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LIST OF IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR USES

NB: (Fam - Family, T - Tree, H - Herb, C - Climber, S- shrub)


Plant

Common name / Maturity period

Botanical Name or Family

Parts Used

Average Price( Rs. /


Kg )

Medicinal Use

Amla ( T )After 4th year

Emblica officinalis
Fam - euphorbiaceac

Fruit

Rs 15 - 45/kg

Vitamin - C, Cough , Diabetes, cold, Laxativ,


hyper acidity.

Ashok ( T )10 years onward

Saraca Asoca
Fam : Caesalpinanceac

Bark Flower

Dry Bark Rs 125/kg

Menstrual Pain, uterine, disorder, Deiabetes.

Aswagandha ( H ), One year

Withania Somnifera
Fam: Solanaccac

Root, Leafs

Rs 140/ Kg

Restorative Tonic, stress, nerves disorder,


aphrodiasiac.

Bael / Bilva (T)After 4-5 year

Aegle marmelous
Fam: Rutaccac

Fruit, Bark

Fruit - Rs 125 / kg
Pulp - Rs 60 / Kg

Diarrrhoea, Dysentry, Constipation.

Bhumi Amla ( H), with in one year

Phyllanthous amarus
Fam : euphorbiaccac

Whole Plant

Rs 40 / Kg

Aenimic, jaundice, Dropsy.

Brahmi ( H ) Indian penny worth/one


year

Bacopa,Monnieri
Fam: Scrophulariaccac

Whole plant

Rs 20 per kg

Nervous, Memory enhancer,mental disorder.

Chiraita ( high altituted) with in one year Swertia Chiraita


(H)
Fam : Gentianaccac

Whole Plant

Rs 300-350 / per kg

Skin Desease, Burning, censation, fever.

Gudmar / madhunasini, after Four year


(C)

Gymnema Sylvestre
Fam: Asclepiadaccac

Leaves

Rs 50 -75 per kg

Diabetes, hydrocil, Asthama.

Guggul ( T)after 8 years

Commiphora Wightii
Fam: burseraccac

Gum rasine

Rs 80 - 100 per kg

Rheuma tised, arthritis, paralysis, laxative.

Guluchi / Giloe ( C )With in one year

Tinospora CordifoliaFam

Stem

Rs 20 - 25 per kg

Gout, Pile, general debility, fever, Jaundice.

Calihari / panchanguliaGlori Lily Five


years

Gloriosa superba
Fam: Liliaccac

Seed, tuber

Rs 60

Skin Desease, Labour pain, Abortion, General


debility.

Kalmegh/ Bhui neem ( H ) with in one


year

Andrographis PaniculataFam :
scanthaccac

Whole Plant

Rs 12 - 20

Fever, weekness, release of gas.

Long peeper / Pippali ( C ) after two to


three years

Peeper longum
Fam : Piperaccac

Fruit, Root

Rs 100 - 150 per kg


Root - 150 per kg

Appetizer, enlarged spleen , Bronchities,


Cold, antidote.

Makoi ( H )Kakamachi/ With in one year

Solanum nigrum
Fam: Solanaccac

Fruit/whole plant

Rs 40 per kg
Seed - 200 per kg

Dropsy, General debility,Diuretic, anti


dysenteric.

Pashan Bheda / Pathar Chur ( H )One


year

Coleus barbatus
Fam : Lamiaccac

Root

Rs 40-50 per kg

Kidny stone, Calculus.

Sandal Wood ( T )Thirty years onward

Santalum Album
Fam: santalinaccac

Heart wood , oil

Rs 350 per kg

Skin disorder, Burning, sensation, Jaundice,


Cough.

Sarpa Gandha ( H )After 2 year

Ranwolfia Serpentina
Fam: apocynaccac

Root

Root - Rs 60 per kg
Seed - Rs 300 per kg

Hyper tension, insomnia.

Satavari ( C )After 2-3 year

Asparagus Racemosus
Family: liliaccac

Tuber, root

Rs 20 -50 per kg

Enhance lactation, general weekness,


fatigue, cough.

