Name: ______________________ Class: _________________ Date: _________

ID: A

Grade 8 Vacation Homework
Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. In the month of July, one U.S. dollar was worth 4352 Indian rupees. One U.S. dollar was also worth 108.75 Japanese yen. How many yen could you exchange for one rupee in July? a. 0.3954 yen c. 3.6582 yen b. 0.024989 yen d. 152.27 yen 2. Harold takes a hike in the forest. He walks 12 km east, then makes a 90° turn and walks 5 km south. How far is Harold from where he started his hike?

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f. 11 km h. 15 km g. 13 km i. 17 km 3. A rectangle is 4 inches wide and (2z+3) inches long. If the area of the rectangle is 52 square inches, what is the value of z?

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a. 3 c. 5 b. 4 d. 6 4. Which equation represents the function vales shown in the table? x -1 0 1 2 y -5 -3 -1 1

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f. y = x - 4 h. y = -x - 6 g. y = -2x + 1 i. y = 2x - 3 5. The two legs of a right triangle measure 11 m and 11 m. Which expression would give you the length of the hypotenuse? a. b. 22 121 c. d. 11 2 + 11 2 11

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Name: ______________________ ____ 6. Which of the following deals gives you the best price per orange?

ID: A

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f. $0.69 for 3 oranges h. $1.76 for 8 oranges g. $1.20 for 5 oranges i. $2.10 for 10 oranges 7. Sally rents a car for a day. The car costs $65 per day, plus $0.50 per mile driven. If Sally drives m miles in one day, which expression represents the total amount of money Sally pays for the car? a. 65 + 0.50 c. 65 + 0.50m b. 65m + 0.50 d. 65m 8. A clothing store is having a spring sale for a week. The table shows how the price of a shirt changes over the period of the sale. Day of Sale 1 3 5 7 Dollars off Regular Price ($) 4 10 16 22

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Which equation relates the day of the sale to the amount of the discount? f. y = x + 3 h. y = 4x - 2 g. y = 3x + 1 i. y = 2x 2 9. The top of Gabe’s desk is 36 inches wide by x inches long. Which expression could Gabe use to find the perimeter of his desk? a. 36 + x c. 72 + 2x b. 36x d. 72x 10. What is the solution to the equation 15a = 3(3a + 8)? f. 2 h. 4 g. 3 i. 5 11. Devon paid $29.25 for 3 books. If all the books were the same price, how much would 5 books have cost at the same rate? a. $39.00 c. $48.75 b. $48.00 d. $49.25 12. Simplify the expression 13x + 5y - 9x - 7y. f. 2xy h. 4x + 2y g. 18x - 16y i. 4x - 2y 13. Simon has been selling candy to his classmates. On Tuesday, he bought a box of 8 bars of candy for $12. He sold all the candy and made a profit of $20. How much did Simon charge for each candy bar? a. b. $4 $3.50 2 c. $3 d. $2

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Name: ______________________ ____

ID: A

14. Boris gets paid an 8% commission on every car he sells. Last week, he made a commission of $1,240. What was the price of the car he sold? $15,500 h. $12,500 $15,000 i. $1,550 Ê 3 ˆ Ê ˆ Á ˜ Á ˜ 15. Simplify Á 3x + 2x 2 + 15 ˜ − Á −2x 3 + 2x − 5 ˜ . ˜ Á ˜ Á Ë ¯ Ë ¯ 3 2 a. x − 2x − 2x + 10 c. 5x 3 + 2x 2 − 2x + 20 b. x 3 + 2x 2 + 2x − 20 d. 5x 3 − 10 16. Sheri has p pencils in her desk. He friend Rosa has 4p - 5 pencils. Which choice describes the number of pencils that Rosa has in her desk? five more than four times the number h. of pencils Sheri has g. five less than four times the number of i. pencils Sheri has 17. Find the solution to the inequality −3x + 5 ≤ −7 a. b. x≤ 2 3 f. four more than five times the number of pencils Sheri has four less than five times the number of pencils Sheri has f. g.

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c. x ≤ 4

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18.

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19.

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20. 21.

x≥ −2 d. x ≥ 4 3 ABC was dilated using the origin as the center of dilation and a scale factor of 2. The coordinates of the vertices of A ′B ′C ′ are A ′(-4, 8), B ′(2,-2), C ′(2,8). What were the coordinates of the vertices of the original triangle? f. A=(-8, 16), B=(4,-4), C=(4,16) h. A=(-2,4), B=(1,-1), C=(1,4) g. A=(2,-2), B=(2,8), C=(-4,8) i. A=(2,4), B=(-1,-1), C=(-1,4) A transversal intersects two parallel lines and forms eight angles. Which of the following statements is false? a. alternate interior angles are always c. adjacent interior angles are always congruent supplementary b. corresponding angles are always d. exterior angles are always congruent congruent What relationship do vertical angles have with each other? f. They are supplementary. h. They are congruent. g. They are complementary. i. They have no relationships. Using the figure, find x.

a. b.

