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Demand Side Units and Demand Response

in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland

How to Earn Revenue by Temporarily Reducing Your Grid Electricity Consumption
What is Demand Response and what
is a Demand Side Unit?

How does it work?

Demand response (DR) is a term used to describe how electricity

users can temporarily reduce their electricity consumption in
response to requests by the national power grid. In both
Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, the national grid
operators (Eirgrid and SONI) allow sites that can participate in
Demand Response to earn guaranteed capacity payments for
their availability. To earn these payments, electricity consumers
will sign up with a Demand Side Unit, which are licensed by the
Energy Regulator and operate under contract with the grid.
These Demand Side Units assess the economic and technical
feasibility for a site to participate in Demand Response, manage
the grid application and acceptance test process, administer
dispatches, and pay revenue to participating sites.

As a Demand Response participant, you decide what periods

of the day/week/month you are available to be called, and
then earn payments directly proportional to both the amount
of time in the year you are available and the level of demand
reduction you can deliver if requested to curtail. There is no
cost to participate.
EnerNOC manages your Demand Response participation
including: i) assisting you in determining which time periods
suit your organization to be available; ii) drawing up automated
or manual demand reduction processes; iii) providing advance
notification of all demand reduction events; and iv) managing
monthly revenue reporting and payments.

How you buy it

streaming real-time
energy data

How much you use



When you use it


1 2
3 4

Supply Management
Software to help companies
procure energy, develop budgets,
manage risk and manage their
energy positions, supported by
advice and purchasing support.

Visibility and Reporting

Software to track and report
to stakeholders. Includes
dashboards, carbon reporting,
benchmarking, converting energy
to business units.

Demand Response
Software for reducing realtime demand for electricity by
enabling customers to reduce
their electricity consumption in
response to a market signal.

Utility Bill Management

Software for tracking, integration
with our accounts payable
software, checking and paying
utility bills. Includes basic
visibility, error discovery
and reporting.

Facility Optimization
Software for meter analytics,
continuous commissioning,
asset management, supported
by a full suite of energy services.

Demand Management
Software to predict and quantify
peak demand charges, which
make up an average of 30% of
an organizations energy bill.

Project Management
Software for energy project tracking.

EnerNOC Alert: Your electricity

demand is >1,000 kW

DR dispatch

DR dispatch

EnerNOC sends
Customers monthly
payments (/) for
DR participation

Enterprise Customers

curtailment plan activated

and load shed from grid

National Grid Operator


What is expected of participants?

Sites interested in participating must first demonstrate during
an acceptance test that they can actually reduce their grid
consumption. A site needs to demonstrate that it can i) reduce
demand with 30 minutes notice and ii) maintain this demand
reduction for up to 2 hours.

How do I participate?
EnerNOC makes participation easy. We take care of the
metering and grid interface details so you can stay focused
on your own organizational priorities. Our expert team will
identify your demand reduction potential and provide you with
an accurate revenue proposal for your site so that you can
make an informed decision as to whether to participate. We
are required to install load monitoring equipment at each
participating site, which is monitored 24/7/365 at our Network
Operations Centre (NOC). If the grid does request a demand
reduction event, this ensures you only receive such requests
when you are available to reduce demand.

Does it cost anything to participate?

EnerNOC will pay any load monitoring equipment costs or
upfront electrical works (if required) and simply deduct the cost
from the future revenue you earn in the scheme so there is no
expenditure required by your organization to participate.

What happens when a demand reduction

event is called by the grid?
Our 24/7/365 manned Network Operations Centre (NOC)
manages all dispatches and communications to each site via
a site-specific demand reduction protocol. A demand reduction
protocol includes: i) who you wish to be notified at your facility;
ii) how you wish to receive notification (email/SMS/phone); and
iii) remote SCADA/relay activation, if appropriate for your site.
Some participants operate a process where a highly automated
dispatch makes sense and others simply take action on-site
themselves in response to a phone call. We will work with
whatever approach works best for your site.

Do I have to export electricity?

No. Sites earn revenue simply through their ability to
temporarily reduce their grid demand. There is no requirement
to export electricity.

What type of equipment is suitable for

delivering demand reduction?
Any equipment that is normally consuming power, which you can
switch off for up to two hours, is suitable. The use of back-up
generators is allowed. EnerNOC has extensive experience in
identifying demand reduction opportunities in a wide range of
sectors. Typically we would look at the following equipment:

Chilling / Air conditioning

Production plant (mills/grinders/motors/production lines, etc.)
Back-up generators (by running a generator on-site,
you reduce the site grid demand)

What are the benefits?

Guaranteed monthly payments and/or funding of energy
projects: Your site will earn capacity payments every month,
simply for being available for DR, regardless of whether
you are called to reduce demand that month or not.
Alternatively, rather than direct payments, we can directly
fund nominated energy projects at your site. In addition,
your generator running costs will be refunded.
2. Improved corporate social responsibility:
By participating in DR, you are assisting the grid in allowing
wind power onto the system, reducing demand during
capacity shortages, and improving the grids resilience in a
cost-effective approach to national grid power management.
3. Improved generator testing regime/business continuity:
Participating in the Demand Response Scheme enhances
your Generator Testing Regime and System Resilience,
without exposing the site to an actual Grid Utility Failure.
4. Advance warning of grid events: Participating in Demand
Response provides your site with advance warning of
possible grid events (e.g., grid capacity shortages and
grid emergency alerts), thereby allowing you to take action
in advance to protect your site.
5. Identification of additional energy savings opportunities:
As an optional add-on to the load monitoring equipment,
EnerNOCs energy intelligence software (EIS) provides the
data visibility and reporting you need to make better energy
decisions around the key cost drivers: how you buy energy,
how much energy you use, and when you use energy. This
includes tracking and verification of energy projects and
usage in both kW and financial terms.

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