Senna ( S )With in 1 year

Casia augustifolia
Fam: Liliaceae

Dry Tubers

Rs 500/kg seed
Rs1200/kg dry

Rheumatism, general debility tonic,


aphrodisiac.

Tulsi (perennial) Each 3 months

Ocimum sanclum
Fam: Lamiaccac

Leaves/Seed

Leaves Rs 10/kg

Cough, Cold, bronchitis,expectorand.

Vai Vidanka ( C ), 2nd year onward

Embelia Ribes
Fam: Myrsinaccac

Root, Fruit, Leaves

Rs 40-50 per kg

Skin disease, Snake Bite, Helminthiasis.

Pippermint ( h) Perennial

Mentha pipertia
Fam:Lamiaccac

Leaves, Flower, Oil

Digestive, Pain killer.

Henna/Mehdi ( S ) 1/25 years

Lawsennia iermis
Fam: lytharaceae

Leaf,Flower, Seed

L - 50 /kgPowder-Rs75
perkg

Burning, Steam, Anti Imflamatary.

Gritkumari ( H) 2nd-5th yr

Aloe Verra
Fam: Liliaceae

Leaves

Fresh L- Rs 5 kgJuice 90 Laxative, Wound healing, Skin burns &


Per Kg
care,Ulcer.

Sada Bahar ( H ) Periwinkle/Nyantara

Vincea rosea/
catharanthusRoseus
Fam :apocyanace

Whole Plant

R-Rs50 per kgL- Rs 25S- Leaukamia, Hypotensiv, Antispasmodic ,


Rs 10 kg
Atidot.

Vringraj ( H )

Eclipta alba
Fam: Compositae

Seed/whole

Powder-Rs 60/kg

Anti-inflamatory, Digestive, hairtonic.

Swet chitrak
Perennial ( h )

Plumbago Zeylanica
Fam: Plumbaginaceae

Root, Rootbar

Appetiser, Antibacterial, Aticacer.

Rakta Chitrak ( H )

Plumbago Indica
Fam : plumbaginaceae

Root, Root bar

Indyspeipsia, colic, imflammation, cough.

Kochila ( T )15 yrs

Strychinos nuxvomica
Fam: loganiaceae

Seed

Nervous, Paralysis, healing wound.

Harida ( T )

Terminalia Chebula
Fam: Combretaceae

Seed

Rs. 80 per K
Powder

Trifala, wound ulcer, leprosy, inflammation,


Cough.

Bahada (T)

TerminaliaBellerica
Fam:comretaceae

Seed, Bark

Fruit - Rs 20/k
Powder- Rs 100/k

Cough, Insomnia, Dropsy, Vomiting, Ulcer,


Trifala.

Gokhur ( H ) CrawlingPuncture Vine/1 yr

Tribulus Terrestris
Fam: Lygophyllaceae

Whole Plant

Plant-Rs 10/K
Fruit -Rs 15/k

Sweet cooling, Aphrodisiac, appetizer,


Digestive, Urinary.

Neem ( T )

Azardirchata - indica
Fam : Mahaceae

Rhizome

Rs 45/k

Sdedative, analgesic, epilepsy, hypertensive.

Anantamool/sariva ( S )Indian Sarap


sarilla

Hemibi smus Indicus


Fam: Asclepiadaceae

Root/ Leaf

Rs 45/k root
Rs 90/kPowder

Appetiser, Carminative, aphrodisiac,


Astringent.

Bach ( H )
Sweet Flag/1 yr

Acorus Calamus
Fam : araceae

Rhizome

Rs 45/K

Sdedative, analgesic, tpilepsy, hypertensive.

Vasa ( S )

Adhatoda vesica
Fam : Sacanthaceae

Whole Plant

Leaf - Rs 25/ k

Antispasmodic, respiratory, Stimulant.

Nageswar ( T ) Nag Champa

Mesua Ferrea
Fam : Guttiferae

Bark, Leaf, Flower

Flower - Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k

Asthma, Skin, Burning, Vomiting, Dysentry,


Piles.

