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Hydrazoic acid
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hydrazoic acid, also known as hydrogen azide or


Hydrazoic acid
azoimide,[2] is a colorless, volatile, and extremely
explosive liquid at room temperature and pressure. It is a
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compound of nitrogen and hydrogen, having chemical
Main page
formula HN3 .[3] It was first isolated in 1890 by Theodor
Contents
Curtius.[4] It is used primarily for preservation of stock
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solutions, and as a reagent.
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Contents [hide]
search 1 Chemistry
2 Production
Go Search 3 Toxicity
4 References
interaction 5 External links IUPAC name
About Wikipedia Hydrogen azide
Community portal Identifiers
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Chemistry [edit]
CAS number 7782-79-8
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It is soluble in water, and the solution dissolves many
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metals (e.g. zinc, iron) with liberation of hydrogen and
Help SMILES
formation of salts (azides, formerly also called azoimides or N=N=N
toolbox hydrazoates).
Properties
What links here Its heavy metal salts are explosive and readily interact with
Molecular formula HN3
Related changes the alkyl iodides. Azides of heavier alkali metals (excluding
Upload file Molar mass 43.03 g/mol
lithium) or alkaline earth metals are not explosive, but
Special pages Appearance colorless, highly volatile
decompose in a more controlled way upon heating,
Printable version liquid
releasing spectroscopically-pure N 2 gas. [5]
Permanent link
Density 1.09 g/cm3
Cite this page In its properties hydrazoic acid shows some analogy to the
Melting point -80 °C, 193 K, -112 °F
halogen acids, since it forms poorly soluble (in water) lead,
languages
silver and mercury(I) salts. The metallic salts all crystallize Boiling point 37 °C, 310 K, 99 °F
Česky
in the anhydrous form and decompose on heating, leaving
Deutsch Solubility in water highly soluble
a residue of the pure metal. It is a weak acid (pKa = 4.6-
Español Solubility soluble in alkali, alcohol,
4.7).
Français ether
Italiano Dissolution in the strongest acids produces explosive salts
Acidity (pK a ) 4.6 [1 ]
Latviešu containing the H 2 N=N=N + ion, for example:[5]
Structure
HN=N=N + HSbCl 6 → [H2 N=N=N]+ [SbCl6 ]−
Magyar
Nederlands Molecular shape approximately linear

Hazards
Polski
Production [edit]
EU Index Not listed
Português The acid is usually formed by acidification of an azide salt
Main hazards Highly toxic, explosive
Русский like sodium azide. Normally solutions of sodium azide in
Slovenčina Related compounds
water contain trace quantities of hydrazoic acid in
Svenska Other cations Sodium azide
equilibrium with the azide salt, but introduction of a stronger
acid can convert the primary species in solution to Related nitrogen Ammonia

hydrazoic acid. The pure acid may be subsequently hydrides Hydrazine

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrazoic_acid[2/19/2010 12:34:54 AM]


Hydrazoic acid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

obtained by fractional distillation as an extremely explosive (what is this?) (verify)


colorless liquid with an unpleasant smell. Except where noted otherwise, data are given
for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C,
Toxicity [edit] 100 kPa)

Infobox references
Hydrazoic acid is volatile and highly toxic. It has a pungent
smell and its vapor can cause violent headaches. The compound acts as a non-cumulative poison.

References [edit]

1. ^ Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0070494398


2. ^ "Azoimide". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
3. ^ Dictionary of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds. Chapman & Hall.
4. ^ Curtius, Theodor (1890), Berichte: 3023
5. ^ a b Egon Wiberg; Nils Wiberg; Arnold Frederick Holleman (2001). "The Nitrogen Group". Inorganic chemistry.
Academic Press. p. 625. ISBN 0123526515.

External links [edit]

OSHA: Hydrazoic Acid

Categories: Acids | Azides

This page was last modified on 17 February 2010 at 02:04.


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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrazoic_acid[2/19/2010 12:34:54 AM]