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Multiple Choice

1. The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from


a. the temperature dependence of the rate
b. the rate law

c. the net equation


d. the activation energy

2. The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at given temperature


a. depends on the initial concentrations of the reactants
b. depends on the concentration of one of the products at equilibrium
c. does not depend on the initial concentrations
d. is not characteristic of the reaction

Answer the following questions 3-6 with the help of the hypothetical reaction and its rate law:
3A(g)

B(g)

2C(g)

D(g)

2E(g)

Rate of formation of D= k [A] [B]2


3. Doubling the concentration of A increases the rate of reaction by a factor of
a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 9

4. Doubling the concentration of B increases the rate of the reaction by a factor of


a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 9

5. If the volume of the container is suddenly reduced to one-half its original volume the rate will increase
by a factor of
a. 2

b. 4

c. 8

d. 16

6. The value of k, the specific rate constant, may be increased by


a. decreasing the concentration of D

c. increasing the concentration of C

b. increasing the concentration of A

d. increasing the temperature

7. At 250C, the half-life for the decomposition of N2O5 is 5.7 hours, and is independent of the initial
pressure of N2O5, the specific reaction rate constant is
a. ln 2

b. (ln 2/5.7)- hr - c. (1/5.7) hr -

d. (ln 2/5.7)- hr -

8. Which one of the following rate laws has an overall order of 0.5 for the reactions involving substances
X, Y, Z?
a. Rate = k (Cx) (Cy) (Cz)
b. Rate = k (Cx)0.5 (Cy)0.5 (Cz)0.5

c. Rate = k (Cx)1.5 (Cy)-1 (Cz)0


d. Rate = k (Cx) (Cz)0 / (Cy)2

9. In which of the following cases does reaction go farthest to completion? (Note: k is the equilibrium
constant)
a. k = 102

b. k = 10-2

c. k = 10

d. 1

10. It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the activity of the reactants
a. law of mass action
b. Hess Law

c. Le Chateliers Principle
d. Second law of thermodynamics

11. Variables affecting the rate of homogeneous reactions are


a. pressure and temperature only

c. pressure and composition only

b. temperature and composition only

d. pressure, temperature and composition

12. Sum of the powers of the concentration terms in the rate equation is called the
a. order of the reaction

c. molecularity of the reaction

b. overall order of reaction

d. none of these

13. Rate of a chemical reaction is independent of the concentration of reactants for


a. zero order reaction

c. third order reaction

b. consecutive reaction

d. none of these

14. The unit of rate constant is


a. 1/(time)(concentration) n-1

c. (time) n 1 (concentration)

b. (time)-1 (concentration) n - 1

d. none of these

15. The reaction in which rate equation corresponds to a stoichiometric equation is called
a. elementary reaction

c. non-elementary reaction

b. parallel reaction

d. auto0kinetic reaction

16. Molecularity of a reaction


a. always equal to the overall order of rxn

c. cannot have a fractional value

b. may not be equal to the order of rxn

d. both b and c

17. For a zero order reaction, concentration of product increases with


a. increase of reaction time

c. total pressure

b. increase in initial concentration

d. decrease in total pressure

18. Concentration of the limiting reactant (with initial concentration of a moles/L) after time t is (a x),
then t for a first order reaction is given by
a. kt = ln (a/(a x)

b. kt = x/(a(a x)

c. kt = ln ((a x)/a)

d. kt = a(a x)/x

19. The rate constant of a reaction depends upon


a.
b.

initial concentration of reactants


extent of reaction

c. temperature
d. time of reaction

20. Which of the following factors does not influence the rate of a reaction?
a. Concentration of the reactants

c. Molecularity of the reaction

b. Nature of reactants

d. Temperature

21. For the reaction A + B 2C, when CA is doubled the rate doubles when CB is doubled the rate
increases four fold. The rate law is
a. rA = k CA2 CB4

b. rA = k CA CB2 c. rA = k CA

d. rA = k CB2

22. For the reaction 4A + B 2C + 2D


Which of the following statements is not correct
a.
b.
c.
d.

