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First Paper Assignment
● You must cite relevant constitutional provisions and use current events to
support/prove your points. You may also want to do outside research to see what
other scholars think.

In The Federalist 51, James Madison wrote:
“What is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men
were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither
external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a
government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in
this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next
place, oblige it to control itself. A dependence on the people is no doubt the primary
control on the government; but experience has taught mankind the necessity of
auxiliary precautions.”
● What does Madison mean by this statement? - Men are evil and selfish
by nature, therefore a government whose strong enough to control the men
elected as well as itself is necessary to account for our human nature's flaws and
fallacies, especially when in positions of power. Influenced by Montesquieu, the
separation of powers are able to mitigate the power that lies within the governing
men by splitting the responsibilities among three branches here they can check
each other.
○ Human Nature
○ Use the Governor of Virginia Bob McDonnell On January 21,
2014, McDonnell and his wife, Maureen were indicted on federal
corruption charges. They were convicted of 11 counts of corruption for
accepting $165,000 in gifts and loans in exchange for official government
favors. McDonnell is the first Virginia governor to be indicted – and the first
Virginia governor to be convicted of a felony and was sentenced to two
years in prison, two years of supervision and 6000 hours of community
service. o
○ “Can the Federal G
● How does it apply to the U.S. Constitution?
○ No. 51: Proposed that the federal government's separation
of powers would prohibit any one branch from dominating national
government violating rights of citizens.

Gives rights to the people and states.S.” ○ protect the people against tyranny through independent branches ○ argued for the separation of powers to protect the people’s liberty and an equal distribution of authority so that one isn’t as dominant ○ Importance of the 10th Amendment -. checks and balances. Other measures are needed. This creates the double protection that Publius referred to in the essays. to the president ). v. Elections are important to resist tyranny. checks and balances. holding an electoral vote to elect Senators. ederalism is appropriate for America because it is a large country with many independent states with various sizes and populations.wikispaces. and federalism in this regard throughout the balance of this essay.POSSIBLE ANSWER http://theweakerparty. ○ ● How does it apply to the three branches of government and for that aration+of+Powers ○ “The Constitution not only provides for checks between the branches of the central government. to citizens? ○ ○ Articles I . who need to be equally heard in government. . but checks between the state and federal systems of government. ● What does Madison mean by “auxiliary precautions?” separation of powers through the independent branches.III in the Constitution describes the separation of powers ○ Apply to citizens -. to govenors.U. to senators who will represent them in office. and a constant opportunity for the people to check the authority of the government through re-election. but they are not enough. House of Reps. federalism used to guard against tyranny. etc in the congressional elections ○ Separation of Powers in Action .being engaged in political matters in order to have the necessary information to assess and critique the government’s decisions and proposed policies. Alvarez in the Stolen Valor Act ○ American Federalism the national and state government derive its power from the people (the people vote from mayors. Madison goes on to describe the roles of separation of powers.

and federalizing thousands of airport security personel. and protects individual . Federal requirements were also evident in other domestic aspects like education (No Child Left Behind Act).net/webpages/cbaker/ap_government.t facilitates management of social and political ■ Importance . ■ ○ Checks and Balances Example http://www. When George W.cfm? subpage=30934 ● Sample AP Responses to Federalist No.scuc. Article ● Summary & Analysis ● http://www.No Child Left Behind Act ■ Advantages/Disadvantages -.. as government spending increased. maximizes participation. so did the budget deficit.. a federal system results in duplication of governmental activities.socialstudieshelp. Bush proposed things like a new Cabinet department.japan. 51 ● Explanation of Quote in Book ● Breakdown of Quote .The President can appoint Judges and other government officials.t is important because it brings a balance of power by allowing states to make their own laws and still keeping the national government as the supreme decider for situations when conflict arises and national unity is in jeopardy.paulrittman.. But as a result. The Department of Homeland Security. he didn't see September 11th coming.usembassy. Section 2 .txed.htm. 51 and 47 ● Quizlet Breakdown of the Constitution and Contribution/Fears of Different Writers ● http://aboutusa..○ Federalism Example .sparknotes.but Senate must approve them. ■ Discuss federalism under the Bush Administration. promotes administrative efficiency. Sources ● http://www. encourages innovation.html ● http://www. Among the disadvantages are that coordinating the efforts of multiple governments is difficult. Bush came to 558 ● Breakdown of Federalist No. the role of the national government heavily increased. and local interests may damage the national interest. -.pdf ●● ● https://prezi.pdf ● ● .federalism examples ● ● http://aboutusa.uidaho.pdf ● http://www.