mixeil labaZe adreqristianuli eparqiebis sakiTxi lazeTSi (Zvel WaneTSi) saqarTvelos erT-erTi istoriul kuTxeSi - lazeTSi, anu

WaneTSi, qristianobam Cv. w. I saukuneSi SeaRwia - am kuTxis qarTvelebs andria pirvelwodebulma da mataTam uqadages. amaTgan mataTam gansasvenebelic lazeTis miwaze, gonioSi hpova. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom lazeTi iyo pirveli kuTxe saqarTvelosi, saidanac mociqulebma daiwyes qarTvelTa moqceva. qarTul istoriografiaSi, tradiciulad, iTvleba, rom lazeTi (WaneTi), marTalia, odiTgan dasaxlebuli iyo qarTveluri mosaxleobiT, magram TiTqmis arasodes yofila qarTuli saxelmwifos nawili. amgvari mcdari Tvalsazrisis gaqarwyleba Tavis droze scada pavle ingoroyvam, TumcaRa sabWoTa reJimis pirobebSi mas am mxrivac seriozuli problemebi Seeqmna da samecniero kvlevis gagrZelebis saSualeba ar mieca. aRsaniSnavia, rom saxelwodeba `lazeTi” gviandelia da Seqmnilia berZnuli gavlenis Sedegad, iseve rogorc meore termini - `lazia”, romelic X-XI ss. qarTul wyaroebSi gvxvdeba am mxaris aRsaniSnavad. tradiciulad, qarTveli mematianeebi lazeTs uwodeben `megrelTa sofels”, anu egrisis nawilad Tvlian. am kuTxis adgilobrivi saxelwodeba unda yofiliyo `WaneTi”. es saxeli kargadaa cnobili istoriul wyaroebSi - rogorc qarTulSi, ise ucxourSi (berZnul-romaulsa da osmalurSi); aseve xalxur metyvelebaSic - taoeli, livaneli da maWaxleli qarTvelebi lazebs dResac `Wanebs” eZaxian1. `Wan-" fuZisagan momdinare terminebi qarTul enaTmecnierebaSic gamoiyeneba. rac Seexeba `laz-" fuZian terminebs, rogorc aRvniSneT, isini gviandelia da warmoSobili Cans berZnulis gavleniT: termini `lazika” pirvelad gvxvdeba Zveli romaeli mematianis, arianes (II s.) naSromSi. arianes cnobiT, im droisaTvis Crdilo-aRmosavleT SavizRvispireTSi arsebobda qalaqi Zveli lazika. rogorc irkveva, es qalaqi aris igive nikofsia (T. yauxCiSvili, 1976, gv. 99), amJamad - nasoflari q. tuafsedan ramdenime kilometris moSorebiT, romelsac adgilobrivi adiReuri mosaxleoba (SafsuRebi) n–g~HfsHx0–-s uwodebs, xolo rusi kazakebi - негепсухоевское-s. mogvianebiT berZnul-romaul wyaroebSi lazika ukve mTels dasavleT saqarTvelos aRniSnavs. qarTul mecnierul wreebSi bolo dromde miCneuli iyo, rom isaa berZnuli Sesatyvisi qarTuli terminisa `egrisi”. amgvari Tvalsazrisi metad saeWvoa, radganac qarTuli wyaroebi egriss saqarTvelos SemadgenlobaSi moiazrebs, xolo berZnul-romauli wyaroebis Tanaxmad, lazika iberiaSi ar Sedis; t. futkaraZe miiCnevs, rom lazika iyo bizantiis mier kontrolirebadi qarTuli teritoriis saxelwodeba.
1 dRes lazebi TavianT Tavs `lazefe"-s uwodeben, Tumca saxelwodeba `Wanic" araa maTTvis ucnobi zRvispireli lazebi mTiel lazebs `Wanefe"-s anu `Wanebs" eZaxian da, esaa kninobiT-familaruli termini. lazeTSi bevria `Wan-" fuZis Semcveli toponimi Tu hidronimi: WanafeTi (sofeli), WaneTi (soflis ubani), Wanuri Rali (Rele) da a.S.