Benachar ( S ) Khus/khus

Vetiveria Ziziinoides
Fam : Toaceae / Graminae

Root

Flower - Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k

Hyperdisia, Burning, ulcer, Skin, Vomiting.

Mandukparni ( H )
Indianpennywort

Centella asiatica
Fam : Umdelliferae

Whole plant

Antiinflamatory, Jundice, Diuretic, Diarrhoea.

Kaincha/CreeperBaidanka

Mucuna Truriens
Fam : Fabaceae

Root, Hair, Seed, Leaf

Nervous, Disorder, Constipation, Nephroaphy,


Strangury, Dropsy.

Dalchini
Perenial Shrub

Cinnamomum Zeylanicum
Fam : Lauraceae

Bark, Oil

Bronchitis, Asthma, Cardiac, Disorder, Fever.

Kurai ( S )

Holorheena antidysentrica
Fam:apocyaceaceae

Bark, Seed

Scabies, Antipyretic, Amoibic dysentery.

Kantakari / AkrantiPerennial ( H )

Solanum Xanthocarpum
Fam : Solanaceae

Whole Plant, Fruit, Seed

Diuretic, Antiinflamatory, Appetiser,


Stomachic.

Common Names
Bergamot Oil
Botanical Name
Citrus bergamia
Family
RUTACEAE

bergamot fruit
Buy Bergamot Oil Essential

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF BERGAMOT OIL


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Aromatherapy Oil |

Medicinal Uses: * Anxiety * Aromatherapy * Candida/yeast * Depression * Digestion * Herpes/Cold Sores * Sore Throat

Properties: * Analgesic * Antibacterial * Antiperspirant/Deodorants * Antispasmodic * Cicatrisant * Digestive * Febrifuge * Sedative * Skin
tonic * Vermifuge * Vulnerary

Parts Used: Oil expressed from peel

Constituents: linalyl acetate, bergamotine, beraptene, d-limonene, linalool

HOW TO USE: BERGAMOT


Preparation Methods & Dosage : Use the oil in massage blends, aroma lamps, and baths. Along with neroli and lavender it is one of the principal
ingredients in the classic Eau-de-Cologne.

Common Names
Acacia , Gum Arabic, Cassie flower, Catechu, Egyptian thorn
Botanical Name
Acacia senegal
Family
FABACEAE

Acacia seyal Tbingen, botanic


gardens
Buy Acacia (Gum Arabic) Powder

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF ACACIA


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Cuts & Wounds * Sore Throat

Properties: * Astringent * Demulcent * Emollient

Parts Used: resin

Constituents: complex polysaccharides and protein - arabinogalactan

HOW TO USE: ACACIA


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Add acacia gum to homemade creams and lotions to stabilize and improve texture. Also used in aromatherapy as a
resin and carrier for essential oils.

Common Names
Comfrey Leaf and root
Botanical Name
Symphytum officinale
Syn. Symphytum uplandica x
Family
BORAGINACEAE

Comfrey spring flowers


Buy Comfrey Leaf and root Salve

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF COMFREY LEAF AND ROOT


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Bruises/sprains * Cuts & Wounds * Eczema * Gastritis/ulcer * Skin Care * Sore Throat * Sunburns

Properties: * AntiCancer * Antioxidant * Astringent * Demulcent * Emollient * Expectorant * Vulnerary

Parts Used: root, leaves

Constituents: tannin, rosmarinic acid, allantoin, steroidal saponins, mucilage, inulin, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, gum, carotene, glycosides,
sugars, beta-sitosterol, triterpenoids, vitamin b-12, protein, zinc.

HOW TO USE: COMFREY


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Comfrey leaf is taken as a tea, if you have access to fresh leaves, you can use them as a poultice or skin wash.
Comfrey root is infused in oils and used in salves for healing skin. Comfrey salves, ointments and teas are best known for the topical treatment of burns,
skin ulcerations, abrasions, lacerations, flea and insect bites, and just about any skin irritation. Fresh leaves can be applied to bruises, fractures, sprains,
and other injuries. Compresses are an simple and fast way to use the healing power of comfrey on troubled skin. Soak a clean cloth in a strong decoction
of the root or leaf. Apply directly to the affected skin area.

