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A system for generating intense fluxes (>>1micro W.m-2) of extremely-low frequency (ELF) radiation, in the range of about 1Hz, is described in this work. It is based on the generation process of cyclotron radiation, and can be used in the research of biological effects of the ELF radiation and also in the therapies that use ELF radiation.

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Fran De Aquino

Maranhao State University, Physics Department, S.Luis/MA, Brazil.

Copyright 2015 by Fran De Aquino. All Rights Reserved.

A system for generating intense fluxes (>>1 W.m-2) of extremely-low frequency (ELF)

radiation, in the range of about 1Hz, is described in this work. It is based on the generation

process of cyclotron radiation, and can be used in the research of biological effects of the ELF

radiation and also in the therapies that use ELF radiation.

Key words: Extremely-Low Frequency Radiation, ELF Transmitter, Cyclotron Radiation.

1. Introduction

2. The System

is the designation for radiation of the lower

extreme of the electromagnetic spectrum

( f << 10kHz ) . ELF radiation has not enough

energy to remove charged particles such as

electrons. Thus, it is called of non-ionizing

radiation. Some sources of ELF radiation include

power lines, household wiring, etc. This means

that people are frequently exposed to ELF

radiation. But the ELF radiation emitted from

these sources has very-low intensity.

The building of ELF transmitters is very

difficult because the length of the antenna is

enormous. In the case of 1Hz the antenna length

must be of the order of 100.000km. However, by

using the process of gravitational redshift at

laboratory scale, shown in a previous paper [1] it

is possible for example, to reduce frequencies

f 1GHz down to ~1Hz. In order to produce a

of the electromagnetic radiation emitted from

a particle with inertial mass m and electrical

charge q that describes a circle with velocity

v , (v << c ) , inside a constant, uniform

magnetic field, B , are given, respectively, by

[2]

qB

(1)

f =

2m

mentioned redshift process, it is necessary an

initial flux with D 10 3 W / m 2 at ~1GHz, what

corresponds to the minimum frequency band of

masers. Unfortunately, this process wastes a lot

of energy.

Here is described a more efficient system

for generating intense fluxes * (>>1 W.m-2) of

ELF radiation, in the range of about 1Hz. It is

based on the generation process of cyclotron

radiation, and can be used in the research of

biological effects of the ELF radiation and also in

the therapies that use ELF radiation.

14

then, considering f ELF = 1Hz and f light 10 Hz ,

14

we get DELF 10 Dlight . An intense flux of

light usually has Dlight > 10 8 watts / m 2 . Thus, a

flux with 1Hz and D ELF > 10 6 watts / m 2 can

be considered intense.

*

I=

2 r 0 q 2 v 2 f

3c

(2)

Cyclotron Radiation.

Now consider the system shown in Fig

1. Basically, it is a parallel plate capacitor,

placed inside a coil, which produces the

magnetic field B . The area of the plates of

the capacitor is A , and the distance between

them is d ; the dielectric is Barium Titanate,

which has a relative permittivity r = 1250

at 20C.

constant of about ~104-106 have been discovered;

CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) has a giant dielectric

constant of up to 105 at room temperature [3, 4].

There have been numerous reports on discovery

of giant dielectric permittivity materials called

internal barrier layer capacitor in the recent years.

One of such materials is BaTiO3 with SiO2

coating [5]. See also [6, 7, 8].

2

Coil

spinning

Metglas

disks

is

2

2

m = n rd n r x , where x is the

Metglas foil

(15 m thick)

r = 1,000,000

Barium titanate

dielectric

Dielectric disk

Metglas disk

(4)

respectively by Eqs. (3) and (4), into Eqs. (1)

and (2) yields

(a)

2.11 m

f =

0.71 m

qB 10 r 0VB

VB

=

= 2.32 1012

2m 2xd

xd

(5)

rd

r

2r 0 q 2 v 2 f 2 2r 0 r 0 AVvf

I=

=

=

d

3c

3c

(b)

Fig.1 - A system for generating intense fluxes

with radius rd above the dielectric (barium

titanate). Each disk is made of dielectric material

with its bottom covered with a Metglas foil

r = 1,000 ,000 ; = 7 ,590 kg .m 3 , which

spins with an angular velocity . Thus, we can

say that the charge q , given by

AV rd f

= 1.0710

d

24

(6)

6kV / mm ),

d = 1mm ,

titanate

is

5

B = 1.29T ,

x = 15 m = 1 .5 10 m ,

4

2

A = 1.5m , = 2.1 10 rad / s (200,000rpm)

and rd = 0.17m the Eqs. (5) and (6) give

f 1Hz

(7)

and

q = q + = r 0 CV = r 0 ( AV d )

(3)

0 = 8.854 10 12 F .m 1 is the permittivity of

the free space; V is the voltage between the

capacitor plate and the Metglas disks ; d is

the distance between the plate and the disks

(See Fig.1).

Note that, in the Metglas disks there

are several holes with radius r in order to

reduce the mass of the Metglas disks.

I 7.67104 W

(8)

I

D = 5104 W.m2

A

(9)

Then, we get

can be used in the therapies using ELF radiation

in the range of about 1Hz and power density

>>1 W.m-2 [9]. Also, it can be used in the

research of biological effects of the ELF

radiation.

3

References

[1] De Aquino, F. (2012) Gravitational Blueshift and

Redshift generated at Laboratory Scale,

http://vixra.org/abs/1208.0239

[2] Landau, L. and Lifchitz, E. (1969) Theorie

du Champ, Ed.MIR, Moscow, Portuguese

version (1974) Ed. Hemus, S.Paulo, p.260.

[3] Subramanian, M. A. et al., (2000) J. Solid State Chem.

151, 323325.

[4] Homes, C. C. et al., (2001) Science, 293, 673676.

[5] Tatsuya I., et al., (2013). The possibility of giant

dielectric materials for multilayer ceramic capacitors,

App. Phys. Lett., 102, 062901.

[6] Wu J, et al., (2002) Giant Dielectric Permittivity

Observed in Li and Ti Doped NiO. Phys Rev Lett. 89:

217601.

[7] Thongbai P, et al., (2008) The sintering temperature

effects on the electrical and dielectric properties of

Li0.05Ti0.02Ni0.93O ceramics prepared by a direct

thermal decomposition method. J Appl Phys. 2008; 104:

074109.

[8] Sarkar. S., et al., (2006) Copper (II) oxide as a giant

dielectric material. Appl Phys Lett. 89: 212905.

[9] De Aquino, F. (2012) Quantum Reversal of Soul Energy

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01129313

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