Sesabamisad, lazika ver iqneboda qarTuli `egrisis” berZnuli Sesatyvisi (t. futkaraZe, 2005, gv. 187). marTlacda, Tuki xsenebul Tvalsazriss gaviziarebT, cxadi gaxdeba, rom qarTul miwebze bizantiis imperiis gavlenis cvalebadobis Sesabamisad, icvleboda lazikis sazRvrebica da gansazRvrebac: berZnul cnobierebaSi is xan mTel dasavleT saqarTvelos moicavda, xanac - am regionis romelime konkretul nawils, romelzec vrceldeboda bizantiis xelisufleba an gavlena. egrisis erTi nawili - istoriuli WaneTi (samxreT-dasavleTi saqarTvelo), romelic imTaviTve qarTul-bizantiuri dapirispirebis mTavar areals warmoadgenda, garkveuli periodebis ganmavlobaSi, nawilobriv marTlac eqceoda bizantiis gavlenis qveS iseve, rogorc Crdilo-dasavleTi saqarTvelo (Tanamedrove afxazeTi), romlis erTi nawilic - `qarTlis cxovrebis" mixedviT, `egriswylis quemoTi" bizantiis mier kontroldeboda. ase rom, Sesabamis wyaroebze dayrdnobiT, Cven SegviZlia darwmunebiT vilaparakoT mxolod imaze, rom sxvadasxva dros bizantia flobda egrisis calkeul nawilebs da ara mTlianad am mxares. aRsaniSnavia, rom samxreT-dasavleTi saqarTvelo, anu WaneTi, moicavda teritorias md. Woroxis SesarTavidan vidre md. Termodonamde (Tanamedrove Terme Cai TurqeTSi). p. ingoroyva WaneTs yofs sam mxared - aRmosavleT, Sua da dasavleT WaneTad. mis mier Sedgenil rukaze aRniSnulia, rom aRmosavleTi WaneTi moicavs teritorias goniodan ofamde, Sua WaneTi - susurmene/hAsidan md. xarSutis wylamde, xolo dasavleTi WaneTi, Sesabamisad, gadaWimuli iyo xarSutis wylidan Termodonamde (ix. p. ingoroyva, 1954, gv. 272).

rukaze aRniSnuli mxareebidan dasavleTi WaneTi adreve moeqca bizantiis gavlenis qveS, xolo Sua WaneTi Cv. w. I saukuneSi qarTuli mxarea. rogorc efTvime mTawmindeli gvauwyebs, andria pirvelwodebuli `miiwia... qalaqad trapezuntad, romel igi Sen ars sofelsa megrelTasa” (saqarTvelos samoTxe, 1882, gv. 24-45), e.i. trapizoni egrisSi mdebareobs, xolo egrisi, Tavis mxriv, im dros nawilia erTiani qarTlisa, romelsac marTavs egrisis erisTavis, qujis SvilTaSvili - mefe aderki. aRmosavleT WaneTs andria pirvelwodebuli Tavisi mesame mogzaurobis dros swvevia svimon kananelTan da mataTasTan erTad. efTvime mTawmideli wers, rom mociqulebi `moiwivnes queyanasa qarTlisasa da vidre mdinaredmde Woroxisa”, aqedan gadavidnen mxareSi, romelsac `sosanigeTi” ewodeboda ( saqarTvelos samoTxe, 1882, gv. 24-45). p. ingoroyvas azriT, `sosanigeTi" igivea, rac sanebis//sanigebis mxare, aRmosavleTi WaneTi: `es aris, rogorc gamorkveuli gvqonda, sanebis anu sanigebis mxare, romelic antikuri xanis dasasrulsa da adreul saSualo saukuneTa dasawyisSi (vidre me-6 saukunemde) calke qarTul samTavros warmoadgenda da romlis teritoriaze mdebareobda cixe-qalaqi afsari (CrdiloeT seqtorSi) da hAsis navsadguri (samxreT seqtorSi)" (p. ingoroyva, 1954, gv. 225-226). amdenad, p. ingoroyva asaxelebs aRm. WaneTis or sasazRvro punqts - afsars, anu gonios da hAss, anu surmenes (susurmenes - am saxiTaa igi aRniSnuli rukaze). aqve davazustebT, rom am mxares, rogorc Cans, qarTlis mefes daqvemdebarebuli mmarTveli ganagebs, xolo afsaris cixe-qalaqi romaelTa kontrolqveSaa: romaeli mematiane ariane (I s.) gadmogvcems, rom man afsarSi jamagiri dauriga mebrZolebs, daaTvaliera TavdacviTi nagebobebi da Seamowma sursaTis

