frounde

© All Rights Reserved

13 views

frounde

© All Rights Reserved

- Superposition of Waves
- Level 1 UT Test
- May2009 Sound of Sonic
- physicss
- Sound and Hearing c16
- lasers and tissues
- Physic Topic 1 & 2 Topical Test
- Antonio Ferrera and Alejandra Melfo- Bubble Collisions and Defect Formation in a Damping Environment
- Phy 2011 CBSE Question Paper
- AM26
- 03-DataTransmission
- Synchronisation Issues
- Airgap Prediction From Second-Order Diffraction and Stokes
- Mcq (Pure)(Sp1)
- Waves_EQ_MS
- wave properties revised
- Iit Jam Syllabus
- Unit 2 Mechanics, Materials and Waves
- As Physics Notes
- Brunone Hydraulic Transients in Viscoelastic Branched Pipelines 1943-7900 (4)

You are on page 1of 6

42 Spring 2005

Prof. A.H. Techet

Spring 2005

1. Radiation and Diffraction Potentials

The total potential is a linear superposition of the incident, diffraction, and radiation potentials,

= (I + D + R ) eit .

(1)

The radiation potential is comprised of six components due to the motions in the six directions,

direction for a body floating in a quiescent fluid. The resulting body boundary condition follows

from lecture 15:

= i n j ; ( j = 1, 2, 3)

(2)

= i (r n) j 3 ; ( j = 4, 5, 6)

(3)

n

j

n

r = ( x, y, z )

(4)

n = n j ( j = 1, 2, 3) = (nx , ny , nz )

(5)

In order to meet all the boundary conditions we must have waves that radiate away from the body.

Thus j e ikx as x .

For the diffraction problem we know that the derivative of the total potential (here the incident

potential plus the diffraction potential without consideration of the radiation potential) normal to

the body surface is zero on the body:

version 1.0

updated 3/29/2005

T

n

= 0 on S B , where T = I + D .

-1-

2005, aht

= D ; on S B

n

n

(6)

We have so far talked primarily about the incident potential. The formulation of the incident

potential is straight forward from the boundary value problem (BVP) setup in lecture 15. There

exist several viable forms of this potential function each are essentially a phase shifted version of

another. The diffraction potential can also be found in the same fashion using the BVP for the

diffraction potential with the appropriate boundary condition on the body. This potential can be

approximated for a long wave condition. This long wave approximation assumes that the incident

wavelength is very long compared to the body diameter and thus the induced velocity field from

the incident waves on the structure can be assumed constant over the body and approximated by

the following equation:

i I

1 + I 2 + I 3

y

z

x

(7)

Ultimately, if we assume the body to be sufficiently small as not to affect the pressure field due to

an incident wave, then we can diffraction effects can be completely ignored. This assumption

comes from the Froude-Krylov hypothesis and assures a resulting excitation force equivalent to

the froude-krylov force:

F FK (t ) =

version 1.0

updated 3/29/2005

-2-

I

n dS

t

(8)

2005, aht

z

x

T

B

Deep water incident wave potential is:

I =

a kz

e Re i ei (t kx )

k

(9)

The force in the vertical direction is found from the incident potential using eq. 8 along the bottom

of the vessel. Here the normal in the z-direction, nz , is negative: nz = 1 , so the force per unit

length in the z-direction is

ia kT i (t kx )

B/ 2

i

FzFK = Re

e e

dx

B/ 2

k

o 2

k2

= Re

(10)

(11)

= Re 2 2 a e kT eit sin(kB/ 2)

k

eiz e iz

2i

(12)

Using the vertical velocity we can rewrite the force in terms of the velocity.

version 1.0

updated 3/29/2005

w(t ) = Re a ekz i ei (t kx )

(13)

w(t ) = Re a 2 e kz ei (t kx )

(14)

w( x = 0, z = 0, t ) = Re a 2 eit

(15)

-3-

2005, aht

Now we can write the force in the vertical direction as a function of the vertical (heave)

acceleration,

2

Fz = Re 2 e kT sin(kB / 2) w(0, 0, t ) .

k

(16)

Lets look at the case where 0 the wavenumber, k = 2 /g 0 , also goes to zero and the

following simplifications can be made:

e kt

1 kT

sin(kB/ 2)

(17)

kB/ 2

(18)

k2

Re 2

FzFK

a (1 kT ) (kB/ 2) eit

(19)

2 it

Re g aB 1

Te

(20)

If we look at the case where 0 and consider the heave restoring coefficient, C33 = g B ,

and the free surface elevation, ( x, t ) = Re a ei (t kx ) we can rewrite this force as

Re {C33 ( x = 0, t )}

FzFK

(21)

The horizontal force on the vessel above can be found in a similar fashion to the vertical force.