Common Names
Bacopa , Water hyssop, Brahmi
Botanical Name
Bacopa monnieri
Family
PLANTAGINACEAE

Bacopa monnieri
credit :Forest & Kim Starr
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MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF BACOPA


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Ayurvedic * Memory/Focus

Properties: * Nervine

Parts Used: aerial parts, root

Constituents: brahmine, nicotine, and herpestine, bacoside, triterpenoid saponins, glycosides, and phenylethnoid glycosides

HOW TO USE: BACOPA


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Often found in commercial formulas to treat memory symptoms. The dried herb can be used as a tea, extract, and is
sometimes found as a culinary spice in Asian cuisine.

Common Names
Oregano , Wild Marjoram
Botanical Name
Origanum vulgare
Family
LAMIACEAE

Buy Oregano Leaf, Oil, Spices & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF OREGANO


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Aromatherapy Oil | Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Culinary/Kitchen * Cuts & Wounds * Facial Care * Headache/Migraine * Lupus

Properties: * Anodyne * Antibacterial * AntiCancer * Antioxidant * Antispasmodic * AntiViral * Aromatic * Carminative * COX-2 Inhibitor *
Diaphoretic/sudorific * EFA * Emmenagogue * Nervine * Rubefacient * Stimulant

Parts Used: leaves, stems, essential oil

Constituents: carvacrol, thymol, limonene, pinene, ocimene, caryophyllene, rosmarinic acid

Oregano oil has a spicy, medicinal aroma and is the most potent anti-bacterial oil used in aromatherapy. 68 Dilute this oil well before using in any
massage blends or lotions. Blend it with lemon and cinnamon to cleanse the air in cold and flu.

HOW TO USE: OREGANO


Preparation Methods & Dosage : Oregano tea made from the fresh plant will relieve nervous headache or upset stomach. The leaves can also be used
in poultices to reduce pain and swelling. Oregano extracts provide the same benefits of the whole herbs in a concentrated, easy to use form, as does the

essential oil. A few drops of oregano oil can be put in the hollow of an aching tooth to relieve pain. Sweet majoram, Origanum marjorana , has a more
delicate flavor and aroma.

Common Names
Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot , Scarlet
Monarda, Oswego Tea, Bergamot,
Horsebalm
Botanical Name
Monarda didyma
Family
LAMIACEAE

Wild bergamot

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF BEE BALM, WILD BERGAMOT


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Culinary/Kitchen


Properties: * Analgesic * Antibacterial * Antifungal * Antioxidant * Carminative *
Emmenagogue

Parts Used: leaves, aerial plant

Constituents: thymol, carvacrol, rosemarnic acid

In the Kitchen: The colorful blossoms have a strong minty flavor and best
used sparingly. Separate the petals from the main head to scatter over fruit
salads for an edible garnish.

HOW TO USE: BEE BALM


Preparation Methods & Dosage :The fresh or dried leaf, stem and flowers can be made into an
alcohol or glycerin tincture. The dried plant can be infused and made into skin and eyewashes, and
herb teas.

Common Names
Castor Oil
Botanical Name
Ricinus communis
Family
EUPHORBIACEAE

Ricinus communis - Castor plant


Buy Castor Oil

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF CASTOR OIL


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Arthritis * Bruises/sprains * Constipation * Fibromyalgia * Nerve/Back


Pain * Pain Relief * Parasites/worms

Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Antirheumatic * Antiscrofulous * Cathartic * Emollient *


Febrifuge * Galactagogue * Parturient * Purgative * Vermifuge * Vulnerary

Parts Used: Seed oil

Constituents: alpha-tocopherol,chlorogenic-acid, gamma-tocopherol , ricinoleic-acid

Ayurvedic Medicine Castor oil is pungent and sweet with a heating energy and is applied in oil packs
and massage oils for pain relief.

HOW TO USE: CASTOR


Preparation Methods & Dosage :For constipation, follow package directions, starting with the smallest dosage for your body weight and age. It takes
up to 12 hours to work. Not for extended

periods. Externally castor oil can be applied directly to the skin, and is

commonly used in conjunction with heat packs for lower back pain.