raodenoba (narkvevebi, 1961, gv. 549-550). afsaris mimdebare zRvis sanapiro ki, arianes cnobiTve, dasaxlebulia iberiis mefis, farsman II-is qveSevrdomi Zidritebis tomiT, romelsac ukavia teritoria md. Woroxidan md. arqabemde (iqve, gv. 544). `qarTlis cxovrebis” Tanaxmad, andria mociqulma mis mier moqceul mosaxleobas `daudgina episkoposni, mRvdelni da diakonni” (gv. 41); Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom mociqul pavles mixedviT episkoposi warmoadgenda qristianTa Temis umaRles xelmZRvanels, xolo Temebi umetesad did qalaqebSi iqmneboda, maSin gamodis, rom aRmosavleT WaneTSi unda yofiliyo minimum ori episkoposi - afsarisa da hAsisa; Sua WaneTSi ki savaraudoa erTi - trapizonis episkoposi. sainteresoa, rom IV saukunis dasawyisisaTvis, roca bizantiis imperatorma konstantine I-ma qristianoba saxelmwifo religiad gamoacxada da qveynis administraciul-teritoriuli erTeulebis diocezebis Sesabamisad Seqmna msxvili saeklesio olqebi, trapizonis anu xaldiis eparqia, biWvinTis anu pitiuntis eparqiasTan erTad Sevida polemonis pontos diocezSi (s. yauxCiSvili, 1948, gv. 42). Cveulebriv, istoriografiaSi miCneulia, rom trapizonis, anu xaldiis eparqia moicavda aRmosavleT WaneTsac - e.i. xsenebuli mxare bizantiis SemadgenlobaSi Sedioda da ar iyo dakavSirebuli saqarTvelosTan. arsebuli wyaroebi gansxvavebuli daskvnis gamotanis saSualebas iZleva, Tumca sanam uSualod maT ganxilvas SevudgebodeT, saWirod migvaCnia, yuradReba gavamaxviloT imaze, Tu rogor unda moxvedriliyo trapizonisa da biWvinTis eparqiebi polemonis pontos diocezSi. cnobilia, rom III saukunis meore naxevarSi (256-260 ww.) SavizRvispira regionebi skviTur-guTurma tomebma aaoxres: `dasavleT saqarTveloSi, lazikasa da mTel Savi zRvis napirebs skviTebi ewvivnen. saca ki isini gaCndebodnen da Seeseodnen, yvelafers iklebdnen da anadgurebdnen. yvelaze metad am dros fazisi anu foTi da biWvinTa dazianda" - wers amis Taobaze iv. javaxiSvili (iv. javaxiSvili, 1967, gv. 215). 258 wels guTebma da skviTebma aiRes da gaanadgures trapizonic (Jordanes, 1915, gv. 27-34). Turqi istorikosi omer asani aRniSnavs, rom momxdurTa Semosevebis gamo trapizonis Zveli mosaxleni mTebs Seexiznen da es adgili mTlad gaukacrielda. Semdeg aq dasaxldnen berZnebi, Tumca trapizoni TiTqmis VIII s.-mde SavizRvispireTis umniSvnelo qalaqad darCa ( Asan, 2005, gv. 40-41). aqedan gamomdinare, savaraudoa, rom rogorc trapizonsa da biWvinTaSi, ise mTlianad dasavleT saqarTveloSi qristianTa adreuli Temebi swored am periodSi unda Semcirebuliyo, zogan ki saerTod ganadgurebuliyo. aqve aRsaniSnavia, rom agaTangelosis (V s.) cnobil TxzulebaSi, romelic wmida grigolis cxovrebas Seexeba, naTqvamia, rom `wmida grigolma akurTxa episkoposebi da dagzavna didi armeniis mTel miwawyalze da mTel qveyanaze..." am episkoposTagan agaTangelosi asaxelebs ors - irenarxes, romlis

