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UNIVERSITY OF EL SALVADOR – SCHOOL OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS – ENGLISH I COURSE

TEACHER: ANGELICA LÓPEZ
CHAPTER: 5 INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS
TYPES OF WAR
WAR TYPE

WAR
EXAMPLES

PERIOD
OF TIME

HEGEMONIC
WAR

World War I

1914-1918

TOTAL WAR

World War II

1939-1945

ACTORS
INVOLVED

States,
INGO's, NGO's

States,
INGO's,

CAUSES

EFFECTS

Among the causes were
political,
territorial
and
economic conflicts among
the great European powers
in the four decades leading
up to the war. Additional
causes were militarism, a
complex web of alliances,
imperialism,
and
nationalism.

Was the drastic political,
cultural, and social change
across Europe, Asia, Africa,
and even in areas outside
those
that
were
directly
involved.
Four
empires
collapsed due to the war, old
countries were abolished, new
ones were formed, boundaries
were redrawn, international
organizations
were
established, and many new
and old ideologies took a firm
hold in people's minds. Also
had the effect of bringing
political
transformation
to
Germany and the United
Kingdom by bringing nearuniversal suffrage.

Among the main long-term, The rise of two superpowers;
were the rise of Italian the Soviet Union (USSR) and

The international community reaffirmed its opposition to offensive war and the United NGO's. The Cold War also saw a nuclear arms race. INGO's. Public Opinion LIMITED WAR Gulf War 1990-1991 States. The Gulf War was the most successful military campaign in American history. the United States of America (US) creating a bipolar world. The causes of the war actually started when Iraq was at war with Iran. political subversion and proxy wars. Japanese militarism and invasions of China in the 1930s.fascism in the 1920s. To support the ending of the war Kuwait financially aided Iraq by lending the country 14 Billion US Dollars. It also place stiff sanctions on Iraq and demanded strict inspection guidelines on Hussein’s weapons programs. Western Europe and Japan were rebuilt through the American Marshall Plan. and especially the takeover in 1933 of Germany by Adolf Hitler and his Nazis. Public Opinion . The two powers but was focused on espionage. NGO's. The world was divided into an USled Western Bloc and a Sovietled Eastern Bloc with some nations trying to stay out of the Cold War through the NonAligned Movement. The conflict demonstrated American power and reaffirmed the international community’s consensus against offensive war. During this war Iran was not only attacking Iraq but also attacking oil tankers from Kuwait at sea too.

NGO's. the Castro government introduced a wide range of progressive social reforms. States. In the 50's Baptista proved INGO's. The peace process set up under the Chapultepec Accords was monitored by the United Nations from 1991 until June 1997 when it closed its special monitoring mission in El Salvador. While Cuba remained plagued by high unemployment and limited water infrastructure. The Cuban Revolution was a crucial turning point in U. Between 1959 and 1980. the new civilian police force. housing. Also had a political transformation by bringing near-universal suffrage. Public Also 41% of the population Opinion owned no land. And the constitution was amended to prohibit the military from playing an internal security role. improve. 500.-Cuban relations. health. and education. Batista antagonized the population forming lucrative links to organized crime and allowing American companies to dominate the Cuban economy. while there were attempts to improve communications. where always fraudulent. medical facilities. created to replace it. NGO's far more dictatorial and indifferent to popular concerns. The elections INGO's. Laws were introduced to provide equality for black Cubans and greater rights for women. They did not prove to be successful because the economic sphere did not States.CIVIL WAR GUERRILLA WAR The Civil War 1980-1992 in El Salvador Cuban Revolution 1953-1959 El Salvador had been under military control since 1931. States emerged as the world’s leading power.000 Cubans left for . During its first decade in power.S.

the United States. DATE: MONDAY JUNE 8TH. 2015 THEORY GROUP: 02 AUTHOR: ASCENCIO AYALA. ALEXANDER ANTONIO ID: AA08041 .