SPECIAL SGSY PROJECT ON

IMPROVING SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF BPL FAMILIES OF KHEDA DISTRICT THOUGH DAIRYING AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY PRACTICES

Submitted by: KAIRA DISTRICT CO-OPERATIVE MILK PRODUCERS’ UNION, ANAND. (GUJARAT) 388001

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF SGSY SPECIAL PROJECT Organizational back ground Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers Union Limited, popularly known as Amul dairy, Anand has been engaged in Animal husbandry and dairying activities to improve upon the socioeconomic status and community development of villages since 1946. As on date Amul is collecting on an average 0.8 M liters of milk per day from 974 cooperative societies. In the process of milk collection Amul makes a daily payment of Rs.70 lakhs to its farmer milk producers. Due to its core competency, Amul, over the years has built its brand image as a model co-operative in dairy sector. Proposal The project proposal aims at increasing monthly income of BPL families through the practices of Animal husbandry and dairying. Milch animals comprising of crossbred cows and buffaloes shall be given to 7500 identified BPL families. In order to make the project viable and to have long term sustainability, various support services such as artificial insemination, fodder development, creating infrastructure facilities for chilling milk at village level, training and other linkages are built-in in the proposed project to generate assured income for the beneficiaries/ target groups. Objectives 1. To provide round the year assured income through dairying to identified BPL families. 2. To create avenues for self employment. 3. Skill up gradation of women and youth through training. 4. To improve the income level and overall socioeconomic status of individual families and village. Feasibility and technology absorption Amul has adopted technological advancements from time to time, both at the union level and at gross root level (at society and farmers doorstep). Technologies like artificial insemination, chilling milk at source and clean milk production are already in place and adopted by villages.

Hence the adoption of various technological and control measures stated in the proposed project are only an extension of proven activities which are already in place and can be easily adopted by the target villages/ beneficiaries. Key activities proposed in the project 1. Induction of 15,000 milch animals (10,000 crossbred cows and 5,000 buffaloes). 2. Creation of infrastructure facilities for animal maintenance (cattle shed). 3. Providing fodder seeds and green grasses to milch animals for sustainable productivity. 4. Providing door step breeding facility through Artificial insemination. 5. Commissioning bulk chilling units at village level to prevent spoilage of milk. 6. Providing SS milk cans to retain quality of milk. 7. Creation of mobile diagnostic Lab. for speedier and effective treatment of animals. 8. Training to BPL beneficiaries to impart / upgrade their skills for long term sustainability of the project. 9. Creation of conducive infrastructure facilities for training of people involved in dairying and Animal Husbandry. Implementation: The project shall be implemented, monitored and controlled through a project implementing cell of the organization with full time project staff.

Cost estimate of key elements of the project is as under
Sr. 1 Name of activity Milch animal purchase Quantity 15,000 Unit cost Rs. Total amount in Rs. Remarks 10000 cows and 5000 buffaloes shall be given to BPL families. Shed as per Codex guidelines Fodder crops once in a year in 1/2 acre land each. For grass chaffing & reduce wastage. For chilling milk at source Supply of drinking water to live stock & villages For milk transport & retention of milk quality

2 3 4 5 6 7

Cattle shed construction Fodder plot Development

7,500 5000

16,000 per 23,00,00,000 cow and 14,000 per buffalo 4000 3,00,00,000 1000 250 6,00,000 1,00,000 2500 50,00,000 25,00,000 90,00,000 50,00,000 1,00,00,000

Supply of hand chaff cutter 10,000 with motors Installation of Bulk chillers 15 (2000Lts) Digging of bore wells & 50 pump house Supply of stainless cans. 4000

8 9

Creation of door step A.I. 50 facility Mobile diagnostic Lab. 01

45,000

22,50,000 50,00,000 1,30,00,000 90, 00,000 20, 00,000 Faster treatment & eradication of pathogenic disease. Monitoring of milk quality for incentives & quality control. Training center modernization.

10

11 12

Monitoring of quality control samples 70,00,000 of milk. 1000 per 60,00,000 day Strengthening & creation of 01 additional facilities in the existing training center. Women training programme 5000 400

13

Training to beneficiaries

the

target 7500

125 - 150

BPL women beneficiaries & wives of beneficiaries to be trained. 10,00,000 Skill upgradation & managing the asset.

Revenue generation through the project BPL members under the proposed project shall generate a total revenue of Rs.8,10,00,000 in first year, Rs16,20,00,000 and Rs.32,40,00,000 in the third year. Particulars Employment generated (man days) Total revenue generated in Rs. 1st year 11,25,000 8,10,00,000 2nd year 11,25,000 16,20,00,000 3rd year 11,25,000 32,40,00,000

The revenue generation has been calculated based on 3 liters of milk per animal for 300 days of lactation @ Rs. 10 per litter. Particulars Total cost of the project Projected revenue to be generated in three years Revenue generated per person per day Funding pattern of the project: Fund requirement from Govt.: Rs 15,00,00,000 Details Actual cost in Rs. Grant receivable from Govt. against 7,61,48,000 Infrastructure development @ 20% of project cost Grant receivable from Govt. against 1,76,02,000 training, and extension activities @ 10% of project Subsidy receivable from DRDA @ 5,62,50,000 Rs.7500 per BPL Family for 7500 beneficiaries.* Proposed loan from banks ** 23,00,00,000 PIA's contribution for project cell *** 7,40,000
Fund mobilized through bank as loan & PIA’s Contribution: Rs.23, 07, 40,000

Cost in Rs. 38,07,40,000 56,70,00,000 Min. 62

*Subsidy has been calculated at Max. Rs. 7500 per BPL family and the amount may vary depending upon number of SC/ST BPL families covered under the project. ** Loan shall be provided by banks (For details See annexure) *** PIA’s contribution towards salary & establishment cost.

SPECIAL SGSY PROJECT ON IMPROVING SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF BPL FAMILIES OF KHEDA DISTRICT THOUGH DAIRYING AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY PRACTICES. Conceptual background of the project Amul Dairy, established in 1946 with a modest beginning of milk collection (250 liters per day) continued its march towards growth and expansion. Today the dairy collects about 0.8 million litters of milk per day from its 550,000 farmer members with an annual turnover of 468 crore (2001-2002). Products manufactured include different types of baby food, dairy whitener, milk powder, butter, clarified fat, liquid milk products, cheese, chocolates, Bread spread, malted milk food and cattle feed. Through its 5 decades of journey, the organization has ensured continued customer service and care by offering quality products meeting customer's satisfaction right from employees to the consumer of products and established itself as market leader and a brand to reckon with. The main objective of the organization is to provide good remunerative price for milk round the year to its farmer producer members to improve their socioeconomic status. Amul Dairy ensured formation of Primary Cooperative Societies in each village to collect milk from member producers and supply to the Union. Today there are 974 such societies, which collect milk from about 550,000 member producers. Amul Dairy provides round the clock veterinary services to its milk producers. In order to maintain animals in good health and nutrition, the Union manufactures and supplies about 600 metric tons of high quality by-pass cattle feed daily. When Amul started Cooperative movement, majority of villages in the then Kheda District had no source of continuous income other than the income generated from agricultural produce. Today after 50 years of continuous intervention and development of sustainable diary practices, Amul could establish milk collection societies in 974 villages and the overall growth achieved today is summarized as under.