samwysosac ar miuTiTebs da sofronis, romelic lazTa qveynis episkoposad ukurTxebia wm.grigols. es `lazTa qveyana", advili SesaZlebelia, yofiliyo ara mTeli egrisi, aramed mxolod da mxolod misi romelime calkeuli kuTxe, romelic bizantiis gavlenis qveS imyofeboda. rogorc cnobilia, wm. grigoli akurTxes bizantiaSi - kapadokiis kesariaSi da, amasTan mis mier araTu somxeTis mezobeli qveynebis, Tavad somxeTis moqcevac ar dasturdeba: `ukidures SemTxvevaSi, grigoli mxolod bizantiis imperiis farglebSi, an mosazRvre somxeTis nawilis ganmanaTleblad SeiZleba iqnes miCneuli" - wers amis Taobaze v. goilaZe, romelic Tavis mxriv imowmebs iv. javaxiSvils (v. goilaZe, 1991, gv. 116). mitropolit anania jafariZis mtkicebiT, `wm. grigolis cxovrebis” mixedviT, wmida grigolma lazeTSi gaagzavna Tavisi episkoposi, maSasadame, aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, es lazeTi aris ara dasavleT saqarTvelo, aramed klarjeTis samxreTiT anda samxreT-dasavleTiT mdebare mxare, anu Wanika-trapezuntis regioni, romelic somxuri tradiciis Sesabamisad Sedioda e.w. `did armeniaSi”, an uSualod somxeTSi da es mxare iseve miiCneoda armeniis xeldebul qveynad, rogorc aRmosavleTiT albaneTi, anu sivnieTis iqiT bardavamde mdebare mxare. es iyo grigolis areali” (a. jafariZe, 2009, gv. 99). Cveni azriT, zemoTmoyvanili Sexedulebani namdvilad gvaZlevs imis gancxadebis safuZvels, rom trapizonisa da biWvinTis saepiskoposo kaTedrebi aRudgeniaT bizantiaSi nakurTx mRvdelTmTavrebs, radganac III-IV ss. mijnaze trapizonis mxarec da Tanamedrove afxazeTis teritoriac - md. RaliZgamde uSualod bizantiis SemadgenlobaSia. aqve davZenT, rom savaraudoa, swored am qarTul miwebs uwodebdnen bizantielebi `lazikas". aqedan gamomdinare, IV saukunis dasawyisSi, 325 w. nikeis krebas eswrebian trapizonis episkoposi damnosi da biWvinTis episkoposi stratofile. cxadia, es imas niSnavs, rom bizantiis mier kontrolirebad qarTul miwebzec qristianoba saxelmwifo religiaa, iseve rogorc mTel bizantiaSi. amfonze, saqarTveloSi IV s.-is pirvel naxevarSi, mociqulTa swor ninos mosvlis periodSi qristianuli Temebi TiTqmis aRar arsebobs. sainteresoa, rom aRm. WaneTSic am dros moSlili yofila mociqulTa daarsebuli kaTedrebi, radganac iq qristianuli Temebi aRar arsebobda. V saukunis bizantieli avtoris, gelasi kvizikelis cnobiT, IV s.is pirvel naxevarSi, konstantine I-is zeobis dros `RmrTis cneba miiRes pontos gaswvriv mdebare miwa-wyalze mcxovrebma iberebma da lazebma” wmida ninos, anu `tyve dedakacis” moRvaweobis Sedegad2 (p. ingoroyva, 1954, gv. 227). amave faqts adasturebs lazeTis mitropoliti germane
gelasi kvizikeli Wanebs `lazebs" uwodebs Tavisi epoqidan gamomdinare, radgan im droisaTvis, roca gelasi kvizikeli lazTa da iberTa moqcevis Sesaxeb werda, WanTa miwebi lazikis meamboxe mmarTvel gubazs epyra. swored amiTaa gamowveuli teqstSi mkafio ganmartebis arsebobac: `pontos gaswvriv mdebare miwa-wyalze mcxovrebma... lazebma" - gelasi kvizikelma xom icis, rom Wanebi adre ar iyvnen `lazebi".
