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Theories of Architecture and Urbanism [ARC 3233]

PROJECT PART 2

Analyzing and Theorizing Architecture

STUDENT:

SHARIFAH DIYANA SYED HUSSAIN (1006AH78373)

LECTURER: MS. IDA MAZLAN

INTRODUCTION

Theorizing Architecture

Desa Park City is an upcoming urban development located in Kuala Lumpur.


Covering an area of about 473 acres of prime real estate, it has often been described
as a property goldmine. This is due to the fact that it has seen significant increase in
real estate value. Easy access to roads and major highways, as well as convenience
are some of the factors. It consists of several residential development such as high rise
condominiums, mansions and park homes. A central park is also part of the planning to
provide ample of open space for the society. The concept of the development
embraces the ideal that people want to foster family, neighbourhood, community ties
and values as a means to shape a good society. This provides a sense of place so that
the individual and the family will not be lost in the rapidly expanding metropolis of Kuala
Lumpur city.
Zenia parkhomes in Desa Park City itself offers a comfortable and safe zen-like
atmosphere. Variety of spaces were created to perfectly suit the size of each family.
Gardens were designed to provide a sense of cosiness and tranquillity amongst the
lush landscaping. Communal elevated garden decks allow shared green spaces
between the communities. This is so experiences can be shared together and create a
better society.
From the book Delirious New York, Rem Koolhaas depicts the city as a
metaphor for the incredible variety of human behavior. According to him, there is a
dynamic relationship between architecture and culture of the society. This could either
be implemented on the city grid, public spaces or even the development of
skyscrapers. In one of his writings, he stated that the idea of shopping is the last
remaining form of public activity. He believes that activity greatly influences the urban
architectural environment as the movement and experiences are tied to the location
itself especially in todays society. His theory on the idea of shopping as a form of
public activity, provides a gathering area for the society. This creates movement and
experiences between the spaces. This theory can also be seen between the Zenia park
homes, as it proposes parks in between houses to create a friendly community and
shared experiences.

ARC3233 Theories of Architecture and Urbanism

Theorizing Architecture

CLIMATE
Malaysia is known to be a tropical climate country with average temperature,
high humidity and heavy rainfall. Various design strategies had been applied into the
building to accommodate the climatic issues.
The building is aligned in a North South direction to avoid the facade with
openings from being directly exposed to the sunlight. Proper placement of openings
and windows allows natural sunlight to pass through the building and illuminating the
interior spaces. This reduces the consumption of artificial lighting. The surrounding
greeneries acts as a natural shading device to reduce high intensity of sunlight passing
through. This also helps to create different experience on light and shadows. The
orientation of the building also plays an important role in catching enough prevailing
wind to provide natural ventilation by balancing the humidity of interior spaces and
draw heat out of the building. By doing so, this provides thermal comfort to users as
well as minimizing energy consumed by mechanical systems.
Another design strategy that was applied was the implementation of green
spaces. Private gardens and communal gardens were provided to not only enhance
the sensual experiences of users with nature but to aid in reducing the surrounding
temperature. The surrounding greeneries helps in reducing the heat island effect,
whereby it cools down the temperature to an optimum level for the users. Water
features were also part of the design strategies which provides a cooling effect and
maintaining the humidity and temperature of the surrounding.

ARC3233 Theories of Architecture and Urbanism

Theorizing Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL THEORY (PUBLIC SPACE)


Public spaces are generally open and accessible to people. It can either be in a
larger context or in private buildings. It provides a gathering place whereby social
activities can be carried out. In Desa Park City, a public space that can be found is the
Central Park which is located in the middle surrounded by residential areas. This allows
the neighbourhood to promote social interaction and develop a sense of community.
Zenia Parkhomes were also designed with public spaces in mind. This is to
allow shared experiences between the communities and provide a sense of belonging.
The placing of elevated garden decks in between two rows of housing lots creates a
connectivity between the users and the spaces itself. The sharing of the garden space
allows users to interact with one another and further enhance the society.
Private gardens were also provided as a sense of separation. This provides the
users with some degree of privacy to enjoy their open space. However the communal
gardens are located right beside the private gardens. This is to create a connectivity
through visual and instill a sense of belonging between the two separate spaces.

SOCIO CULTURE
Socio culture is a set of practices and behaviour that exists within a population.
It is important to generate spaces that encourages the communication and cooperation
between the users of public spaces. Architecture should be able to adapt and response
to the needs of the society. This is to provide a sustainable way of living.
In the development of the Desa Park City, public spaces such as a clubhouse
and central parks are provided. This is to create different activities that can be shared
between the neighbourhoods. It helps in forming a better community in the future. In a
smaller scale, Zenia Parkhomes also offers spaces such as communal gardens
whereby users can have shared experience and interact with one another. This
enhances the society of that particular place.

CONCLUSION
ARC3233 Theories of Architecture and Urbanism

Theorizing Architecture

Public spaces are known to be a gathering spot that helps in promoting social
interactions and creating a sense of community within the neighbourhood. Spaces that
may be included are open spaces such as gardens, parks, common areas as well as
public spaces within the private buildings. It is important to identify the characteristics of
the public space as to how it creates a connection to the society. The location of the
spaces are as equally important in order to accommodate the users. The design of the
public spaces should also have features that are visually interesting for the users to
experience. Therefore a public space should reflect well to the local culture and society
for it to be a successful space.
According to Rem Koolhaas, he believes that the activities itself play an
important role towards the public space. The experiences created are tied to the
location whereby it creates a movement between the spaces. This theory of his is well
incorporated in the Zenia Parkhomes. The different types of public spaces provided
creates different sets of experience for the users. Different activities are carried out at
each of the spaces which can be shared experiences. This helps in promoting a sense
of community between the users just as how Rem Koolhaas would have wanted.

REFERENCES

ARC3233 Theories of Architecture and Urbanism

Theorizing Architecture
5

Books

by

Rem

Koolhaas.

(n.d.).

Retrieved

from

http://www.designersandbooks.com/blog/5-books-rem-koolhaas

An

Introduction

to

Desa

Parkcity.

(n.d.).

Retrieved

from

http://www.iproperty.com.my/city/Desa_Parkcity

Characteristics and Guidelines of Great Public Spaces. (n.d.). Retrieved from


https://www.planning.org/greatplaces/spaces/characteristics.htm

Desa ParkCity - The Best Place to Live in Kuala Lumpur. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.desaparkcity.com/neighbor/completed/zenia

THE SOCIO-CULTURAL FUNCTION OF ARCHITECTURE EDUCATION THROUGH


SPACE AND THE SPACE OF EDUCATION THE SCHOOLS FOR TOMORROW CASE-STUDY ANALYSIS. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://sgem.org/sgemlib/spip.php?
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ARC3233 Theories of Architecture and Urbanism

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