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11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

1) Which of the following are typical consequences of good capital budgeting decisions?

A) The firm increases in value.

B) The firm gains knowledge and experience that may be useful in future decisions.

C) Good capital budgeting decisions help a company define its core competencies.

D) All of the above.

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

2) Errors in capital budgeting decisions:

A) tend to average out over time.

B) decrease the firm's value.

C) are diminished because the time value of money makes future cash flows less important.

D) are easily reversed.

Answer: B

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

3) Which of the following factors is least important to capital budgeting decisions.?

A) The time value of money

B) The risk-return tradeoff

C) Net income based on accrual accounting principles

D) Cash flows directly resulting from the decision

Answer: C

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

4) Which of the following would NOT be considered a capital budgeting decision?

A) Walmart purchases inventory for resale to customers.

B) Morgan Stanley installs elevators to comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act.

C) Caterpillar replaces manufacturing equipment with more efficient new equipment.

D) Pfizer develops a new therapy and brings it to market.

Answer: A

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

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5) Which of the following is a typical capital budgeting decision?

A) Purchase of office supplies

B) Granting credit to a new customer

C) Replacement of manufacturing equipment with more modern and efficient equipment

D) Financing the firm with more long-term debt and less equity

Answer: C

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

6) Good capital investment opportunities are most likely to exist when:

A) many firms compete to sell similar products.

B) interest rates are high and rising.

C) goods and services can be produced cheaply using readily available tools and technologies.

D) a line of business is expensive to enter and uses proprietary technology.

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

7) Errors resulting from a capital budgeting decision are not considered major since the

consequences of such errors average out over the life of the investment.

Answer: FALSE

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

8) Competitive market forces make it imperative for a firm to have a systematic strategy for

generating capital-budgeting projects.

Answer: TRUE

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

9) The size of capital investments and the difficulty in reversing them once they are made make

capital-budgeting decisions very important to the firm.

Answer: TRUE

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

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10) Capital budgeting is the decision-making process with respect to investment in working

capital.

Answer: FALSE

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

11) Why are capital budgeting decisions among the most important decisions made by any

company? Give a few examples from recent business developments.

Answer: The main objective of financial management is to maximize the value of the firm. The

main source of value is the company's cash flows discounted at rates that reflect their risk. Both

the firm's cash flows and their level of risk are determined by the projects the company chooses

to undertake. Recent examples include Apples string of "I" products (pod, phones, pad), and

Amazon's Kindle which have added tremendous value to those companies. Students may cite

examples from the text such as Kimberly-Clark's Huggies or Walmart's use of central distribution

centers. Examples of less than successful decisions, at least so far, might include the Segue or the

Gap's ephemeral redesigned logo. (Students' answers will vary their experience and recent

events.)

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

12) Distinguish between revenue enhancement investments, cost-reduction investments, and

mandated investments.

Answer: Revenue enhancements investments may include new product lines such as Amazon's

Kindle or GM's Chevy Volt undertaken, obviously, to increase cash flows by increasing sales.

Companies such as Walmart may expand internationally or enter new businesses such as

groceries for the same reason. Cost reduction investments such as improved distribution, energy

saving equipment or loss prevention systems may not increase sales, but increase cash flows by

reducing costs. Mandated investments may include such issues as access for the handicapped,

pollution abatement, or employee safety. They are unavoidable because required by federal,

state, or local laws. In these cases, companies will seek the least expensive way to comply.

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

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Answer: All firms are competing to maximize their value, so if an idea is obvious, many

companies will pursue it at the same time. The Blackberry, for example, soon faced intense

competition from any number of smart phones. Companies often find the best opportunities in

areas where they have some protection from competition because they possess proprietary

technology (Pfizer, Merck), strong brand loyalty (Coca Cola), or because the business is very

expensive to enter (Toyota, Disney).

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Topic: 11.1 An Overview of Capital Budgeting

Keywords: capital budgeting

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

11.2 Net Present Value

1) Project Sigma requires an investment of $1 million and has a NPV of $10. Project Delta

requires an investment of $500,000 and has a NPV of $150,000. The projects involve unrelated

new product lines.

A) Both projects should be accepted because they have positive NPV's.

B) Neither project should be accepted because they might compete with one another.

C) Only project Delta should be accepted. Alpha's NPV is too low for the investment.

D) The company should look at other investment criteria, not just NPV.

Answer: A

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: independent investment project

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

2) ABC Service can purchase a new assembler for $15,052 that will provide an annual net cash

flow of $6,000 per year for five years. Calculate the NPV of the assembler if the required rate of

return is 12%. (Round your answer to the nearest $1.)

A) $1,056

B) $4,568

C) $7,621

D) $6,577

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

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3) Central Mass Ambulance Service can purchase a new ambulance for $200,000 that will

provide an annual net cash flow of $50,000 per year for five years. Calculate the NPV of the

ambulance if the required rate of return is 9%. (Round your answer to the nearest $1.)

