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Safety Clearance Recommendations for Electrical Panel | EEP

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Safety Clearance Recommendations for


Electrical Panel
Safety Clearance Recommendations for Electrical Panel

Clearance Tables
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Working Space around Indoor Panel/Circuit Board (NES 312.2)


Clearance around an Indoor electrical panel (NEC 110.26)
Clearance for Conductor Entering in Panel (NES 408.5)
Clearance between Bare Metal Busbar in Panel (NES 408.5)
Clearance of Outdoor electrical panel to Fence/Wall (NES 110.31)
Working Space around Indoor Panel/Circuit Board (NES 110.34)
Clearance around an Outdoor electrical panel (NES 110.31)
Elevation of Unguarded Live Parts above Working Space (NES 110.34E)
Working Space for Panel (Code Georgia Power Company)

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Working Space around Indoor Panel/Circuit Board (NES 312.2)


Exposed live
parts to Not live
parts (or
grounded parts)

Exposed live
parts to
Grounded parts
(concrete/
brick/walls)

Exposed live
parts on both
sides

Up to 150 V

0.914 Meter (3
Ft)

0.914 Meter (3
Ft)

0.914 Meter (3
Ft)

150 V to 600
V

0.914 Meter (3
Ft)

1.07 Meter (36)

1.22 Meter (4
Ft)

Voltage

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Clearance around an Indoor electrical panel (NES 110.26)

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Description of Clearance

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Distance (min)

Left to Right the minimum


clearance

0.9 Meter (3 Ft)

Distance between Panel and


wall

1.0 Meter

Distance between Panel and


Ceiling

0.9 Meter

Clear Height in front of Panel


>480V

2.0 Meter

Clear Height in front of Panel


<480V

0.9 Meter (3 Ft)

Clearance When Facing Other


Electrical Panels <480V

0.9 Meter (3 Ft)

The width of the workingspace


in front of the Panel

The width of Panel or 0.762 Meter which is


Greater.

Headroom of working spaces


for panel boards (Up to
200Amp)

Up to 2 Meter

Headroom of working spaces


for panel boards (More than
200Amp & Panel height is max 2
Meter)

Up to 2 Meter (If Panel height is max 2


Meter)

Headroom of working spaces


for panel boards (More than
200Amp & Panel height is more
than 2 Meter)

If Panel height is more than 2 Meter than


clearance should not less than panel Height

Entrance For Panel (More than


1200 Amp and over 1.8 m Wide)

One entrance required for working space


(Not less than 610 mm wide and 2.0 m high)

Personal Door For Panel (More


than 1200 Amp)

Personnel door(s) intended for entrance to


and egress from the working space less than
7.6 m from the nearest edge of the working
space

Dedicated Electrical Space.

Required Space is width and depth of the


Panel and extending from the floor to a
height of 1.8 m (6 ft) above the equipment
or to the structural ceiling, whichever is
lower

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The door(s) shall open in the


direction of egress and be
equipped with panic bars,
pressure plates, or other devices
that are normally latched but
open under simple pressure
The work space shall permit at
least a 90 degree opening of
equipment doors or hinged
panels
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Clearance for Conductor Entering in Panel (NES 408.5)


Description of Clearance

Distance (min)

Spacing between The conduit or Not rise more than 75 mm


raceways (including their end
(3 in) above the bottom of
fittings) and bottom of enclosure the enclosure
Spacing between bottom of
enclosure and insulated busbars,
their supports

200 mm

Spacing between bottom of


enclosure and non-insulated
busbars

200 mm

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Clearance between Bare Metal Busbar in Panel (NES 408.5)


Opposite
Polarity
Mounted on
Same Surface

Opposite
Polarity Where
Held Free in
Air

Live Parts
to Ground

Up to 125 V

19.1 mm

12.7 mm

12.7 mm

125 V to 250
V

31.8 mm

19.1 mm

12.7 mm

250 V to 600
V

50.8 mm

25.4 mm

25.4 mm

Voltage

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Clearance of Outdoor electrical panel to Fence/Wall (NES 110.31)


