MECHANICAL

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MECHANICAL

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 4

1.

Gr (Ts T )

4 1

(c) A = 1 4

Nu (Ts T )

1/ 4

4 l

1

N u2

1

=0

4 l

N u1

N u2 =

(4 l ) 2 1 = 0

(4 l ) 2 (1) 2 = 0

2.

3.

4.

(4 l 1)(4 l + 1) = 0

\ l = 3, l = 5

(a) A line integral and a surface integral is connected by

stokes theorem.

(d) At the time of intake, intake valve operates only when

the pressure inside the cylinder is lower than the

atmospheric pressure. And appreciable large pressure

difference at the time of suction starting, causing

fluttering at initial.

At the time of compression, process followed is

polytorpic and continues till pressure exceeds the

delivery line pressure for poening the delivery valve.

(b) Potential energy at A = mg ( l d )

8.

9.

10.

5.

(c)

6.

(c)

s = ut +

1 2

gt

2

h1=

1

1 2

gt1 , and h2 = gt 22

2

2

1/2

t1 h1

Hence =

t2 h2

Apparently ratio of times taken is independent of the

mass of bodies.

1

7.

(c)

Gr 4

Nu =

( Pr )

4

(c)

(c)

(12735.48 N)

Free expansion, D = aa t La + as t Ls

= 11 106 20 1000 + 12 106 20 3000 = 0.94

\

or

11.

PL s

PL a

+

A a E a As E s

(a)

1000

3000

P

+

= 0.94

600 70 1000 300 200 1000

P = 12735.48 N.

\ Frequency of the system,

wd =

1 - x 2 . wn

= 1 - 0.64 100 = 60

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

and u = 0

48

= 24

2

and

Es = 200 1000 N/mm2

\ Change in energy

1

= kx 2 mgx.d

2

1/ 4

1 2

Total energy at B = mg l (d + x ) + kx

2

1

= mgl mg (d + x ) + kx 2 mgl + mgd .

2

30 20

=

180 20

19.

(a)

(c)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(b) Here,

tDBT = 40, tWBT = 20

Water sprayed at temperature = 42

Since,

twater spray > tDBT so heating and humidification.

(c) Degrees of freedom, m = 3 (n 1) 2j1 j2

where n = number of links

j1 = number of single degree of freedom

and j2 = number of two degree of freedom in the

problem

n = 5, j1 = 5, j2 = 0

\ m=2

8

20.

(b)

26.

27.

28.

21.

22.

23.

(c) Order : 2; Degree = 2

Only 2 rows in the determinant is interchanged. By

property, the determinant remain same with opposite sign.

1.214 (m)

Q = A1V1 = A2V2 (Continuity equation)

(V1 - V2 )2

(6.508 - 1.627)

=

= 1.214 m

2 9.81

2g

2 y

+B

2 y

2 y

+C

+

xy

y 2

x

F(x, y, u, p, q) = 0

is parabolic if B2 4AC = 0

Given equation can be written as

2

2

Q

0.115

=

= 6.508 m /s

p

A1

0.32

4

head loss, h f =

24. (a)

1 S

2p m

where, S = stiffness of spring

m = mass suspended

N=

0.115

Q

=

= 1.627 m /s

p

A2

0.32

4

V2 =

V1 =

29.

30.

3 1 1

0 0 2

0 0 0

Rank (A) = 2

(d)

(b)

(c) dQ = du + dw

2000 = du + ( 5000 kJ)

\ du = 3000 kJ.

(a)

(a) Frequency of natural vibration,

N =

31.

(c)

32.

(d) C =

33.

34.

35.

(d)

(a)

1 S / 2 = 1 1 S = N

2p 2 m 2

2 p 2m

(4/8 lit/s)

Apply Bernoulies equation at (1) and (2), we get

p1 v12

p v2

+ z1 = 2 + 2 + z2 + h f

+

lg 2 g

lg 2 g

f

f f

+0

+ - = 0

t

x

x

t 2 t

B2 4AC = 02 4 1 0

=0

\ It is parabolic

Equation is elliptical if B2 4AC < 0

hyperbolic if B2 4AC > 0

2

+0

0 0 -3

25. A = 9 3 5

3 1 1

R1 R3

R2 R2 3R1

3 1 1

0 0 2

0 0 -3

R3 2R3 3R3

0 + 0 + 30 = 0 +

4 flv2 2

v2 2

+0+

d 2g

2g

v2 2 4 .04 1000 v2 2

+

2g

0.6 2 g

or

30 =

or

30 2 g = v2 2 [267.67]

or

v2 2 =

30 2 9.81

267.67

\ v2 = 1/ 48m / sec

Now discharge in pipe,

9

Q = Area velocity

p

p

2

= d 2 v2 = ( 0.6 ) 1.48

4

4

= 0.418 m3/sec or 418 lit/sec

36.