A) $50,000

B) $(5,061)

C) $(5,517)

D) $5,517

Answer: C

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

4) Central Mass Ambulance Service can purchase a new ambulance for $200,000 that will

provide an annual net cash flow of $50,000 per year for five years. The salvage value of the

ambulance will be $25,000. Assume the ambulance is sold at the end of year 5. Calculate the

NPV of the ambulance if the required rate of return is 9%. (Round your answer to the nearest

$1.)

A) $(10,731)

B) $10,731

C) $(5,517)

D) $5,517

Answer: B

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

5) Fitchminster Armored Car can purchase a new vehicle for $200,000 that will provide annual

net cash flow over the next five years of $40,000, $45,000, $50,000, $55,000, $60,000. The

salvage value of the vehicle will be $25,000. Assume that the vehicle is sold at the end of year 5.

Calculate the NPV of the ambulance if the required rate of return is 9%. (Round your answer to

the nearest $1.)

A) $7,390

B) $6,048

C) $6,780

D) $19,483

Answer: A

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

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6) Project H requires an initial investment of $100,000 and the produces annual cash flows of

$50,000, $40,000, and $30,000. Project T requires an initial investment of $100,000 and the

produces annual cash flows of $30,000, $40,000, and $50,000. If the required rate of return is

greater than 0% and the projects are mutually exclusive:

A) H will always be preferable to T.

B) T will always be preferable to H.

C) H and T are equally attractive.

D) The project rankings will change with different discount rates.

Answer: A

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: mutually exclusive project

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

7) Project H requires an initial investment of $100,000 and the produces annual cash flows of

$45,000 per year for each of the next 3 years. Project T also requires an initial investment of

$100,000 and produces cash flows of $30,000 in year 1, $40,000 in year 2, and $70,000 in year

3. If the discount rate is 10% and the projects are mutually exclusive:

A) Project H should be chosen.

B) Project T should be chosen.

C) H and T are equally attractive.

D) Both projects should be chosen.

Answer: B

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: mutually exclusive project

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

8) Project H requires an initial investment of $100,000 and the produces annual cash flows of

$45,000 per year for each of the next 3 years. Project T also requires an initial investment of

$100,000 and produces cash flows of $30,000 in year 1, $40,000 in year 2, and $70,000 in year

3. If the discount rate is 10% and the projects are not mutually exclusive:

A) Project H should be chosen.

B) Project T should be chosen.

C) H and T are equally attractive.

D) Both projects should be accepted.

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: independent investment project

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

6

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9) Project H requires an initial investment of $100,000 and the produces annual cash flows of

$45,000 per year for each of the next 3 years. Project T also requires an initial investment of

$100,000 and produces cash flows of $30,000 in year 1, $40,000 in year 2, and $70,000 in year

3. If the discount rate increases from 10% to 16%:

A) Project T should be chosen.

B) Both projects should be rejected.

C) H and T are equally attractive.

D) The project rankings will change.

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

10) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It

will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your

required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your

answer to the nearest $10.)

A) $490

B) $570

C) $900

D) -$150

Answer: B

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

11) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?

A) In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an

NPV of $850,000.

B) The project would add value to the firm.

C) Under all conditions, the project's payback would be less than the profitability index.

D) Other investment criteria might need to be considered.

Answer: B

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

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12) Project January has a NPV of $50,000, project December has a NPV of $40,000. Which of

the following circumstances could make it possible to choose December over January?

A) January has a shorter payback period.

B) The projects are mutually exclusive.

C) The projects have unequal lives.

D) The projects are mandated.

Answer: C

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: equivalent annual cost

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

13) The present value of the total costs over a five year period for Project April is $50,000. The

net present value of total costs over a 4 year period for Project October is $40,000. The company

uses a discount rate of 9%. Which project should it choose and why?

A) April because it has a higher NPV.

B) April because is has a higher EAC.

C) October because it has a shorter life.

D) October because it has a lower EAC.

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: equivalent annual cost

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

14) Warchester Inc. is considering the purchase of copying equipment that will require an initial

investment of $15,000 and $4,000 per year in annual operating costs over the equipment's

estimated useful life of 5 years. The company will use a discount rate of 8.5%. What is the

equivalent annual cost?

A) $4,000

B) $7,000

C) $6,152.51

D) $7,806.49

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: equivalent annual cost

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

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15) Artie's Soccer Ball Company is considering a project with the following cash flows:

Initial outlay = $750,000

Incremental after-tax cash flows from operations Years 1-4 = $250,000 per year

Compute the NPV of this project if the company's discount rate is 12%.

A) $9,337

B) $7,758

C) $4,337

D) $2,534

Answer: A

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

Use the following to answer the following question(s).

The information below describes a project with an initial cash outlay of $10,000 and a required

return of 12%.