2

(saqarTvelos eklesiis ierarqi) ruseTis mefe aleqsei mixailoviCisadmi 1651 wels wardgenil angariSSi, saidanac varkvevT, rom lazeTis episkoposebis samyofeli - q. ofis taZari wmida ninos dauarsebia (iqve). Cveni azriT, es cnobebi amtkicebs im faqts, rom aRmosavleTi WaneTi ar Sedioda trapizonis eparqiaSi, radganac aseT SemTxvevaSi iq qristianobis qadageba saWiro arc iqneboda. Sesabamisad, gamodis, rom es mxare arc politikurad emorCileboda bizantiis imperias - ufro sarwmuno Cans, rom is qarTlis nawili iyo. somexi mematiane movses xorenaci mociqulTa swor wmida ninos Sesaxeb wers, rom man iqadaga `klarjTagan moyolebuli darialanamdis da kaspTagan masquTebamde", Tanac imowmebs agaTangeloss. miuxedavad imisa, rom movses xorenacis cnobebi wm. ninos Sesaxeb TvalsaCinod gansxvavdeba qarTul Tu bizantiur wyaroebSi daculi cnobebisagan, sayuradReboa is, rom somexi mematiane wm. ninos mier klarjeTis moqcevaze saubrobs. rogorc cnobilia, klarjeTis nawili iyo aRm. WaneTic, romelsac `qarTlis cxovrebaSi" swored `klarjeTisa zRvis piri" ewodeba. Sesabamisad, gamodis, rom wm. ninos mosvlis periodSic xsenebuli mxare klarjeTis erisTavs eqvemdebareboda. amasTan, mitropolit germanes angariSSi naxsenebi ofi anu, rusuli dawerilobiT, õîïèà (p. ingoroyva, 1954, gv. 227) dResac cnobilia - esaa patara daba (Turquli saxeliT Of) TurqeTis respublikis rizes ilSi. aqedan sul 3-4 km-iTaa daSorebuli surmene (Turq. Sürmene) anu hAsi. Cveni azriT, advili SesaZlebelia, rom wm. ninom ofSi taZris daarsebiT aRadgina adre hAsSi arsebuli saepiskoposo kaTedra. Tumca, uSualod hAsSi, anu surmeneSi, igi amas ver SeZlebda, radgan es dasaxlebuli punqti ukve bizantias epyra. e.i. IV saukunisaTvis bizantiasa da saqarTvelos Soris sasazRvro punqtia ofi, anu xofi. IV saukunis bolos aRm. WaneTi isev klarjeTis nawilia. klarjeTi ki berZnebs qarTlis mefe varaz-baqarisTvis waurTmeviaT: "darCa varazbaqars qarTli Tvinier klarjeTisa, da hereTi da egrisi" (qarTlis cxovreba, 1955, gv. 137). vaxtang gorgaslis mematiane juanSeri aRniSnavs, rom es movlena qarTvelebs RvTis wyromad miuCneviaT, radgan varaz-baqars `ver keTilad epyra sjuli qristesi” (iqve, gv. 146). V saukunis 50-ian wlebSi, roca saqarTvelos momavali mefe vaxtang gorgasali 10 wlisaa, berZnebi ipyroben dasavleT saqarTvelos cixegojamde: `gamovides berZenni afxazeTiT... da daipyres egris-wyliTgan vidre cixe-gojadmde” - wers juanSeri. saqarTvelom dakarga zRvaze gasasvleli, bizantiis imperiam ki axlad mopovebuli qarTuli miwebi SeuerTa lazikas. aseT viTarebaSi, lazikis mmarTveli gubaz I 456 wels Tavs konstantinopolisagan damoukidebel gvirgvinosnad acxadebs da cxra wlis ganmavlobaSi ebrZvis bizantias, sanam 465 wels iZulebuli ar gaxdeba, imperator leon I-s eaxlos konstantinopolSi zavis dasadebad. amis Taobaze berZnulidan Targmnil TxzulebaSi `daniel stilitis cxovreba” naTqvamia: `movida Robazianos mefe afxazTa xilvad leon mefisa berZenTa~sa, xolo aqunda orTave amaT mefeTa sauravi ra~me queyanaTa dawynarebisaTAs,