The rate of disappearance of B is one fourth the rate of disappearance of A


The rate of appearance of C is one half the rate of disappearance of A
The rate of disappearance of C is one half the rate of consumption of A
The rate of formation of C and D are equal

23. The unit of k for a first order elementary reaction is


a. 1/time

c. 1/concentration

b. concentration/time

d. 1/(concentration-time)

24. Chemical reaction rates in solution do not depend to any extent upon
a. pressure

b. temperature c. concentration d. catalyst

25. The rate of formation of B in terms of rA (where rA = -k CA CB2) is


a. rA

2.
a.
b.

b. rA

c. 2rA

d. -1/2 rA

The rate constant of a reaction depends upon


initial concentration of reactants
extent of reaction

c. temperature
d. time of reaction

2. Which of the following factors does not influence the rate of a reaction?
a. Concentration of the reactants

c. Molecularity of the reaction

b. Nature of reactants

d. Temperature

3. The mechanism of a reaction can sometimes be deduced from


a. the temperature dependence of the rate

c. the net equation

b. the rate law

d. the activation energy

4. The equilibrium constant in a reversible chemical reaction at given temperature


a. depends on the initial concentrations of the reactants
b. depends on the concentration of one of the products at equilibrium
c. does not depend on the initial concentrations
d. is not characteristic of the reaction

Answer the following questions 5-8 with the help of the hypothetical reaction and its rate law:
3A(g)

B(g)

2C(g)

D(g)

2E(g)

Rate of formation of D= k [A] [B]2

5. Doubling the concentration of A increases the rate of reaction by a factor of


a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 9

6. Doubling the concentration of B increases the rate of the reaction by a factor of


a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 9

7. If the volume of the container is suddenly reduced to one-half its original volume the rate will increase
by a factor of
a. 2

b. 4

c. 8

d. 16

8. The value of k, the specific rate constant, may be increased by


a. decreasing the concentration of D
b. increasing the concentration of A
c. increasing the concentration of C
d. increasing the temperature

9. At 250C, the half-life for the decomposition of N2O5 is 5.7 hours, and is independent of the initial
pressure of N2O5, the specific reaction rate constant is

a. ln 2

b. (ln 2/5.7)- hr - c. (1/5.7) hr -

d. (ln 2/5.7)- hr -

10. If the reaction is independent of the concentration of the reactant, the reaction is of
a. zero order

b. first order

c. second order d. third order

11. Which one of the following rate laws has an overall order of 0.5 for the reactions involving substances
X, Y, Z?
c. Rate = k (Cx)1.5 (Cy)-1 (Cz)0

a. Rate = k (Cx) (Cy) (Cz)


b. Rate = k (Cx)0.5 (Cy)0.5 (Cz)0.5

d. Rate = k (Cx) (Cz)0 / (Cy)2

12. In which of the following cases does reaction go farthest to completion? (Note: k is the equilibrium
constant)
a. k = 102

b. k = 10-2

c. k = 10

d. 1

13. The half life of a material undergoing second order decay is


a. proportional to the square of initial concentration
b. independent of initial concentration
c. proportional to initial concentration
d. inversely proportional to initial concentration

14. It states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the activity of the reactants
a. law of mass action

c. Le Chateliers Principle

b. Hess Law

d. Second law of thermodynamics

15. A pressure cooker reduces cooking time because


a. The heat is more evenly distributed
b. The higher pressure tenderizes the food
c. The boiling point is elevated
d. A large flame must be used

16. For the reaction A + B 2C, when CA is doubled the rate doubles when CB is doubled the rate
increases four fold. The rate law is
a. rA = k CA2 CB4

b. rA = k CA CB2 c. rA = k CA

d. rA = k CB2

17. For the reaction 4A + B 2C + 2D


Which of the following statements is not correct
e.
f.
g.
h.

The rate of disappearance of B is one fourth the rate of disappearance of A


The rate of appearance of C is one half the rate of disappearance of A
The rate of disappearance of C is one half the rate of consumption of A
The rate of formation of C and D are equal

18. The unit of k for a first order elementary reaction is


a. 1/time

c. 1/concentration

b. concentration/time

d. 1/(concentration-time)