After-tax cash inflow

Year 1

$6,000

Year 2

$2,000

Year 3

$2,000

Year 4

$2,000

16) Which of the following statements is correct?

A) The project should be accepted since its NPV is $353.87.

B) The project should be rejected since its NPV is -$353.87.

C) The project should be accepted since it has a payback of less than four years.

D) The project should be rejected since its NPV is -$23.91.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

17) You have been asked to analyze a capital investment proposal. The project's cost is

$2,775,000. Cash inflows are projected to be $925,000 in Year 1; $1,000,000 in Year 2;

$1,000,000 in Year 3; $1,000,000 in Year 4; and $1,225,000 in Year 5. Assume that your firm

discounts capital projects at 15.5%. What is the project's NPV?

A) $101,247

B) $285,106

C) $473,904

D) $582,380

Answer: D

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

9

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18) Which of the following is a correct equation to solve for the NPV of the project that has an

initial outlay of $30,000, followed by incremental cash inflows in the next 3 years of $15,000,

$20,000, and $30,000? Assume a discount rate of 10%.

A) NPV = - $30,000 + $15,000(1.10)1 + $20,000(1.10)2 + $30,000(1.10)3

B) NPV = - $30,000 + $15,000/(1.10)1 + $20,000/(1.10)2 + $30,000/(1.10)3

C) NPV = - $30,000 + $15,000/(1.01).10 + $20,000/(1.02).10 + $30,000/(1.03).10

D) NPV = - $30,000 + $15,000/(1.1).10 + $20,000(1.2).10 + $30,000(1.3).10

Answer: B

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Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

19) Project EH! requires an initial investment of $50,000, and has a net present value of $12,000.

Project BE requires an initial investment of $100,000, and has a net present value of $13,000.

The projects are mutually exclusive. The firm should accept:

A) project EH!.

B) project BE.

C) both projects.

D) neither project.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

20) Project Eh! requires an initial investment of $50,000, and has a net present value of $12,000.

Project B requires an initial investment of $100,000, and has a net present value of $13,000. The

projects are proposals for increasing revenue and are not mutually exclusive. The firm should

accept:

A) project Eh!.

B) project B.

C) both projects.

D) neither project.

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

10

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21) A machine has a cost of $5,375,000. It will produce cash inflows of $1,825,000 (Year 1);

$1,775,000 (Year 2); $1,630,000 (Year 3); $1,585,000 (Year 4); and $1,650,000 (Year 5). At a

discount rate of 16.25%, what is the NPV?

A) $81,724

B) $257,106

C) $416,912

D) $190,939

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

22) A machine has a cost of $5,575,000. It will produce cash inflows of $1,825,000 (Year 1);

$1,775,000 (Year 2); $1,630,000 (Year 3); $1,585,000 (Year 4); and $1,650,000 (Year 5). At a

discount rate of 16.25%, the project should be:

A) accepted.

B) rejected.

C) discounted at a lower rate.

D) abandoned after the first year.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

23) Which of the following is the correct equation to solve for the NPV of the project that has an

initial outlay of $30,000, followed by three years of $20,000 in incremental cash inflow? Assume

a discount rate of 10%.

A) NPV = -30,000 + (3 20,000)/(1.10)3

B) NPV = -$30,000 + $20,000/(1.10)1 + $20,000/(1.10)2 + $20,000/(1.10)3

C) NPV = -$30,000 + $20,000/(1.01).10 + $20,000/(1.02).10 + $20,000/(1.03).10

D) NPV = -$30,000 + $20,000/(1.1).10 + $20,000(1.2).10 + $20,000(1.3).10

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

11

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

24) Project Full Moon has an initial outlay of $30,000, followed by positive cash flows of

$10,000 in year 1, $15,000 in year 2, and $15,000 in year 3. The project should be accepted if the

required rate of return is:

A) greater than 0.

B) less than 14.6%.

C) less than 16.25%.

D) greater than 12%.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

25) Which of the following is the correct equation to solve for the net present value of a project.

A) NPV = CF0 + CF1/(1 + k)1 + CF2/(1 + k)2+...CFn/(1 + k)n

B) NPV = CF0 + CF1(1 + k)1 + CF2(1 + k)2+...CFn(1 + k)n

C) NPV = CF0 - CF1/(1 + k)1 - CF2/(1 + k)2-...CFn/(1 + k)n

D) NPV = CF1/(1 + k)1 + CF2/(1 + k)2 +...CFn/(1 + k)n

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

26) WSU Inc. has various options for replacing a piece of manufacturing equipment. The present

value of costs for option Ell is $84,000. Option Ell has a useful life of 5 years; annual operating

costs were discounted at 9%. What is the equivalent annual cost?

A) $16,800

B) $21,595.77

C) $14,035.77

D) $18,312

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: equivalent annual cost

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

12

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27) The equivalent annual cost method is most appropriate in which of the following situations?