zRvarTa ganyofisa, sadamdis aris saberZneTisa anu megrelTa afxazeTis samefo~sa... da dasdves sazRvrad cixe xufaTi” (p. ingoroyva, 1954, gv. 204). p. ingoroyvas, romelsac xsenebuli nawyveti mohyavs Tavis TxzulebaSi `giorgi merCule”, miaCnia, rom gubaz I-s (`Robazianoss”) bizantiis imperatorTan, leon I-Tan molaparakebis Sedegad sazRvari gahyavs Tanamedrove q. xofasTan (TurqeTi), TumcaRa Cveni mxriv davazustebT, rom qalaq xofaSi araviTari cixe araa. cixe, romelsac dRes lazebi `xofuri jixas", anu xofis cixes eZaxian, mdebareobs xsenebuli qalaqidan dasavleTiT, sof. peroniTsa (Turq çaml1) da q. arqabs Soris mTaze da, radganac xofelTa aSenebul cixed iTvleba, saxeladac amitom hqvia `xofuri jixa". ofSi, anu xofSi, ki amJamadac kargadaa SemorCenili citadelisa da mis SigniT sxvadasxva TavdacviTi nagebobebis nangrevebi, aseve qvis didi sveti, rac sazRvris maCvenebeli unda iyos. dRes am nangrevTa axlos gadis saavtomobilo gza. amdenad, savaraudoa, rom xufaTis cixe swored ofis cixe iyos da ara xofisa. aqve davZenT imasac, rom dRevandeli lazeTis sxvadasxva TemSi axlac SemorCenilia identuri toponimebi magaliTad, filargeTi soflis saxelia arqabis TemSic da aTinas TemSic, aseve aTinas TemSia sof. surmenaTi, romelic, gadmocemis mixedviT, surmenedan ltolvil lazebs dauarsebiaT da a.S. analogiurad saxelwodeba `xofi//xofa" SesaZlebelia rqmeoda aRm. WaneTis ramdenime dasaxlebul punqts. saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliis mopovebis dros xufaTis cixec da mTeli `klarjeTisa zRvis piri" vaxtang gorgaslis xelSi iyo. mitropoliti anania jafariZec aRniSnavs, rom `vaxtang gorgasalis dros sazRvari bizantiasa da saqarTvelos Soris xufaTze ido (xofTan), radganac `bolo klarjeTisa zRvispiri” saqarTveloSi Semodioda” ( a. jafariZe, 2009, gv. 99). anu V s.-is bolosaTvis bizantiasaqarTvelos sazRvari gadioda iqve, sadac wm. ninos dros, IV s.-Si. safiqrebelia, rom xufaTSive SenarCunebuli iqneboda wm. ninos mier aRdgenili saepiskoposo kaTedrac. amave dros, p. ingoroyvas cnobiT, V saukuneSi mcxeTis sakaTalikoso saydars eqvemdebareboda im droisaTvis axladdaarsebuli tamburis saepiskoposoc (p. ingoroyva, 1954, gv. 377-380, 441-442). mis mier Sedgenil WaneT-lazeTis rukaze (iqve, gv. 272) `tamburi, anu hamamaSeni zRvispirisa” mdebareobs; md. furtunas SesarTavTan, anu dRevandeli q. artaSenis (Turq. Arde-en) adgilas. e.i. mcxeTis sakaTalikosos ierarqi, xufaTis garda, mjdara dRevandel q. artaSenSic. aqedan gamomdinare, SegviZlia davaskvnaT, rom I-V ss.-Si aRmosavleTi WaneTi, anu is teritoria, sadac dRevandlamde SemorCa qarTveluri mosaxleobac da metyvelebac (lazuri anu Wanuri kiloebi) rogorc politikurad, aseve eklesiuradac qarTlis nawils Seadgenda da ar Sedioda bizantiis imperiis mier kontrolirebad lazikis mxareSi. swored aman ganapiroba aRm. WaneTSi qarTveluri metyvelebis Semonaxva. kerZod, Cans, es mxare bizantiis gavlenis qveS moeqca mxolod Semdgom saukuneebSi.

