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Article: 175 Establishment and jurisdiction

of Courts
175. Establishment and jurisdiction of courts.(1) There shall be a Supreme Court of Pakistan, a High
Court for each Province 1[and a High Court for the Islamabad Capital Territory] and such other courts
as may be established by law.
[Explanation.Unless the context otherwise requires, the words High Court wherever
occurring in the Constitution shall include Islamabad High Court.]
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(2) No court shall have any jurisdiction save as is or may be conferred on it by the Constitution or by or
under any law.
(3) The Judiciary shall be separated progressively from the Executive within 2[fourteen] years from
the commencing day3[:]
[Provided that the provisions of this Article shall have no application to the trial of persons
under any of the Acts mentioned at serial No. 6, 7, 8 and 9 of sub-part III of Part I of the First
Schedule, who claims, or is known, to belong to any terrorist group or organization using the
name of religion or a sect.
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Explanation : In this proviso, the expression sect means a sect of religion and does not include
any religious or political party regulated under the Political Parties Order, 2002.]

Article: 175A Appointment of Judges to the


Supreme Court, High Court and Federal
Shariat Court.
[175A. Appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Federal Shariat Court.
(1) There shall be a Judicial Commission of Pakistan, hereinafter in this Article referred to as
the Commission, for appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Federal
Shariat Court, as hereinafter provided.
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(2) For appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court, the Commission shall consist of

(i)

Chief Justice of Pakistan;

Chairman

(ii)

(iii)

a former Chief Justice or a former Member


Judge of the Supreme Court
of Pakistan to be nominated by the
Chief
Justice
ofPakistan,
in

[four]most senior Judges of the Members


Supreme Court;

consultation with the [four]member


Judges, for a period of two years:
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(iv)

Federal Minister for Law and Justice; Member

(v)

Attorney-General for Pakistan; and

(vi)

a Senior Advocate of the Supreme Member


Court
of Pakistan nominated
by
the PakistanBar Council for a term of
two years.

Member

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (1) or clause (2), the President shall appoint
the most senior Judge of the Supreme Court as the Chief Justice of Pakistan.
(4) The Commission may make rules regulating its procedure.
(5) For appointment of Judges of a High Court, the Commission in clause (2) shall also include
the following, namely:

(i)

Chief Justice of the High Court to Member


which the appointment is being made;

(ii)

the most senior Judge of that High Member


Court;

(iii)

Provincial Minister for Law; and

(iv)

Member

[an advocate having not less than Member


fifteen years practice in the High
Court to be nominated by the
concerned Bar Council for a term of
two years :]

[Provided that for appointment of the Chief Justice of a High Court the most Senior Judge
mentioned in paragraph (ii) shall not be member of the Commission.
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Provided further that if for any reason the Chief Justice of a High Court is not available, he shall
be substituted by a former Chief Justice or former Judge of that Court, to be nominated by the
Chief Justice of Pakistan in consultation with the four member Judges of the Commission
mentioned in paragraph (ii) of clause (2).]

(6) For appointment of Judges of the Islamabad High Court, the Commission in clause (2) shall
also include the following, namely:

(i)

Chief Justice of the Islamabad High Member


Court; and

(ii)

the most senior Judge of that High Member


Court:

Provided that for initial appointment of the 6[Chief Justice and the]Judges of the Islamabad High
Court, the Chief Justices of the four Provincial High Courts shall also be members of the
Commission:
Provided further that subject to the foregoing proviso, in case of appointment of Chief Justice
of Islamabad High Court, the provisos to clause (5) shall, mutatis mutandis, apply.
(7) For appointment of Judges of the Federal Shariat Court, the Commission in clause (2) shall
also include the Chief Justice of theFederal Shariat Court and the most senior Judge of that Court
as its members:
Provided that for appointment of Chief Justice of Federal Shariat Court, the provisos to clause (5)
shall, mutatis mutandis, apply.
(8) The Commission by majority of its total-membership shall nominate to the Parliamentary
Committee one person, for each vacancy of a Judge in the Supreme Court, a High Court or
the Federal Shariat Court, as the case may be;
(9) The Parliamentary Committee, hereinafter in this Article referred to as the Committee, shall
consist of the following eight members, namely:
(i) four members from the Senate; and
(ii) four members from the National Assembly 7[:]
[Provided that when the National Assembly is dissolved, the total membership of the
Parliamentary Committee shall consist of the members from the Senate only mentioned in
paragraph (i) and the provisions of this Article shall, mutatis mutandis, apply.]
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(10) Out of the eight members of the Committee, four shall be from the Treasury Benches, two
from each House and four from the Opposition Benches, two from each House. The nomination of
members from the Treasury Benches shall be made by the Leader of the House and from the
Opposition Benches by the Leader of the Opposition.
(11) Secretary, Senate shall act as the Secretary of the Committee.
(12) The Committee on receipt of a nomination from the Commission may confirm the nominee
by majority of its total membership within fourteen days, failing which the nomination shall be
deemed to have been confirmed:

[Provided that the Committee, for reasons to be recorded, may not confirm the nomination by
three-fourth majority of its total membership within the said period :]
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[Provided further that if a nomination is not confirmed by the Committee it shall forward its
decision with reasons so recorded to the Commission through the Prime Minister :
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Provided further that if a nomination is not confirmed, the Commission shall send another
nomination.]
[(13) The Committee shall send the name of the nominee confirmed by it or deemed to have
been confirmed to the Prime Minister who shall forward the same to the President for
appointment.]
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(14) No action or decision taken by the Commission or a Committee shall be invalid or called in
question only on the ground of the existence of a vacancy therein or of the absence of any
member from any meeting thereof.
[(15) The meetings of the Committee shall be held in camera and the record of its proceedings
shall be maintained.
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(16) The provisions of Article 68 shall not apply to the proceedings of the Committee.]
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[(17)] The Committee may make rules for regulating its procedure.