225° 105°

c. 75° d. 10

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Name: ______________________ ____

ID: A

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22. Angles d and e are corresponding angles formed by a transversal and two parallel lines. If m∠d = 34°, what is m∠e? f. 34° h. 134° g. 56° i. 146° 23. Point A(2,5) is reflected over the x-axis to point A ′. What are the coordinates of point A ′? a. (2,5) c. (2,-5) b. (-2,5) d. (-2,-5) 24. Angle a measures 82°, angle b measures 42°, angle c measures 98°, and angle d measures 8°. Which two angles are complementary to each other? f. a and b h. b and d g. a and c i. a and d 25. In the figure below, lines g and h are parallel. What is the measure of angle a?

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a. 64° c. 116° b. 90° d. 124° 26. Line XY is translated 3 units to the left. If a point on line XY is located at (2,11), where would the equivalent point be on line X ′Y ′? f. (2, 14) h. (-1, 11) g. (2, 8) i. (5, 11) 27. How many fluid ounces are there in 2 gallons of milk? a. 256 fluid ounces c. 64 fluid ounces b. 128 fluid ounces d. 8 fluid ounces 28. A store raised the price of a shirt from $25 to $65. What was the percent increase? f. 60% h. 160% g. 100% i. 260% 29. From the figure below, which equation can you use to find the value of x?

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a. 3x + 5 = 5x c. (3x + 5) - 5x = 180 b. (3x + 5) + 5x = 90 d. (3x + 5) + 5x = 180 30. Two parallel lines are cut by a transversal. Angles a and b are alternate interior angles. Angle a measures (6x + 21)°, and angle b measures (10x + 9)°. What is the value of x? f. g. 1 3 h. 5 i. 9

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Name: ______________________

ID: A

Simplify the product. ____ 31. 8x2(4x2 + 4y6) a. 12x4 + 12x2y6 b. 32x4 + 32x2y6 Factor the polynomial. ____ 32. 2x 3 + 4x 2 + 8x f. 2x(x2 + 2x + 4) g. 2x(x + 2)(x + 4) Simplify the product using FOIL. ____ 33. (4x + 3)(2x + 5) a. 8x 2 + 14x − 15 b. 8x 2 − 14x − 15 Find the square. ____ 34. (2x – 6)2 f. 4x2 – 24x + 36 g. 4x2 – 8x + 36 Factor the expression. ____ 35. w2 + 18w + 77 a. (w – 7)(w + 11) b. (w – 7)(w – 11) c. (w + 7)(w + 11) d. (w + 1)(w + 77) h. 4x2 + 36 i. 4x2 – 12x + 36

c. 12x4 + 12x2y6 d. 32x4 + 32xy8

h. x(2x2 + 4x + 8) i. 2x3 + 4x2 + 8x

c. 8x 2 + 26x + 15 d. 8x 2 − 26x + 15

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Name: ______________________

ID: A

Short Answer 36. Laura wants to buy 24 potatoes. The supermarket sells bags of 10 potatoes for $2.80, bags of 8 potatoes for $2.40, and single potatoes for $0.35 each. What is the least amount of money Laura can spend to buy the potatoes? Show your work.

Answer _________________

On the lines below, explain the process you used to determine your answer. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

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Name: ______________________

ID: A

37. Use your ruler to help you solve the problem. The map uses a scale of 1 inch for every 60 miles. What is the actual distance between Canton and Batavia in miles?

Scale: 1 in. = 60 mi. Show your work.

Answer _____________ miles

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Name: ______________________

ID: A

38. A dry cleaner uses the following table to calculate how much to charge to clean a particular number of dresses. Number of Dresses Cost ($) 1 6 2 10 3 14 4 18 5 22 Part A What equation describes the relationship between the input and the output in the table above? Equation______________________ Part B If a woman wants to have 15 of her dresses cleaned, how much should she be charged? Show your work.

Answer _________________ 39. Sneakers were on sale for 25% off their original price. Lola bought a pair of sneakers that had an original price of $43.00. She also paid a sales tax of 7.25% on the sale price of the sneakers. How much did Lola pay for the pair of sneakers? Round to the nearest cent. Show your work.

Answer $ ___________________ 8

Name: ______________________

ID: A

40. Lines l and m are parallel in the following figure.

Angle a measures (8x-10) degrees, and angle f measures (3x - 8) degrees. Find the measure of every angle in the figure.

Answer m∠a = ____________ m∠b = ____________ m∠c = ____________ m∠d = ____________

m∠e = ____________ m∠f = ____________ m∠g = ____________ m∠h = ____________

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