nato niqabaZe saqarTvelo saerTaSoriso izolaciaSi gadaWriT SeuZlebelia imis Tqma, rom 1991 wlis Semodgomaze z.

gamsaxurdia, rogorc qveynis pirveli piri, Seucdomlad moqmedebda. araadekvaturi qmedebebis raodenobam erTiorad imata 2 seqtembris Semdeg. mdgomareobas arTulebda gamsaxurdias mmarTvelobis avtoritaruli stili. yvela saxelmwifoebrivi Tu partiuli, sameurneo, kulturuli da sazogadoebrivi sakiTxi mas unda gadaewyvita. yvelaze meti Secdoma zviad gamsaxurdias xelisuflebam sagareo politikis kursSi dauSva, ramac mZime Sedegebi moutana erovnul xelisuflebas. saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso izolaciaSi moqceva niSnavda, adre Tu gvian erovnuli xelisuflebis ganwirul mdgomareobas. xelisuflebis damxobamde erT-erT interviuSi centraluri televiziis JurnalistTan urmas otTan, romelmac hkiTxa, - Tqven sakmaod civi damokidebuleba gaqvT dasavleTis liderebTano, - z. gamsaxurdiam diplomatiuri reveransebis gareSe upasuxa: ,,diax, es maTi bralia, isini ar arian dainteresebuli imperiis daSliT. es xom cnobilia. Cemi saxiT ki isini xedaven kacs, romelic imperiis dezintegraciis momxrea" (gaz. ,,saqarTvelos respublika", 199, 21,XII). saqarTvelos prezidentis mrCeveli giorgi gaCeCilaZe werda: buSis administraciam ormagi standartis politika airCia sabWoTa respublikebis mimarT. man Tanadgoma gamoucxada samive baltiur respublikas, xolo danarCen respublikebs uari uTxra ruseTis gavlenisagan ganTavisuflebisaTvis brZolaze. rogorc g. gaCeCilaZe askvnida, amieridan aSS damoukideblobisaTvis mebrZoli respublikebis ki ara - ruseTis mokavSired iqca. es asec iyo. g. gaCeCilaZe mware realobis warmodgenaSi ar cdeboda. ,,miamitoba iqneboda gverwmunebina, rom TiTqos aSS uars ityvis sabWoTa mTavrobasTan TanamSromlobaze (gaz. ,,saqarTvelos respublika", 1991, 16,X). zogadad, dasavleTi da aSS arc centrTan da arc mis samarTalmemkvidre ruseTTan respublikebis gamo urTierTobas ar gairTulebdnen, rac didi politikuri principebidan gamomdinareobda. samwuxaro is iyo, rom saqarTvelos xelisuflebam ver SeZlo moeZebna dasavleTTan urTierTobis gamowvevaze adekvaturi pasuxebi. aSS-is prezidentis irib kritikas manac kritikiT upasuxa. oficialur mediaSi daiwyo dasavleTis Ria kritika, qartia 91-ma marTebulad dasva qarTul oficialur mediaSi gaZlierebuli antidasavluri ideologiis saSiSi tendenciebis problema, romelic TviTizolaciisaken ubiZgebda dasavlur sazogadoebas. prinstonSi warmoTqmul sityvaSi amerikis saxelmwifo mdivanma Tavisi keTili ganwyoba gamoxata: ruseTma, ukrainam, yazaxeTma, somxeTma, yirgizeTma ,,demokratiuli idealebisadmi midrekilebebis demonstrireba

moaxdines", - aRniSnavda jeims beikeri da aRuTqvamda maT dasavleTis daxmarebis imeds (d. SveliZe, 2008, 4, XI). jeims beikerma Tavisi negaturi damokidebuleba gamoxata saqarTvelos prezidentis mimarT: ,, prezidenti zviad gamsaxurdia, imis dadasturebaa, Tu rogor SeiZleba komunizmis Semcvlelad movides sxva avtoritaruli reJimi". xilul momavalSi dasavleTi ar apirebs daexmaros baqos da Tbiliss (gaz. "Èçâåñòèÿ", 1991,14, XII). aRniSnulida ngamomdinare, SeiZleba vifiqroT, rom aSS da dasavleTi ar daexmarebodnen zviad gamsaxurdias xelisuflebas, Tu mis winaaRmdeg SeiaraRebul brZolas daiwyebda opozicia. gavlenis ZiriTad sferoebze SeTanxmeba aSS-sa da sabWoTa kavSirs Soris 80-iani wlebis bolos gamoikveTa: moskovma uari Tqva aRmosavleT evropaze, e.i. sabWoTa kavSiridan daTanxmda mxolod baltiispireTis qveynebis damoukideblobas, imperiidan maT gamoyofas. danarCeni respublikebi garkveul etapze unda darCeniliyvnen sabWoTa kavSiris SemadgenlobaSi, Semdgom ki ssr kavSiris samarTalmemkvidre saxelmwifos gavlenis sferoSi (d. SveliZe, 2008, gv. 415). zviad gamsaxurdias xelisufleba da misi saxelmwifoebrivi kursi sruli damoukidebloba, ruseTis gavlenisagan Tavis daRweva, rac dsT-Si SeusvlelobiT gamoixata, miuRebeli iyo moskovisaTvis. miuRebeli aRmoCnda agreTve dasavleTisa da aSS-Tvis, ramdenadac es ewinaaRmdegeboda ormxriv SeTanxmebas. yofili sabWoTa respublikebis sruli damoukidebloba ar Tavsdeboda ,,axali wesrigis" modelSi (garda baltiispireTisa). aqedan gamomdinare, saqarTvelos xelisuflebis qmedeba saerTo dinebis sawinaaRmdegod svlas niSnavda da ,,uxerxulobebs" qmnida dasavleTsa da ruseTs Soris urTierTobaSi. swored amitom aRmoCnda saqarTvelo saerTaSoriso izolaciaSi. saqarTvelos winaaRmdeg aSkara qmedebebs ruseTi unda morideboda, radgan mas arCeuli xelisufleba edga saTaveSi. realobidan gamomdinare, ruseTma saWirod dainaxa Sesaferisi meTodebiT moqmedeba. man dro ar dakarga, saqarTveloSi jer osuri, Semdeg ki afxazuri separatizmis cecxli daanTo. Sinaurma da gareSe Zalebma kargad gamoiyenes erovnuli xelisuflebis avtoritaruli midrekilebebi da saerTaSoriso sazogadoebis TvalSi Seuqmnes faSisturi monstris imiji. momzadda ideologiuri safuZveliSinauri opoziciisa da ruseTisaTvis, amdenad, dasavleTisTvisac, saqarTvelos xelisuflebis dasamxobad. zviad gamsaxurdias xelisuflebis, erTaderTi gamosavali Seqmnili situaciidan iyo ruseTis mimarT kompromisze wasvla da xelismowera samokavSireo xelSekrulebaze (dsT-Si Sesvla). zviad gamsaxurdiam kompromisi uaryo. Seqmnil viTarebaSi saqarTvelo im SemTxvevaSi unda dapirispireboda ruseTis saxelmwifos, Tu: 1. eyoleboda Zlieri jari; 2. eqneboda erTiani teritoriisa da nebis mqone mosaxleobis qveyana; 3. eyoleboda Zlieri mokavSire saxelmwifo an saxelmwifoTa jgufi, romelic saerTaSoriso