Number of families / people living below poverty line Number of villages has schools Literacy rate Number of villages having community halls Per capita income No. of villages has access to public transport No. of families entirely dependent on milk animals

1,65,855 100% villages 86% in Male 57% in Female (An increase by 43 %) 73% Urban Rs. 5600 pm Rural Rs.3200 pm 92% 69%

The Cooperative movement has brought out immense socioeconomic changes in all villages by improving overall living standards. With a milk collection of 0.80 million litters per day, every day about Rs. 70 Lakhs is being disbursed back to these 974 villages. Such is the cash flow that every family/milk producers get money daily for the milk supplied by them. Most of the village cooperative societies have constructed their own building for milk collection activities, laid approach roads and constructed schools/ community halls through the income generated from milk. As the system grew, Amul started paying competitive returns to farmers by introducing various programs such as inducting high breed milch animals, artificial insemination techniques, various milk enhancement input and health care services, efficient transportation system to bring down the rate of milk spoilage, introduction of chilling at source concept (installation of bulk cooling units at village level), improvement in animal treatment system, various intervention programs to produce clean milk from time to time. Inspite of such massive and continuous developmental efforts, as per current estimates there are about 55.64 % (1,65,855 BPL families as on 1st September 2001) families live below poverty line. Of 1,65,855 BPL families 31,935 BPL families are marginal land holders, given a chance to maintain 2 milch animals their status could be improved and brought to above poverty line. Further introduction of bulk cooling units, timely veterinary services, providing high yielding animals, farming supplements, training and intervention programs, the socioeconomic status of the village as a whole and individual family in particular could be improved.

Since Amul has experience, expertise and technical know-how, it is possible to bring socioeconomic changes and overall living standards of the target beneficiaries through this proposed project. The proposed project aims at providing income generating asset of 2 milch animals to the BPL beneficiaries thereby creating avenues for assured income and employment. This project is being considered as a special project because it has included all the forward and back ward linkages in the scheme. Besides giving productive asset for income generation the project also envisages creating long term activities for its sustainability. The project activities like fodder development for regular feeding of animals, breeding facility for the multiplication of stock, quality retention of milk through chilling milk at source, provision of veterinary services, marketing of entire milk through milk society and training for the proposed beneficiaries. Project objectives The objectives of the project are envisaged as under. 1. To provide an opportunity for round the year assured income to 7500 BPL families through animal husbandry activities. 2. Creating self employment, employment opportunities to BPL women youth and

3. Train BPL beneficiaries and identified members for upgradation of their skill to manage the given asset for getting optimum return. 4. To bring the BPL families and target groups above poverty line through specific interventions. 5. To sustain the productive assets given to the BPL beneficiaries by creating and strengthening the existing infrastructure facilities

Techno -economical of dairying unit A. General consideration 1 Average landing cost of one animal 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rs. 16, 000 for cow Rs. 14,000 for buffalo Milk yield calculated based on projected 10 – 12 Lit/day lactation Inter calving period 16 months Average cost of milk per litter paid to member Rs. 11 producer Cost of feed (concentrated) Rs. 5/ kg Cost generated from manure (16 months) Rs. 1200 Cost of dry fodder Rs. 2/kg Green fodder shall be cultivated by the owner -Insurance premium paid for 3 years for 2 Rs. 1400 animals Vaccination and veterinary care/animal/year Rs. 200

B. Recurring expenditure calculated for 16 months inter calving period (lactation) 1 2 3 Cost of concentrated feed for general Rs. 1525 maintenance of animal @ 1kg per animal per day for 305 days Cost of concentrated feed for milk production Rs. 5337 @ 350g per litter of milk for 305 days Cost of dry fodder consumption per day per Rs. 3050 animal for 305 days @ Rs. 2.00

C. Recurring expenditure calculated for dry period (180 days) 1 2 3 5 6 Cost of concentrated feed for general maintenance of animal @ 1kg per animal per day for 180 days Cost of dry fodder consumption per day per animal for 180 days @ Rs. 2.00 Insurance premium paid for 3 years for 1 animals Miscellaneous expenses (milk pail, utensils etc) Total cost of milk production Rs. 900 Rs. 2160 Rs. 700 Rs. 500 Rs. 14172

D. Calculated profit and loss account for a period of 16 months Gross income 1 Sale of milk @ Rs. 11/ L 2 Value of manure generated per year 3 Gross income in 16 months 4 Calculated Net income (D-C) 5 Calculated monthly income from one animal Rs. 36905 Rs. 1200 Rs. 38105 Rs. 23933 Rs. 1994

Based on above calculations, it is feasible to generate Rs. 3800/ from two milch animals per month Strategy for implementation of the proposed project The strategy of implementing the project has been divided under three categories at three different stages of operation under cooperative setup. Category – I: Bringing individual families who are holders of marginal land, living below poverty line under the program. Such identified families will be provided with financial support to buy milch animal, create facilities for animal rearing, provide veterinary services and provide basic facilities such as drinking water to the beneficiary and animals. This will improve the socioeconomic conditions of individual family living under BPL. Category- II: Villages having Cooperative societies collecting milk in cans will be brought under the program to provide them bulk chilling units, better transportation facilities, create additional infrastructure to improve the performance. This will improve the economic conditions of the society and such benefit when passed on to its affiliated members, overall improvement in the village takes place. Category – III: Amul has basic/ well developed infrastructure in animal husbandry, dairying, milk procurement, processing technology and marketing. Amul will help in providing technological inputs, extend veterinary services, train people thus to improve milk yield and economic returns to BPL family.

Project period and action plan (year-wise for implementation of the project. It is proposed to complete all activities stated under the project within three years from the date of sanction. The key areas identified in the project are as under: 1. Induction of Animals (to be provided to BPL families which include SC/ST families/ beneficiaries) to improve the economic conditions. 2. Vaccination, health care and deworming services shall be provided as support services to the animals to maintain and enhance productivity of milk 3. Provision for raising green fodder, high yield seed varieties for fodder development both at individual level and on community level. 4. Creation of drinking water facilities by digging bore wells to supply drinking water to the live stock, BPL families and target villagers. 5. Provide bulk chilling facilities by commissioning bulk chillers so that milk could be stored for longer period before sent for processing 6. Establishment of mobile veterinary lab for support treatment and providing doorstep Artificial Insemination. 7. Creation of additional infrastructure – provide SS cans to collect milk and efficient milk transportation system.