In each case, assume that several mutually exclusive options are available.

A) Introducing a new product line

B) Adding another store to a chain of retail stores

C) Installation of federally mandated safety equipment

D) Equipment to reduce production costs

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: equivalent annual cost

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

28) The required rate of return represents the cost of capital for a project.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

29) The higher the discount rate, the greater the importance of the early cash flows.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

30) What is the NPV of a $45,000 project that is expected to have an after-tax cash flow of

$14,000 for the first two years, $10,000 for the next two years, and $8,000 for the fifth year? Use

a 10% discount rate. Would you accept the project?

Answer: After-tax PVIF

Present

Year Cash Flow at 10%

Value

1

$14,000

.909

$12,726

2

14,000

.826

11,564

3

10,000

.751

7,510

4

10,000

.683

6,830

5

8,000

.621

4,968

Present value cash flow$43,598

Initial outlay

45,000

Net present value

$-1,402

Project should be rejected.

Diff: 3

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

13

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31) Dieyard Battery Recyclers is considering a project with the following cash flows:

Initial outlay = $13,000

Cash flows: Year 1 = $5,000

Year 2 = $3,000

Year 3 = $9,000

If the appropriate discount rate is 15%, compute the NPV of this project.

Answer: NPV=13,000 + 5,000/(1.15) + 3,000/(1.15)2 + 9,000/(1.15)3

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

32) Two projects are under consideration by the same company at the same time. Project Alpha

has a NPV of $20 million and an estimated useful life of 10 years. Project Beta has a NPV of $12

million and also an estimated useful life of 10 years. What should the company's decision be

a) if the project's involve unrelated expansion decisions or

b) if the project's are mutually exclusive because they would have to occupy the same space?

Answer: If the projects involve unrelated expansion decisions, they should both be accepted

because they both add significant value to the firm. If they are mutually exclusive, they cannot

both be accepted so the company should accept project Alpha because it has the higher NPV and

reject project Beta.

Diff: 3

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: independent investment project

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

33) Dudster Manufacturing has 2 options for installing legally required safety equipment. Option

Ex has an initial cost of $25,000 and annual operating costs over 3 years of $5,000, $5,250,

$5,600. Option WYE has an initial cost of $40,000 and annual operating costs of $4,000, $4,200,

$4,450, $4,750, $5,100. Whether Dudster chooses Ex or Wye, the equipment is always needed

and must be replaced at the end of its useful life. Which choice is least expensive over the long

run? Use a discount rate of 9%.

Answer: NPV Project X = -$25,000 - $5,000/(1.09)1 - $5,250/(1.09)2 - $5,600/(1.09)3 =$38,330.20

NPV = -$40,000 - $4,000/(1.09)1 - $4,200/(1.09)2 - $4,450/(1.09)3 - $4,750/(1.09)4 - $5,100/

(1.09)5 = -$57,320.67. Using a financial calculator, the EAC for project Ex is N = 3, i = 9,PV =

-38,330.20, PMT = 15,138.57, FV = 0. For Project Wye N = 5, i = 9,PV = -57,320.67, PMT =

14,736.71, FV = 0. Project Wye has the lower EAC (PMT) and should be selected.

Diff: 3

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: equivalent annual cost

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

14

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

34) What is the NPV of a $45,000 project that is expected to have an after-tax cash flow of

$14,000 for the first two years, $10,000 for the next two years, and $8,000 for the fifth year? Use

a discount rate of 8%. Would you accept or reject the investment?

Answer: After-tax PVIF

Present

Year Cash Flow at 8%

Value

1

$14,000

.926

$12,964

2

14,000

.857

11,998

3

10,000

.794

7,940

4

10,000

.735

7,350

5

8,000

.681

5,448

Present value of cash flows$45,700

Initial outlay

$45,000

Net present value

$ 700

The project is acceptable.

Diff: 3

Topic: 11.2 Net Present Value

Keywords: net present value

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

11.3 Other Investment Criteria

1) Webley Corp. is considering two expansion options, but does not have enough capital to

undertake both, Project W requires an investment of $100,000 and has an NPV of $10,000.

Project D requires an investment of $80,000 and has an NPV of $8,200. If Webley use the

profitability index to decide, it should:

A) choose D because it has a higher profitability index.

B) choose W because it has a higher profitability index.

C) choose D because it has a lower profitability index.

D) choose W because it has a higher profitability index.

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

2) If a project has a profitability index greater than 1,

A) the npv will also be positive.

B) the irr will be higher than the required rate of return.

C) the present value of future cash flows will exceed the amount invested in the project.

D) all of the above.

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

15

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3) A project has an initial outlay of $4,000. It has a single payoff at the end of Year 4 of

$6,996.46. What is the IRR for the project (round to the nearest percent)?