sarbielze gaaneitralebda yofili metropoliis antiqarTul agresias (d. SveliZe, 2008, gv. 422). zemoT aRniSnul faqtorebs daemata kidev erTi _ saqarTvelos xelisuflebam Riad dauWira mxari CeCneTis damoukideblobisaTvis brZolas, rac, erTi mxriv, rainduli nabiji iyo, magram, meore mxriv, saerTaSoriso politikis enaze niSnavda ruseTTan kidev ufro mwvave dapirispirebas. mkvlevari, d. SveliZe, aRniSnavs, rom saqarTvelos pirveli prezidenti Rrma idealisti, saqarTvelos damoukideblobis wminda ideiT egzaltirebuli pirovneba iyo. man Tavisi arcTu xangrZlivi sicocxle erovnuli ideis ganxorcielebas Seswira. misi brZola sruliad uTanasworo iyo da am martosul brZolaSi Camoyalibda, rogorc mebrZoli meamboxe. axal droSi zviad gamsaxurdias disidenti uwodes. igi tipiuri erovnul-politikuri moRvawe, lideri, ideologi da mebrZoli gaxldaT (d. SveliZe, 2008, gv. 420). aseTive moRvawe darCa zviad gamsaxurdia qveynis prezidentobis periodSic. ,,me prezidenti mqvia, - ambobda igi, - magram imperiuli centris mimarT isev disidenti var. saqarTveloSi rusis jaris gasvlamde. Cven isev erovnuli moZraoba varT da ara damoukidebeli qveynis xelisufleba". (gaz. "Èçâåñòèÿ", 1991, 14, XII). niSnavda Tu ara yovelive es, rom z. gamsaxurdiam raime danaSauli Caidina sakuTari mosaxleobis winaSe; marTali iyo Tu ara opoziciis mtkiceba, rom gamsaxurdias xelisuflebas ufskrulisaken mihyavda qveyana, ris gamoc aucilebeli gaxda misi damxoba? marTalia, z. gamsaxurdiam Secdomebi dauSva, magram damnaSave iyo is mxare, romelmac amboxeba wamoiwyo da iaraRiT ebrZoda kanonier xelisuflebas da amiT Sida erovnuli dapirispireba da ngreva moutana qveyanas.

damowmebuli literatura gaz. "Èçâåñòèÿ", 1991, 14 Äåêàáðèÿ. gaz. "Èçâåñòèÿ", 1991, 14 Äåêàáðèÿ. gaz. "saqarTvelos respublika", 1991, 21 dekemberi. gaz. "saqarTvelos respublika", 1991, 16 oqtomberi. d. SveliZe, 2008 - d. SveliZe, politikuri dapirispirebani da erovnuli xelisuflebis damxoba saqarTvelobaSi (1987-1992), Tb., 2008.

NATO NIKABADZE GEORGIA IN INTERNATIONAL ISOLATION In the begining of 90s of the 20th century the United States became more the ally of Russia than of the republics, which were striving for independence (G.Gachechiladze); more concretely, the United States and Russia have agreed on the spheres of influence: Moscow ceded the Eastern Europe and Baltic countries, but kept the Caucasus, the Middle East, Ukraine and Moldova. The state policy of Zviad Gamsakhurdia, which meant the complete independence, was unacceptable for Moscow, for Europe and the United States. From this we can conclude that the state policy of Georgia meant swimming against the current. Therefore, Georgia found itself in the international isolation. Guiding from the new reality, Russia did not waste time and set fire first to Ossetian and then to Abkhazian separatism. The only way out for the Georgian government was to compromise and sign the inter-ally treaty (Commonwealth of Independent Countries). Perhaps, there were some mistakes in the steps taken by Zviad Gamsakhurdia, but his opponents who took weapons against the government were irresponsible of their actions that split the population and brought destructions and sufferings in the country.