Project area profile (KHEDA) Geographical area Human population Major occupation Literacy rate No. of talukas No. of Rural families No. of BPL families % of BPL families No. of SC families No. of Agriculture laborers Major crops 3919.73 sq.Km 20,23,354 ( 2001 census) Agriculture, Dairying, Male 86% Female 57% 10 298090 165855 55.64% 14119 124613 Bajra, Paddy, Tobacco, Vegetable

Banana,

Other facilities: All villages are well connected with roads, have 100% electrification, available of good amount of crop residues, dry and green fodder. Majority of the villages have canal irrigation facilities with rural marketing set up through marketing yard by Co-operatives. All villages have Milk cooperatives for milk procurement and marketing. Project period and year wise action/ implementation for each identified activity are as under. Category – 1: Induction of Animals Details
No. of cow inducted No. of buffaloes inducted Total No. of animals inducted

1st year
5000 2500 7500

2nd year
5000 2500 7500

3rd year
Follow up period Follow up period Follow up period

Estimated cost component
Year No. of Cost of Total cost RS cows animal Rs. st 1 year 5000 16,000 8,00,00,000 nd 2 year 5000 16,000 8,00,00,000 Total Expenditure Rs: No. of Cost Buffaloes /animal Rs. 2500 14,000 2500 14,000 Total cost RS 3,50,00,000 3,50,00,000 23,00,00,000

It is proposed to induct all 15,000 animals with a period of 2 years so that continued milk production and income is maintained making the project viable. Number of beneficiaries
Sr. No 1 2 3 Details No. of beneficiaries in first year No. of beneficiaries in second year * No. of beneficiaries in third year** Estimated numbers 7500 7500 3000 new beneficiaries for support services.

* The assistance shall be given to the same beneficiary. ** Support services shall be given to new beneficiaries. Plan of Action 1. 7500 beneficiaries from the BPL list given by DRDA shall be selected from the KAIRA district. The beneficiaries comprise with BPL SC/ST families. 2. BPL families / beneficiaries will be made members of the society after giving the animals even if they are not existing members of the society. 3. 7500 milch animals, a mixture of cow and buffaloes will be provided to target BPL beneficiary in the first year. Remaining 7500 animals will be provided after six months of first animal given to the same families. Hence a total of 15,000 animals shall be given. 4. Required infrastructure facilities shall be created in the first year of implementing the project in order to take care of animal rearing requirements. 5. The beneficiary shall construct animal shed, cultivate fodder in his own land wherever land is available. Further depending upon the availability of community land, the village will be encouraged to cultivate green fodder to meet the feeding requirement of animal.

Economic feasibility (Returns) Projected year wise income generation for three years has been calculated based on the experience of such activities as under. Details 1 year 2 year 3 year Income from Rs.22560 from Rs.33560 from Rs.43120 from two milch animal one animal two animal animals Loan details: Cow unit Loan details Per BPL family 1st Year 2nd Year Loan amount Rs.24,500 Nil Subsidy amount Rs.7500* Nil Rs. Recovery Rs8983 Rs.8983 amount Rs. Income 22560 33,560 generated 3 year Nil Nil Rs.8983 43,120
rd

Total loan Rs 24,500 Nil Rs.26950/10% interest 99,240 with

Total loan component after subsidy will be recovered with in three years with a net income of Rs: 72290/-Thus the increase in per capita income would be projected as Rs.2008/- per month after loan payment. * The subsidy amount may increase to a maximum limit of Rs. 10,000 in case of SC BPL beneficiaries Loan details: Buffalo unit Loan details Per BPL family 1 Year 2nd Year 3rd year Loan amount Rs.20500 nil nil Subsidy amount Rs.7500 nil nil Rs. Recovery amount Rs.7516 Rs.7516 Rs.7516 Rs. Income generated Rs.22560 Rs.33560 Rs.43120
st

Total loan Rs Rs.20,500 nil Rs. 22550 with 10% interest Rs.99240

Total loan component after subsidy will be recovered with in three years with a net income of Rs: 76690/-Thus the increase in per capita income would be projected as Rs.2130 per month after loan payment.

Category – II Under this category, infrastructure facilities like installation of bulk chilling units, animal sheds, farming supplements, communication and transportation facilities are proposed as support activities for making the project viable A. Infrastructure facilities associated with maintenance of milch animals in BPL dominated villages Sr Infrastructure be Tangible/ Intangible benefits No. created 1 Cattle shed for 3 Better housing of cattle protecting from harsh milch animals environment, enhances milk production, prevents cross contamination of milk and suitable to maintain hygienic conditions of animals for clean milk production. (Annex 1) 2 Developing To provide round the year fodder and grass for individual fodder milch animals to have sustainable milk plots of 0.5 acre production/ yield. (Annex 2) size. 3 Supply of hand Usually the fodder is placed in its original shape/ chaff cutter to the size in front of animal. About 20% fodder not target beneficiary. consumed by the animal is collected along with manure. Cutting of fodder to small size and feeding to animal reduces direct of wastage of 20% fodder on feeding. This also increases the digestibility of fodder by animal. (Annex 3) Plan of Action Details Cattle shed for 3 milch animals Developing individual fodder plots of 0.5 acre size Supply of hand chaff cutter to the target beneficiary. 1st year 3750 2500 5000 2nd year 3750 2500 5000 3rd year Total Nos. Nil 7500 Nil Nil 5000 10,000

Estimated cost component 1st year Rs. Cattle shed for 3 milch 1,50,00,000 animals Develop individual 25,00,000 fodder plots of 0.5 acre size Supply of hand chaff 12,50,000 cutter to the beneficiary Total expenditure 1,87,5 0,000 Details Unit cost is calculated as under Details Cattle shed for 3 milch animals Fodder plots of 0.5 acre size Hand chaff cutter Number of beneficiaries Sr. No 1 2 3 Details No. of beneficiaries in first year No. of beneficiaries in second year No. of beneficiaries in third year Estimated numbers 3750 3750 3000 for support services. Unit cost Rs. 4000 1000 250 2nd year Rs. 1,50,00,000 25,00,000 12,50,000 3rd year Rs. Nil Nil Nil Total amount Rs. 3,00,00,000 50,00,000 25,00,000 3,75,00,000

1,87,5 0,000 ----

B. Infrastructure facilities associated with community development in BPL dominated villages Sr No. 1 Infrastructure be created Installation of Bulk chilling units in the target villages Tangible/ Intangible benefits This will help in chilling the milk at source within 1-2 hours of milking period. Such facility will prevent milk spoilage, quality deterioration and control microbial development. Currently the Union pays premium to milk based on microbial load. This will help societies generating additional income which will be economically beneficial to the society and milk producers. Also this will help in increasing the shelf life of milk (Annex 4) In most of the villages, water availability is a perennial problem. This leads to less availability of water for drinking, house hold cleaning and animal maintenance.