A) 16%

B) 13%

C) 21%

D) 15%

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

4) Given the following annual net cash flows, determine the IRR to the nearest whole percent of

a project with an initial outlay of $1,520.

Year

Net Cash Flow

1

$1,000

2

$1,500

3

$500

A) 48%

B) 40%

C) 32%

D) 28%

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

5) Initial Outlay Cash Flow in Period

1

2

3

4

-$4,000 $1,546.17 $1,546.17 $1,546.17 $1,546.17

The IRR (to the nearest whole percent) is:

A) 10%.

B) 18%.

C) 20%.

D) 16%.

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

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Initial outlay = $1,748.80

Cash flows Years 1-6 = $500

Compute the IRR on the project.

A) 9%

B) 11%

C) 18%

D) 24%

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

7) Project Black Swan requires an initial investment of $115,000. It has positive cash flows of

$140,000 for each of the next two years. Because of major demolition and environmental cleanup costs, cash flow for the third and final year of the project is $(170,000). If the company 's

required rate of return is 12%, the project should be:

A) rejected because the IRR is less than 12%.

B) accepted because the NPV is positive at 16%.

C) the project is unacceptable at any discount rate.

D) rejected because there may be more than one IRR.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

8) Project Black Swan requires an initial investment of $115,000. It has positive cash flows of

$140,000 for each of the next two years. Because of major demolition and environmental cleanup costs, cash flow for the third and final year of the project is $(170,000).

A) All possible IRR's for this project are negative.

B) It is not possible to compute an IRR for this project.

C) The project is unacceptable at any required rate of return.

D) This project might have more than one IRR.

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

17

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9) Compute the payback period for a project with the following cash flows, if the company's

discount rate is 12%.

Initial outlay = $450

Cash flows: Year 1 = $325

Year 2 = $65

Year 3 = $100

A) 3.43 years

B) 3.17 years

C) 2.88 years

D) 2.6 years

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

10) Project Black Swan requires an initial investment of $115,000. It has positive cash flows of

$140,000 for each of the next two years. Because of major demolition and environmental cleanup costs, cash flow for the third and final year of the project is $(170,000).

A) All possible IRR's for this project are negative.

B) It is not possible to compute an IRR for this project.

C) This project might have more than one IRR, but only one MIRR.

D) The project is unacceptable at any required rate of return. This project might have more than

one IRR.

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

11) Project Black Swan requires an initial investment of $115,000. It has positive cash flows of

$140,000 for each of the next two years. Because of major demolition and environmental cleanup costs, cash flow for the third and final year of the project is $(170,000). The company accepts

all projects with a payback period of 2 years or less.

A) The payback rule would reject this project because of its risks are too high.

B) The payback rule would reject this project because all negative cash flows are added together.

C) If strictly applied, the payback rule would reject this project.

D) If strictly applied, the payback rule would accept this project.

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

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After-Tax

After-Tax

Accounting

Cash Flow

Year

Profits

from Operations

1

$799

$750

2

$150

$1,000

3

$200

$1,200

Initial outlay = $1,500

Terminal cash flow = 0

Compute the profitability index if the company's discount rate is 10%.

A) 15.8

B) 1.61

C) 1.81

D) 0.62

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

13) Manheim Candles is considering a project with the following incremental cash flows.

Assume a discount rate of 10%.

Year

Cash Flow

0

($20,000)

1

0

2

$30,000

3

$30,000

Calculate the project's MIRR. (Round to the nearest whole percentage.)

A) 31%

B) 47%

C) 53%

D) 61%

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: modified internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

19

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14) Project H requires an initial investment of $100,000 and produces annual cash flows of

$50,000, $40,000, and $30,000. Project T requires an initial investment of $100,000 and the

produces annual cash flows of $30,000, $40,000, and $50,000. The projects are mutually

exclusive. The company accepts projects with payback periods of 3 years or less.

A) Project H will be accepted.

B) Project T will be accepted.

C) H and T will both be accepted.

D) Neither projected will be accepted.

Answer: A

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

15) A new forklift under consideration by Home Warehouse requires an initial investment of

$100,000 and produces annual cash flows of $50,000, $40,000, and $30,000. Which of the

following will not change if the required rate of return is increased from 10% to 12%.

A) The net present value.

B) The internal rate of return.

C) The profitability index.

D) The modified internal rate of return.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

16) Project Ell requires an initial investment of $50,000 and the produces annual cash flows of

$30,000, $25,000, and $15,000. Project Ess requires an initial investment of $60,000 and then

produces annual cash flows of $25,000 per year for the next ten years. The company ranks

projects by their payback periods.

A) Projects with unequal lives cannot be ranked using the payback method.

B) Ess will be ranked higher than Ell.

C) Ell and Ess will be ranked equally.

D) Ell will be ranked higher than Ess.

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

20

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17) Which of the following series of cash flows could have more than one IRR? (Negative cash

flows are in parentheses.)

