24 Overview . History and Current Status Required: De Bellis. S. Note: This is a long review article. C. & Furner. MD: Scarecrow Press. Available through the University of Hasselt repository: http://uhdspace. Brookes. Rousseau (Eds. J.

d. F. New York: Columbia University. Price. Price. (1975). A general theory of bibliometric and other cumulative advantage processes. Journal of Documentation. (1976). B. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. (The whole book). 2nd Ed.L. Invisible colleges: diffusion of knowledge in scientific communities. (1986). Fundamentals of collection development and management. big science. 2nd Ed. S. 44(1). Chapter 4 Pao. Little science. S. Read Chapter 9 “Scholarly Communication” pp. On the classification of the classical bibliometric laws. (1977). Nicholls. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. J. 2/14 Citation Analysis I Required: 3 . S. Suggested Additional Readings: Brookes. (2006). 22(5). An empirical examination of Lotka's law. Barjak. T. 27. New York: Columbia University Press. big science. P. Price.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics 1/31 Scholarly Communication Required: Johnson. (1988). Theory of the Bradford law. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. J. 37(1). D. 292-306. d. (2009). d. 56-81. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 2/7 Classic Informetric Laws Required: De Bellis. 57(10). 379-385. The role of the Internet in informal scholarly communication. Empirical validation of Lotka's Law. Bibliometric modeling processes and the empirical validity of Lotka's Law. Egghe. 304-335. 1350-1367. Chicago: American Library Association. Suggested Additional Readings: Crane. Journal of Documentation. D. 180-209.” pp. Read Chapter 3 – “Invisible Colleges and the Affluent Scientific Commuter. 26-33. M. P. (1989). D. Little science. 40(6). (1986). C. 53-62. (1986). Information Processing & Management. J. (1986). D. Nicholls. P. T. (This is an updated edition of the classic 1963 work). 33(3). 417-419. L.

Chapters 5 & 6 (some of the content of Chapter 5 will also be useful in Week 6). L. & Nassi-Calò.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10. 56-63. M. H. M. Garfield. Bibliographic coupling between scientific papers. 404-410. M. 295(1).891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics De Bellis.. Citation analysis.. 64(1). (Vol. (2003).. R.1371%2Fjournal. 90-93.pone. B. Journal of Documentation. B. D. Hyland. Scientometrics. H. & Daniel. & Shaw. 41. Medford.). (2003). PLoS ONE. Garfield. M. & Sher. J. Cronin.. K. (2007). The Mathew Effect in science. E.. Cronin (Ed. E. Vaughan. (1989). 4 . (1996). R. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. & Snyder. & MacRoberts. Packer. 609-641). Problems of citation analysis. Self-citation and self-reference: Credibility and promotion in academic publication. 2/21 Citation Analysis II – Co-citation Analysis and Impact Factors Required: De Bellis. (2001). What do citation counts measure? A review of studies on citing behavior. K. Suggested Additional Readings: Merton. 14(1). American Documentation. Journal of Information Science. B. Kessler. A. (1963). 27(1). Who cites women? Whom do women cite?: An exploration of gender and scholarly citation in sociology. JAMA-Journal of the American Medical Association.. 195-201. 40(5). American Documentation. (2006). 10-25. H. 1313-1322.plosone. Meneghini. (1968). 3(11).. R. In B.. 54(3). (2008). 251-259. New factors in the evaluation of scientific literature through citation indexing. Science. MacRoberts. H.L. & MacRoberts. Suggested Additional Readings: Bornmann. Bibliometrics and beyond: Some thoughts on web-based citation analysis.0003804 Nicolaisen. (1995). Davenport. I. 342–349. The history and meaning of the journal impact factor. Articles by Latin American authors in prestigious journals have fewer citations. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 14(3). (2008). pp. L. L. 45-80. NJ: Information Today. H. 435-444. 36(3). R. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology.D. Available: http://www. 1-7. E. Chapters 2 & 3 MacRoberts. 159. (1963). Bibliographic and web citations: What is the difference? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Journal of Documentation. 51(4). 54(14). Problems of citation analysis: A critical review.