2

Make available drinking water facilities through creation of Borewell and pump house in the project Providing water facilities through bore well will help the entire village to have continuous source villages. for drinking water, cleaning and also able to maintain milch animals.

3

This will help in generation of income and overall economic development of the village (Annex 5) Provide Stainless Stainless steel cans are easily cleanable, rugged and steel (SS) cans to withstand rough handling. Since Aluminum cans societies currently under use are not capable of withstanding rough handling leading to denting. Cleaning of cans having such dents is difficult and is a source of contamination. (Annex 6)

Plan of Action 1st year 2nd year 3rd year Installation of Bulk chilling units in 10 5 nil the target villages (15 units of 2000 Lt capacity) Make available drinking water 30 20 nil facilities through creation of Borewell and pump house in the project villages. Provide Stainless steel cans to 2000 2000 nil societies Details Estimated cost component 1st year 2nd year 3rd year Total Rs. Rs. Rs. amount Rs. Installation of Bulk chilling 60,00,000 30,00,000 nil 90,00,000 units in the target villages 20,00,000 nil 50,00,000 Make available drinking 30,00,000 water facilities through creation of Bore-well and pump house in the project villages. Provide Stainless steel cans 50,00,000 50,00,000 nil 1,00,00,000 to societies Total Expenditure Rs 1,40,00,000 1,00,00,000 nil 2,40,00,000 Details Unit cost is calculated as under Details Installation of Bulk chilling units Make available drinking water facilities through creation of Bore-well and pump house in the project villages. Provide Stainless steel cans to societies Unit cost Rs. 6,00,000 1,00,000 2500 Total Nos. 15 50

4000

Number of beneficiaries Details Installation of Bulk chilling units Drinking water facilities through creation of Bore-well and pump house Provide Stainless steel cans to societies (100 Societies) Category – III Under this category, various facilities related faster veterinary services, vaccination, deworming, creation of holding farm for production of better stock shall be created for optimum return. 1st year 2nd year 3rd year Total whole village 10 30 village 20 nil 50 villages villages 100 villages nil nil 4000 cans

I. Infrastructure facilities associated with veterinary services, productivity enhancement and monitoring quality of milk Sr No 2 Infrastructure be created Creation of door step Artificial insemination facility. Providing small cryo liquid nitrogen container of 3L capacity to villages. Establishment of mobile diagnostic lab for animal health care (This will be sufficient to treat 20- 30000 emergency cases in a year. Monitoring quality of milk for microbial load at milk procurement point for incentives – Use of Bactoscan to analyze 1000 samples per day for total microbial count and Somatic cell counter to detect sub clinical mastitis Tangible/ Intangible benefits This will help in providing door step breeding facility for the milk animals of the BPL families. Such facility reduces cost of AI service, improve the pregnancy rate and milk production thereby generating additional income (Annex7) This facility will aid to quick diagnosis of diseases so that timely and appropriate treatment to sick animals could be provided. The mobile lab will also continuously move in villages irrespective of specific demand for routine checks, analysis of drug residues, and eradication of pathogenic diseases (Annex 8) The Union started monitoring bacterial load of milk in about 200 villages to pay incentives on milk meeting the levels fixed. Initially about 30% societies were meeting the microbial requirements. However, after one year of monitoring, currently about 65% societies meet the standard on microbial requirements. It is proposed to bring all village cooperatives under this microbial monitoring and incentive program. This will help in societies getting extra income, improve the quality of milk and good quality of final products. (Annex 9)

3

4

Plan of Action 1st year Creation of door step Artificial 25 insemination facility. Providing small cryo liquid nitrogen container of 3L capacity to villages. Establishment of mobile diagnostic lab 01 for animal health care. Monitoring quality of milk for 02 microbial load and sub clinical mastitis at milk procurement point for incentives Details Estimated cost component 1st year Rs. Providing small cryo liquid 11,25,000 nitrogen container of 3Lts.capacity & accessories Establishment of mobile 50,00,000 diagnostic lab Monitoring quality of milk 1,30,00,000 for microbial load and sub clinical mastitis Total expenditure Rs. 1,91,25,000 Details Unit cost is calculated as under Details Unit cost Rs. Providing small cryo liquid nitrogen container of 45,000 3Lts.capacity & accessories. Establishment of mobile diagnostic lab 50,00,000 Monitoring quality of milk for microbial load and sub 70,00,000 clinical mastitis (Bactoscan) 60,00,000 (Somatic cell counter) 2nd year 3rd year Total Rs. Rs. amount Rs. 11,25,000 nil 22,50,000 nil -nil -50,00,000 1,30,00,000 2,02,50,000 2nd year 25 3rd year nil Total Nos. 50

---

--

01 02

11,25,000 nil

Number of beneficiaries 1st year Creation of door step Artificial 20,000 insemination facility. Providing small cryo liquid nitrogen container of 3Lts.capacity to villages. Establishment of mobile diagnostic lab 20000 for animal health care. Monitoring quality of milk for All microbial load and Sub clinical societie mastitis at milk procurement point for s incentives Details • Projected Inseminations. • Samples tested of various types. II. Training associated with infrastructure facilities Following are the broad areas identified under training and extension activities 1. General training to the target beneficiary for skill upgradation. 2. Technical training to target beneficiaries for optimum utilization of productive asset. 3. Strengthening of in-house training center for providing Artificial insemination and Cattle management training. 4. Impart training to women member for improving quality of milk at the time of milking to dispatch to milk society for sale, cattle care and hygiene. 5. Field visit of all target beneficiary to the successful milk society of Gujarat to acquaint them better animal care and management. 2nd Year 10,000 3rd year 10,000 Total 40,000*

20,000 --

20,000 --

60,000** All societies

Sr No. 1

Infrastructure be created Strengthening of Artificial Insemination cum general Training center (up-gradation of facilities)

Tangible/ Intangible benefits This center will provide specialized training for the target beneficiaries on skill up-gradation on Animal husbandry, A.I activities to village BPL youth for self employment. This center shall also act as farmer's resource center for the entire area (Annex 10)