Common Names
Ginkgo biloba
Botanical Name
Ginkgo biloba L.
Family
GINKGOACEAE
Ginkgo leaves
Buy Ginkgo biloba Herb & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF GINKGO BILOBA


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Allergies * Alopecia/baldness * Asthma *


Bronchitis * Chinese * Circulation * Eyes/Vision * Libido * Longevity Tonics * Memory/Focus *
Varicose Veins

Properties: * Anti-inflammatory * AntiCancer * Antioxidant *


Antitussive * Astringent * Cardiac tonic Cordial * Tonic * Vasodilator * Vermifuge

Parts Used: Leaves and Nuts

Constituents: gibberellin, cytokinin-like substances, ginkgolic


acid, bilobol, ginnol, aspartine, calcium

Cautions: Birch leaf is a powerhouse diuretic and helps to eliminate any


fluid buildup in the system rather quickly. Use with caution if you have
any kidney trouble
Ingredients:
1 part Birch leaf
1 part Ginkgo leaf
1 part red clover leaf/flower
Ginkgo * * Birch *
Recipe Instructions: Herbal Tea : Use 1 tablespoon of herbal blend to
each cup of heated water. Infuse about 10 to 15 minutes, or until cool
enough to drink. 2 to 3 cups a day., one or two days a week.

HOW TO USE: GINKGO


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Ginkgo can be taken in tincture, teas,and capsules. Make ginkgo
tea as an infusion.

Common Names
Passion Flower
Botanical Name
Passiflora incarnata
Family
PASSIFLORACEAE

Buy Passion Flower Herb Teas & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF PASSION FLOWER


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Addiction * Alcoholism * Anxiety * Candida/yeast * Hypertension*


Nerve/Back Pain * Nerve/Back Pain * Sleep/Insomnia * Stop Smoking

Properties: * Analgesic * Purgative * Sedative

Parts Used: Dried leaves and stems.

Constituents: apigenin and luteolin glycosides, vitexin, isovitexin and their c-glycosides,
kaempferol, quercetin, and rutin; indole alkaloids (0.010.09%), mainly harman, harmaline, harmine;
coumarin derivatives; cyanogenic glucosides (gynocardin); fatty acids (linoleic and linolenic); gum;
maltol; phytosterols (stigmasterol); sugars (sucrose); and a trace of volatile oil

HOW TO USE: PASSION FLOWER

Common Names
Ginseng root , Ren-shen, X-yang-shen,
Asian ginseng, Korean ginseng
Botanical Name
Panax ginseng
Family
ginseng roots

ARALIACEAE

Preparation Methods & Dosage :Passionflower can be brewed into teas, made into tinctures, or
encapsulated. Makes a great addition to bath blends. Passionflower is combined with hawthorn as a
cardiotonic, and with lemon balm, Valerian, and St. Johns wort for sedative teas.

Buy Ginseng root Capsules & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF GINSENG ROOT


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Alcoholism * Chinese * Fatigue * Immune * Libido * Longevity Tonics *


Memory/Focus * Stress

Properties: * Adaptogens * Anodyne * Circulation * Immunostimulant * Stimulant * Tonic

Parts Used: root

Constituents: hormone-like saponins, (ginsenosides), volatile oil, sterols, starch, sugars,


pectin, vitamins bl, b2 and b12, choline, fats, minerals
^ Top^

HOW TO USE: GINSENG


Preparation Methods & Dosage : Ginseng is often taken for a month at a time, alternating with a
two week rest period. Ginseng powder can be taken in teas, added to soft drinks, or even used in
cooking soups. Ginseng roots are also used as extracts, and in capsule supplements.