Pathfinder networks and author cocitation analysis: A remapping of paradigmatic information scientists. Cronin & H. W. (2003). McKim.). & Rousseau. Otte. (2000). 1(3). 42(6). Information visualization: Beyond the horizon. R. C. 327-355. Journal of Informetrics. Thompson. Do open access articles have greater citation impact? A critical review of the literature. G. 54(1).891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Craig. (2002). 52(3).B. Read Chapter 5 – “Knowledge Domain Visualization. 423-434. 143-172.. Information Processing & Management. A. & King. 449-473). R.D. British Medical Journal.. 2/28 Mapping Scholarly Communication & Knowledge Domains Required: Chen. J. The web of knowledge: A festschrift in honor of Eugene Garfield (pp. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Journal of the American Society for Information Science.D.O. Journal of Information Science. A bit more to it: Scholarly communication forums as socio-technical interaction networks. D. R.W. & McCain. The death of the scholarly monograph in the humanities? Citation patterns in literary scholarship. (2006).. (2006).W. H. 498-502. et al. Small. (2003). Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. K. 239-248. Why the impact factor of journals should not be used for evaluating research. Klavans. 49(4). Boyack. In B. Medford. 121-136. Social network analysis: A powerful strategy. 441-453. Mapping the backbone of science. Suggested Additional Readings: 5 . White. (2007). London: Springer-Verlag. 1578-1591. Charting pathways through science: Exploring Garfield’s vision of a unified index to science. H. 1972-1995. 64(3). Suggested Additional Readings: White. Zhao. & Börner. also for the information sciences. 54(5)... 3/7 Social Network Analysis in Scholarly Communication Required: Kling.. 47-67. Libri. E. I. D. Atkins (Eds. (1997). NJ: ASIS. Visualizing a discipline: An author co-citation analysis of information science. 314(7079). Seglen.Z. P. (2002). 28(6). Scientometrics. K.” pp. K. (2005). 351-374. (1998). H. Towards all-author co-citation analysis.

Boston: Kluwer. D. G.). 81-135). M. B. 3/14 Language Use & Word Studies Required: Baayen. K. NJ: Information Today.. Cambridge. Thousand Oaks.. FL: Universal Publisher. Journal of Information Science. measurement. Jackson (Ed. 1750-1772. 41. An information theory of the statistical strucutre of language. Word frequency distributions. The psycho-biology of language. Human behavior and the principle of least effort. 39. P. 44(10). In B.). (2005). (1949). H. In B. MA: MIT Press. E. 486-502). R.” pp. L. (2008). 57-84.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Börner. Medford. (2007). American Behavioral Scientist. Communication theory (pp.. Cronin (Ed. Suggested Additional Readings: Almind. N.. NJ: Information Today. (2001). 2nd Ed. Read Chapter 4 – “The Methodological Priority of Textual Data. Informetric analyses on the World Wide Web: Methodological approaches to "Webometrics". K. & Ingwersen. The challenge of scientometrics: The development. Webometrics.. Social network analysis. Sanyal. L. Cambridge: AddisonWesley. Vaughan. 537-608). Journal of Documentation. In W.. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (Vol. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. (1935).). & Wellman. Cronin (Ed. 1. Medford. London: Butterworths. Netting scholars: Online and offline. Zipf. 6 . (2000). (1997)..). (Vol. Network Science. & Yang. Knoke. A. S. G. Chapter 8 Egghe. & Vespignani. (1953). Boca Raton. L. (2001). pp. 53.35. Zipf. Read Chapter 1 “Word Frequencies. Thelwall.(Note much of the content is available for browsing through Google Books). 329-335. (2001). Nazer. 404-426. Leydesdorff. K.” pp. Suggested Additional Readings: Mandelbrot. S. L. & Björneborn. B. Koku. 3/21 Spring Recess – No Class 3/28 Metrics Research in the Internet Age: Cybermetrics/Webometrics Required: De Bellis. and self-organization of scientific communications (2nd ed. New informetric aspects of the Internet: Some reflections--many problems. P. 26(5). pp. CA: Sage.