2

Training to the women The training will impart knowledge on animal members of target management, clean milk production, home beneficiaries on clean management. milk production Skill development, self sustainability and continuous improvement are the key areas of overall development of community (Annex 11) 2nd year 3rd year Nil Nil 2500 7500 Nil Nil Total Nos. 01 5000 15,000

Plan of Action Details

1st year Strengthening of Artificial 01 Insemination cum general Training center. (upgradation of facilities) Training to the women members of 2500 target beneficiaries on clean milk production Training for the target beneficiaries 7500

Estimated cost component Details 1st year Rs. 2nd Rs. Nil year 3rd Rs. Nil year Total amount Rs. 90,00,000

Strengthening of Artificial 90,00,000 Insemination cum general Training center (up gradation of facilities) Training to the women 10,00,000 members of target beneficiaries on clean milk production 5,00,000 Training for target beneficiaries. Total expenditures 1,00,00,000

10,00,000 Nil

20,00,000

5,00,000

Nil

10.00,000 1,20,00,000

15,00,000 Nil

Total Expenditure involved Category 1st year in Rs Category – 1 11,50,00,000 Induction of Animals 1,87,50,000 Category II A. Infrastructure facilities associated with maintenance of milch animals in BPL dominated villages 1,40,00,000 Category-II B. Infrastructure facilities associated with community development in BPL dominated villages 1,91,25,000 Category III I. Infrastructure facilities associated with veterinary services, productivity enhancement and monitoring quality of milk

2nd year in Rs 3rd year 11,50,00,000 Nil 1,87,50,000 Nil

Total Rs. 23,00,00,000 3,75,00,000

1,00,00,000

Nil

2,40,00,000

11,25,000

Nil

2,02,50,000

1,05,00,000 15,00,000 Category III II. Infrastructure facilities associated with Training Total Expenditure Rs 17,73,75,000 14,63,75,000 Total project cost Rs. 32,37,5 0,000 **

Nil

1,20,00,000

Nil

32,37,50,000

** Bank loan component of Rs 23,00,00,000 is included.

Beneficiaries detail 7500 BPL beneficiaries of KHEDA minimum 500 from each taluka which includes SC/ST members. Implementing Agency M/s. Kaira District Cooperative milk producers Union Limited, AMUL DAIRY, ANAND – 388 001, Gujarat Role of AMUL Dairy 1. AMUL will select the potential BPL beneficiaries (includes SC/ST families) from the villages. 2. AMUL shall act as facilitator for this project starting from implementation, monitoring its progress and take appropriate mid course control/ review measures. 3. AMUL shall act as guarantor for the bank loan. 4. AMUL shall also provide required technical know how for this project. This project shall be implemented through a special project cell consist of one project Coordinator, 5 field organizers and 1 office assistant cum Data entry officer. Details 1st year 2nd year 3rd year Total cost Rs Project Coordinator * 1,20,000 1,20,000 1,20,000 3,60,000 Filed Organizers** 1,50,000 1,50,000 1,50,000 4,50,000 Office Assistant cum 30,000 30,000 30,000 90,000 data entry operator*** Total consultancy 3,00,000 3,00,000 3,00,000 9,00,000 charges * Consultancy charges @ Rs. 10,000 for one project coordinator ** Consultancy charges @ Rs. 2,500 per month for one field organizer for three years. 5 filed organizer are proposed to be included to monitor the project *** Consultancy for one office assistant cum data entry officer @ Rs. 2500 per month for thee years

Bench mark survey indicators: The bench mark indicators such as present monthly family income, feeding pattern, social needs, saving pattern are to be studied before and after project implementation. Both indicators shall be compared. Raw material supply Milch animals, cattle feed, fodder seeds, farm implements will be made available in the identified target villages. Marketing arrangement of the produce Although there exist round the year marketing facility in all proposed target area through AMUL village dairy Co-operatives, it is felt that to enhance milk marketing from the remote project villages to urban areas, installation of Bulk chilling units at village level and transportation of milk could be done by providing stainless steel milk cans in. This will not only retain the milk quality and also minimize the sourage of milk. Animal Purchase Committee A purchase committee be formed consisting of representatives from Amul, DRDA and AH Department. As a matter of policy, all animals will be purchased from outside of district. Projected Milk Production Through making available of 15000 milch animals, the projected daily milk put and input to the Union will be 0.5 LLPD This will increase the total turnover of the Union with generation of additional benefits to the societies and member producers. Benefits/ Impact of the project The projected benefits of the projects are listed below: 1. Regular and assured monthly income of Rs.3800 per BPL beneficiary. 2. Self employment generation (7500 families) and BPL youth though the project. 3. Skill up-gradation of the target BPL families.

4. Creation of small self employed entrepreneur like community milking man, village consultant’s animal inseminators. 5. Cash flow from urban area to rural area by selling of milk regularly by the target families. 6. Improvement in living standards of families and their children due to increase in per capita income. 7. Increase in literacy levels. 8. The rural migration could be minimized by the attempt. 9. Creation of self sustainable rural based system will be created after project is implemented. 10. The infrastructure facilities created under this project implementation will serve as a model for the others to follow. 11. Social and economical improvement of women beneficiary. Risk factors affecting the project The following risk factors are foreseen at present which are normally seen with other such Animal husbandry projects. 1. Animal Disease/ out break leading to loss of production: To tide over this risk adequate vaccination for the animal and elaborate health care systems are available with AMUL shall be made available as preventive / corrective measures. 2. Death of productive Animal: Insurance cover shall be given to all assets including the animals so that the risk is adequately covered. 3. Animal husbandry is agriculture based enterprise and dependent on monsoon and good crop production. In absence of good monsoon the project may suffer. To minimise this risk AMUL has 600 Mt per day concentrated cattle feed manufacturing plant. The cattle feed is being sold at affordable price to member producers through Co-operative societies. 4. Rate of Inflation: Cost component has been calculated for each item identified in the project on the basis of prevailing cost at the time of conceiving the project. Any rise of inflation may hamper the project. However, additional features have been built in the project and in case of such unforeseen eventuality; the time on creation of infrastructure facilities can be minimized.