19. Chemical reaction rates in solution do not depend to any extent upon
a. pressure

b. temperature c. concentration d. catalyst

20.The rate of formation of B in terms of rA (where rA = -k CA CB2) is


a. rA

b. rA

c. 2rA

d. -1/2 rA

1. Rate of a chemical reaction is independent of the concentration of reactants for


a. zero order reaction

c. third order reaction

b. consecutive reaction

d. none of these

2. The unit of rate constant is


a. 1/(time)(concentration) n-1

c. (time) n 1 (concentration)

b. (time)-1 (concentration) n - 1

d. none of these

3. Variables affecting the rate of homogeneous reactions are


a. pressure and temperature only

c. pressure and composition only

b. temperature and composition only

d. pressure, temperature and composition

4. Sum of the powers of the concentration terms in the rate equation is called the
a. order of the reaction

c. molecularity of the reaction

b. overall order of reaction

d. none of these

5. Molecularity of a reaction
a. always equal to the overall order of rxn

c. cannot have a fractional value

b. may not be equal to the order of rxn

d. both b and c

6. For a zero order reaction, concentration of product increases with


a. increase of reaction time
b. increase in initial concentration
c. total pressure
d. decrease in total pressure

7. The reaction in which rate equation corresponds to a stoichiometric equation is called


a. elementary reaction

c. non-elementary reaction

b. parallel reaction

d. auto0kinetic reaction

8. In a first order reaction, the time required to reduce the concentration of reactant from 1 mole/L to 0.5
mole/L will be the __________ that required reducing it from 10 moles/L to 5 moles/L in the same volume.
a. more than

c. depends on the nature of the reactants

b. same as

d. both b and c

9. Half life period for a first order reaction is __________ the initial concentration of the reactant.
a. directly proportional to

c. inversely proportional to

b. independent of

d. none of these

10. Concentration of the limiting reactant (with initial concentration of a moles/L) after time t is (a x),
then t for a first order reaction is given by
a. kt = ln (a/(a x)

b. kt = x/(a(a x)

c. kt = ln ((a x)/a)

d. kt = a(a x)/x

Problem Solving
1. (25 points) The reaction

k1
A

k2

k3

Is carried out in a batch reactor in which there is pure A initially.


a. If k1 = 0.001 s-1, what is the ratio of CA / CA0 after 3 minutes? (5 points)
b. If k2 = 0.002 s-1, k3 = 0.003 mol/(L-s) and CA0 = 4 mol/L, what is the concentration of CB after 3
minutes? (20 points)
2. (10 points) The time required for one-half of the reactant to disappear is called the half-life of the
reaction.
a. Find the half life of the reaction
points)

B with k = 0.5 mol/L-min and CA0 = 15 M. (5

b. Find the half life of the reaction

B with k = 1 /min and CA0 = 15 M. (5 points)

3. For the reaction, A


R, assumed to be first order in both forward and backward reactions,
the initial concentrations of A and R are 3M and zero respectively. Ten minutes after, the conversion of A
is 10%. After a long time, the concentration of A is 30% of the initial concentration. Predict the conversion
of A after 20 minutes.

1.

2.

A ten minute experimental run shows that 75% of liquid reactant is converted to product by a
order rate. What would be the fraction converted in a half-hour run?
Enzyme E catalyzes the transformation of reactant A to product as follows:
A

enzymes

-rA = 200 CA CEO mol

2 + CA L-min
If we introduce enzyme (CEO = 0.001 mol/L) and reactant (CAO = 10 mol/L) into a batch reactor and let
the reaction proceed, find the time needed for the concentration of reactant to drop to 0.025 mol/L.
Note that the concentration of enzyme remains unchanged during the reaction.

1. (25 points) Consider the following system of liquid-phase reactions:

k1 = 0.01 lbmol/ft3 min

k2 = 6 min-1

k3 = 80 ft3/ lbmol min

M is the desired product, B and F are foul pollutants that are expensive to get rid of.
a. Derive the rate law expressions for each species. (5 points)
b. Determine the time in seconds, to achieve 90% conversion of R (X R) for a feed of 3.0 lbmol/ft3.
(20 points)
1. (10 points) Chemicals A, B and D combine to give R and S with stoichiometry A + B + D = R + S, and
after the reaction has proceeded to a significant extent, the observed rate is
rR = kCACBCD/CR
a. What is the order of the reaction?
The following two mechanisms involving formation of active intermediate have been proposed to explain
the observed kinetics.
Mechanism I:

A + B X* + R

Mechanism II: A + D Y* + R

D + X* S
B + Y* S

b. Are these mechanisms consistent with the kinetic data?


c. If neither is consistent, devise a scheme that is consistent with the kinetics. If only one is consistent,
what line of investigation may strengthen the conviction that the mechanism selected is correct? If both
are consistent, how would you be able to choose between them?