Informetric theories and methods for exploring the Internet: An analytical survey of recent research literature. Zipf Curves http://www.. 99-119. 21(5). M. 57-78. (2002). Extracting macroscopic information from Web links. Metrics Applied . D. A-W. 4/4 Data Collection Tools for Informetric Analysis Required: Ingwersen. 205-217. Nielsen. (2010). & Ingwersen. 54(2).es/cybermetrics/articles/v1i1p1. (1997). & Christensen. (1997). Textual data mining to support science and technology management. The calculation of Web impact factors. (1998). & Zitt. Library Trends. Available: Prime. (2006). (2000). 2530. Informetrics: Exploring Databases as analytical tools. 50(3). 15(2).useit. Morgan & Claypool (electronic book).harzing. (2001). Morgan & Claypool (electronic book). & Peritz. M.cindoc. P. Introduction to webometrics: Quantitative Web research for the social sciences. (2001). Ingwersen. (2002). 301-313. 1157-1168. Suggested Additional Readings: Losiewicz. Björneborn. Scientometrics. L. 67(2).. Journal of Documentation. B. R.. pp. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 48(3). R. 6582. E. J. M. I. Introduction to webometrics: Quantitative Web research for the social sciences. H. Applications of SQL for informetric frequency distribution processing.csic. Thelwall. Available: . M. Data set isolation for bibliometric online analyses of research publications: Fundamental methodological issues.. Harzing. 371-392. D. Journal of the American Society for Information Science.html. J. Cybermetrics. 50(1). Perspectives of webometrics. 52(13). (1998). (2009). Read Chapters 5 & 6. Co-citations and co-sitations: A cautionary view on an analogy. Thelwall.html. 54(2). Wormell.. and Website popularity. P. P. Scientometrics.C.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Bar-Ilan. Available: http://www. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems. (2009). & Kostoff. Wolfram.N.. Sitations: An exploratory study. 4/11 or Perish. Rousseau.. Scientometrics.W. 291-308. 236-243. Publish http://www.htm. Database. Bassecoulard. F. 1(1).Indicators Required: 7 Overview and software. (The rest of it). (1997). P. Thelwall.

Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. et al. H. I.pone. & Prieto. Journals in the core collection: Definition. The metrics of science and 57(10). B. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. E. Scientific research activity and communication measured with cybermetrics (2010).com/media/pdf/UsingBibliometricsinEval_WP. & van Raan. A. 61(10). (2005).1371/journal.R.. M. (1999). 102.E.F.. K. The Holy Grail of science policy: Exploring and combining bibliometric tools in search of scientific excellence. 257-280. J. Symonds.8 – “New Developments. (2008). National Science Board (2010).nsf.. 113-127. Web use and peer interconnectivity metrics for academic web sites. 16569-16572. (2003).S.. D.K. A.pdf. (2005). J. Science and Engineering Indicators 2010.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Geisler. Read Chapter 6 – “Outputs from Science and Technology: Categories and Metrics. The Journal of Academic Librarianship.F. (2007).. H.A. Nisonger. Pendlebury. 57(2). Visser..0000127. van Leeuwen. Nederhof. 2086–2096. Dordrecht: Springer. Chapters 4 & 5 are the most relevant for browsing. M. Available: http://www. Suggested Additional Readings: Hirsch.plosone. Available: http://www.F. PLoS ONE. (2006). 51(3/4). Westport. M. and applications. White paper: Using bibliometrics in evaluating research. 29(1). Moed. An index to quantify an individual's scientific research output. Lu. Scientometrics. Universty of Sussex. Chung. 51-73.. Available: http://isiwebofknowledge. 4/18 Applications for Information Agencies and Policy Development Required: Aguillo. The Serials Librarian. Ortega. & Wolfram. 393-402. Bibliometric indicators and the social sciences. J. 33(3). 1-10. Suggested Additional Readings: 8 .sussex. (2003). T. Citation analysis in research evaluation. identification. Gender differences in publication output: Towards an unbiased metric of research performance. Read Part 2.” pp. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. I.E. Katz. Journal of Information Science. CN: Quorum Books. (2006).L. 1(1). Thelwall. 301-322. (2000). Available: http://www. A comparison of citer and citation-based measure outcomes for multiple disciplines. (2007).N. Granadino. Ajiferuke. A. E. Evaluating academic journals using impact factor and local citation score.” pp. D.J.pdf. T. H.F.J. J.