Criteria for monitoring and evaluation of project: The progress of the project shall be monitored by AMUL on monthly basis based on following criteria. 1. Income generation from productive asset. 2. Adequate functioning of support services to achieve the objectives. 3. Monthly meeting with DRDA for necessary project related returns to be submitted. 4. Mid course evaluation of the project in six months interval for any remedial/ corrective measures to be taken. 5. Yearly evaluation of the project shall be done by taking into consideration in rise in per capita income, man-days created and tangible benefits gained. 6. The project will be evaluated by competent independent authority. Bank’s commitment for credit. This proposal was discussed in DLCC meeting held on 28th March 2003 chaired by the District Collector of Naidad. During the preliminary discussions, lead bank Manager, Bank of Baroda and representatives of other scheduled banks have in principally agreed to extend the credit component after Amul's assurance to stand as guarantor to bank. The worked out total bank loan after deducting subsidy is Rs. 23, 00, 00,000 for 7500 BPL beneficiaries. Technical scrutiny and technical feasibility of the project: This shall be done by the concerned involved parties in the project from time to time as on mutual agreement and shall be obtained by DRDA. Economic appraisal of the project: viability of the project is enclosed. Appraisal by Amul – Amul is engaged in dairying and animal husbandry business since last five decades or so. Form collecting just 200 liters of milk from day one of its inception, it has progressed to collect 0.8 million litter of milk daily as on date from 974 villages cooperative societies having a collective membership of over 550,000 milk producers.

This has been achieved through services like prodding animals to framers, establishment of milk collection centers (societies), animal husbandry services, artificial insemination and cattle feed. The union also extended facilities like training, introduced the concept of chilling milk at source in tune with technological advancements that have taken place from time to time. The project is a kind of extending the expertise available in similar manner. Therefore, it is assured based on the past experience and present technological facilities that the project is 100% viable and generate assured income as projected. Formation of a 3 member follow up Committee: for evaluation of the project will be done consisting members from DRDA, AH department of Gujarat government and Amul. Repayment schedule The Loan amount will be recovered from members by the society and will be repaid in 36, monthly installment with 10% interest/ as applicable from time after deducting the subsidy. The deduction shall be made by the milk society and to be deposited to the area wise bank falling in the DCS area. The PIA will monitor the repayment and will held monthly meeting with DCS and beneficiary for speeder repayment. The interest on the principal loan amount received shall be adjusted against the last fund installment. Further a separate bank account shall be opened for this project. The expenditure of the project shall be audited by a charted accountant as per Govt. rules. Whether the project or part thereof has been submitted to any other agency? This project either in part or as a whole has not been submitted to any agency for funding. Certificate to this effect has been enclosed along with the project proposal.

Funding pattern of the project A .FUND RECEIVABLE FROM GOVT.Rs.15,00,00,000 Details 1.Infrastructure development @ 20% of total cost. 2.Training expenditure @ 10 % of total cost. 3.Subsidy receivable from DRDA @ of Rs.7500 per beneficiary for 7500 BPL families. Actual cost Rs.7,61,48,000 Rs.1,76,02,000 Rs.5,62,50,000

B. FUNDS MOBILISED FROM BANKAS LOAN Details Procurement of animal 15,000 numbers. C. Amul's contribution: Rs.7, 40,000 An amount of Rs. 7, 40,000 towards consultancy fees paid to the project staff for project period will be contributed by Amul. All technical services will be provided by AMUL at no extra cost De-worming and animal treatment cost worked out for 15,000 fresh animals inducted in the project for a period of three years is Rs. 34,00,000/-This costs does not cover emergency visits. All such cost incurred during the project period will be borne by Amul. Actual cost Rs.23,00,00,000

List of projects (state and center) handled by Amul The list of projects is attached separately in the annexure.

Attachment and enclosures to be attached 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Location map of Kheda. Techno economics report of dairy unit. Taluka wise BPL list received from DRDA Nadiad. List of projects executed by AMUL. Letter pertaining to this project is not submitted to any agency for funding. Copy of resolution relating to arrangement of loan from banks.

DEATAILS OF INFRASTRUCTURE TO BE CREATED UNDER THE PROPOSED PROJECT Annex 1 - Cattle shed construction As per Codex code on Hygienic practice for milk and milk products, primary production practices of milk should ensure that potential microbiological hazards from all sources should be minimized to the greatest extent practicable at this stage of production. It is recognized at international level that the greatest sources of microbiological hazards are the environment (farm level) and the milk animals themselves. In order to prevent such potential microbial contaminants, appropriate animal husbandry practices should be respected and care should be taken to assure that proper health of the milking animal is maintained. Further lack of good agricultural, animal feeding, veterinary practices and inadequate general hygiene of milking personal and aids, inappropriate milking methods may lead to unacceptable levels of contamination with chemical residues and other potential contaminants during primary production of milk In order to achieve this, the hygienic code proposed by Codex is as under 1. Areas and premises for milk production - Areas including premises used for the production of milk should be designed, situated, maintained in a manner that minimizes the introduction of hazards into milk. The milking premises should be constructed in such a manner that it is easy to clean, proper drain system, with appropriate water facility and be separated and protected from open environment. 2. Feeding of Animals – with consideration given to the end use of milk, forage, and feed for lactating animals should not introduce, directly, or indirectly, microbiological or chemical contaminants in to milk in amounts that present an unacceptable health risk to the consumer. 3. Animal holding area - Holding area should be designed in such a way that is maintained free from accumulation of water, manure, mud, feed residues, prevent entry of other non milking animals. 4. Animal health – Milk should come from animals on good health so that considering the end use, it does not affect the safety and suitability of the end products.

5. Environmental hygiene – Water and other environmental factor should be managed in a way that minimizes the potential for the transmission of hazards in to the milk. 6. Animal treatment – Animals should only be treated with veterinary drugs permitted for the specific use and in a manner that will not adversely impact on the safety and suitability of milk, including adherence to the withdrawal period specified. 7. Hygienic milking – Milking should be carried out in such a manner that minimizes contamination of the milk being introduced. Since the proposed Codex Code on hygienic practice for milk and milk products will be implemented across the world in coming years, India as signatory of WTO has no option but to follow the code. Since Amul is a member of Codex committee, and a premier Cooperative, would like to initiate implementing the code before it becomes mandatory. Hence appropriate design has been made to construct proper Cattle shed incorporating requirements of hygiene code. The proposed project envisages implementing and complying with such hygienic requirements atleast in selected villages in order to replicate the same across the district to achieve clean milk production.

Annex 2: Developing of individual fodder plots 1/2 acre each To have sustainable milk production, it is essential to feed the animals with green fodder till end of the lactation. Since availability of green fodder is only for few months in a year, the animals have been to largely depend on dry fodder. Also feeding green fodder directly relates to enhancement of milk production/ secretion, it is essential to feed the milch animals with green fodder so that the milk yield is not reduced. It has been envisaged that green fodder cultivation will be done in individual plots of 0.5 acre area by farmers or where community land is available in village. The farmers having irrigated land will be encouraged for fodder development twice in a year. The seeds and fertilizers shall be made available to them.

