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Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is a forum
(roundtable) about sustainable palm oil. RSPO is a joint initiative of some major palm oil companies and the WWF Swiss. RSPO is an institution that has legal status of non-profit association under Article 60 of Law Civil Switzerland, dated 8 April 2004. Born from global concern of oil palm plantation condition Global market demand for sustainable palm oil plantations production. Become one of the precondition of fair and sustainable global development.
RSPO I (2003), Kuala Lumpur, The first session began to formulate the tasks and the members of these institutions are also the principles and criteria for sustainable palm oil; RSPO II (2004), Jakarta, first draft of principles and criteria and the establishment of the Criteria Working Group to formulate principles and criteria for sustainable palm oil; RSPO III (2005), Singapore Majelis Umum (General Assembly) Members of RSPO endorsed the Principles and Criteria Document for Sustainable Palm Oil; RSPO IV (2006), Singapore, Principe and Criteria (P&C RSPO) used for trial voluntarily by oil palm plantation companies for 2 years (trial implementation) and entering the national phase of interpretation (national interpretation) RSPO V (2007), Kuala Lumpur, again produced an agreement to begin the certification process which was voluntary to oil companies Members of RSPO. RSPO VII (2008) Bali, provide certificates to members who have applied the RSPO P & C.
The right to use the land can be demonstrated, and is not legitimately contested by local communities with demonstrable rights.
Use of the land for oil palm does not diminish the legal rights, or customary rights, of other users, without their free, prior and informed consent..
Any negotiations concerning compensation for loss of legal or customary rights are dealt with through a documented system that enables indigenous peoples, local communities and other stakeholders to express their views through their own representative institutions.
No new plantings are established on local peoples’ land without their free, prior and informed consent, dealt with through a documented system that enables indigenous peoples, local communities and other stakeholders to express their views through their own representative institutions.
Local people are compensated for any agreed land acquisitions and relinquishment of rights, subject to their free, prior and informed consent and negotiated agreements.
Aspects of plantation and mill management, including replanting, that have social impacts are identified in a participatory way, and plans to mitigate the negative impacts and promote the positive ones are made, implemented and monitored, to demonstrate continuous improvement
There are open and transparent methods for communication and consultation between growers and/or millers, local communities and other affected or interested Parties.
There is a mutually agreed and documented system for dealing with complaints and grievances, which is implemented and accepted by all parties
A comprehensive and participatory independent social and environmental impact assessment is undertaken prior to establishing new plantings or operations, or expanding existing ones, and the results incorporated into planning, management and operations
FPIC is indigenous people’s rights to determine the forms of activity what they want on their land in detail formulated as : Community's right to get information (Informed) before (prior) the program or investment project implemented in their area, and based on such information, they freely without pressure (Free) expressly agree (consent) or refused.
Required in the RSPO Principles and (Principe 2,6 and 7) Build a relationship between companies and society in the long term Recognized in National and International Law Preventing conflict in the future Protect investors from risk Encourage the achievement of sustainable development
the Working Group is to complete a national reference parameters and related in an attempt reduce the principles and criteria, indicators and guidelines RSPO mainly in law, social and Permit. including oil palm farmers to formulate indicators, guidelines and references to small farmers are also coordinated and consulted. Criteria trials conducted over 2. Executive Board since 2004
INA NIWG (P&C national interpretation): Sawit Watch interest in
STF Indonesia: Sawit Watch intensive work with stakeholders
Trial Implementation: to prepare the implementation of the RSPO
Swift in expansion, from 600.000 ha/yr in 20052007, now 400.000 ha/yr Conversion of forest (primary and secondary) to oil palm plantation, appr. 200.000-300.000 ha/yr Conversion of peatland for oil palm development, appr. 50.000-100.000 ha/yr
On indigenous/local people: • Expelled from their customary lands (forest, peatland and farming lands), some receive a small compensation, while most are forced • Currently 576 conflicts between oil palm companies and indigenous/local people reported Every year around 20 people are arrested after struggling for their land rights • This year already 13 people have been arrested after disputes with oil palm companies
Contracts often not appropriate • Smallholder plots are often of bad quality and false dimensions • Loans and interest rates are often too high and intransparent Seeds, fertilizer, pesticides and working tools are monopolized by the company and its subsidiaries FFB prices not transparent and determined by company • Increased debts and interest rates for replanting • Contract farming through
It is fundamental to the integrity, credibility and continued progress of the RSPO that every member supports, promotes and works towards the production, procurement and use of Sustainable Palm Oil. Members will seek to resolve grievances directly with other member organisations in a timely fashion, and will not make unsubstantiated allegations of breaches against other members. Prior to taking public action in cases of unresolved allegations of breaches of this Code, members will report breaches to the Executive Board, which will deal with the alleged breaches in accordance with the RSPO Grievance Procedure.
The Grievance Process fulfils RSPO’s need to address complaints against RSPO members in a manner that is reflective of the nature, mission and goals of RSPO. Objective of Grievance Procedure are: ◦ Provide platform for RSPO to address complaints against all RSPO Members. ◦ To ensure that any alleged breaches of specified RSPO Statutes, By-laws, motions approved by the General Assembly, or any other approved articles, including the Principles & Criteria for Sustainable Palm Oil Production and RSPO Code of Conduct are impartially and transparently addressed. ◦ In cases where deemed necessary and appropriate, provide recommendations for action through forming of a Grievance Panel.
a. West Kalimantan
PT Duta Palma (Bengkayang) PT Cargil (Ketapang) b. Central Kalimantan PT Wilmar (Sembuluh)
e. North Sumatra PT London Sumatra (Serdang Bedagai) f. Riau PT Sime Darby (Siak, ROHIL) PT Duta Palma (INHIL) PT Musim Mas (Pelalawan)
PT United Plantation (Pangkalanbun)
c. South Kalimantan PT Sime Darby(Kota Baru) PT Astra (Hulu Sungai Selatan) d. Central Sulawesi PT Astra (Donggala and Morowali)
g. South Sumatra PT Cargil/ Hindoli Musi Banyuasin
4.2.4 bagian c: ◦ There is no significant land conflicts (significant land conflicts), not replace the primary forest or high value conservation since November 2005, no unsolved workers disputes trough consensus and there is no evidence of law violations in a property that is not certified. ◦ New acquisitions is not replace the primary forest or area have high values conservation must comply with these requirements within three years.
• Encouraging the RSPO to take firm action to its • •
members who violate P & C and Indicators. lobbying the Indonesian government to adopt the RSPO P & C as the legal basis for the implementation of palm oil plantations. Implementation of Keputusan Bebas Didahulukan dan Diinformasikan (KBDD) or the Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) - United Nations Declaration on the Protection of Indigenous Peoples.
Supports indigenous and local people, smallholders and plantation workers in the struggle for their rights Lobbying and negotiation with many actors and stakeholders to stop the conversion of forest and peatlands to large-scale oil palm plantation Public campaigns to pressure an improvement of the negative impacts of oil palm expansion and agrofuel development in Indonesia Takes part in forums on local, national and international levels for the creation of regulations and agreements to regulate the social and environmental impacts resulting from oil palm expansion and agrofuel development
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