Wolfram. The use of bibliometric analysis in research performance assessment and monitoring of interdisciplinary scientific developments. (2003). 9 . B. S. 83-91.pdf 4/25 Applications for Information Retrieval Required: Peat. Dordrecht. 293-310. & Schmoch. K. 2105-2125. (1999). L. Quoniam. Balme.pdf. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Meho. A. H.J. (2003). H. & Yang. 20-29. F. Medford. Handbook of quantitative science and technology research. & Dou. 52(7). Science & Technology Libraries. Technikfolgenabschätzung. Glänzel. (2003).” pp. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (Vol... W. H. E.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Bensman. W. & Willett. Text mining.library. & Hamilton. F. Rostaing.J. Applied informetrics for information retrieval research. U. NJ: Information Today.. Suggested Additional Readings: Trybula. Theorie und Praxis. D.. CT: Libraries Unlimited. 34. Part 1.cwts. (1996). Read Chapter 7 – “Applications..S.). In M. Hyperauthorship: A postmodern perversion or evidence of a structural shift in scholarly communication practices? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. J. 5/2 Assessing Information Production and Use in the 21st Century Required: Cronin. (1991). 42(5). (1998).F. 26(1). Available: http://garfield. J. 41(1-2). Moed.upenn. Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS faculty: Web of Science versus Scopus and Google Scholar. K. 385-419). 558-569.. Westport. Scientometrics. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. Narin. (2001). 12(1). 36(3). D. Van Raan. Giraud. 58(13). M. The law's initial formulation and statistical bases. Williams (Ed. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Bibliometric law used for information retrieval. CT: Libraries Unlimited. (2007). Scientometrics. P. 31-68. Wolfram.. Bibliometric performance measures. Urquhart's Law: Probability and the management of scientific and technical journal collections. (2005). 378-383. pp.. Pre-print available: http://www. (2004). Westport. J. (The rest of the book). The limitations of term co-occurrence data for query expansion in document retrieval systems. Applied informetrics for information retrieval research.

Submissions are to be double-spaced using a 12-point font with 1 to 1.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Zhao.g. and R. Suggested Additional Readings: Goodrum. Information Processing & Management. Tijssen (no date) Grades will be reduced for late papers (one full grade for each week or part thereof) unless there are extenuating circumstances. If you are uncertain about how to cite electronic sources. Turabian. An example of this practice is submitting a paper that presents a cursory treatment of several topics when a detailed treatment of a single topic is expected.Z. APA. A. Nederhof. Challenges of scholarly publications on the Web to the evaluation of science . Please rely on a commonly used style manual for your submissions (e. 15(1). 5/9 Discussion of Projects/ Review No readings ACADEMIC POLICIES Academic policies may be found on the UWM Web site at: http://www. Thelwall. International benchmarking and bibliometric monitoring of UK research performance in the social sciences. (2001).uwm. consult one of the many electronic guides to citing electronic sources available on the net. Minimal reference content includes: author (if 10 .uk/ESRCInfoCentre/Images/Bibliometrics%20and%20the%20B enchmarking%20of%20UK%20Research%20Performance%20in%20the%20Social%20Science s_tcm6-18356. Written assignments are to be word-processed. M.A. MLA). Available: http://www. et al. (2002).ac. & Harries. You may not resubmit work that has already been used in fulfillment of the requirement of this or any other course.J. Additional policies may be found at the end of the syllabus. T. 55(2). 37(5). Odlyzko. The rapid evolution of scholarly communication. G.N. 7-19.. Learned Publishing. (2005). Do the Web sites of higher rated scholars have significantly more online impact? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology.W. 661-675. (2004). 149-159. It is expected students will consult and appropriately cite the research and professional literature where appropriate. Scholarly publishing in the Internet age: a citation analysis of computer science literature. Academic misconduct may result in a lowered grade. or removal from the course. ASSIGNMENTS Assignments are due on the specified dates. Grades will also be reduced for papers that include irrelevant content to “fill up space” to meet the length specifications for a paper. no credit for a given assignment. D. Rules of academic conduct require that you not use the work of others without clearly indicating it as such. Information Processing & Management. A.A comparison of author visibility on the Web and in print journals. 41(6). A. 1403-1418.J.pdf. These are available in the UWM Bookstore or may be purchased through online book vendors. Van Leeuwen. Chicago.25 inch margins.