A) $(XX,XXX), $X,XXX , $X,XXX, $X,XXX

B) $(XX,XXX), $X,XXX , $X,XXX, $X,XXX, $(XX,XXX)

C) $X,XXX, $X,XXX , $X,XXX, $X,XXX, $(XX,XXX)

D) $XX,XXX, $X,XXX , $X,XXX, $X,XXX

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

Use the following information to answer the following question(s).

Below are the expected after-tax cash flows for Projects Y and Z. Both projects have an initial

cash outlay of $20,000 and a required rate of return of 17%.

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Project Y Project Z

$12,000 $10,000

$8,000 $10,000

$6,000

0

$2,000

0

$2,000

0

A) two years.

B) one year.

C) three years.

D) four years.

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

19) What is payback for Project Z?

A) Two years

B) One year

C) Zero years

D) Project Z does not payback the original investment.

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

21

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20) MacHinery Manufacturing Company is considering a three-year project that has a cost of

$75,000. The project will generate after-tax cash flows of $33,100 in Year 1, $31,500 in Year 2,

and $31,200 in Year 3. Assume that the firm's proper rate of discount is 10% and that the firm's

tax rate is 40%. What is the project's payback?

A) 0.33 years

B) 1.22 years

C) 2.33 years

D) Three years

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

21) MacHinery Manufacturing Company is considering a three-year project that has a cost of

$75,000. The project will generate after-tax cash flows of $33,100 in Year 1, $31,500 in Year 2,

and $31,200 in Year 3. Assume that the appropriate discount rate is 10% and that the firm's tax

rate is 40%. What is the project's discounted payback period?

A) 2.81 years

B) 2.33 years

C) 1.22 years

D) The project never reaches payback.

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: discounted payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

22) Analysis of a machine indicates that it has a cost of $5,375,000. The machine is expected to

produce cash inflows of $1,825,000 in Year 1; $1,775,000 in Year 2; $1,630,000 in Year 3;

$1,585,000 in Year 4; and $1,650,000 in Year 5. What is the machine's IRR?

A) 12.16%

B) 17.81%

C) 23.00%

D) 11.11%

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

22

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

Below are the expected after-tax cash flows for Projects Y and Z. Both projects have an initial

cash outlay of $20,000 and a required rate of return of 17%.

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Project Y Project Z

$12,000 $10,000

$8,000 $10,000

$6,000

0

$2,000

0

$2,000

0

A) three years.

B) 3.14 years.

C) four years.

D) two years.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: discounted payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

24) You are considering investing in a project with the following year-end after-tax cash flows:

Year 1: $5,000

Year 2: $3,200

Year 3: $7,800

If the initial outlay for the project is $12,113, compute the project's IRR.

A) 14%

B) 10%

C) 32%

D) 24%

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

23

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

25) We-Know-Widgets, Inc. is analyzing a project that requires an initial investment of $10,000,

followed by cash inflows of $1,000 in Year 1, $4,000 in Year 2, and $15,000 in Year 3. The cost

of capital is 10%. What is the profitability index of the project?

A) 1.04

B) 1.55

C) 1.78

D) 1.97

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

26) Frazier Fudge has a project with an initial outlay of $40,000, followed by three years of

annual incremental cash flows of $35,000. The terminal cash flow of the project is $10,000.

Assuming a cost of capital of 10%, calculate the MIRR of the project.

A) 46.5%

B) 51.3%

C) 62.9%

D) 74.7%

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: modified internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

27) Kannan Enterprise has a project with an initial outlay of $40,000, followed by three years of

annual incremental cash flows of $35,000. The terminal cash flow of the project is $10,000.

Assuming a discount rate of 10%, which of the following is the correct equation to solve for the

IRR of the project?

A) $40,000 = $35,000(1.12)1 + $35,000(1.12)2 + $45,000(1.12)3

B) $40,000 = $35,000(1 + IRR)1 + $35,000(1+IRR)2 + $45,000(1+IRR)3

C) $40,000 = $35,000/(1.12)IRR + $35,000/(1.12)IRR + $45,000/(1.12)IRR

D) $40,000 = $35,000(1+IRR)-1 + $35,000(1.IRR)-2 + $45,000(1+IRR)-3

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

24

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

28) The Seattle Corporation has been presented with an investment opportunity which will yield

cash flows of $30,000 per year in Years 1 through 4, $35,000 per year in Years 5 through 9, and

$40,000 in Year 10. This investment will cost the firm $150,000 today, and the firm's cost of

capital is 10%. Assume cash flows occur evenly during the year, 1/365th each day. What is the

discounted payback period for this investment?

A) 5.23 years

B) 4.86 years

C) 4.35 years

D) 3.72 years

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: discounted payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

29) The director of capital budgeting of South Park Development Corporation is evaluating a

project that will cost $200,000; it is expected to last for 10 years and produce after-tax cash

flows, including depreciation, of $44,503 per year. If the firm's cost of capital is 14% and its tax

rate is 40%, what is the project's IRR?