Fx =

SB

= Re i

i a

k

I

nx dS

t

(22)

e kz dz ei (t kB/ 2) ei (t + kB/ 2)

(23)

a 2

kT i t

= Re i

2 sin( kB/ 2)

1 e

e

version 1.0

updated 3/29/2005

-4-

(24)

2005, aht

As frequency approaches zero similar simplifications can be made like above for the vertical

force:

a 2

Re i

( KT ) eit 2 kB/ 2

k

Fx (t )

(25)

u (t ) = Re a ekz ei (t kx )

(26)

u (t ) = Re i a 2 e kz ei (t kx )

(27)

Fx (t )

Re { TB u ( x = 0, z = 0, t )}

(28)

Where TB = , and is the vessel volume such that we are left with the surge force

(29)

C33 + w

(30)

Fx

Fz

z

-B/2

B/2

T

Lets look at the force in the x-direction:

FxFK

bT u ( x = B/ 2, z = 0, t ) + bT u ( x = B/ 2, z = 0, t )

(31)

( x, t ) = a cos(t kx)

(32)

u ( x, z, t ) = a 2 e kz sin(t kx)

(33)

(34)

version 1.0

updated 3/29/2005

-5-

2005, aht

FxFK

(35)

2 b T (a 2 ) cos(kB/ 2) sin(t )

(36)

z

-B/2

B/2

c

b

Use the same assumptions from above to find the x-force adjusted for the additional pontoon

between the two hulls.

FxFK

2 b T (a 2 ) cos(kB/ 2) sin(t )

+c p ( x = B / 2 + b / 2, z = 0, t )

c p ( x = B / 2 b / 2, z = 0, t )

The last two terms are the adjustment to the force for the addition of the pontoon, FxFK (t ) .

k

2

(37)

FxFK (t )

version 1.0

updated 3/29/2005

-6-

(38)

2005, aht

- Superposition of WavesUploaded byfeatherstars
- Level 1 UT TestUploaded byJoshnewfound
- May2009 Sound of SonicUploaded byvithamore691
- physicssUploaded byPaige Tapscott Ridgway
- Sound and Hearing c16Uploaded byhelopo
- lasers and tissuesUploaded bymits sak
- Physic Topic 1 & 2 Topical TestUploaded byGanzxel
- Antonio Ferrera and Alejandra Melfo- Bubble Collisions and Defect Formation in a Damping EnvironmentUploaded byHuntsmith
- Phy 2011 CBSE Question PaperUploaded byPrasun
- AM26Uploaded byBernice Johnson
- 03-DataTransmissionUploaded byGeorge Diaz
- Synchronisation IssuesUploaded byMuddu Krishna Murthy Venkatesh
- Airgap Prediction From Second-Order Diffraction and StokesUploaded byAdiguna Dhana
- Mcq (Pure)(Sp1)Uploaded byHuiming Ong
- Waves_EQ_MSUploaded bynchauhan212
- wave properties revisedUploaded byapi-260139652
- Iit Jam SyllabusUploaded byphoenix0471
- Unit 2 Mechanics, Materials and WavesUploaded byDaisy
- As Physics NotesUploaded byUltramix
- Brunone Hydraulic Transients in Viscoelastic Branched Pipelines 1943-7900 (4)Uploaded byGL Coetzee
- General Wave PropertiesUploaded byDianaa Arniaa Witii
- Class Xi Physics Final PhysicsUploaded byLungmuaNa Rante
- Physics 17 - General Wave Properties.pptxUploaded byHakim Abbas
- JAM Study Plan and TipsUploaded byRajdeep Sarmah
- polarizacion (2)Uploaded byMaya Perucini
- 1st Year 9th ChapterUploaded byImran Shah
- Advanced wave mechanics on a Ripple TankUploaded byHEADPHONE GUY
- 14 - Waves.pdfUploaded byDeewas Pokh
- Waves.pdfUploaded byHasan Nawaz
- case studiesUploaded byPrabu Venkat

- Chemical Thermodynamics Lab 1 ReportUploaded byjeswin354
- Chapter 1 Introduction and Basic ConceptsUploaded byZafirahAhmadFauzi
- sssUploaded byStanley Sibanda
- WAVE (Understanding Wave)Uploaded byIntan Raihana Ma'ribi
- ME4413Uploaded byHeriberto Saldivar Massimi
- Theory of Relativity and Analytic Dynamics Handwritten NotesUploaded byAnees Ur Rehman
- VIPEquivalance of Vakanomic and Nonlinear mechanics.pdfUploaded byChernet Tuge
- Yoshida-symplectic-PLA00.pdfUploaded byspanishram
- historicaldevelopmentoflighttheory-120508004611-phpapp02Uploaded bykikoy20
- Rotating Machinery Vibration - RotodynmicsUploaded bynenganzheng
- Continuity EquationUploaded byFranklin Praveen
- Solution 9Uploaded bypac_man2
- Turbine Design and Application Vol123Uploaded byapi-3827338
- 360 Equi PartitionUploaded byMeisy Radhista
- Wave equationUploaded byKrrish Rastogi
- Final Exam Classical MechanicsUploaded byAmbreen Khan
- Elecdy Finals BrionesUploaded byJonathan Briones Mses Msphy
- Thermodynamics(Obj)Uploaded byPornachandraRao
- Chemical Engineering LawsUploaded byAbhijit More
- Important Question ThermodynamicsUploaded byAbout Facts
- lec34Uploaded byEdwardklaus
- 58103-mt----advanced transport phenomenaUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- Transient Conduction and Lumped Capacitance MethodUploaded byMuhammad Awais
- Quantum Field Theory in Curved SpacetimeUploaded byAdriano Braga Barreto
- Physics - Classical and Quantum ChaosUploaded byJohn Smith
- Lesson 4-A2 PhysicsUploaded byShiu Ping Wong
- ch07Uploaded byRidwan Fauzi
- Term Odin a MikaUploaded byRezaFArtha
- Einstein umsl.pptxUploaded byfaisalphy
- magnetizacionUploaded bybayronportilla

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.