Evaluate the effectiveness of the models for describing the distributions observed in the data sets.g.. Depending on the topic selected.htm. A good starting point is available at: http://www. Lotka. along with a brief abstract of your paper (250-300 words).2 Completed paper – Due Week 15 25% Structure your paper as an empirical investigative analysis of the phenomenon selected. FINAL PROJECT . Examine the range of distribution shapes that may be modeled by varying key parameters and observing the changes in the distributions. and conclusions discussing any applications.libraryspot. ESSAY ON INFORERMETIC LAWS . excluding your bibliography. will be shared with class members on D2L. bibliographic databases. 2. In your analysis. Zipf. defining the scope of your 3. URL. The submitted paper should be approximately 15-20 pages long. How has understanding of the phenomenon described by the law changed over time? What is the current state of model development for this law? Identify examples of applications of this law for understanding and evaluating the production of information and associated services. 3. an informative title. findings. one or two research questions. Along with a completed spreadsheet with modeling outcomes. 11 .g. title. Bradford. and conduct a small scale study as their final project. Price. the methodology used. explain why specific models are well or not well suited for describing the data. Your paper should be approximately 7 double-spaced pages. Develop a review of the literature available on the topic. modeling techniques used (where appropriate). Those opting to working in groups will be expected to have completed a more detailed study. Each group will identify one or two research questions relevant to the phenomenon of interest. date (if given). excluding appendices and references. Initial feedback from the instructor will help the student(s) to ensure a viable topic with a manageable scope has been selected. and a bibliography of 15-20 sources to demonstrate the adequacy of foundational materials on which to undertake the study. and a selection of more recent works. This project will be conducted in groups of no more than three people. Your developed bibliographies. Leimkuhler.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics known). 3. Garfield.Due Week 5 20% Select a classic “law” of informetrics (e.. It will consist of a one to two-page summary of the topic area to be investigated. and whether each distribution is adequate to model the observed data. submit a 4 to 5 page analysis of the data sets. related research.1 Topic Proposal . and date accessed. crawler software). 1. Urquhart). or will need to be collected using appropriate tools (e.Due Week 7 10% The initial submission will serve as a foundation for the final project. identifying the best models that describe the observed data.Due in two parts 35% Individuals or small groups of students will select a quantifiable aspect of information production or use relevant to scholarly communication or informetrics. DATA MODELING EXERCISE – Due Week 10 15% You will be given sets of data in MS Excel format (OpenOffice Calc may also be used) representing different informetric phenomena as well as several mathematical models to be fitted to the data. public data sources may be available. focusing on pioneering pieces.

(1990). Amsterdam: Elsevier. Dictionary of bibliometrics. Z669. Scarecrow Press. The challenge of scientometrics: The development. Huberman.8 T345 1995 Professional Societies American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) – www. (2005). P91.L E. San Diego: Academic Press. (2001). (1995).org/3297/. ZA4226 . Inc. MD. Lanham. B. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Scholarly communication and Canadian Society for Information Science/L’association canadienne des sciences de l’information (CAIS-ACSI) – www. but undistinguished work 20% 15% 35% 30% 74-76 70-73 67-69 64-66 60-63 below 60 C work is below standard CD+ D unsatisfactory work DF ADDITIONAL READINGS AND INFORMATION SOURCES Monographs Borgman. Measuring information. The laws of the Web: Patterns in the ecology of information. (1990). measurement.issi-society.H83 2001 Leydesdorff. EVALUATION Essay Data Modeling Exercise Final Project Class Participation 95-100 91-94 87-90 84-86 A AB+ B 80-83 77-79 BC+ superior work satisfactory. (1994). Available: http://eprints. Participation implies discussion contributions that are productive and insightful. J.A. along with at least a subset of the guest chats. New York: Haworth. L. Newbury Park: Sage. B. Z669. Diodato. Z669. The International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI) . (2005). documentation and information science. C.E386x 2005 Egghe. 12 .asis. The hand of science: Academic writing and its rewards.). Netherlands: DSWO Press/Leiden University. Power laws in the information production process: Lotkaian informetrics. MA: The MIT Press. (2001). Cambridge.3 S34 1990 Cronin. R. L. & Rousseau. Introduction to informetrics: Quantitative methods in library. Leiden.cais-acsi.rclis. Tague-Sutcliffe.8 D56 1994 Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) .8 .M.http://www..4sonline. and selforganization of scientific communications (2nd ed. and that integrate the weekly readings.891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics CLASS PARTICIPATION 30% It is expected that students will be active participants in the weekly discussions in class.