Annex 3: Supply of hand chaff cutter to the target beneficiary. Usually the fodder is placed in its original shape/ size in front of animal. It has been practically observed that when such fodder is fed to animal, about 20-25% fodder is not consumed by the animal and is considered as left over. Since the fodder is placed on floor the left over feed gets contaminated with manure and is collected along with the manure. Cutting of fodder to small size and feeding to animal reduces direct wastage of 20-25% fodder on feeding. Such wastage loss also leads to economic loss on feed. When animals fed with such fodder, the dry matter digestibility increases leading to enhanced milk production. Hence it has been proposed to supply chaff cutter for two major reasons 1). to reduce the wastage and 2). to improve the dry matter digestibility thereby enhancing the productivity.

Annex 4: Installation of Bulk chilling units in the target villages As per codex code on hygienic practice for milk and milk products, milk should be collected, transported and delivered without undue delay, and in a manner that avoids the introduction of contaminants into milk and minimizes the growth of micro-organisms in the milk. Proper handling, storage and transportation of milk are important elements of the system of controls necessary to produce safe and suitable milk and milk products. Temperature abuse is known to increase the microbiological load of milk. From milk production through processing of milk should be stored at appropriate temperatures in order to control the growth or minimize the development of food safety hazard. Amul has conducted a study in order to investigate the stages of spoilage of milk starting from udder to dairy dock. The milk from the udder has few hundreds of viable microbial count. The count increases to several thousands when the milk reaches to collection point that is co-operative society. The bacteria gets multiplied and by the time un chilled milk collected in cans reaches to dairy the total microbial count increases to several millions (more than 10 million count per ml of milk). In order to study the effect of temperature control/ chilling milk at source, the milk immediately after milking was chilled to 6-8 degree Celsius temperature. The microbial count of such chilled milk when received at dairy dock was found to 2-3 million per ml milk. This indicates that chilling milk at source is another important factor. India being the tropical country, the environmental conditions favor faster growth of microorganism in milk and the quality of milk gets deteriorated by the time it reaches dairy dock. The loss is due to sour / spoiled milk. The concept of chilling milk at source is in place in all developed countries where the farm size is about 100 herds. However, in India the milk collection is from millions of small farmers and extending such facility at farmer’s doorstep is not practically viable. Hence Amul in the nineties took initiative to conduct detailed investigation on quality status of milk starting from milking point to collection centers, through transportation and at dairy dock. Based on the results, Amul introduced the concept of chilling the milk at collection point i.e. at Society level to less than 6 degree Celsius within 1-2 hours of milking. Today there are 144 societies having such facilities and one third of the total milk is received from such chilling units in chilled condition.

The bacterial count of milk from these units is found be less than 2.5 million per ml when compared to several millions in milk received un-chilled in cans. Amul is planning to install such bulk cooling units at all viable village cooperative societies in a phased manner. The units are operated both on electricity and diesel generators, easy to operate and least expensive in terms of operating costs. In order to encourage societies to commission bulk chilling units to improve the quality of milk, currently the Union pays premium to milk based on microbial load. This will help societies to generate additional income, which will be economically beneficial to the society and milk producers. Also this will help in increasing the shelf life of milk. Installation of bulk chilling units at society level to retain the quality of milk will help to achieve immediate economic benefit to the society and long term benefit to the union in terms of production of good quality end products. Reduction in microbial load will also reduce processing costs (energy) which lead to long-term economic benefits. Therefore it has been proposed to add additional 15 bulk chilling units in the identified target villages. Annex 5: Make available drinking water facilities through creation of Bore-well and pump house in the project villages. In most of the villages, water availability is a perennial problem. This leads to less availability of water for drinking, cleaning of household utensils, and animal maintenance. Water scarcity is more prominent in areas like Kapadvanj and Balasinor. In most of the societies in this area water availability for cleaning the milk collection area, utensils, and cans is meager leading to improper maintenance of hygienic conditions. Also since the water availability is restricted cleaning of animals before milking is also observed to be not in place. All these factors lead to contamination of milk from the milk production point itself. Providing water facilities through bore well will help the entire village to have continuous source of water for drinking water, cleaning and also able to maintain milch animals. This will become an aid / tool in generation of income and overall economic development of the village. Therefore it is proposed in the project to create drinking water facilities at least in 50 villages.

Annex 6: Provide Stainless steel cans to societies In developed countries particularly in India traditionally aluminum cans are being used for transportation of milk from society/collection point to the dairy dock since last five decades or so. Over a period of usage of aluminum cans, the cans and lids get dented leading to cracks, leakage and uneven surface. To prevent leakage the cans are required to be welded. This leaves rough surface leads to deposition of milk solids. Such deposits are not easily cleanable and thus become a source of contamination leading to spoilage of milk. Stainless steel cans are easily cleanable, can withstand rough handling and not easily dented. Since control of microbial hazards right from the source is gaining acceptance world over in terms of food safety point of view, it becomes mandatory to introduce all possible control measures that ensures safety of consumers. Therefore it is proposed to gradually replace aluminum cans with stainless steel cans in phased manner. In order to achieve it is proposed in the project to introduce 4000 stainless steel cans. Annex 8: Creation of door step Artificial insemination facility. In order to have sustainable milk production and continuos income generation it is essential the animals are made pregnant within 60 days of calving. This will help in reducing the non-milking period of animals to a minimum period thus increasing the income of the family leading to faster repayment of loan. In order to achieve this it is essential to increase number of animals to undergo artificial insemination process. Small liquid nitrogen containers with frozen semen doses shall be provided to the milk society personnel so that breeding facility could be given at the door step of the proposed project villages. Therefore it has been envisaged to provide small cryo liquid nitrogen container of 3 L capacity to target villages to create door step breeding facility for the milk animals of the BPL families. Such facility reduces cost of AI service, improve the pregnancy rate and milk production thereby generating additional income. Under the proposed project it is projected to create 50 doorstep artificial insemination centers in the target villages.

Annex 9: Establishment of mobile diagnostic lab for animal health care At present Amul provides need based services of treating milch animals. Animals treated only when they are fallen sick this kind of treatment practice is in place in all the villages since last 50 years. However there is no system of follow-up of treatment in place. As per Codex code on hygienic practices for milk and milk products, milk should be drawn from animals that: are identifiable to facilitate effective animal management practices do not show impairment of general state of health do not show any evidence of infectious diseases transferable to humans through milk. The milk cannot carry unacceptable levels of zoonotic agents. Therefore, milk originating from animals that are unidentifiable in terms of health status, animals of unknown health status are separated and owners shall keep record of relevant information with respect to treatment given. In order to minimize or prevent the introduction of drug residues in milk and milk products good animal husbandry procedures should be used to reduce the likelihood of animal disease and thus reduce the use of veterinary drugs. Milk from animals that are been treated with veterinary drugs that can be transferred to milk should be discarded until the withdrawal period specified for the particular veterinary drug has been achieved. The hygienic code also specifies the eradication of Tuberculosis and Brucellosis in order to ensure the safety and suitability of the milk and milk products. To achieve and follow the code it is envisaged to create mobile diagnostic lab. This facility will aid to quick diagnosis of diseases so that timely and appropriate treatment to sick animals could be provided. The mobile lab will also continuously move in villages irrespective of specific demand for routine checks, analyze drug residues, diagnose and help to eradicate diseases that are of pathogenic in nature. This will help in controlling the unspecified levels of drug residues in milk through monitoring of withdrawal period. Timely treatment will also ensure the reduction in mortality rate of animals particularly young calves. This will also help indirect economic benefit to producers. The mobile diagnostic lab when put in operation will take care of at least 30,000 animals per year required under emergency conditions apart from treating animals under routine check. i. ii. iii.

