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HW#5

CARLOS ALBERTO NUNES

UIUC

1) And: ∂yu −α ∂x ∂y θl = − l +α ∂x θu = (1.Cp = 2θ M ∞2 − 1 (1.2) Using the given equations for the upper and lower surfaces: ∂yu t x 1 t 1 x =c ⋅ 2 max 1 − − 2 max ∂x c c c c c c ∴ ∂yu t = 2 max ∂x c x 1 ⋅ 1 − − x c c ∴ ∂yu t x = 2 max ⋅ 1 − 2 ∂x c c (1.3) .

5) .4) Plug back eq.1 to find the equation for the pressure distribution: C pu = tmax 2 M ∞2 − 1 c x ⋅ 1 − 2 − α c C pl = tmax 2 M ∞2 − 1 c x ⋅ 1 − 2 + α c 2 2 For α = 0° we found the following distribution.3 and 1. 1. where both C pu and C pl are the same When α = 6°: (1.4 in eq. 1.Since ∂yl ∂y = − u then we have: ∂x ∂x ∂yl t = −2 max ∂x c x ⋅ 1 − 2 c (1.

1.8) Where: 2 2 u For this geometry σ u2 = σ l2 .We know that: CL = 4α (1.8 and integrating we get: 4t 2 σ u2 = max 3 c (1.9) Therefore. 1.6) M ∞2 − 1 The drag coefficient is given by: 4α 2 2 CD = + (σ u2 + σ l2 ) 2 2 M ∞ −1 M ∞ −1 (1. 1. Calculate the lift per unit length of each element of upper and lower surface: (1.25E-02 To calculate the center of pressure location we did the following: I.7 may be re-written as: = CD 8 tmax 2 + M ∞2 − 1 M ∞2 − 1 3 c 4α 2 2 Using eq.7) 1 c ∂y σ = ∫ u dx c 0 ∂x (1. 1.6 and 1.10) .3700 6.4 in eq. then substituting eq.10 we found the following values for the two given angle of attack: CL CD α=0° 0 2. the eq.33E-02 α=6° 0.

13) n ∑L ⋅x ' i =1 i i And finally find the pressure center location: xcp = − L'/q_inf M'/q_inf xcp ' M wing L'wing (1.500 The result is in agreement with the linear theory for supersonic airfoils. (1.∂yupper L'iupper = −C pupper q∞ ∆x cos α − ∂x ∂y L'ilower = C pupper q∞ ∆x cos α − lower 4 x ∂ II. .11) L'iupper + L'ilower (1.14) 0.3690 -0. Compute the total lift per unit length of each element: ( L )= ' i total III. (1.12) Determine the total lift and moment ( about the leading edge) of the airfoil: n L'wing = ∑ L'i i =1 M= wing ' IV. since it is at 50% of the airfoil chord.1845 0.

.As we can see. the 2nd order theory shows that we have less suction in the upper surface and more positive pressure in the lower surface for positive angles of attack when compared with the linear theory.

.

The wave drag is given by: 64V 2 ρ∞u∞2 DW = 4 πl Using the following values for the given altitude and speed: We found: Dw = 123.30[lbs ] (1.15) .

and then to the body length.16) .04 = l 5 S B = 78. We can see that the drag drastically decays as we increase the body length. but to calculate the body total drag we have also to consider the skin friction drag.77[lbs / ft 2 ] (1. that is proportional to the wet surface area.53 ft 2 q∞ = 6142. The wave drag coefficient for a von Karman body is given by: 2 2 db 1 = CDw = 0. which for this case must be something between 10 and 20 ft. Therefore. we must find an optimum length that minimizes the total drag.The previous charts and table shows how the wave drag changes with the length for a fixed volume body.

18) The radial distribution in the von Karman body is given by (as function of θ ): r (θ ) = s (l ) sin ( 2θ ) π −θ + 2 2 π (1.20) .19) And for the conical body: r ( x )= x db ⋅ l 2 Then we have the following radius distribution along the body length: (1.von Karman body wave drag: = Dw S= 19298.17) The conical forebody wave drag: Dw = 20262.09[lbs ] B q∞ C Dw (1.99[lbs ] (1.

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