A) 8%

B) 14%

C) 18%

D) -5%

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

30) The owner of a small construction business has asked you to evaluate the purchase of a new

front end loader. You have determined that this investment has a large, positive, NPV, but are

afraid that your client will not understand the method. A good alternative method in this

circumstance might be

A) the payback method

B) the profitability index

C) the internal rate of return

D) the modified internal rate of return

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

25

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

31) Whenever the IRR on a project equals that project's required rate of return,

A) the NPV equals 0.

B) The NPV equals the initial investment.

C) The profitability index equals 0.

D) The NPV equals 1.

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

32) Aroma Candles, Inc. is evaluating a project with the following cash flows. Calculate the IRR

of the project. (Round to the nearest whole percentage.)

Year Cash Flows

0

($120,000)

1

$30,000

2

$70,000

3

$90,000

A) 18%

B) 23%

C) 28%

D) 33%

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

33) Aroma Candles, Inc. is evaluating a project with the following cash flows. The project

involves a new product that will not affect the sales of any other project. Which two methods

would always lead to the same accept/reject decision for this project, regardless of the discount

rate.

Year Cash Flows

0

($120,000)

1

$30,000

2

$70,000

3

$90,000

A) Payback and Discounted Payback

B) NPV and Payback

C) NPV and IRR

D) Discounted Payback and IRR

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

26

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

A) It fails to properly rank capital projects.

B) It could produce more than one rate of return.

C) It fails to utilize the time value of money.

D) It is not useful in accounting for risk in capital budgeting.

Answer: B

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

35) You have been asked to analyze a capital investment proposal. The project's cost is

$2,775,000. Cash inflows are projected to be $925,000 in Year 1; $1,000,000 in Year 2;

$1,000,000 in Year 3; $1,000,000 in Year 4; and $1,225,000 in Year 5. Assume that your firm

discounts capital projects at 15.5%. What is the project's MIRR?

A) 12.62%

B) 10.44%

C) 16.73%

D) 19.99%

Answer: D

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: modified internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

36) Dizzyland Enterprises has been presented with an investment opportunity which will yield

end-of-year cash flows of $30,000 per year in Years 1 through 4, $35,000 per year in Years 5

through 9, and $40,000 in Year 10. This investment will cost the firm $150,000 today, and the

firm's cost of capital is 10%. What is the profitability index for this investment?

A) 1.34

B) 0.87

C) 1.85

D) 0.21

Answer: A

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

37) We compute the profitability index of a capital-budgeting proposal by:

A) multiplying the IRR by the cost of capital.

B) dividing the present value of the annual after-tax cash flows by the cost of capital.

C) dividing the present value of the annual after-tax cash flows by the cost of the project.

D) multiplying the cash inflow by the IRR.

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

27

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38) What is the payback period for a $20,000 project that is expected to return $6,000 for the

first two years and $3,000 for Years 3 through 5?

A) 3 1/2

B) 4 1/2

C) 4 2/3

D) 5

Answer: C

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

39) One drawback of the payback method is that it focuses primarily on the length of time in

which the cost of the investment is recovered in nominal terms versus measuring total value the

project will add to the firm.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

40) One of the disadvantages of the payback method is that it ignores cash flows beyond the

payback period.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

41) When several sign reversals in the cash flow stream occur, the IRR equation can have more

than one positive IRR.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

42) If the project's payback period is greater than or equal to zero, the project should always be

accepted.

Answer: FALSE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

28

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

43) The profitability index provides the same decision result as the net present value (NPV)

method.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

44) The internal rate of return (IRR) will increase as the required rate of return of a project is

increased.

Answer: FALSE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

45) The IRR assumes that cash flows are reinvested at the cost of capital.

Answer: FALSE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

46) If the NPV of a project is zero, then the profitability index should equal one.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

47) It is possible for a project to have more than one IRR if there is more than one sign change in

the after-tax cash flows due to the project.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

48) According to the modified internal rate of return (MIRR) technique, when a project's MIRR

is greater than its cost of capital, the project should be accepted.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: modified internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

29

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

49) The IRR is the discount rate that equates the present value of the project's future net cash

flows with the project's initial outlay.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

50) Determine the IRR on the following projects:

a. Initial outlay of $35,000 with an after-tax cash flow at the end of the year of $5,836 for seven

years

b. Initial outlay of $350,000 with an after-tax cash flow at the end of the year of $70,000 for

seven years

c. Initial outlay of $3,500 with an after-tax cash flow at the end of the year of $1,500 for three

years

Answer:

a. IO = ACFt PVIF[IRR%, t yr.]

$35,000 = $5,836 PVIF[IRR%, 7 yr.]

Thus, IRR = 4%

b. $350,000 = $70,000 PVIF[IRR%, 7 yr.]