Common Names
Argemone - Prickly Poppy , Mexican
Poppy, bluestem
Botanical Name
Argemone mexicana
Syn. A. albiflora

Argemone mexicana

Family
PAPAVERACEAE

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF ARGEMONE - PRICKLY POPPY


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Properties: * Analgesic * Psychedelic

Argemone - Prickly Poppy Side Effects: A. mexicana seeds contain 2236% of a pale yellow
non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and
dihydrosanguinarine.
^ Top^

HOW TO USE: ARGEMONE - PRICKLY POPPY


Preparation Methods & Dosage :The seeds are smoked, the seed oil is used in topical applications,
the whole fresh plant can be made into a tincture

Common Names
Aloe Vera Gel
Botanical Name
Aloe vera
Syn. Aloe barbadensis
Family
LILIACEAE

Aloe cactus plant


Buy Aloe Vera Gel

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF ALOE VERA GEL


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Acne * Ayurvedic * Beauty * Burns * Constipation * Cuts & Wounds *
Facial Care * Insect/flea Bites * Pet * Skin Care * Sunburns * Wrinkles

Properties: * Analgesic * Anti-inflammatory * Antibacterial * Antifungal * AntiViral *


Cathartic * Depurative * Emollient

Parts Used: Juice of the inner leaf

Constituents: amino acids, anthraquinones, enzymes, hormones, lignin, minerals

HOW TO USE: ALOE


Preparation Methods & Dosage :The freshest aloe is of course, from your own plant. Apply aloe gel
directly to skin for cooling relief to dry, itchy skin, minor burns and rashes. Commercial aloe skin care
products (containing stabilized aloe) rarely, if ever, pack the therapeutic punch of fresh aloe because
they no longer contain any tannins, and are mostly adulterated with alcohol. You can also incorporate
aloe in homemade lotions, and use it as a carrier for essential oils. Add a few drops of Chamomile
and/or Lavender oil for burns and scalds.

Common Names
Borage Seed Oil
Botanical Name
Borago officinalis
Family
BORAGINACEAE
Borago officinalis - flower
Buy Borage Seed Oil & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF BORAGE SEED OIL


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Eczema * Lupus * Psoriasis * Rheumatoid_arthritis * Skin Care


Properties: * Anti-inflammatory * Antioxidant * Depurative * Diuretic * EFA * Emollient*
Galactagogue * Nervine

Parts Used: seed oil, leaves,flowers


Constituents: mucilage, tannin, essential oil, potassium, calcium, pyrroli-zioline alkaloids,
rosemarnic acid

HOW TO USE: BORAGE


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Borage oil may be taken as a supplement, mixed into food, or used
in topical applications as an additive in a 10% ratio with other base oils. This oil should not be heated,
and must be used cold to retain health benefits. The young leaves can be used fresh in salads, cooked
like spinach, or infused as a tea. The flowers can be candied, or added to teas.

Common Names
Boneset , Common Thorough wort,
Agueweed, Indian Sage
Botanical Name
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Great Golden Digger Wasp feeding on
Boneset

Family
ASTERACEAE

Buy Boneset Herb Leaf & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF BONESET


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Bronchitis * Colds * Flu * Immune

Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Anti-inflammatory * Antibacterial * AntiCancer *


Bitter * Cathartic * Depurative * Diaphoretic/sudorific * emetic * Febrifuge * Immunostimulant *
Nervine

Parts Used: Aerial parts

Constituents: flavonoids (including quercetin, kaempferol, rutin and eupatorin), terpenoids


(including sesquiterpene lactones), volatile oil, resin

HOW TO USE: BONESET


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Whole herb in capsules, teas, and tinctures. Boneset tea is very
bitter.

Common Names
Devil's Claw , grapple plant, wood spider
Botanical Name
Harpagophytum procumbens
Family
PEDALIACEAE

Buy Devil's Claw Chopped Root, Powder, Capsules & Extracts

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF DEVIL'S CLAW


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Cardiovascular * Fibromyalgia * Gout * Liver * Lupus * Pain Relief *


Rheumatoid_arthritis

Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Anti-inflammatory * AntiCancer * Bitter * Cardiac tonic


Cordial

Parts Used: tuberous root

Constituents: aluminum, calcium, chlorogenic acid, chromium, harpagide, kaempferol,


luteolin, magnesium, oleanolic acid, selenium, tin, zinc

HOW TO USE: DEVILS CLAW


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Drink a strong decoction of Devil's claw once a day for slow but
steady relief of joint pain caused by both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, sports injuries and
muscle pain. Also found in encapsulated and tincture forms.