For graduate students. 13 .891 – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Relevant Journals Most library and information science journals publish articles with a metrics or scholarly communication +retrieval/journal/11192 Webology (open access) . there are additional guidelines from the Graduate School (http://www. has been unable to take or complete the final examination or some limited amount of other term work.uwm.uwm.html Journal of Informetrics . Specific journals with a primarily metrics theme include: Cybermetrics (open access) . please contact the instructor as soon as possible.pdf. ranging from a failing grade for a course or assignment to expulsion from the University.pdf) summarizes and defines situations that constitute discriminatory conduct. Cheating on exams and plagiarism are violations of the academic honor code and carry severe sanctions. See the following document (http://www.html) or contact the SOIS Investigating Officer (currently the Associate Dean) for more Students’ sincerely held religious beliefs must be reasonably accommodated with respect to all examinations and other academic requirements. If you have questions.cws_home/709551/ description#description Scientometrics . grading. according to the following policy: http://www. Incompletes. readmission. Religious observances. UWM has several policies that accommodate students who must temporarily lay aside their educational pursuits when called to active duty in the military (see http://www3. Discriminatory conduct (such as sexual harassment) because of illness or other unusual and substantial cause beyond the student’s control. including those found in the Graduate Student and Faculty Handbook: http://www. including provisions for refunds.uwm. If you will need accommodations in order to meet any of the requirements of a course.http://www. please contact an appropriate SOIS An incomplete is not given unless the student proves to the instructor that s/he was prevented from completing course requirements for just cause as indicated above (http://www.cfm). Students with disabilities are responsible to communicate directly with the instructor to ensure special accommodation in a timely manner. and encourages the members of its community to strive to reach their full potential. There is comprehensive coverage of issues related to disabilities at the Student Accessibility Center (http://www.uwm. important components of which are expressed here: ).http://www. UWM and SOIS are committed to building and maintaining a campus environment that recognizes the inherent worth and dignity of every Many of the links below may be accessed through a PDF-document maintained by the Secretary of the University: UWM ACADEMIC POLICIES The following links contain university policies affecting all SOIS students. Please notify your instructor within the first three weeks of the Fall or Spring Term (first week of shorter-term or Summer courses) of any specific days or dates on which you request relief from an examination or academic requirement for religious observances. understanding.uwm.uwm. Students called to active military duty. sensitivity. and mutual Students with disabilities.uwm. Academic A notation of “incomplete” may be given in lieu of a final grade to a student who has carried a subject successfully until the end of a semester but and other situations. fosters tolerance. The UWM policy statement (http://www.htm.uwm.springer.

uwm.uwm. The change will involve a postponement to a later date.htm) Step 3 appeals for graduate students are handled through the Graduate School. If the complaint allegedly violates a specific university policy. Such an appeal shall follow SOIS appeals procedures (http://www4. For individuals with exam conflicts. Finals. The time of the final examination for an individual or a class may be changed only with the prior approval of the dean or director of the respective college/school. The Secretary of the University is authorized to prepare the final examination schedule.htm). it may be directed to the appropriate university office responsible for enforcing the policy. Examinations. A student may appeal a grade on the grounds that it is based on a capricious or arbitrary decision of the course – Advanced Topics: Scholarly Communication and Informetrics Complaints. Grade appeal procedures. Students may direct complaints to the SOIS Dean or Associate Dean. These procedures are available in writing from the respective department chairperson or the Academic Dean of the College/School (http://www. a separate week at the very end of the exam week will be reserved to take one of the conflicting exams (http://www.htm). 14 .