Thus, IRR = 9.2%

c. $3,500 = $1,500 PVIF[IRR%, 3 yr.]

Thus, IRR = 13.7%

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

51) Discuss the merits and shortcomings of using the payback period for capital budgeting

decisions.

Answer: The payback period is intuitive and easily understood even by those with no training in

finance. It also provides a quick assessment of a project's risk because cash flow forecasts are

likely to be more accurate for the near-term.

On the other hand, there is no clear-cut decision rule associated with this method; it does not

specifically take the time value of money into account, and it ignores cash flows that occur after

the payback period.

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

30

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52) Project November requires an initial investment of $500,000. The present value of operating

cash flows is $550,000. Project December requires an initial investment of $750,000. The present

value of operating cash flows is $810,000.

a. Compute the profitability index for each project.

b. If the the projects are mutually exclusive, does the profitability index rank them correctly?

Answer:

a. The PI for November is 550,000/500,000 = 1.1. The PI for December is 810,000/750,000 =

1.08.

b. The PI criterion would select project November because it has the higher PI. December,

however, has the higher NPV ($60,000 v. $50,000) and should be selected, so the method does

not rank the projects correctly.

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: profitability index

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

53) Black Friday Inc. has estimated the following cash flows for a project it is considering:

Period

Cash Flow

0

($150,000)

1

$70,000

2

$80,000

3

($100,0000)

a. What is the payback period for this project?

b. What is the obvious problem with using the payback method in this case?

Answer: The payback period is exactly 2 years (70,000+80,000) = 150,000. However, the

project obviously has a negative NPV at any discount rate. One major problem with the payback

method is that it ignores cash flows occurring after the payback period.

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: payback period

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

31

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

54) Tinker Tools, Inc. is considering a project with the following cash flows. Calculate the MIRR

of the project assuming a reinvestment rate of 8%.

Year

Cash Flows

0

($70,000)

1

($55,000)

2

$40,000

3

$60,000

4

$100,000

Answer: PV Cash Outflows

Year 0 = -$70,000

Year 1: Calculator Steps' -$55,000, FV, 1, n, 8, I/yr, PV = -$50,926

PV Outflows = -$70,000 - $50,926 = -$120,926

PV of Cash Inflows

Year 2: $40,000, PV, 2, n, 8, I/yr, FV = $46,656

Year 3: $60,000, PV, 3, n, 8, I/yr, FV = $64,800

FV of Inflows = $46,696 + $64,800 + $100,000 = $211,496

MIRR: -$120,926 PV 4 n $211,496 FV

Solve for I/yr = 15% = MIRR

Diff: 2

Topic: 11.3 Other Investment Criteria

Keywords: modified internal rate of return

Principles: Principle 1: Money Has a Time Value

11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

1) Recent surveys of the CFOs of large U.S. companies rank the popularity of major capital

budgeting methods in which order?

A) IRR, NPV, Payback, Discounted Payback, Profitability Index

B) Payback, Discounted Payback, Profitability Index,IRR, NPV

C) NPV, IRR, Profitability Index, Discounted Payback, Payback

D) NPV, IRR, Payback, Discounted Payback, Profitability Index

Answer: A

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

32

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

2) Which of the following best explains the continuing popularity of the payback method?

A) Mathematical simplicity and some insight into the riskiness of cash flows.

B) Uses all cash flows and takes into account the time value of money.

C) Reliably selects the projects that add most value to the firm.

D) It provides objective selection criteria and is taught as the primary method in most business

schools.

Answer: A

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

3) With respect to the capital budgeting practices of large U. S. corporations:

A) the profitability index has been gaining in popularity.

B) IRR and NPV have been gaining in popularity.

C) payback and discounted payback have been gaining in popularity.

D) IRR and NPV have declined in popularity.

Answer: B

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

4) Many firms today continue to use the payback method but employ the NPV or IRR methods

as secondary decision methods of control for risk.

Answer: FALSE

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

5) Currently, most firms use NPV and IRR as their primary capital-budgeting technique.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

6) Most firms use the payback period as a secondary capital-budgeting technique, which in a

sense allows them to control for risk.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

33

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

7) Although discounted cash flow decision techniques have become widely accepted, their use

depends to some degree on the size of the project and where within the firm the decision is being

made.

Answer: TRUE

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

8) Briefly describe the actual capital budgeting methods of large U.S. corporations.

Answer: According to recent surveys of CFOs, the most common methods are IRR and NPV

used by more than 70% of large corporations. The payback method remains popular and is used

as a primary or secondary method by almost 60% of those surveyed, perhaps because of its

simplicity and for a quick calculation of risk.

Diff: 1

Topic: 11.4 A Glance at Actual Capital-Budgeting Practices

Keywords: current practice

Principles: Principle 3: Cash Flows Are the Source of Value

34

Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

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