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ADAPTIVESIGNALCONTROL

TECHNOLOGY
EddieCurtis,FHWAOfficeofOperations/ResourceCenter
BaltimoreRegionalTrafficSignalForum
May25,2011

Agenda
TheSignalTimingProblem
WhatisASCT
TheBenefitsofASCT
ASCTProgramGoals
ImplementationConsiderations

Accelerating Technology and


Innovation Deployment
WarmMixAsphalt
PrecastBridgeElements
GeosyntheticReinforcedSoil
SafetyEdge
AdaptiveSignalControlTechnology

WhatDoMotoristsWant?
WhydoIhavetowaitwhentheresnobody
elsemoving
Translation:Equitabledistributionofgreentime

CantIjustdrivedownthestreet?
Translation:Progressiondrivingthrough
successivegreens

TraditionalTrafficSignal
TYPICALTrafficSignal
Timing
Timing
VPH (vehicles per hour)

PEAK15Min
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
12:00
AM

AM
2:00
AM

4:00
AM

6:00
AM

8:00
AM

10:00 12:00
AM
PM

2:00
PM

4:00
PM

6:00
PM

8:00
PM

10:00
PM

Time of Day

VariabilityisNormalAndtheProblem
PM Peak Period Demand

PEAK15Min
500

Demand (VPH)

450
SB

400

WBLT

NBLT

350

300NB
EB

WB

250

Time
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TheBigBoxScenario Year1

Year5

Year9

Year10

10

Year13

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WhatisASCT?
AdaptiveSignalControlTechnology

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Delay

SignalTiming&Delay

DoNothing

Complaints

ConstantFineTuning
(ASCT)
PeriodicRetiming

Time(years)
13
Source:CityofAlpharetta

Delay

BenefitsofImproving
SignalTiming

DoNothing

ConstantFineTuning
(ASCT)
PeriodicRetiming

Time(years)
14
Source:CityofAlpharetta

Delay

AdaptiveWithoutPeriodic
Retiming

WOW!!!50%Improvement!!!

Time(years)
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Source:CityofAlpharetta

AdaptiveinaWellTimedSystem

Delay

RetimingCosts

UserCosts

Time(years)
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Source:CityofAlpharetta

BenefitsofASCT
Improvesarterialperformancebymaintaining
theeffectivenessofTrafficSignalTiming
Deliversbetterservicetoroadusers

Bettergreentimedistribution:Minimizescongestion
Smootherflowdownthestreet
Morereliabletraveltimes
Lesstimestopped:Reducedfuelconsumption

Solvesproblemsforoperators
Reducescomplaints
Trackschangesindemand

Providesvalue
Reducesagencycostsformundaneretiming
Reducesroadusercosts
Fewerunexpectedstopsmeanssaferoperation
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ProgramVision
AdaptiveSignalControlTechnology(ASCT)is
utilizedasanoperationsstrategytoimprovethe
performanceoftrafficsignaltimingtoreduce
congestionwheredemandconditionsandagency
capabilitiessupportitsimplementation.

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Goal
ByDecember2012,TheEDC/ASCTtoolsare
usedtoguidetheimplementationor
programmingof40Adaptivecontrolsystems.

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WhataretheTools?
Guidance,Training,TechnicalAssistance
Facilitate
Design
TechnologySelection
Operation&Maintenance
Resources

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WhyTools?

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940.11RuleRequirements
All ITSprojectsmustbedevelopedusinga
SystemsEngineering(SE)analysis
Theanalysisshallbeonascale
commensuratewiththeprojectscope
Seven(7)Requirements

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Vee Model

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Whataremynextsteps?
Imanagealargecity,withover1000traffic
signals,Imconsideringadaptivesignalcontrol
forsomeintersections,buthowdoIdetermine
therightplaceforadaptive?

Imatechnologistandwantto
usethelatestandgreatest.Ijust
heardaboutadaptivecontroland
itsoundsgreat,Iwantone!What
doIdonexttogetit?

Ihaveveryoldtrafficcontrol
system andwithmyrecentgrantI
thinkIcanaffordanewsystem.Is
ittimetoconsideradaptive
control?

Ihavetriedtimeofdaycoordinationandeven
trafficresponsiveplanselection,butIfeellike
therecouldbesomethingbetter.Could
adaptivecontrolbeabettersolution?

Duetonewairqualitystandardsthatareout,I
needtoimprovemynetwork.Isittimeto
consideradaptivecontrol?
Ibeenworkingwithmy
consultant/vendorformanyyearsand
theyhavebeentellingmeaboutnew
adaptivetrafficcontrolsystemsthatI
shouldconsider.Whatlocationswould
bethebestfitforanadaptivecontrol
system?
Iamgettingcallsonacoupleof
myintersectionsandIcannot
solvethecycle/phaseissues.Will
adaptivecontrolhelp?
IhaveacorridorthatIruntimeofday
coordination,butoccasionallydivertingtraffic
overwhelmsthecorridor,couldadaptive
controlprovideabettersolution?

Theplannersaretellingmethatinthenext510years
therewillbea50%growthalongthemaincorridorinthe
city,thecurrenttrafficcontrolsystemwillnothandle
thetrafficbasedonthecurrentcapacity.Isittimeto
consideranadaptivecontrol?

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EDC/ASCTTools
SystemsEngineering
Workshops/TechnicalAssistance CurrentlyAvailable
Guidance June2011
TrainingMarch2012

Planning&FundingASCT
Training August2011

EvaluationMethodologyforAdvancedTrafficSignal
OperationalImprovements
Guidance Jan2012
Training Early2012
ASCTOutreach
Webinar,Showcase,Articles&Information
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LongBeachComparison

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ReadilyAvailableASCT
QuicTrac
Voyage
Multi
criteria
Adaptive
Control

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Important
Considerations

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CapitalInvestment
$8,000 $60,000perintersection
Fixed:
Software

License
Warranty
Support
Configuration
Calibration

Hardware
Control
Equipment
Processors
Devices

Configuration
Setup
Calibration
Updates

Variable:
Detection
Communications

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Operations&Maintenance
Investment
Reactive
ManualDataCollection
OfflineAnalysis&
Modeling
TravelTimeStudies
CitizenComplaints
DetectorFailures
Communications

Proactive

ActiveMonitoring
Adjustment
MaintenanceCritical
Reporting

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