Voltage

Distance (min)

600 V to 13.8 KV

3.05 Meter

13.8 KV to 230 KV

4.57 Meter

Above 230 KV

5.49 Meter

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Working Space around Indoor Panel/Circuit Board (NES 110.34)

Voltage

Exposed live
Exposed live
parts to
parts to Not live
Grounded parts
parts (or
(concrete/brick/
grounded parts)
walls)

Exposed live
parts on both
sides

601 V to 2.5 KV 0.914 Meter (3 Ft)

1.2 Meter (4 Ft)

1.5 Meter (5 Ft)

2.5 KV to 9.0
KV

1.2 Meter (4 Ft)

1.5 Meter (5 Ft)

1.8 Meter (6 Ft)

9.0 KV to 25
KV

1.5 Meter (5 Ft)

1.8 Meter (6 Ft)

2.5 Meter (8 Ft)

25 KV to 75 KV

1.8 Meter (6 Ft)

2.5 Meter (8 Ft)

3.0 Meter (10


Ft)

Above 75 KV

2.5 Meter (8 Ft)

3.0 Meter (10 Ft)

3.7 Meter (12


Ft)

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Clearance around an Outdoor electrical panel (NES 110.31)


Description of Clearance

Distance (min)

Clear work space

Not less than 2.0 Meter high


(Measured vertically from the floor or
platform) or not less than 914 mm (3
ft) wide (Measured parallel to the
equipment)

Entrance For Panel(More than


1200 Amp and over 1.8 m
Wide)

One entrance required for working


space (Not less than 610 mm wide
and 2.0 m high)

Entrance For Panel: On Large


panels exceeding 1.8 Meter in
width

One Entrance at each end of the


equipment.

Non-metallic or Metal-enclosed
Panel in general public and the
bottom of the enclosure is less
than 2.5 m (8 ft) above the
floor or grade level

Enclosure door or hinged cover shall


be kept locked

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Elevation of Unguarded Live Parts above Working Space (NES


110.34E)
Voltage

Elevation (min)

600 V to 7.5 KV

2.8 Meter

7.5 KV to 35 KV

2.9 Meter

Above 35 KV

2.9 Meter + 9.5 mm/KV

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Working Space for Panel (Code Georgia Power Company)

Voltage

Exposed live
Exposed live parts to
parts to Not live
Grounded parts
parts (or
(concrete/brick/walls)
grounded parts)

Exposed
live parts
on both
sides

Up to 150 V

3.0 Meter

3.0 Meter

3.0 Meter

150 V to 600
V

3.0 Meter

3.5 Meter

4.0 Meter

600 V to 2.5
KV

3.0 Meter

4.0 Meter

5.0 Meter

2.5 KV to 9
KV

3.0 Meter

4.0 Meter

6.0 Meter

9 KV to 25
KV

5.0 Meter

6.0 Meter

6.0 Meter

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*** NES National environmental standards for electricity transmission activities

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About Author //
Jignesh Parmar
jiguparmar - Jignesh Parmar has completed his B.E(Electrical) from
Gujarat University. He is member of Institution of Engineers
(MIE),India. Membership No:M-1473586.He has more than 12 years
experience in Transmission -Distribution-Electrical Energy theft
detection-Electrical Maintenance-Electrical Projects (Planning-DesigningTechnical Review-coordination -Execution). He is Presently associate
with one of the leading business group as a Assistant Manager at
Ahmedabad,India. He has published numbers of Technical Articles in "Electrical Mirror",
"Electrical India", "Lighting India", "Industrial Electrix"(Australian Power Publications)
Magazines. He is Freelancer Programmer of Advance Excel and design useful Excel base
Electrical Programs as per IS, NEC, IEC,IEEE codes. He is Technical Blogger and Familiar with

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English, Hindi, Gujarati, French languages. He wants to Share his experience & Knowledge and
help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themselves on various
Engineering Topics.
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