Common Names
Castor Oil
Botanical Name
Ricinus communis
Family
EUPHORBIACEAE

Ricinus communis - Castor plant


Buy Castor Oil

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF CASTOR OIL


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden|

Medicinal Uses: * Arthritis * Bruises/sprains * Constipation * Fibromyalgia * Nerve/Back


Pain * Pain Relief * Parasites/worms

Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Antirheumatic * Antiscrofulous * Cathartic * Emollient *


Febrifuge * Galactagogue * Parturient * Purgative * Vermifuge * Vulnerary

Parts Used: Seed oil

Constituents: alpha-tocopherol,chlorogenic-acid, gamma-tocopherol , ricinoleic-acid

HOW TO USE: CASTOR


Preparation Methods & Dosage :For constipation, follow package directions, starting with the
smallest dosage for your body weight and age. It takes up to 12 hours to work. Not for extended
periods. Externally castor oil can be applied directly to the skin, and is commonly used in conjunction
with heat packs for lower back pain.

Common Names
Rue , Herb of Grace
Botanical Name
Ruta graveolens L.
Family
RUTACEAE

rue leaves and flowers


Buy Rue Herb

MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF RUE


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Culinary/Kitchen * Eyes/Vision * Headache/Migraine * Insect Repellent *


Nerve/Back Pain * Varicose Veins

Properties: * Abortifacient * Analgesic * AntiCancer * Antispasmodic * Aromatic * Bitter*


Emmenagogue * Nervine * Rubefacient * Vermifuge

Parts Used: Whole Herb

Constituents: essential oil: limonene, pinene, cineol: rutin

HOW TO USE: RUE

Preparation Methods & Dosage :Dried leaves can be used in teas, fresh leaves can be used in poultices. Chew a
fresh leaf to dispel a headache. Use only very small amounts, and only on occasion. The essential oil is poisonous,
and should never be ingested. Grow rue to help ward off pests from invading your garden.

Common Names
Witch Hazel , Spotted Alder,
Winterbloom, Snapping Hazelnut
Botanical Name
Hamamelis virginiana
Family

Winter flowering Witch Hazel flowers


HAMAMELIDACEAE
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MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF WITCH HAZEL


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Folklore

Medicinal Uses: * Beauty * Burns * Cuts & Wounds * Eczema * Eyes/Vision * Hemorrhoids *
Insect/flea Bites * Psoriasis * Skin Care * Sunburns * Varicose Veins

Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Anti-inflammatory * AntiCancer * Astringent * Refrigerant *


Styptic * Vulnerary

Parts Used: Bark, leaves


Constituents: tannin (up to 10% in the leaf, consisting mainly of gallotannins, also condensed

HOW TO USE: WITCH HAZEL


Preparation Methods & Dosage :External applications. Use as a skin wash, facial astringent, or in a
compress. Freeze in a Styrofoam cup to treat insect bites in summer. For puffy eyes use a compress of
witch hazel on closed eyes for 15 minutes while relaxing.

Common Names
Pine , Scots Pine
Botanical Name
Pinus sylvestris
Family
PINACEAE
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MEDICINAL USES & BENEFITS OF PINE


How to Use| Side Effects | Plant & Garden| Aromatherapy Oil |

Medicinal Uses: * Aromatherapy * Arthritis * Christmas * Circulation * Colds * Congestion *


Gout * Pain Relief * Rheumatoid_arthritis

Properties: * Analgesic * Anodyne * Antibacterial * AntiCancer * Appetite


Depressant/Obesity * Aromatic * Depurative

Parts Used: Needles

Constituents: bornyl acetate, cadinene, dipentene, phellandrene, pinene, sylvestrene

HOW TO USE: PINE


Preparation Methods & Dosage :Most often used as an essential oil, pine is used in aroma lamps to
clear congestion and disinfect the air and surfaces. Pine oil is also used, well diluted, in massage oil
blends.