Annex 10: Monitoring quality of milk for microbial load at milk procurement point for incentives As per Codex code of hygienic practice for milk and milk products milk should be evaluated based on sampling of milk from individual farms or milk collection centers. It is essential that control measures are applied at primary production level to prevent microbiological contamination of milk. The initial microbial load significantly impacts the performance needed for the microbiological control measures applied during and after processing. The safety and suitability of the end product depends not only on the initial microbiological load and efficiency of the process but also any post-process growth of surviving organisms and post-process contamination. Unlike in developed countries where milk is monitored for microbial load right at farm level and is part of payment system, in India other than analyzing milk for fat and SNF no such system is in place. Amul after implementing quality management system in combination with food safety management systems (HACCP) has realized that unless the raw material quality is controlled at source quality of end products cannot be improved. As a matter of policy Amul started monitoring bacteriological quality of milk at society level with effect from December 2000 to collect base line data. The analysis was restricted to the milk collected from societies having bulk chilling units. With continuos monitoring the quality of milk and cleaning schedules it was possible to bring down the microbial count from several millions to less than 2-4 million/ml milk. However, it was soon realized that unless a kind of quality management system is introduced at society level continuos monitoring will have only time-bound effect. Therefore, as an organizational policy it was decided to implement ISO- 9001 quality management system at society level. Initially 50 societies got certified for IS0-9001. After observing the improvements in quality of milk in these 50 societies it has been decided to implement ISO-9001 in all the societies. At present 150 societies have been certified for ISO-9001 and another 100 societies will be certified by May 2003. This is perhaps first time the world such kind of quality management system has been introduced at milk production level by Amul.

In order to encourage the societies to adopt quality management systems, the union started monitoring the bacterial load of milk received from the societies having village chilling units (144) and milk received from societies collecting milk in cans who have been certified for IS0-9001 (170) to pay incentives on milk meeting the microbial levels fixed. Initially about 30% societies were meeting the microbial requirements. However, after one year of monitoring and implementation of ISO9001, currently about 65% societies meet the standard on microbial requirements. In the year 2003, the standard on microbial load has further been revised from 2.5 million count/ml to 2.0 million count/ml milk to strengthen the quality. As per our preliminary investigation conducted in the year 1999 on prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis, several thousand samples of cow and buffalo milk were analyzed. It was observed presence of sub-clinical mastitis in about 20 percent population of milch animals suffering from mastitis. Presence of sub-clinical mastitis in milch animals not only reduces the milk yield but also affect the product quality. Hence it is essential to monitor the quality of milk not only for presence of sub-clinical mastitis but also to identify and treat the animal within minimum possible period. It is proposed to bring all village cooperatives under this milk quality monitoring and incentive program. This will help societies to get extra income, improve the quality of milk and thereby good quality of final products. In order to achieve this it is essential to have automatic bacteriological analyzer (Bactoscan) to analyze 1000 samples per day for total microbial count and a Somatic Cell Counter to detect sub clinical mastitis.

Annex 11 – Training For better implementation and sustainable long term benefits of any program, continuous training forms an integral element of any key activity. This has been realized by Amul since long ago and had created appropriate training facilities with training modules to its member producers. Such training needs are identified and modified from time to time since then depending on the need and technological environment. There are 974 village milk co-operative societies affiliated with Kaira District Co-Operative Milk Producers' Union Ltd., Anand in which large number of BPL families actively participating in dairying and animal husbandry activities. Source of income of BPL families are mainly agriculture labor and milk production. In order to have sustainable economic benefits, extension education and training pertaining to dairy, animal husbandry, leadership development and agriculture will play crucial role to improve socioeconomic level of BPL families. Following are various extension education and training programs identified for continuous training: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. BPL member orientation program. BPL member self-help group development program BPL families health and hygiene improvement program Milk enhancement through scientific tools. Women leadership development program for BPL family woman.

1. BPL member orientation program To improve skill and knowledge pertaining to Animal Husbandry practice, clean milk production, current situation of dairy industries, health and hygiene, one day orientation program will be organized for newly included BPL members. They will visit dairy farm in the districts or out side, cattle feed factory, dairy plant, agricultural activities and other related area of work. Total 100 such orientation programs envisaged to be conducted in a period one year.

2. Milk enhancement through scientific tools Scientific tools play important role to enhance milk production at minimum cost. To train BPL youth for better animal husbandry practices, it is proposed to arrange one-week training program. The training component will include theory, practical and field visits. There will be conducted to BPL youth in batches. Ten programs in a year are planned to be conducted. 3. Women leadership development program for BPL family woman. Leader is a base of revolution; therefore it is proposed that BPL family women must be trained for leadership for shouldering the larger responsibility. It is therefore to conduct two days leadership development program in batches. The training component includes theory, practical, and arranged visits to various places which are managed by women to help them to understand the leadership requirements much better.

A. Strengthening training center For effective training, we need to strengthen and create conducive appropriate training environment. Currently we have training centers established several years back. However, with the technological advancements, the training requirements have also changed. Therefore, keeping in mind the kind of modern training requirements, it has been proposed to upgrade the existing training center with all kinds of ultra modern facilities. New audio visual aids, photo panels, display boards shall be added to this center. All the trainees shall be trained by an experience staffs. Facilities for classroom, boarding and lodging, library, seminar halls for trainees will be created additionally. Presently only 12 farmers are being trained in a batch. By expanding this facility it can accommodate 45 candidates at a time. This center will provide specialized training for the target beneficiaries on skill up gradation on Animal husbandry, A.I training to village BPL youth for self employment. This center shall act as farmer's resource center for the entire area. Presently 45 days first aid and artificial training is being provided to the lay inseminator of villages. Once the proposed center is modernized, the center will conduct training on Pregnancy diagnosis. This will benefit the proposed beneficiaries to reduce the inter-calving period.