1

1

+

2pr1hi 2pK st

Rt =

p2

=4

p1

ln

r2

1

+

r1 2pKG / am

ln

r3

1

+

-m

r2 2pr3 h0

T1 = 27C = 300K

g = 1.4

T3 = 1000 C = 1273.K

T p

Now, 2 = 2

T1 p1

p

= 2

p1

g-1

g

1.4 -1

1.4

= ( 4)

T2 = 446K

and T3 = p3

T4 p4

37.

g-1

g

r -1

r

p

= 2

p1

r -1

r

In

1

1

+

2 p 9 10 -3 150 2p 400

10

1

+

9 2p 0.75

20

1

+

10 2 p 20 10 -3 5

= 3.18 deg/watt

Hence heat loss per unit length of the pipe

In

ti - to

= R

t

1.4 -1

1.4

= ( 4)

150 - 27

= 38.679 W/m

3.18

Hence total heat loss in one hour per metre length of

the pipe

= 38.679 3600 J/sec-m

= 139.245 kJ/hour-m

Hence rate of steam condensation

=

\ T4 = 856.6 K

Now, 100 = m[1(1273 856.6) 1 (446 300)]

\ m = 0.36kJ/kg

(0.06244) Given, D1 = 20 2 1 = 18 mm

r1 = 9 mm, r2 = 10 mm

D2 = 20 mm

139.245

kg/hr

2230

= 0.06244 kg/hr-m

38. (d)

39. (b)

40. (b) X2 X + I = 0

Multiply by X1

X I + X1 = 0

\ X1 = I X

a

1

1 0

= 0 1 - 2

-a + a - 1 1 - a

hi = 150 W/m2 K

h0 = 5 W/m2 K

-1

1- a

= 2

a - a + 1 a

K st = 400 W/m K

K G / am = 0.075 W/mK

Critical thickness of insulation is given by,

rc =

41. (b)

K

h0

0.075

= .015m = 15 cm

=

5

Hence, r3 = rc + 5 = 20 mm

Total thermal resistance per unit length of the pipe

L{u(t a)}

=

e

0

42. (b)

-st

- as

u ( t - a ) dt = e

s

x n +1 = x n -

f ( xn )

f ( xn )

f(x) = x3 x2 + 4x 4 = 0

10

f' (x) = 3x2 2x + 4

x0 = 2

x1 = x 0 -

f ( x0 )

f (x0 )

50.

( 23 - 22 + 4 ( 2 ) - 4 )

= 2= 2-

48.

49.

(b)

(a) W0 = h0CV 150 = 35.54 kJ/kg

WB = h0CP 100 = 33.165 kJ/kg

(c) Total kinetic energy

= K.E. due to translation

+ K.E. due to rotation

1

1 mr 2 x

3 2

= mx& 2 +

= mx&

2

2 2 r

4

2

3( 2) - 2 (2) + 4

2

8

12

\ x1 =

4

3

Let E be the went of picking one chip from each box such

that product of numbers on chips is even

\ n (E) = (2 5) + (3 3)

= 19

19

25

44. (a) Given (D2 4D + 4) y = 0

f(D) y = 0 where,

f(D) = D2 4D + 4

f(D) = 0

\ D2 4D + 4 = 0

(D 2)2 = 0

\ D = 2, 2

\ yc = (c1 + c2x) e2x

45. Solution : 3.5 m

\ Prob =

s10

51.

52.

Q

(B+ 2) 2

16.57 =

46.

(B+ 2) 2

\ B = 3.5 m

(c) Total discharge = 0.32 + 0.29 = 0.61 m3/s

Design discharge =

47. (c)

0 to 1

Q

0.61

= 0.76 m3/s

=

TF

0.8

3

1

&&& + k .2 xx& = 0

m.2 xx

4

2

3

mx&& + kx = 0

2

wn =

2k

3m

D gh f

2 L

2

3000

= 4.16 Pa

53.

(a) At r = 10 cm,

shear stress, t =

=

54.

55.

t0

r

R

4.16 0.10

= 2.773 Pa

0.15

(d)

(b)

(2 H : 1V)

500

s1 + Ds

C

Sf = H 0 c log w 0 1

1 + e0

s0

0.36

37.2 + Ds

log w

0.120 = 4

1 + 0.92

37.2

\ Ds = 16.57 kPa

d

d 3

1

(T + 0 ) = mx& 2 + kx2 = 0

dt

dt 4

2

= [2 + 2]r

Final settlement,

k

x+

x=0

(b) \ &&

( 3m / 2 )

Ds =

1 2

kx

2

U=

GENERAL APTITUDE

56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

(d)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(b)

(d)

(d)

(b)

(c)

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