Sesabamisad, konstantinopolis sapatriarqos SemadgenlobaSi lazikis eparqia Cndeba VIII-IX saukuneebidan da igi moicavs teritorias trapizonidan vanis tbamde, anu WanTa samkvidro miwebis garda masSi araqarTuli miwebic Sedis (am TemasTan dakavSirebiT ix. a. jafariZe, 2009). damowmebuli literatura v. goilaZe, 1991 - v. goilaZe, saqarTvelos eklesiis saTaveebTan, Tb., 1991. p. ingoroyva, 1954 - p.ingoroyva, giorgi merCule, Tb., 1954. narkvevebi, 1961 - saqarTvelos istoriis narkvevebi, I, Tb., 1961. saqarTvelos samoTxe, 1882 - aleqsandre sabinini, saqarTvelos samoTxe, Tb., 1882. t. futkaraZe, 2005 - t. futkaraZe, qarTvelebi, nawili I, Tb., 2005. qarTlis cxovreba, 1955 - qarTlis cxovreba, s. yauxCiSvilis redaqciiT, Tb., 1955. T. yauxCiSvili, 1976 - berZeni mwerlebis cnobebi saqarTvelos Sesaxeb, I, Tb., 1947. iv. javaxiSvili, 1967 iv. javaxiSvili, TxzulebaTa Tormettomeuli, tomi I, Tb., 1967. a. jafariZe, 2009 mitropoliti anania jafariZe, konstantinopolis sapatriarqos lazikis eparqia, Jurn. `sveticxoveli”, 2009, #1. Jordanes, 1915 - Jordanes, The Origins and Deeds of the Goths, 1915, london Asan, 2005 - Omer Asan, Trabzon yer adlari, 2005, Trabzon.

MIKHEIL LABADZE ON THE QUESTION OF EARLY CHRISTIAN EPARCHIES IN LAZETI (ANCIENT CHANETI) In the first century of our era Saint Andrew the First Called and Matatha preached Christianity in Lazeti, one of the historical provinces of Georgia. According to history South-west Georgian territory from the mouth of the Chorokhi river to the modern Turkish town of Unie was a living space of Laz (Chans). The whole region can conditionally be divided into middle and east Chaneti. Assimilation of the west Laz to the Greek must have been taken place before the new era and of the middle Laz after A.D. 258 when the Romans restored the city of Trabzon burnt by the Goths. The east Chaneti that still has the Georgian population and the Laz, Kartvelian speech, maintained its identity owing to the relief that was hard to reach and the nearness to the rest of Georgia. According to Kartlis Tskhovreba (The Life of Georgia) apostles come to Georgia during the reign of King Aderk, when the west Georgia is a part of the united "Kartlian"

kingdom. The record says that Saint Andrew appointed bishops, priests and deans to the people he had converted to Christianity. In the east Chaneti their must be at least two bishops of Apsari and Htsisi, and the one - Trabzon bishop in the middle Chaneti. Greek and Roman sources most often mention Apsari and Htsisi. There also exists the evidence that the Cathedral of Opi, the residence of the Laz bishops was founded by Saint Nino (P.Ingorokva). In the A.D. IV in the east Chaneti Bishopric Cathedrals and Christianity seem to have been eliminated as Saint Nino converts the population one more times and establishes cathedrals in the places where the bishops of Htsisi (of Surmene) must have their seat in the earlier times. The city of Opi is in three kilometers distance from Surmene. According to the views dominated in the Georgian historiography at the time of gaining autocephaly of the Georgian Church King Vakhtang possessed Khupati (Khopa) castle. P.Ingorokva asserts that in the A.D. V century even the newly established Tamburi bishopric fell under the jurisdiction of Mtskheta Catholicos. Tamburi was situated at the place of modern town Artashen.